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Annik Emma Schnitzler

Annik Emma Schnitzler

Retired professor

About

141
Publications
33,551
Reads
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1,669
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 1994 - present
University of Lorraine
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • My main topics are forest research (plant diversity, forets dynamics, impact of invasive species) in alluvial environment and intact forest ecosystems, in temperate and tropical ecosystems.. . I have developed the concept of ferality in conservation .

Publications

Publications (141)
Book
Peu étudiées jusqu'à très récemment, les lianes gardent encore une auréole de mystère. Cet ouvrage retrace leur présence au fil des périodes géologiques, décrit leurs habitats, leurs différentes stratégies d’adaptation aux biotopes qu’elles colonisent, les aspects multiformes de leur reproduction, leur richesse en molécules actives et leur résilien...
Book
Peu étudiées jusqu'à très récemment, les lianes gardent encore une auréole de mystère. Cet ouvrage retrace leur présence au fil des périodes géologiques, décrit leurs habitats, leurs différentes stratégies d’adaptation aux biotopes qu’elles colonisent, les aspects multiformes de leur reproduction, leur richesse en molécules actives et leur résilien...
Article
Full-text available
Cristea V., 2021. Neighbourhood-based evidence of tree diversity promotion by beech in an old-growth deciduous-coniferous mixed forest (Eastern Carpathians). Ann. For. Res. 64(1): 13-30. Abstract Neighbourhood models are useful tools for understanding the role of positive and negative interactions in maintaining the tree species diversity in mixed...
Article
While calls for interdisciplinary research in environmental contexts are common, it often remains a struggle to integrate humanities/qualitative social sciences insights with those of bio-physical approaches. We propose that cross-disciplinary historical perspectives can open new avenues for collaboration among social and natural scientists while e...
Article
Full-text available
The Northern Vosges and the Pays de Bitche (north-east France) are regions rich in recent industrial inheritance which history is well-known. On the other hand, the ancient history of these regions is not well known and the relationships between human populations and their environment remain unexplored until now for ancient times. The multidiscipli...
Article
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At the end of October 2018, a storm of unprecedented strength severely damaged the forests of the eastern sector of the Italian Alps. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the University of Padua. After eight months of discussion, the authors of this article wrote a consensus text...
Article
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This study is an analysis of a historical document (the ' Atlas topographique du comté de Bitche'), dating from 1758 and carried out in northeastern France. The Atlas is composed of three large volumes. The aim was to evaluate the timber resources that had accumulated during the 100 years of land abandonment following the Thirty Years' War (1618-16...
Article
This study is an analysis of a historical document (the ‘Atlas topographique du comté de Bitche’), dating from 1758 and carried out in north-eastern France. The Atlas is composed of three large volumes. The aim was to evaluate the timber resources that had accumulated during the 100 years of land abandonment following the Thirty Years’ War (1618–16...
Article
Full-text available
Three North American Vitis species (V. riparia, V. berlandieri, V. rupestris) became widely used in rootstock breeding programs following the expansion of North American pests and diseases introduced in vineyards of the world during the 19th century. When they escape, they become feral in the most dynamic parts of Mediterranean floodplains. To bett...
Article
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Palynological data from the Northern Vosges Mountains (NVM) are very rare, unlike for the Southern and Central Vosges Mountains, where the past vegetation history is relatively well known. As a consequence, the beginning of human activities has never been clearly identified and dated in the NVM. In order to reconstruct the evolution of vegetation i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The forests of 473 Italian Alpine municipalities were severely damaged by a strong wind at the end of October 2018. The affected forest area covers 42,500 ha. The president of one of the damaged regions asked for help from the TESAF department of the University of Padua. 26 international scientists (listed: 25; anonymous: 1) responded to the appeal...
Article
Full-text available
Passive rewilding is increasingly seen as a promising tool to counterbalance biodiversity losses and recover native forest ecosystems. One key question, crucial to understanding assembly processes and conservation issues underlying land-use change, is the extent to which functional and phylogenetic diversity may recover in spontaneous recent woodla...
Article
Full-text available
Passive rewilding is increasingly seen as a promising tool to counterbalance biodiversity losses and recover native forest ecosystems. One key question, crucial to understanding assembly processes and conservation issues underlying land‐use change, is the extent to which functional and phylogenetic diversity may recover in spontaneous recent woodla...
Article
Full-text available
Highly mobile creatures with remarkable exploratory behaviour, the modern tiger Panthera tigris and the modern Asiatic lion Panthera leo persica colonised Eurasia during the Late Pleistocene (from 126000 ± 5000 to 11700 years before present, BP) and the Holocene (from 11700 BP to the present day). Their respective ranges have overlapped several tim...
Article
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A la suite de deux séjours en 2019, nous avons pu collecter des informations inédites sur l’écologie du lynx, et sur ses interactions avec le loup. Mais ces données ne sont que la partie émergée des travaux de Vadim, qui étudie le comportement des populations de loup depuis près de 20 ans et depuis 10 ans pour celles du lynx.
Article
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Depuis 2013, notre adhérente Annik Schnitzler visite régulièrement la forêt de Naliboki (Belarus), l'objectif étant de se plonger dans un univers de nature bien moins artificialisé que les milieux français. Couple de loups visitant la maison de Kasimir-photo Vadim Sidorovich La forêt y est protégée (chasse totalement interdite) sur 900 km² et explo...
Article
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Sur une étendue de 58 000 km² dans l'océan Atlantique, l'ensemble des archipels macaronésiens présente plusieurs caractéristiques communes : une dépendance vis-à-vis d'un même climat dépendant de l'anticyclone des Açores ; une origine géologique complexe, à la fois volcanique et sédimentaire, des reliefs contrastés et variés en fonction des îles, u...
Article
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L’archipel de Kodiak, au sud de l’Alaska, est connu pour ses ours bruns géants, considérés comme les plus grands carnivores terrestres actuels. Ces ours coexistent avec les sociétés humaines depuis près de 7 500 ans. Dans certaines parties de l’archipel, l’ours a tous les droits. Les seuls sentiers sont les pistes créées par l’animal, parcourant de...
Article
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The interest of strict preservation for Dipterocarpacaea forests in Borneo
Article
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L'archipel de Malte : une histoire humaine hors du commun dans une nature en bien mauvais état Publié le 23 septembre 2018 Situé entre le géant sicilien et l'éperon tunisien, l'archipel maltais (7 îles, dont les trois principales sont Malte, Gozo et Comino) ne comprend qu'une surface globale bien modeste (316 km² en tout, 250 km² et 27 km de long p...
Article
In north-eastern France, red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) populations were rebuilt from a few hundred individuals, which have subsisted in remote valleys of the Vosges mountains, and to a lesser extent from individuals escaped from private enclosures; at present times, this species occupies large areas, mainly in the Vosges Mountains. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
The Eurasian wild grapevine Vitis vinifera ssp. sylvestris ([Gmelin] Hegi) is currently distributed in a few alluvial and colluvial forests around the Mediterranean basin between the 30th and 49th northern parallels, from sea level up to an altitude of 2000m. These areas are refugia where grapevine pest (phylloxera) and fungi diseases (oïdium; mild...
Article
Full-text available
In north-eastern France, red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) populations were rebuilt from a few hundred individuals, which have subsisted in remote valleys of the Vosges mountains, and to a lesser extent from individuals escaped from private enclosures; at present times, this species occupies large areas, mainly in the Vosges Mountains. In this study, we...
Data
Characteristics of archaeological sites yielding red deer samples. (PDF)
Data
Location and genetic data for 117 modern samples of red deer analyzed in this study. (PDF)
Data
Accession and extract numbers of red deer sequences from Meiri et al. 2013 used for diversity calculation (Arlequin) and network construction (Network 5.001). (PDF)
Data
Sample information, genetic data and δ13C and δ15N isotope profiles (%) for 23 subfossil bones of red deer analyzed in this study. Values in italics (CER17, CER 23) correspond to collagen with chemical composition outside the reliability range, therefore the δ13C and δ15N values are not considered for palaeobiological implications. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Due to severe anthropogenic impacts on lowland and submontane zones of the Hyrcanian forests of northern Iran, wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris), a sporadically distributed woody liana, is currently considered an endangered species. Using data from the literature and 34 studied populations, herbarium assessments and nine palynologic...
Article
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Wolf (Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758) domestication has been the subject of many studies the last decades. All agree to consider that the dog (Canis familiaris Linnaeus, 1758) is the product of wolf domestication, and that this process occurred in Eurasia. Many divergences remain however on the geographic origin(s) of the process, whether domestication...
Article
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European grapevine populations quickly disappeared from most of their range, massively killed by the spread of North American grapevine pests and diseases. Nowadays taxonomic pollution represents a new threat. A large Vitis complex involves escaped cultivars, rootstocks, and wild grapevines. The study aimed to provide insight into the Vitis complex...
Article
Full-text available
Une forêt pluviale tropicale peu connue : la réserve naturelle nationale des Nouragues en Guyane française Publié le 31 mai 2017 L'adaptation cinématographique du roman The Lost City of Z de David Grann, réalisée par James Gray, m'a replongé dans l'atmosphère des forêts tropicales humides de Guyane où j'ai vécu près de trois semaines en 2006. .par...
Article
Le cerf :approche écologique et historique dans le massif vosgien Deuxième partie NDLR. La première partie de cet article ap aru dans le n° 6-2016 de la Revue forestièref rançaise, pp. 559 à5 71. UN CONTEXTE FORESTIER ET SOCIÉTAL FAVORABLE ÀUNE RECOLONISATION RAPIDE DESONGULÉS SAUVAGES Dans la deuxième moitié du XX e siècle, la donne ac hangé pour...
Article
Full-text available
Carnet de voyage depuis Gibraltar jusqu'aux forêts de sapins du Maroc. par Annik Schnitzler Les bouts de continent sont absolument fascinants, à bien des points de vue. Leur histoire géologique est souvent parsemée d'événements si extraordinaires qu'on a peine à les imaginer. L'humanité les a tous parcourus depuis des millénaires pour passer d'un p...
Article
Crooked architectures of Quercus pubescens were found on the mega lapies of the Païolive woodland, in south-central France. Seventy-two individuals were selected to establish a morphological typology. Twelve oaks (10 crooked trees, and 2 referent trees) among the 72 individuals were cored to the heart of the tree. Hemispherical photographs characte...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have investigated the ecology of wolf populations of Eurasia, showing that although wolves are mostly opportunistic in seeking meso-large enough mammalian prey, they can also be selective, depending on local availability of prey and their population biomass. Yet prey preferences of the wolf have been poorly evaluated in situations of c...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a 15-year study (1999–2014) of wolf denning behavior in Naliboki Forest, Belarus, to determine the extent to which some external factors (rain, mosquitoes, human disturbances) and litter size are negatively correlated with pup survival until autumn.
Article
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L’île de Flores, en Indonésie, est célèbre pour son dragon, qui est en fait un varan géant, et pour la découverte récente par les anthropologues d’ossements humains appartenant au tout petit Homo floresiensis, surnommé familièrement le « hobbit ».
Article
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Ces îles volcaniques, à hauteur de l'Afrique du nord, sont les seules de l'Océan Atlantique à avoir été colonisées par l'homme préhistorique. Les îles Canaries ont ensuite été le point le plus occidental du monde connu par le monde antique. Homère en a fait l'île des Bienheureux, les Romains les îles Fortunées.. par Annik Schnitzler. Les Canaries s...
Presentation
Full-text available
Rapport d’étude sur les relations du cerf avec son habitat, et les sociétés humaines dans les Vosges
Article
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Aims and Methods We propose a standard protocol at the landscape to continental scale for examining to what extent the range of ecological conditions found in temperate latitudes explains the variations in climber species richness and traits. The protocol was tested in forests of the two Americas. The data set included 151 climber species. We selec...
Article
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Prendre en compte la féralité signifie de reconnaître que les sociétés humaines n'ont pas de droit absolu sur les terres qu'ils ont occupées et qu'ils continuent d'habiter.
Data
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Article
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QuestionIn dense tropical forests, climbers and hemiepiphytes depend on the quantity and quality of direct light more than other plant life forms. What are their responses with respect to quantitative changes of canopy structure and light regime after a hurricane? Here, we study their contribution to closure of the canopy and changes in light regim...
Article
Species of the genus Miscanthus (Poaceae) have recently become widely planted for ornamental and industrial uses. Yet these large perennial grasses have several traits that suggest a high invasion potential. To inform the debate on the benefits and risks of introducing these new biofuel crops, this publication summarises the invasion of Miscanthus...
Conference Paper
The coexistence between humans and wolves lasted at least 100, 000 years and as long as 200, 000 years in Africa with the endemic lineage Canis lupus ssp lupaster. However, the most ancient sites of wolf domestication were found only around 32 cal ka BP above 50° N in two Aurignacian sites: Goyet (Belgium) and Razboinichya (Altai mountains, south...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing fragmentation of forest habitats and the omnipresence of cultivars potentially threaten the genetic integrity of the European wild apple (Malus sylvestris (L.) Mill). However, the conservation status of this species remains unclear in Europe, other than in Belgium and the Czech Republic, where it has been declared an endangered speci...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé Le delta du Rhône comporte de nombreux boisements éparpillés au sein d’espaces ouverts, en Grande et en Petite Camargue, ainsi qu’au Plan du Bourg. Ces boisements ont été étudiés du point de vue phytosociologique et architectural. Ils appartiennent à 5 associations forestières différentes. Trois sont des forêts alluviales typiques des bordu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Film about a wild river in France Sur une dizaine de kilomètres, la vallée de la Moselle en amont de Nancy fait partie des quelques très rares vallées alluviales françaises qui bénéficie d’inondations. Pour cette raison, elle bénéficie de plusieurs titres de protection (Natura 2000, Réserve Naturelle Régionale) Une forêt alluviale se développe spo...
Article
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Hurricane Dean, a category 4 storm, impacted the forests along the western coast of Martinique on August 17, 2007. In March 2008, plots were selected in the rainforest of the Plateau Concorde, which presented a range of post-hurricane damage. The study focused on climber community patterns in two extreme ranges of disturbance (HIP: highly damaged p...
Article
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D ans l'imaginaire collectif, le lion est souvent associé à l'Afrique. Pourtant, au cours de son histoire, il a conquis presque tous les continents : on trouve des restes osseux, ainsi que des peintures et des gravures préhistoriques le représentant, en Europe, en Amérique et en Asie. Il est d'ailleurs très présent dans de nombreuses traditions cul...
Book
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Alors qu’un point de vue dominant, largement repris par les gestionnaires des espaces naturels, et des raisons historiques (les friches étaient jadis le résultat d’abandons pour cause de guerres, d’épidémies, de crises sociales majeures…) ont accordé à la nature férale — totalement abandonnée à elle-même — une connotation négative, ce livre prend l...
Book
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About the book: "For more than a year, 69 of the world’s best nature photographers traveled to all corners of Europe to capture the incredibly rich natural heritage of the continent. They have created more than 200,000 images of nature, some of which were published in the popular Wild Wonders of Europe. Now, Trees and Forests: Wild Wonders of Europ...
Article
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In this paper we present the woodland dynamics of the Moselle valley, upstream from Nancy in north-eastern France. The Moselle flow regime has been partly preserved, although the valley underwent extensive land-uses in the past, with two periods of abandonment of agriculture practices since the 1870s. In the 2377 hectares of the Natura 2000 zone, t...
Article
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ABSTRACT • The North African–Asian lion subgroup, which is composed of two subspecies, the Barbary lion, Panthera leo leo, and the Asian lion, P. l. persica, was nearly exterminated during the last centuries. The remaining free-ranging population of Asian lions consists of c. 350 animals in India. The Barbary lion subsists as captive animals in zoo...
Article
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From rurality to Ferality: a case study From the upper moselle valley, France annik Schnitzler 1 , damien AumAître 2 & christophe Schnitzler 3 résumé. — Du « rural » au « féral », une étude de cas en haute vallée de la Moselle, France. — Quel-ques résultats sur la dynamique de succession dans la vallée de la moselle en amont de nancy sont présentés...
Article
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Wild grapevine (Vitis vinifera ssp sylvestris) is considered to be nearly extinct in its western range as a result of the expansion of American diseases combined with drastic hydraulic works in the region. In such a context, the discovery of a population of 120 individuals, offered an excellent opportunity to evaluate the status of the plant at the...
Article
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The objectives of the study were to evaluate the levels of taxonomic richness of vines in Mediterranean forests on the basis of a meta-analysis gathering data from the phytosociological literature. 229 forest communities were gathered in five main types: deciduous oak forests (G); evergreen oak forests (J), deciduous mountain forests (F), conifer f...
Data
Résumé L'objectif de la recherche est d'évaluer les niveaux de richesse spécifique des lianes des forêts méditerranéennes, sur la base d'une méta-analyse rassemblant les données de richesse spécifique, de fréquence et d'abon-dance des lianes forestières disponibles dans 229 communautés forestières de la littérature phy-tosociologique. Les associati...