Annie Piolat

Annie Piolat
Aix-Marseille Université | AMU · Cognitive psychology

PhD, HDR Psychology

About

111
Publications
82,029
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2,447
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - September 2016
Aix-Marseille Université
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
January 2008 - present
Aix-Marseille Université
January 1980 - May 2016
Aix-Marseille Université
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (111)
Book
Full-text available
Cette nouvelle édition, revue et augmentée, offre aux étudiants qui entament un cursus universitaire en sciences humaines un aperçu rigoureux et didactique du fonctionnement universitaire et des compétences qu'ils devront mettre en œuvre pour réussir. Réussir ses études de psychologie regroupe les stratégies indispensables à la réussite des études...
Article
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The influence of mood on working memory capacity has been investigated in adults, albeit with conflicting results, but remains relatively unexplored in children. The present study examined the effect of a mood induction procedure on phonological working memory capacity in fourth and fifth graders. An initial working memory span test was followed fi...
Article
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The aim of the present research was to show that the appreciation and the rejection of dark humorous cartoons trigger different emotional reactions compared to nondark ones. Thus, participants rated each humorous cartoon on incongruous, surprising, understanding and funniness scales. Then they chose the one they most like and the one they most disl...
Article
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L’objectif de cette étude est de montrer que le traitement de situations d’humour noir appréciées et rejetées provoque des réactions émotionnelles différentes de celles provoquées par des situations humoristiques plus standards. Aussi, après avoir évalué le degré d’incongruité, de surprise, de clarté et de drôlerie de 18 dessins soit d’humour noir,...
Article
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According to Suls (1972), humor relies on the simultaneous perception of a situation from the perspective of two self-consistent but normally incompatible frames of reference, namely incongruity. The subsequent resolution of the incongruity triggers positive emotional states such as mirth. The aim of the present question review is to highlight that...
Article
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Selon Suls (1972) l’humour met en scène une incongruité qui pro-voque la surprise. La résolution de cette incongruité provoqueraitle rire. L’objectif de cette synthèse est de souligner que la théoriede Suls (1972) est insuffisante, car elle ne permet pas d’identifiersuffisamment les différentes opérations cognitives et la palette desémotions qui en...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyze the consequences of emotion during narrative writing in accordance with Hayes's model. In this model, motivation and affect have an important role during the writing process. Moreover, according to the emotion-cognition literature, emotions are thought to create interferences in working memory, resulting in an i...
Article
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We examined gender differences in the perception of dark and nondark humor. Judgment ratings based on four humor characteristics (Surprise, Incongruity, Comprehension and Funniness) were assessed. Results revealed significant differences in the perception of dark and nondark humorous cartoons for women only. Women rated nondark cartoons as less inc...
Article
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LIWC is, originally, a text analysis program that counts words of English texts in psychologically meaningful categories. It provides an analysis (in percentage) for 80 dimensions of language (functional words, topics, punctuation). The goal of this methodological note is to present the French LIWC. This version respects the structure of the catego...
Article
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This review is organized in three sections in order to evaluate if expressive writing (namely, to report emotions and deep thoughts concerning positive or negative personal experiences) has a beneficial impact on the physical and psychological well-being of writers. Part 1 reviews studies that showed a beneficial influence of expressive writing. Pa...
Article
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One of the challenges today in human–computer interaction is to design systems that are not only usable but also appealing to users. In order to contribute to meet this challenge, our general objective in the present study was to enhance current understanding of the perceptual features that favour users’ interactions with Websites. This is a partic...
Article
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This study concerns the field of writing and its influence on the emotional state of writers (Pennebaker, 2002). In this field of research, participants are usually requested to express their feelings and emotions following the occurrence of negative events. It is thus important to collect data concerning the influence of positive experiences. By c...
Article
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EMOTAIX is an organized dictionary comprising 2 014 radicals driven by the software Tropes (version 7). It allows identification, categorization and automatic counting of the emotional lexicon contained in oral or written productions, whatever their length and words' number. This lexicon (literal and figurative meaning) refers to the following psyc...
Article
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This article comes in two sections. The first one provides an introduction to the EMOTAIX-Tropes text analysis software, describing the method that was used to create the collection of terms (4,921 words belonging to the emotional and affective lexicon), the three-tiered thematic organization of this lexicon on either side of a hedonic axis, and th...
Article
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Two experiments examined whether text composition engages verbal, visual, and spatial working memory to different degrees. In Experiment 1, undergraduate students composed by longhand a persuasive text while performing a verbal, visual, or spatial concurrent task that was presented visually. In Experiment 2, participants performed a verbal or spati...
Article
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This study concerns one of the processes involved in written verbal production: text revising. Our aim was to experimentally test the specificity of reading for revision as compared to reading for comprehension, and to determine the cognitive cost of initiating and performing critical-reading processes. A two-session experiment was conducted on stu...
Article
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The notion of risk-taking implies a cognitive process that determines the level of risk involved in a particular activity or task. This risk appraisal process gives rise to emotional responses, including anxious arousal and changes in mood, which may play a significant role in risk-related decision making. This study examines how emotional response...
Article
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This study concerns the cognitive effort expended and the difficulties experienced by undergraduate students as they took notes and wrote a text based on a lecture given in French, their primary language (L1), and in English (L2). The 21 participants had studied English (L2) for 7 years before attending the university and they had taken 3 years of...
Article
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This study analyzes the cognitive effort and linguistic procedures of sixty students using information taken from an experimental website in L1 (French) and in L2 (English). The students navigated on the website and took notes on paper or with a word processor. A triple-task paradigm was used to estimate the cognitive load of reading, notetaking, a...
Article
The present study aims at describing "front-texts" produced by undergraduate students in psychology during their academic practices. Several types of fronts-texts (notes or drafts) were realized by each student in an experimental setup, on the one hand, and in a real situation of examination, on the other hand. By comparing the various productions,...
Article
Full-text available
College students wrote definitions of either abstract or concrete nouns in longhand while performing a concurrent working memory (WM) task. They detected either a verbal (syllable), visual (shape), or spatial (location) stimulus and decided whether it matched the last one presented 15-45s earlier. Writing definitions of both noun types elevated the...
Article
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About elliptical writing in students : a descriptive analysis of their notetaking and drafting acitivities. The present study aims at describing “front-texts” produced by undergraduate students in psychology during their academic practices. Several types of fronts-texts (notes or drafts) were realized by each student in an experimental setup, on th...
Chapter
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This experiment was designed to assess the cognitive effort (measured using fast reaction times) made by student participants with different working-memory spans when they took notes as they listened to or read a lecture. The students had to use their conventional note-taking technique or an outline-based technique (pre-printed note sheets showing...
Article
Full-text available
College students wrote deWnitions of either abstract or concrete nouns in longhand while performing a concurrent working memory (WM) task. They detected either a verbal (syllable), visual (shape), or spatial (location) stimulus and decided whether it matched the last one presented 15–45 s earlier. Writing deWnitions of both noun types elevated the...
Article
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This study compared the techniques used by 22 Spanish and English students to take notes from a lecture in French as a second language (L2) and in their first language (L1). Three kinds of variables have been analysed: (1) perceived difficulty of the comprehension and production tasks involved in note-taking; (2) volume of the notes and their fidel...
Book
Full-text available
La prise de notes Que sais-je ? 2006 Cet ouvrage n'est plus imprimé, aussi il est mis à la disposition des lecteurs
Article
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Recent proposals in the field of text revision reveal significant changes in perspective concerning cognitive processes involved in writing. Whereas revision has been considered for a long time as being aimed at enhancing writing, this activity is now seen as a control of the different writing processes. Thus, planning is now added to this control...
Article
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Integration of capacity (Just and Carpenter, 1992) and componentiel (Baddeley, 1986) conceptions of working memory in models of text composition (Hayes, 1996 ; Kellogg, 1996 ; McCutchen, 1996) has allowed studying several facets of the role of working memory in writing acquisition and in expert management of the writing processes. This article pres...
Article
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Note taking is a complex activity that requires comprehension and selection of information and written production processes. Here we review the functions, abbreviation procedures, strategies, and working memory constraints of note taking with the aim of improving theoretical and practical understanding of the activity. The time urgency of selecting...
Article
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We first examine the different phases of the editorial peer review process leading from the submission of a manuscript to its acceptance in a scientific journal. Evaluation biases are then presented in relation to the author's identification, institutional affiliation, language and the conservative stance of the reviewers. Several researches concer...
Article
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Carrier, personal and laboratory funding are all dependent on the quality of scientific publications. How to ensure that a publication has both quality and visibility? Indexation of a journal published in French in a database offers guarantees concerning its diffusion, but not necessarily its quality. We review different criteria that are used for...
Article
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L’etude de l’architecture cognitive en jeu dans les activites complexes de production ecrite de textes fait actuellement la part belle a la memoire de travail. Sans cette interface, le redacteur ne disposerait pas des ressources attentionnelles qui lui sont indispensables pour activer les processus redactionnels, utiliser et transformer les informa...
Chapter
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Cognitive effort and temporal organization of the sub-processes of revision (reading to define problems, searching a solution and transforming the text) were investigated when writers revised either spelling, syntactical or coherence errors. Differences in working memory capacity of participants were also examined and cognitive effort of reading to...
Article
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Cette recherche a été réalisée dans le cadre du contrat AL 13b attribué par l'ACI « Ecole et Sciences Cognitives » que nous remercions. Résumé La prise de notes des étudiants est analysée en fonction des caractéristiques de leur langue maternelle (japonais versus espagnol) et de la langue utilisée (L1 versus français L2). Deux textes courts et proc...
Article
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Cette recherche a été réalisée dans le cadre du contrat AL 13b attribué par l'ACI « Ecole et Sciences Cognitives » que nous remercions. Résumé Noter est une activité complexe qui implique l'activation de processus de compréhension mais aussi de processus de production. De plus, pendant la réalisation de son activité, le noteur apprend ce qu'il est...
Article
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The relations between the processes of planning and revision and quality of texts produced by adults are explored by referring to experiments using various methods (guidance of the activity, drafts analyses, cognitive effort tasks) and starting from three questions. The first one relates to the impact of these two processes on text quality: Is it n...
Article
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Working memory issues are important in many real activities. Thus, measuring cognitive effort (or mental load) has been a main research topic for years in cognitive ergonomics, though no consensual method to study such aspect has been proposed. In addition, we argue that cognitive effort has to be related to an analysis of the evolution of cognitiv...
Article
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Cette contribution présente une recherche visant à repérer la nature des notes prises par des élèves 10-12 ans soumis à une tâche de rédaction d'un texte argumentatif nécessitant une documentation préalable. La PDN implique deux savoir-faire : 1) Spatialiser le matériau linguistique ; 2) Abréger le format de mots ainsi que celui de la mise en phras...
Article
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The goal of this experiment was to investigate the role of visual feedback during written composition. Effects of suppression of visual feedback were analyzed both on processing demands and on on-line coordination of low-level execution processes and of high-level conceptual and linguistic processes. Writers composed a text and copied it either wit...
Chapter
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In this chapter notetaking is considered as a way to understand L2 writer’s cognitive resources and strategies within a task constraining working memory. Three main linguistic activities are involved in notetaking: understanding, writing and reading. Indeed, notetakers need to store what they hear in order to transcribe it, while at the same time,...
Article
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Students' notetaking in first (L1) and second languages (L2) are observed, comparing them with the lecturer's speech prosody. This exploratory analysis displays a complex link between the information noted, the notetaker's linguistic competence and the didactic prosody.
Chapter
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In this chapter, we first present two variants of a technique of secondary reaction time task and verbalization task that allow researchers (1) to estimate the general temporal organization of the writing process, (2) to analyse the recursiveness of writing and (3) to measure the amount of resources allocated to the writing processes (Kellogg, 1987...
Book
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Chapter
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Cette recherche vise à évaluer l'effet d'un système informatisé censé favoriser la prise de notes en vue d'une production écrite argumentative, qui impose de prendre en compte des points de vue opposés, difficiles à étayer et à coordonner pour des élèves de CM2. La recherche d'arguments a été favorisée par la mise à disposition d'informations sur u...
Book
This experiment analyses a computer-based system designed to help 5 grade pupils produce argumentative texts. Such texts contain arguments supporting opposite points of view, and numerous data from previous studies show that young children have difficulties to find and to coordinate them. In the present investigation, the information retrieval acti...
Article
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The triple task technique measures the time and cognitive effort devoted to specific writing processes by combining directed retrospection with secondary task reaction time (RT). Writing a text is the primary task and rapidly detecting auditory probes to index cognitive effort is the secondary task. The third task is retrospecting and categorizing...
Article
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This methodological note has three goals. The first is to describe the various uses of the triple task paradigm (writing; quick reactions, think aloud protocols) proposed by Kellogg (1986, 1987b) and Levy and Ransdell (1994, 1995). The dependent variables related to this paradigm are examined. The second aim is to evaluate the validity of the parad...
Article
Full-text available
The main goal of this work is to determine the difficulties involved in the recomposition of argumentative text by eleven years old children. The role of text length was examined in Experiment 2. The effect of the comprehension level in reading was evaluated in Experiment 3 and the mastery of prototypical schema was tested in Experiment 4. Experime...
Article
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How can the process and cost of writing texts be studied? The triple task methodology This methodological note has three goals. The first is to describe the various uses of the triple task paradigm (writing; quick reactions, think aloud protocols) proposed by Kellogg (1986, 1987b) and Levy and Ransdell (1994, 1995). The dependent variables related...
Article
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This study investigates both qualitative and quantitative production of sentences produced by 113 writers between 10 to 13 year of age for justifying points of views. Eight different production contexts were constructed from the modalities of three factors (familiarity with the topic, acceptance of the to be defended thesis and consensual opinion),...
Article
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We present SCRIPTKELL, a computer-assisted experimental tool that makes it possible to measure the time and cognitive effort allocated to the subprocesses of writing and other cognitive activities. SCRIPTKELL was designed to easily use and modulate Kellogg’s (1986) triple-task procedure, which consists of a combination of three tasks: a writing tas...
Article
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The general goal of this research is to examine individual differences in strategic aspects of written production in general, and orthographic errors editing, in particular. To achieve this end, we used the « choice / no-choice » method. This method enables us to compare what subjects do when they can choose among several strategies to what they do...
Article
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Deux recherches ont permis d'évaluer les performances d'élèves de seconde qui s'entraînaient à rédiger en anglais avec ou sans ordinateur. Parallèlement, des enquêtes par questionnaire ont permis de cerner les représentations des élèves sur l'utilisation des correcteurs. Ces deux recherches ont montré, à des degrés différents, que l'usage de l'ordi...
Article
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Two studies using the methods of experimental psychology assessed the effects of two types of text presentation (page-by-page vs.scrolling) on participants' performance while reading and revising texts. Greater facilitative effects of the page-by-page presentation were observed in both tasks. The participants' reading task performance indicated tha...
Article
Full-text available
Two studies using the methods of experimental psychology assessed the effects of two types of text presentation (page-by-page vs. scrolling) on participants' performance while reading and revising texts. Greater facilitative effects of the page-by-page presentation were observed in both tasks. The participants' reading task performance indicated th...
Article
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The study reports an analysis of the drafts produced by two groups of students during an exam. Drafts were categorized as a function of some of their graphic features (e.g. their length), and of their different planning strategies used for their production (e.g. note draft, organized draft, composed draft). Grades obtained by the students on their...
Article
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The objective of the present study was to show that the use of adversative and conclusive connectives to mark off the prototypical schema of argumentative text begins to set in at approximately the age of 10 or 11. Based on Adam's (1992) proposals, we constituted an argumentative text with two blocks of arguments separated by an adversative instruc...