Anouk van Maris

Anouk van Maris
Bristol Robotics Laboratory

Research Fellow in Responsible Robotics

About

16
Publications
1,617
Reads
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132
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
134 Citations
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Introduction
I am a Research Fellow in Responsible Robotics for the EPSRC-funded project RoboTIPS (EP/S005099/1). In this project, I aim to develop an ethical black box to investigate social robot accidents and aid the development of ethical social robots. Before I joined this project, I was an ESR for the H2020 MSCA-ITN project SOCRATES, where I focused on artificial expression of emotion in assistive robots and ethical concerns that may arise from this during human-robot interactions.
Additional affiliations
October 2020 - March 2021
Bristol Robotics Laboratory
Position
  • PostDoc Position
April 2017 - October 2020
Bristol Robotics Laboratory
Position
  • Master's Student
Education
April 2017 - March 2021
Bristol Robotics Laboratory
Field of study
  • Social Robot Ethics
February 2015 - January 2017
Radboud University Nijmegen
Field of study
  • Artificial Intelligence, specialisation Robot Cognition
September 2010 - January 2015
Radboud University Nijmegen
Field of study
  • Artificial Intelligence

Publications

Publications (16)
Chapter
Risk Assessment is a well known and powerful method for discovering and mitigating risks, and hence improving safety. Ethical Risk Assessment uses the same approach, but extends the scope of risk to cover ethical risks in addition to safety risks. In this paper we outline Ethical Risk Assessment (ERA), and set ERA within the broader framework of Re...
Preprint
The aim of this workshop is to foster the exchange of insights on past and ongoing research towards effective and long-lasting collaborations between humans and robots. This workshop will provide a forum for representatives from academia and industry communities to analyse the different aspects of HRI that impact on its success. We particularly foc...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper introduces a draft open standard for the robot equivalent of an aircraft flight data recorder, which we call an ethical black box. This is a device, or software module, capable of securely recording operational data (sensor, actuator and control decisions) for a social robot, in order to support the investigation of accidents or near-mis...
Article
Full-text available
This work explored the use of human–robot interaction research to investigate robot ethics. A longitudinal human–robot interaction study was conducted with self-reported healthy older adults to determine whether expression of artificial emotions by a social robot could result in emotional deception and emotional attachment. The findings from this s...
Article
Full-text available
The development of responsible robotics requires paying attention to responsibility within the research process in addition to responsibility as the outcome of research. This paper describes the preparation and application of a novel method to explore hazardous human-robot interactions. The Virtual Witness Testimony role-play interview is an approa...
Preprint
The aim of this workshop is to give researchers from academia and industry the possibility to discuss the inter-and multi-disciplinary nature of the relationships between people and robots towards effective and long-lasting collaborations. This workshop will provide a forum for the HRI and robotics communities to explore successful human-robot inte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This research investigates whether there is an ethical concern in robots misrepresenting their internal state through speech. Participants were asked to discuss their food preferences with a robot, where the robot would either respond through facts or an implied personal stance. Results show that there are no significant differences in the way part...
Conference Paper
This work describes an incidental finding from a longitudinal Human-Robot Interaction study that was investigating whether a robot showing emotions during interactions with older adults was perceived differently than to a robot that did not display emotions during the interaction. During this study we noted that some older adults found it hard to u...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional deception and emotional attachment are regarded as ethical concerns in human-robot interaction. Considering these concerns is essential, particularly as little is known about longitudinal effects of interactions with social robots. We ran a longitudinal user study with older adults in two retirement villages, where people interacted with...
Article
Full-text available
Research in social robotics is focused on the development of robots that can provide physical and cognitive support in a socially interactive way. Whilst some studies have previously investigated the importance of user characteristics (age, gender, education, robot familiarity, mood) in the acceptance of social robots as well as the influence a rob...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although many computational models of reaching and prereaching movements inspired by infant development exist, these leave questions from developmental psychology unan- swered. Young infants’ prereaching movements are characterized by a sudden decrease in the frequency around seven weeks of age. One possibility is that this decrease results from co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trust, taken from the human perspective, is an essential factor that determines the use of robots as companions or care robots, especially given the long-term character of the interaction. This study investigated the influence of a robot's embodiment on people's trust over a prolonged period of time. The participants engaged in a collaborative task...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
SOCRATES is a Horizon 2020 Innovative Training Network for PhD researchers in Social Robotics. The research in Social Robotics has a common theme of Interaction Quality, which is a concept for characterization of how a specific mode of interaction is fit for a given task, situation, and user. Interaction Quality often changes, for instance if an older adult gets tired and loses focus when interacting with a robot. Interaction Quality also depends on the robot’s functionality and design. By slowing down the speed of the robot, Interaction Quality can be maintained. In general, Interaction Quality is a complex interplay between several performance measures and design parameters. In SOCRATES we address these issues from the perspective of: Emotion, Intention, Adaptivity, Design, and Acceptance. Additional value and impact is generated by the unique multidisciplinary collaboration between academic disciplines that normally do not work together; computer science, cognitive science, biomechanics, ethics, social psychology, and social science. Intersectoral collaboration between academia, caregivers, business developers, and robot manufacturers will further strengthen novelty and impact by ensuring that relevant needs are addressed, and that research result are both economically and technically feasible. SOCRATES project website: http://www.socrates-project.eu/