Anni Pulungan

Anni Pulungan
State University of Medan | UNIMED · English and Literature Department

Doctor of Linguistics

About

114
Publications
5,780
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28
Citations
Citations since 2016
99 Research Items
25 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530
2016201720182019202020212022051015202530

Publications

Publications (114)
Article
This study deals with Directive Illocutionary Act of male and female English Teacher in SMP Ad-Durrah Medan. The objectives of this study is to describe the realization of directive illocutionary act of male and female English teachers at SMP Ad-Durrah Medan. This study applied qualitative descriptive method. The techniques for collecting data are...
Article
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Since the present of Corona virus, all aspects of human live are changed. This also happened in education field. Because of this pandemic, students and teachers have to do online learning. Online learning by utilizing technology demands innovation and creativity in learning activities. One way that can be used to do the learning process online is u...
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This paper is the result of metalingual research on the application of Haley's metaphor theory. The research objective is to analyze and evaluate whether Haley's metaphorical theory concept is appropriately used andapplied in the research data. The research design is qualitative with analytical-descriptive, conceptual-empirical, and literature meth...
Article
Learning English is so important today in this era globalization and modern since English is an International Language. Nowadays, students are required to be able to understand and get to know English further, this is evidenced by the existence of English lesson in every school, from kindergarten to Senior High School. Because of the development of...
Article
Pantun is a old poetry of Malay which is used as a means of delivering ideas, attitude, and cultural values (Sri, 2010:6). Along the ceremony of Malaynese Wedding, there are a lot of clauses that are used to express the speaker’s ideas that implies hopes and suggestions to the people. Next, the words of Pantun are also used to express the speaker’s...
Article
This study is based on the fact that the readers get words emotion after reading the tweets of covid-19 news. Various emotions found on the tweets of twitter relate to the Covid-19 news. Some of them make the readers being fear or sad of this pandemic. This study deals with semantic emotion of covid-19 news in twitter account of CNN Breaking News....
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Writing is very important and most required in academic field. Students Writing is the process of describing a language so that the message conveyed by the writer can be understood by the reader. Kingston (2002:3) state that student’s achievement in learning English is only measured by the productive skills, especially the writing performance. Writ...
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The objective of this study was to develop authentic E-learning listening materials of narrative text based on local folklore for the tenth-grade students in SMA Plus Sedayu Nusantara. This study was conducted by using Research and Development design through six stages; gathering data and information, need analysis, materials development, validatin...
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The objective of this study was to develop reading worksheet based on taskbased language teaching to teach students’ reading comprehension for tenth grade students at sma negeri 3 medan. This study was conducted by using Research and Development design through six stages; gathering data and information, need analysis, materials development, validat...
Article
This study dealt with the cognitive process of students in translating English Phrasal Verbs into Indonesian by using the think-aloud protocol (TAP) technique and introspective interview. The objectives of the study was1) to elaboratethe manner of cognitive processes occurring in translating English Phrasal Verbs into Indonesian . This research was...
Article
This research deals with factors slow secondary learners difficulties in learning speaking at Homeschooling Global Lentera Kasih Batam. This research was conducted by using qualitative research. The objectives of this study was to investigate the factors causing slow secondary learners difficulties in learning speaking English. The data of this stu...
Article
The objectives of this study is to investigate the culture and interlanguage stages effect on EFL students’ politeness in refusals. This study was a qualitative research. The data were taken from refusal expressions made by EFL Malay and Batak Junior high school students with initial stage (stage 1 interlanguage) and free variation stage (stage 2 i...
Article
A text can be only interpreted through a background information of other text, and this is where intertextuality emerged, to shape another text. This study investigates the realization of intertextuality in articles of opposite editorials related to Presidential Election 2019. The objectives of the study is to evaluate the ways of the intertextuali...
Article
The objective of this research is to explain wheter are students’ writing achievement taught by using collaborative writing technique is higher than that taught by using brainstorming writing technique. Because students more than active to make writing cooperatively. While the brainstorming writing technique ordered the students to make writing ind...
Article
This research was to analyze the process of spelling adjustment of naturalization applied in translation of English accounting terms into Indonesian. The objective of the study was to find out the Process of spelling adjustment of naturalization were used by accounting terms. This research used a descriptive and qualitative method. The data of this...
Article
This study aims to describe the realization of intertextuality occurences in sari matua ceremony. This research is conducted qualitatively by applying technique analysis of Bazerman. The data are utterances which delivered by the speakers in the ceremony and transcribed into transcription. Sari Matua is one kind of death ceremony in batak toba cult...
Article
DEVELOPING ENGLISH DIGITAL CONVERSATION MEDIA FOR SPEAKING ACTIVITIES BASED ON TASK-BASED LEARNING *Astry Iswara Kelana Citra **Dr. Anni Holila Pulungan, M.Hum. **Maya Oktora, S.Pd., M.Hum. ABSTRACT Astry Iswara Kelana Citra 2152121005 Citra, Astry Iswara Kelana. Registration Number: 2152121005. Developing English Digital Conversation Media for Spe...
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The validity and reliability of the test is very important before the test is used to measure student achievement. This study aims to analyze the validity and reliability of the summative English test for fifth grade public elementary schools 058238 Bukit Rata in the academic year 2019/2020, and to investigate the quality level of the summative tes...
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Learning media is a tool or means that can facilitate delivery of messages from a learning resource to students. Interactive learning media need to be used by teachers so that the learning process runs well and is attractive to students. Teachers in rural areas still use conventional learning media. They still use simple media made of thick card an...
Article
This qualitative descriptive research deals with The Use of Pronoun in Strategy of Politeness In Talk Show Program. This research observe the Use of Pronoun in Strategy of Politeness In Indonesia Lawyer Club ( ILC) Talk Show Program in some episode. The objectives of this study were to find out the types of politeness strategies are used in persona...
Article
This study investigates the types of grammatical errors produced by Arabic learners in English. Bilingual program is a condition that the students speak both English and Arabic languages in their daily communication. The researcher used descriptive qualitative research in conducting this study. The data are bilingual students’ utterances consisting...
Article
In today’s world, shopping on Instagram is quickly becoming the preferred way for consumers to not only learn about new brands and products on Instagram, but also purchase them in just a few simple steps.One of the top issues of online shopping is its security concerns.Online shopping fraud is one of a cybercrime which often occurs lately. Fraudste...
Article
This study deals with the cognitive process by students’ majoring in natural and social science in Writing Analytical Exposition Text. This study attempted to investigate the reasons why the cognitive process happens in writing analytical exposition text the way it does. The data in this study were the students of SMA Nurul Iman from two different...
Article
This study deals with the language communication strategies in conversation used by extrovert and introvert students at Politeknik LP3i Medan. It uses qualitative research design with a single case study to gain an understanding on this study. It is conducted descriptively. This study aims to find out the types of communication strategies in conver...
Article
The study was aimed to develop media based on PowToon in teaching writing recount text for grade VIII students in SMP Muhammadiyah 1 Medan. This study was conducted by using Research and Development (R & D) design through six stages; gathering information and data, analyzing data, designing materials, validating by experts, revising, and final prod...
Article
This study was investigated external and internal conjunctions in the news story text of the Jakarta Post based on Systemic Functional Linguistics Approach. The objective of this study was to describe the realization of external and internal conjunctions. The research was conducted by using qualitative design. The data of this research were clause...
Article
The objectives of this experimental research were to investigate whether 1) students’ achievement in writing taught by using Two Stay Two Stray teaching strategy was higher than taught by using Think Talk Write teaching strategy, 2) students’ achievement in writing with extrovert personalities was higher than those with introvert personalities, 3)...
Article
Writing skills is considered the most difficult skill. The students usually face many difficulties in exploring the ideas or even finding the appropriate words to what they want to write. In this research, the researcher focuses on giving teachers written feedback in teaching writing narrative texts to the eight graders of SMP Amiruddiniyah Rantau...
Article
In accordance with translation, the metaphors must be translated very carefully in order to avoid misunderstanding. Larson (1984:250) states that If metaphors from source language are translated literally into the target language, they will often be completely misunderstood. Because the translation cannot simply reproduce, or be, the original. In f...
Article
This study is concerned with the use of metaphors in onang onang of Bobby and Kahiyang tortor dance. The objectives of this study were to describe the types of lexical metaphors and to find the reasons of the use of lexical metaphors in onang onang of Bobby and Kahiyang tortor dance. This study was conducted by qualitative content anaylisis method....
Article
This research was carried out to investigate the modality used in beauty product advertisements on Instagram caption. The objective of the research was to describe the types of modality used in beauty product advertisements on Instagram caption. The data of this research was the clauses consisting of modality used in beauty product advertisements w...
Article
College students are in formal operational in period of cognitive development which they can use symbols logically related to abstract concepts, acquire flexibility in thinking as well as the capacities for abstract thinking and mental hypothesis and consider possible alternatives reasoning and problem solving. However, the students’ writings have...
Article
This study addresses types of illocutionary acts in Jack Ma’s inspiring speech in his graduation at the University of Hongkong. The meaning or the function of an utterance in speech-acts can merely be analyzed based on the acts of illocution made by the speaker. In other words, the hearer will be able to give any responses to the utterances made by...
Article
This research dealt with the persuasive strategies used by the candidates of the governor of Jakarta. The objectives of this study were to investigate the types of persuasive strategies used by the candidates of governor of Jakarta in the election debate on Mata Najwa 2017. The data were obtained from the persuasive strategies utterances of the can...
Article
The aims of this study are to investigate linguistic features, to describe the discursive techniques and to describe social implications that are used in oriflame catalogue beauty product advertisements. This research was conducted by using qualitative research design. The data of this study were texts on oriflame beauty product advertisements. The...
Article
There were many studies discussed on the product of translation. Meanwhile, few researcher lazy to watch the process of translation. This paper, therefore, investigated a study on the processes when a translator performed the translation. The cognitive process played an important role in it. The aims of the study are to describe the think aloud pro...
Article
This study investigates interpersonal metaphor in “Indonesia Now” English news TV program based on Systemic Functional Linguistics approach. The objective of the study are to identify what types of interpersonal metaphors in “Indonesia Now”, to describe how those interpersonal metaphors are used, and to explain in what context those interpersonal m...
Article
This study deals with euphemism of surah Al-Baqarah in the Holy Qur’an. It was aimed to describe realization of euphemistic expressions in surah Al-Baqarah. This study was conducted by using descriptive qualitative research. The data analyzed were verses of surah Al-Baqarah which contained euphemism. The source of the data was taken from Tafseer Ib...
Article
Students’ worksheet, as one of learning tools that is used to involve the students to work actively during teaching and learning process, should be developed based on the students’ need. Students’ worksheet with scientific approach in listening skill has not applied. A good student’s worksheet must be satisfied criteria of valid, practical and effe...
Article
The purpose of this study is to describe the errors in simple past tense of recount text. In addition, this study is also aimed to describe the causes of those errors. This study apllied the descriptive qualitative approach of which the data were obtained from the recount texts that were written by the tenth grade students of SMA Negeri 2 Doloksang...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed at describing the use of translation and investigating the reasons of using translation in teaching reading analytical exposition text grade eleven at MAN Peanornor. This study was qualitatively conducted that taken 3 English teachers of MAN Peanornor. The data were collected by using an interview and observing the whole process of...
Article
This study concerns on how reading text are developed for vocational school. This study was conducted by using Research and Development (R&D) design. It was started from collecting the data, analyzing data, designing course grid, designing new reading material by using Scientific Approach, validating by experts, and revising for final product. The...
Article
This study were aimed to find out the types of teachers’ written feedback in writing which given by the teachers for grade 10, to find out the reason why teacher used those types of written feedbacks on students’ writing and also to find out the students’ response to the teacher’s written feedbacks on students’ writing of grade 10 students in SMA Y...
Article
This study deals with the language maintenance of Mandailingnese in Tanjungbalai. It usesqualitative research design. It is conducted descriptively. This study aims to examine the types of language maintenance by Mandailingnese people in Tanjungbalai, find out the ways in maintaining the Mandailingnese language in Tanjungbalai and find out the reas...
Article
This research aim to design English speaking materials needed for students of electrical engineering study program at SMK Sinar Husni Medan. This study was conducted by using Research and Development (R & D) design through six stages; gathering information and data, analyzing data, designing materials, validating by experts, revising, and final pro...
Article
This study focuses specifically on investigating the maintenance of Bahasa Aceh by Acehnese teenagers in keude kupi in Medan. It employs qualitative research method and applies a case study design. The subjects were ten Acehnese Teenagers in keude kupi in Medan. The instruments used for this study were observation, interview and document gathering....
Article
The objectives of the study are to describe whether : 1). Students’ vocabulary mastery taught by inferencing strategies (IS) higher than taught by Lexical Processing Strategies (LPSs) in students’ vocabulary achievement.2) Students’ who have high vocabulary mastery is significantly higher than students’ who have low vocabulary mastery in students’...
Article
This study deals with euphemism of surah Al-Baqarah in the Holy Qur’an. It was aimed for investigating the types of euphemism used in surah Al-Baqarah, to describe realization of euphemistic expressions in surah Al-Baqarah, and to elaborate the reasons for realization of euphemism in surah Al-Baqarah. This study was conducted by using descriptive q...
Article
The research deals with the occurrence of shift in Translating Didong texts from Gayonese into Bahasa Indonesia. The objectives of the study were: (1) to find out the types of shifts in Translating Didong texts from Gayonese into Bahasa Indonesia, (2) to describe how the shifts occur in Translating Didong texts from Gayonese into Bahasa Indonesia,...
Article
This study investigates interpersonal metaphor in “Indonesia Now” English news TV program based on Systemic Functional Linguistics approach. The objective of the study are to identify what types of interpersonal metaphors in “Indonesia Now”, to describe how those interpersonal metaphors are used, and to explain in what context those interpersonal m...
Article
The aim of this study was to develop learning media in Writing Descriptive Text for Grade VIII of Junior Highschool Students. This study was conducted by using Research and Development (R&D) design through six stages; gathering information and data, analyzing data, designing materials, validating by experts, revising, and final product.. The subjec...
Article
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian dalam mengembangkan perangkat penilaian berbasis KKNI terhadap pengajaran speaking di Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris, Universitas Negeri Medan. Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui dan memahami perangkat penilaian yang sesuai dengan kebutuhan pengajaran speaking, menguasai tehnik penyusunan, dap...
Preprint
This paper has been presenting at The 11th International Workshop And Conference Of Asean Studies In Linguistics,Islamic And Arabic Education, Social Sciences And Educational Technology 2018 in Kisaran, North Sumatera, Indonesian on 7 May 2018
Article
In the process of learning English as a foreign language, many students make errors in pronouncing English words. This study aimed to identify kinds of pronunciation errors, specifically pronunciation errors on consonant and vowel sounds. And to find out the causes of error in English pronunciation of grade 11 students at SMA Negeri 20 Medan. The r...
Article
The research was focused on the topic about Dialect caused by in Interaction between Sellers and Buyers at Pasar Rame Medan. This study was aimed at identify the dominantly types dialectcaused by and realize the dialect that used in interaction between sellers and buyers at Pasar Rame Medan. The source of data was taken from the conversation betwee...
Article
This study deals with the theme, rheme and thematic progression of students’ hortatory exposition text of the Twelfth Grade at MAN 2 Model Medan. The objectives of the study were to investigate thematic progression pattern used and the misuse of theme and rheme occurs in students’ hortatory exposition text. This study was conducted by using descrip...
Article
The study discusses about Students Learning Style in Studying Vocabulary at Eighth Grade Students of SMP Swasta Budisatrya Medan. The objective of the study is to investigate type of students learning style in studying vocabulary and to analyze how is the VARK learning style applied in studying vocabulary at eighth grade students of SMP Swasta Budi...
Article
This research was aimed to find out whether the English reading texts are appropriate or not in terms of the readability level for the tenth grade students of SMK Negeri 1 Binjai. This study focuses on the readability level of English reading texts for grade X students of SMK Negeri 1 Binjai majoring in Banking class in the academic year 2015/2016....
Article
This study is aimed to find out whether students pay more attention to picture, get information from picture and understanding the content of the text. It was conducted by using descriptive quantitative research. The source of the data was taken from the textbook entitled English in Focus published by Nur Ilmu, Yudhistira and students’ grade VIII o...
Article
The aim of this study were (a) to identify classroom discourse patternings of EFL classroom interaction based on Sinclair and Coulthard Model, and (b) to describe how EFL classroom interaction affects the students’ learning process based on Sinclair and Coulthard Model. The subject of this study were an English Teacher, and 40 students of XI MIA 1,...
Article
The objectives of this study were to find out whether students’ achievement in reading comprehension taught by TELLS technique was significantly higher than PSOT. (2) whether the students’ achievement in reading comprehension with high interest was higher than with low interest, and (3) If there was interaction between teaching techniques and inter...
Article
This study deals with language shift and language maintenance of intermarriages Chinese families.It aims at finding out the factors make language shift and language maintenance occur, finding out how language shift and language maintain occur and finding out why language shift and language maintain occur.This study was conducted in qualitative meth...
Article
The objectives of this research are to find out whether: 1) The students’ achievement in reading comprehension taught by using the Directed Reading Thinking Aactivity (DRTA) strategy was higher than taught by using the Questions-Answer Relationship (QARs) strategy. 2) The students’ achievement in reading comprehension with high curiosity was higher...