Annette M. B. De Groot

Annette M. B. De Groot
University of Amsterdam | UVA · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

79
Publications
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6,339
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Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
As tantalizing as the idea that background music beneficially affects foreign vocabulary learning may seem, there is-partly due to a lack of theory-driven research-no consistent evidence to support this notion. We investigated inter-individual differences in the effects of background music on foreign vocabulary learning. Based on Eysenck's theory o...
Data
Dataset of Experiment 2 for analyses by participants. (XLS)
Data
Dataset of Experiment 2 for analyses by items. (XLS)
Data
Dataset of Experiment 1 for analyses by items. (XLS)
Data
Dataset of Experiment 1 for analyses by participants. (XLS)
Article
Objective: The authors first examined the influence of moderate to severe congenital hearing impairment (CHI) on the correctness of samples of elicited spoken language. Then, the authors used this measure as an indicator of linguistic proficiency and examined its effect on performance in language reception, independent of bottom-up auditory proces...
Chapter
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A couple of years ago Benedetta Bassetti and I accepted an invitation from the American Journal of Psychology to review each other’s books: Language and Bilingual Cognition (Cook and Bassetti 2011) and Language and Cognition in Bilinguals and Multilinguals (De Groot 2011). Given the close resemblance of the two titles, the book review editor of the...
Article
Objective: The main objective was to investigate the effect of linguistic abilities (lexical-access ability and vocabulary size) on different measures of speech-in-noise recognition in normal-hearing listeners with various levels of language proficiency. Design: Speech reception thresholds (SRTs) were measured for sentences in steady-state (SRTs...
Research
Full-text available
Published in L. Filipovic & M Putz (2014), Multilingual Cognition and Language Use. Processing and Typological Perspectives
Article
Participants learned foreign vocabulary by means of the paired-associates learning procedure in three conditions: (a) in silence, (b) with vocal music with lyrics in a familiar language playing in the background, or (c) with vocal music with lyrics in an unfamiliar language playing in the background. The vocabulary to learn varied in concreteness (...
Article
Full-text available
In two picture-naming experiments we examined whether bilinguals co-activate the non-target language during word production in the target language. The pictures were presented out-of-context (Experiment 1) or in visually presented sentence contexts (Experiment 2). In both experiments different participant groups performed the task in Dutch, their n...
Article
Scientific interest in the effects of (individual) bilingualism on cognition dates back to at least the first quarter of the 20th century, as illustrated by two articles that were published in 1923 on the relation between bilingualism and mental development (Smith, 1923) and between bilingualism and intelligence (Saer, 1923). In addition to engagin...
Article
The Genesis of Vocabulary in Monolingual and Bilingual First Language AcquisitionVocabulary Acquisition in Late Second Language LearnersConclusion References
Article
Researchers have used the distortion-sensitivity approach in the psychoacoustical domain to investigate the role of auditory processing abilities in speech perception in noise (van Schijndel, Houtgast, & Festen, 2001; Goverts & Houtgast, 2010). In this study, the authors examined the potential applicability of the distortion-sensitivity approach fo...
Article
Psycholinguistics–the field of science that examines the mental processes and knowledge structures involved in the acquisition, comprehension, and production of language–had a strong monolingual orientation during the first four decades following its emergence around 1950. The awareness that a large part of mankind speaks more than one language–tha...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines contrasting predictions of the dual coding theory and the context availability hypothesis regarding concreteness effects in monolingual and bilingual lexical processing. In three experiments, concreteness was controlled for or confounded with rated context availability. In the first experiment, bilingual subjects performed lexic...
Article
Three experiments investigated whether perception of a spelling-to-sound inconsistent word such as MOOD involves coding of inappropriate phonology caused by knowledge of enemy neighbors (e.g., BLOOD) in non-native speakers. In a new bimodal matching task, Dutch-English bilinguals judged the correspondence between a printed English word and a speech...
Article
The influence of sentence context constraint on subsequent processing of concrete and abstract cognates and noncognates was tested in three experiments. Target words were preceded by a predictive, high constraint sentence context, by a congruent, low constraint sentence context, or were presented in isolation. Dutch-English bilinguals performed lex...
Article
This study examined the effects of three stimulus variables and background music on paired-associate learning of foreign language (FL) vocabulary. The stimulus variables were the frequency and concreteness of the native language (L1) words and the (phonotactical) typicality of the FL words. Sixty-four L1-FL pairs were presented for learning six tim...
Article
The typical speech of (fluent) bilinguals in monolingual settings contains few switches into the non-target language. Apparently, bilinguals can control what language they output. This article discusses views on how bilinguals exert control over their two languages in monolingual tasks, where participants only have to implicate one of their languag...
Article
Full-text available
Simultaneous interpreting is a complex skill in which language comprehension and production take place at the same time in two languages. In this study, we examined performance on basic language and working memory tasks that have been hypothesized to engage cognitive skills important for simultaneous interpreting. The participants were native Dutch...
Article
Full-text available
Alphabetic orthographies vary in the (in)consistency of the relations between spelling and sound patterns. In transparent orthographies, like Italian, the pronunciation can be predicted from the spelling, in contrast to opaque orthographies such as English, where spelling–sound correspondences are often inconsistent. The pronunciation of English vo...
Article
Full-text available
Simultaneous interpreting is a complex task where the interpreter is routinely involved in comprehending, translating and producing language at the same time. This study assessed two components that are likely to be major sources of complexity in SI: The simultaneity of comprehension and production, and transformation of the input. Furthermore, wit...
Article
Full-text available
Alphabetic orthographies show more or less ambiguous relations between spelling and sound patterns. In transparent orthographies, like Italian, the pronunciation can be predicted from the spelling and vice versa. Opaque orthographies, like English, often display unpredictable spelling-sound correspondences. In this paper we present a computational...
Article
Simultaneous interpreting (SI) is a complex skill, where language comprehension and production take place at the same time in two different languages. In this study we identified some of the basic cognitive skills involved in SI, focusing on the roles of memory and lexical retrieval. We administered a reading span task in two languages and a verbal...
Article
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
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We looked at foreign-language (FL) vocabulary learning and forgetting in experienced FL learners, using a paired-associate training technique in which native-language words were paired with pseudowords. The training involved 6 presentations of the same 60 translation pairs, followed by a test after the 2nd, 4th, and 6th presentation round. A retest...
Article
Full-text available
We collected number-of-translation norms on 562 Dutch-English translation pairs from several previous studies of cross-language processing. Participants were highly proficient Dutch-English bilinguals. Form and semantic similarity ratings were collected on the 1,003 possible translation pairs. Approximately 40% of the translations were rated as bei...
Article
We studied effects of 18 variables on Dutch and English lexical decision, standard word naming, and delayed word naming performed by Dutch-English bilinguals. The stimuli were 440 Dutch nouns and their English translations. In lexical decision in both languages the frequency variables were the most important predictors and the semantic variables al...
Article
Full-text available
In three experiments we looked at the processing of interlexical homographs by Dutch-English bilinguals. In Experiment 1 we employed the translation recognition task, a task that forces the participants to activate both language systems simultaneously. In this task the processing of interlexical homographs was inhibited substantially compared to th...
Article
A word association experiment examined conceptual representation in bilingual memory. Dutch-English bilinguals associated twice to nouns and verbs that varied on concreteness and cognate status, once in the language of the stimuli (within-language), and once in the other language (between-language). Within- and between-language associations for con...
Article
This study examined the roles of learning method, word frequency, and cognate status in the learning of 80 Italian words by 56 adult Dutch learners previously unfamiliar with Italian. We contrasted 2 learning methods: word learning, where the Italian word was presented with its translation in Dutch, and picture learning, where it was presented with...
Article
This study examines contrasting predictions of the dual coding theory and the context availability hypothesis regarding concreteness effects in monolingual and bilingual lexical processing. In three experiments, concreteness was controlled for or confounded with rated context availability. In the first experiment, bilingual subjects performed lexic...
Article
Full-text available
Three groups of 20 unbalanced bilinguals, different from one another in second language (L2) fluency, translated one set of words from L1, Dutch, to L2, English (forward translation), and a second set of matched words from L2 to L1 (backward translation). In both language sets we orthogonally manipulated 3 word characteristics: word imageability, w...
Article
Full-text available
Covariance structure analysis is a statistical technique in which a theoretical model, or a covariance structure, is constructed, and the covariances predicted by the theoretical model are compared with those of the observed data. The adequacy of the model in reproducing the sample covariances is reflected by estimates of the parameters of the mode...
Article
Three tasks were employed to investigate the role of assembled phonology in beginning readers. In two proofreading tasks, children had more trouble finding pseudohomophone misspellings (stimuli with phonology identical to that of a word) than control misspellings (stimuli that do not share their phonology with a word). In a lexical-decision task, t...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the relation between foreign‐language proficiency and multilingual lexicosemantic organization, using two sets of 48 unbalanced Dutch‐English‐French trilingual adults as participants. Dutch was the participants' native language. Of their two foreign languages English was the strongest. We tested a developmental hypothesis that assum...
Article
This study explored the “translation-recognition” task. Each trial in this task presents a word pair, one word in L1, the second in L2. The participant has to decide whether or not the words within a pair are translations of one another. Performance is compared with that in translation production, where on each trial the participant has to come up...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews studies on the representation of words and their meanings in bilingual memory. It is argued that bilingual ‘lexicosemantic’ organisation differs between bilinguals and develops within a bilingual. Development takes place at the level of the individual words, and the memory of every individual bilingual contains structures of va...
Article
This study was aimed at clarifying word recognition in beginning (88 months) and fluent readers (university students). The major goal was to investigate the differences and similarities in word recognition of the two groups by using the first-letter-naming task as employed by Rossmeissl and Theios (1982). In three experiments, the factors affecting...
Article
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attends to the literature concentrated on the compound vs coordinate systems [of bilingual lexical organizations] / [considers] studies contrasting the compound and subordinative organizations / consider the possibility of a mixed-structure within the bilingual memory [where] different types of representational structures coexist (e.g., coordinate...
Article
deals with the relations between words in the lexicon / here, the lexicon of interest is the bilingual lexicon / the relation between words in the two languages involves their semantic communality / given the problem she has set herself, de Groot's focus is not on the lexical level itself and its orthographic, phonologic, and morphologic informatio...
Article
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Three experiments looked for the determinants of performance in 3 versions of the word-translation task. Exp 1 contained the normal-translation version and the cued-translation version. In Exp 2, Ss performed the translation-recognition task. In both experiments, word frequency and word imageability were manipulated. Both affected performance in al...
Article
To study the linking of causally related events during reading, sets of 10 to 12 sentences were prepared so each subject was presented 40 texts, 10 within each of four conditions, 2 causal and 2 noncausal, presented on a Macintosh Plus microcomputer, Each text contained a test sentence, for which reading time was registered. Mean reading time was s...
Article
Full-text available
Assessed the effects of word imageability and word frequency (WF) in word association (WA). Exps 1 and 2 employed the discrete WA task, whereas Exp 3 used the continued WA task. Data from Exps 1–3 showed that word imageability strongly determines responding in WA, whereas WF hardly affects it. Exp 4 (lexical decision) and 5 (word naming) explored t...
Article
Full-text available
Four experiments are reported in which the magnitude of the associative-priming effect is manipulated by varying both the experimental task and the conditions within a given task. The between-task manipulation involved a comparison of priming effects in length categorization on the one hand and lexical decision on the other. The within-task manipul...
Article
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Stanovich and West (1983; West and Stanovich, 1982) demonstrated that lexical decisions to target words preceded by incongruous sentence contexts are inhibited more by these contexts than are naming responses to the same target words. They argued that this difference between the two tasks was due to post-lexical processing at the message level that...
Article
Full-text available
Lexical decisions to word targets preceded by associatively related word primes are generally faster than those to words following neutral primes, whereas, under certain circumstances, lexical decisions to words preceded by unassociated word primes are slower than those to words following neutral primes. An experiment is reported that investigates...
Article
Four unmasked-prime and three masked-prime experiments were used to investigate how far automatic spreading activation (ASA) spreads in semantic memory. The results from the unmasked-prime experiments indicated a one-step spread from the prime's representation to those of its direct associates. These results were inconclusive as to whether ASA spre...
Article
Full-text available
It is shown that lexical decision times to strong associates with an associative strength of approximately 40% are facilitated relative to targets following a neutral prime, “blank,” whereas very weak associates with an associative strength of less then 3% are neither facilitated nor inhibited. It is also shown that relative to the “blank” baseline...

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