Anthi Karaiskou

Anthi Karaiskou
Sorbonne Université | UPMC · CDR Saint-Antoine - UMR_S 938

PhD (HDR)

About

19
Publications
5,144
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818
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - March 2015
Sorbonne Université
Position
  • Professor (Associate) and Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (19)
Article
Full-text available
Caprine-like Generalized Hypoplasia Syndrome (SHGC) is an autosomal-recessive disorder in Montbéliarde cattle. Affected animals present a wide range of clinical features that include the following: delayed development with low birth weight, hind limb muscular hypoplasia, caprine-like thin head and partial coat depigmentation. Here we show that SHGC...
Article
Full-text available
Embryonic and post-embryonic development in ascidians have been studied for over a century, but it is only in the last 10 years that the complex molecular network involved in coordinating post-larval development and metamorphosis has started to emerge. In most ascidians, the transition from the larval to the sessile juvenile/adult, or metamorphosis...
Conference Paper
Background / Purpose: Cell cycle transitions are controlled by Cdks (cyclin-dependent kinase) and their regulatory factors. The Cdks consist of a catalytic subunit and a positive regulatory partner called Cyclin. The MPF (M-phase Promoting Factor) is the Cdk responsible for the G2/M transition of the cell cycle. It is composed of Cdc2 kinase and...
Article
Full-text available
In fully grown oocytes, meiosis is arrested at first prophase until species-specific initiation signals trigger maturation. Meiotic resumption universally involves early activation of M phase-promoting factor (Cdc2 kinase-Cyclin B complex, MPF) by dephosphorylation of the inhibitory Thr14/Tyr15 sites of Cdc2. However, underlying mechanisms vary. In...
Article
Full-text available
MPF and MAP kinase ERK2 are two major M-phase kinases. They interact with each other in a complex way during meiotic maturation of Xenopus laevis oocytes. Here we study their interrelationship during first mitosis in X. laevis embryo cell-free extract perturbing the polyubiquitination pathway as a tool. Recombinant ubiquitin K48R (Ub-K48R) mutant p...
Article
Full-text available
Activating epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations have been linked with sensitivity to gefitinib and erlotinib; however, there are no established predictive markers for response to the combination of EGFR inhibitors with standard chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. In this study, we characterized a panel of human...
Article
Full-text available
Up to now, there have been no established predictive markers for response to epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR/HER1/erbB1) inhibitors alone and in combination with chemotherapy in colorectal cancer. To identify markers that predict response to EGFR-based chemotherapy regimens, we analyzed the response of human colorectal cancer cell lines to t...
Article
Full-text available
During oogenesis, the Xenopus oocyte is blocked in prophase of meiosis I. It becomes competent to resume meiosis in response to progesterone at the end of its growing period (stage VI of oogenesis). Stage IV oocytes contain a store of inactive pre-MPF (Tyr15-phosphorylated Cdc2 bound to cyclin B2); the Cdc25 phosphatase that catalyzes Tyr15 dephosp...
Article
Full-text available
Deadenylation is an intimate part of the post-transcriptional regulation of maternal mRNAs in embryos. EDEN-BP is so far the only known member of a complex regulating the deadenylation of maternal mRNA in Xenopus laevis embryos in a manner that is dependent on the 3'-untranslated region called EDEN (embryo deadenylation element). In this report, we...
Article
Full-text available
Fully grown Xenopus oocyte is arrested at prophase I of meiosis. Re-entry into meiosis depends on the activation of MPF (M-phase promoting factor or cyclin B.Cdc2 complex), triggered by progesterone. The prophase-arrested oocyte contains a store of Cdc2. Most of the protein is present as a monomer whereas a minor fraction, called pre-MPF, is found...
Article
Since almost two decades, it is known that progesterone is responsible of the release of the prophase I arrest of amphibian oocytes and leads to the activation of the universal MPF, through a puzzling transduction pathway. It involves negative regulation of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) and synthesis of new proteins, among them the c-Mos...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclin-dependent kinases (Cdks) are key regulators of the eukaryotic cell division cycle. Cdk1 (Cdc2) and Cdk2 should be bound to regulatory subunits named cyclins as well as phosphorylated on a conserved Thr located in the T-loop for full enzymatic activity. Cdc2- and Cdk2-cyclin complexes can be inactivated by phosphorylation on the catalytic cle...
Article
Full-text available
The auto-catalytic activation of the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc2 or MPF (M-phase promoting factor) is an irreversible process responsible for the entry into M phase. In Xenopus oocyte, a positive feed-back loop between Cdc2 kinase and its activating phosphatase Cdc25 allows the abrupt activation of MPF and the entry into the first meiotic division...
Article
The auto-catalytic activation of the cyclin-dependent kinase Cdc2 or MPF (M-phase promoting factor) is an irreversible process responsible for the entry into M phase. In Xenopus oocyte, a positive feed-back loop between Cdc2 kinase and its activating phosphatase Cdc25 allows the abrupt activation of MPF and the entry into the first meiotic division...
Article
The activation of Cdc2 kinase induces the entry into M-phase of all eukaryotic cells. We have developed a cell-free system prepared from prophase-arrested Xenopus oocytes to analyze the mechanism initiating the all-or-none activation of Cdc2 kinase. Inhibition of phosphatase 2A, the major okadaic acid-sensitive Ser/Thr phosphatase, in these extract...
Article
Xenopus oocyte meiotic maturation combines features of G0/G1 and G2/M transitions of the cell cycle. To study the in ovo Rb kinase activity, we have microinjected human Rb into oocytes. Microinjected human Rb localizes into the nucleus, is hypophosphorylated in prophase oocytes, becomes hyperphosphorylated during meiotic maturation and is dephospho...

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