Anthony Chauvin

Anthony Chauvin
Hôpital Lariboisière - Fernand-Widal (Hôpitaux Universitaires Sant-Louis, Lariboisière, Fernand-Widal) · Emergency Department and Prehospital care

Associate Professor in Emergency and Prehospital Care

About

112
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552
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Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Objective To provide recommendations on the management of urgent obstetrical emergencies outside the maternity ward. Design A group of 24 experts from the French Society of Emergency Medicine (SFMU), the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine (SFAR) and the French College of Gynaecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF) was convened....
Article
Purpose To provide recommendations for the appropriate choice of fluid therapy for resuscitation of critically ill patients. Design A consensus committee of 24 experts from the French Society of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Medicine (Société française d’anesthésie et de réanimation, SFAR) and the French Society of Emergency Medicine (Société fra...
Article
Résumé Contexte et objectif Les piles boutons (PB) sont des piles rondes de diamètre et d’épaisseur variables utilisées dans des objets du quotidien. Elles peuvent être ingérées par un enfant. Des recommandations internationales de prise en charge existent, mais ne tiennent pas compte des spécificités françaises, et tous les cas de figure ne sont...
Article
The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has imposed unforeseen and unprecedented constraints on emergency departments (EDs). In this study, we detail the organizational and managerial tools recently implemented among 5 academic EDs in a French region particularly affected by COVID-19 and analyze how EDs responded to the COVID-19-related di...
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There is an increasing need for rapid, reliable, non-invasive, and inexpensive mass testing methods as the global COVID-19 pandemic continues. Detection dogs could be a possible solution to identify individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2. Previous studies have shown that dogs can detect SARS-CoV-2 on sweat samples. This study aims to establish the do...
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Objective To compare the severity of pulmonary embolism (PE) between patients with and without COVID, and to assess the association between severity and in-hospital-mortality. Methods We performed an analysis of 549 COVID (71.3% PCR-confirmed) and 439 non-COVID patients with PE consecutively included by 62 Spanish and 16 French emergency departmen...
Article
La mise en application de la réforme du second cycle confirme aujourd’hui la place importante de l’approche par compétences dans l’éducation en santé depuis l’application de la réforme du second cycle. La médecine d’urgence, via son exercice interprofessionnel, nécessite une grande agilité éducative. Pour cette équipe, composée de professionnels de...
Article
Importance Uncontrolled studies suggest that pulmonary embolism (PE) can be safely ruled out using the YEARS rule, a diagnostic strategy that uses varying D-dimer thresholds. Objective To prospectively validate the safety of a strategy that combines the YEARS rule with the pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria (PERC) rule and an age-adjusted D-dime...
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Introduction L’HTAP associée au lupus est une complication rare mais sévère. La place respective du traitement immunosuppresseur et du traitement vasodilatateur reste discutée: l’efficacité du traitement immunosuppresseur est inconstante et le traitement vasodilatateur est volontiers réservé aux patients les plus sévères. Depuis les premières publi...
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Orphanet Urgences est une collection destinée aux médecins urgentistes, sur le lieu de l'urgence (SAMU) ou dans les urgences hospitalières. Ces recommandations sont élaborées avec les centres de référence maladies rares (CRMR), la Société française de médecine d'urgence (SFMU), l'Agence de biomédecine (ABM) et les associations de malades. Ces recom...
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(1) Background: COVID-19 may lead to refractory hypoxemia requiring venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). Survival rate if ECMO is implemented as rescue therapy after corticosteroid failure is unknown. We aimed to investigate if ECMO implemented after failure of the full-recommended 10-day corticosteroid course can improve outcome....
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Introduction Dans cette étude nous avons voulu décrire les caractéristiques des patients transfusés en plaquettes aux urgences. Méthode Étude observationnelle rétrospective, dans 12 services d’urgence. Tous les patients transfusés en plaquettes en janvier et février 2018 ont été inclus. Résultats Nous avons inclus 86 patients dont l’âge médian ét...
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PurposePathophysiology and risk factors for Ureteral Stent-Associated Urinary Tract Infection (USAUTI) have been poorly investigated. This situation results in highly diverse practices regarding USAUTI prevention, diagnosis and treatment. The aim of the present study was to describe the epidemiology and risk factors for USAUTI in non-transplanted p...
Article
Objectives The relevance of syndromic multiplex-PCR for the etiological diagnosis of meningitis or meningoencephalitis is still a matter of debate. Here, we studied the impact of a 24/7 multiplex-PCR on the management of patients consulting in the emergency department for suspicion of community-acquired meningitis. Methods We conducted a single-ce...
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De nombreux patients consultant aux urgences souffrent de pathologies psychiatriques préexistantes ou ont une symptomatologie évocatrice d’une pathologie psychiatrique. En effet, les troubles psychiatriques touchent un adulte sur quatre, et 75%des affections psychiatriques débutent avant l’âge de 25 ans. Le parcours de soins d’un patient adulte à p...
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The care of patients, especially in the field of agitation or psychiatry, requires close coordination between different actors. Interdisciplinarity makes it possible to analyse and harmonise the links between various disciplines with the common aim of solving complex problems. This interdisciplinarity must now become a fundamental in the teaching o...
Preprint
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Facing the COVID-19 pandemic, testing individuals in order to promptly isolate positive people is one of the key actions. One approach to rapid testing might be to consider the olfactory capacities of trained detection dogs in order to develop a non-invasive, rapid and cheap mass detection approach, through the Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) sig...
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Background: We aimed to describe red blood cell (RBC) transfusions in the emergency department (ED) with a particular focus on the hemoglobin (Hb) level thresholds that are used in this setting. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of 12 EDs including all adult patients that received RBC transfusion in January and February 2018. Descriptive...
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Introduction Une prévalence élevée d’embolie pulmonaire (EP) a été décrit au cours de la COVID-19, avec une morbi-mortalité significative. L’objectif était d’identifier des facteurs prédictifs d’EP chez des patients atteints de COVID-19 sévères hospitalisés hors réanimation. Patients et méthodes Au cours d’une étude rétrospective multicentrique na...
Article
Introduction No recent national guidelines exist regarding the management of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in the presence of ureteral stent. This situation could lead to discrepancies in clinical management and less opportunity for a favorable patient's outcome. Methods All available data published on Medline® between 1998 and 2018 were systema...
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Introduction Patients with lower limb trauma requiring orthopaedic immobilisation may be at risk of venous thromboembolism but opinions differ about who may benefit from thromboprophylactic anticoagulant treatment. The aim of this CASTING study is to demonstrate the safety of thromboprophylaxis based on the Thrombosis Risk Prediction for patients w...
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Background The HOME-CoV rule is a checklist of eligibility criteria for home treatment of patients with COVID-19, defined using a Delphi method. Research Question Is the HOME-CoV rule reliable for identifying a subgroup of COVID-19 patients with a low risk of adverse outcomes who can be safely treated at home? Study Design and Methods We aimed to...
Article
Objectives: Giant cell arteritis (GCA) is the most common primary large-vessel vasculitis. Glucocorticoids (GC) therapy remains the standard of care for GCA despite frequent side effects (SEs). However, treatment modality changes, prophylactic treatment of osteoporosis, or vaccinations might have decreased the frequency of GC-related SEs. This stu...
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Background A high prevalence of pulmonary embolism (PE) has been described during COVID‐19. Our aim was to identify predictive factors of PE in non‐ICU hospitalized COVID‐19 patients. Methods Data and outcomes were collected upon admission during a French multicenter retrospective study, including patients hospitalized for COVID‐19, with a CT pulm...
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The incidence of pulmonary embolism (PE) is high during severe Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). We aimed to identify predictive and prognostic factors of PE in non-ICU hospitalized COVID-19 patients. In the retrospective multicenter observational CLOTVID cohort, we enrolled patients with confirmed RT-PCR COVID-19 who were hospitalized in a medi...
Article
Objectives: SARS-Cov-2 is a respiratory virus of the coronavirus family. It is responsible for viral pneumonia. The Covid-19 pandemic started in China in December 2019 before spreading to the rest of the world. Managing this pandemic has significantly changed the way our emergency services work. The main objective of this study was to describe the...
Article
Introduction: Seizures are one of the most common neurological reasons for emergency department (ED) visits. The benefit of ED-initiated, short-course outpatient Benzodiazepine (BZD) treatment to prevent early recurrent seizure is unknown. This study assesses the risk of early seizure recurrence in patients that were or were not started with outpa...
Preprint
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The HOME-CoV rule is a list of clinical criteria defined by experts’ consensus, qualifying patients with probable or proven COVID-19 for home treatment when negative. The aims were to define and validate a revised HOME-CoV score, optimizing the original rule. Definition of the revised HOME-CoV score using logistic regression in a prospective multic...
Preprint
BACKGROUND In emergency medicine, teamwork is paramount. We sought to develop a new educational tool that would promote team communication in emergency medicine. Escape game is an adventure game that may be useful as an educational tool. Escape games are increasingly being used in health education but the method of creating such games has not been...
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Background In the health care environment, teamwork is paramount, especially when referring to patient safety. We are interested in recent and innovative solutions such as escape games, which is a type of adventure game that may be highly useful as an educational tool, potentially combining good communication skills with successful gamification. Th...
Book
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Un ouvrage pratique pour connaître toutes les procédures d’urgence hospitalières lors de situations sanitaires exceptionnelles, mais aussi les fondamentaux de l'hygiène et de la sécurité en milieu de soin. > Ce guide, sous forme de mémos, explique toutes les situations d’urgence sanitaire que les professionnels soignants peuvent rencontrer (plan bl...
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Numerous SARS-CoV-2 rapid serological tests have been developed, but their accuracy has usually been assessed using very few samples, and rigorous comparisons between these tests are scarce. In this study, we evaluated and compared 10 commercially-available SARS-CoV-2 rapid serological tests using the STARD methodology (Standards for Reporting of D...
Article
Introduction: With the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak, early identification of the most severely impacted patients is essential. Previous cardiovascular (CV) and metabolic diseases affect the COVID-19 prognosis. In high CV risk patients, coronary artery calcification (CAC) is associated with a higher incidence of CV outcomes. Hypothesis: T...
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ED-visits and through-ED admissions to medical/surgical wards (MSW) and intensive care unit (ICU) during influenza, COVID-19 and lockdown periods were evaluated in a four-hospital prospective observational study from November 2018 to March 2020. ED visit characteristics and main diagnostic categories were assessed. Analysis of 368,262 ED-visits hig...
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Background Poisoning is one of the leading causes of admission to the emergency department and intensive care unit. A large number of epidemiological changes have occurred over the last years such as the exponential growth of new synthetic psychoactive substances. Major progress has also been made in analytical screening and assays, enabling the cl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Numerous SARS-CoV-2 rapid serological tests have been developed, but their accuracy has usually been assessed using very few samples, and rigorous comparisons between these tests are scarce. In this study, we evaluated and compared 10 commercially-available SARS-CoV-2 rapid serological tests using the STARD methodology (Standards for Reporting of D...
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Full-text available
We assessed the impact of a rapid molecular assay for influenza detection whether outsourced or performed onsite 24/7 in a University Hospital in Paris, France. Shorter median time-to-results (16.8 vs 2.3 hours, p<0.05) and an increased rate of adequate prescription of oseltamivir (76.6% vs 95.3%, p<0.05) were observed.
Article
Introduction Venous sampling for blood gas analysis has been suggested as an alternative to arterial sampling in order to reduce pain. The main objective was to compare pain induced by venous and arterial sampling and to assess whether the type of sampling would affect clinical management or not. Methods We performed an open-label randomised multi...
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Background There have been reports of pro‐coagulant activity in patients with COVID‐19. Whether there is an association between pulmonary embolism (PE) and COVID‐19 in the emergency department (ED) is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess whether COVID‐19 is associated with PE in ED patients that underwent a CTPA? Methods A retrospective st...
Article
Contexte : La Société Française de Médecine d’Urgence, la Société de Réanimation de Langue Française et le GroupeFrancophone de Réanimation et d’Urgences Pédiatriques ont émis des recommandations sur la prise en charge del’exacerbation sévère d’asthme (ESA) chez l’enfant et l’adulte.Résultats : Les recommandations ont concerné 5 champs : diagnostic...
Article
Objective: The Bacterial Meningitis Score (BMS) is recommended by pediatric academic societies to rule out the diagnosis of bacterial meningitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the BMS to identify adults at no risk for bacterial meningitis. Methods: We conducted a multicentric retrospective study including adults who co...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Chest CT (CT) is the reference for assessing pulmonary injury in suspected or diagnosed COVID-19 with signs of clinical severity. We explored the role of lung ultrasonography (LU) in quickly assessing lung status in these patients. Methods: eChoVid is a multicentric study based on routinely collected data, conducted in 3 emergency units...
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Full-text available
Objectives To update the French guidelines on the management of trauma patients with spinal cord injury or suspected spinal cord injury. Design A consensus committee of 27 experts was formed. A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the outset of the process and enforced throughout. The entire guidelines process was conducted in...
Article
Introduction L’artérite à cellules géantes (ACG) est la vascularite des gros vaisseaux la plus fréquente. Elle touche les patients de plus de 50 ans. Les corticoïdes (CTC) restent le traitement de référence de l’ACG. Cependant, ils sont associés à de fréquents effets indésirables (EI), touchant jusqu’à 86 % des patients [1]. Depuis ces résultats, d...
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Background: The peer review process has been questioned as it may fail to allow the publication of high-quality articles. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy in identifying inadequate reporting in RCT reports by early career researchers (ECRs) using an online CONSORT-based peer-review tool (COBPeer) versus the usual peer-review process. Met...
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Background: This study aimed to assess the diagnostic relevance of CD4/CD8 ratio in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) for the etiological diagnosis work-up of uveitis. Methods: We consecutively included patients who were referred to our department for the diagnostic workup of intermediate and/or posterior uveitis. Etiological diagnoses were established in...
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Background: The French Emergency Medicine Society, the French Intensive Care Society and the Pediatric Intensive Care and Emergency Medicine French-Speaking Group edited guidelines on severe asthma exacerbation (SAE) in adult and pediatric patients. Results: The guidelines were related to 5 areas: diagnosis, pharmacological treatment, oxygen the...
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Objectives: We aimed to both quantitatively and qualitatively describe interventional research performed in emergency medical communication centres. Methods: We conducted a systematic review of articles published in MEDLINE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and Web of Science. Studies evaluating therapeutic or organizational interv...