Annette Breckwoldt

Annette Breckwoldt
Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) | ZMT · Department of Social Sciences

PhD (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK)
Senior scientist & Co-PI SOCPacific Project: A Sea of Connections (https://socpacific.net)

About

53
Publications
27,897
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Citations
Introduction
Annette Breckwoldt is a marine social scientist at the Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT) in Bremen (Germany), where she is leading the German part of the binational project SOCPacific (socpacific.net) - A Sea of Connections: contextualizing fisheries in the South Pacific region. She is also part-time lecturer at the University of Bremen and guest scientist for science-stakeholder interaction processes at the AWI (www.awi.de) in Bremerhaven, Germany.
Additional affiliations
January 2014 - present
Leibniz Centre for Tropical Marine Research (ZMT)
Position
  • Scientist - Coastal and small islands marine resource use systems
November 2002 - November 2006
Newcastle University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • An Interdisciplinary Appraisal of Community-based Marine Resource Management of a Traditional Fijian Fishing Ground (qoliqoli)

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Coral reefs host exceptionally diverse and abundant marine life. Connecting coasts and sheltered lagoons to the open ocean, reef passages are important yet poorly studied components of these ecosystems. Abiotic and biotic elements ‘pass’ through these reef passages, supporting critical ecological processes (e.g. fish spawning). Reef passages provid...
Article
Full-text available
Makoko, a coastal fishing community in Lagos, Nigeria, aptly described as the "Venice of Africa", is also known as the world’s largest floating slum. Contributions of women fisherfolk in artisanal fisheries are seldom appreciated despite the fact that in most coastal communities, women are the pillars and de facto household- heads, having to provid...
Chapter
Ecological and social processes of the Spermonde Archipelago, South Sulawesi, Indonesia, have been intensively studied during the Science for the Protection of Indonesian Coastal Ecosystems (SPICE) program. The archipelago is of specific interest to better understand how intensive exploitation of marine resources results in the degradation of reef...
Chapter
Human–nature interactions are at the root of sustainability problems worldwide. For the Indonesian coastal and marine realm, this chapter asks: How does governance affect, and how might it transform, human, and societal behavior in the coastal and marine realm toward greater ecological and social sustainability? Equipped with definitions of key soc...
Article
Full-text available
The time-tested Indigenous fishing knowledge (IFK) of Fiji and the Pacific Islands is seriously threatened due to the commercialization of fishing, breakdown of traditional communal leadership and oral knowledge transmission systems, modern education, and the movement of the younger generations to urban areas for work and/or study. Consequently, IF...
Article
Full-text available
Successful management and mitigation of marine challenges depends on cooperation and knowledge sharing which often occurs across culturally diverse geographic regions. Global ocean science collaboration is therefore essential for developing global solutions. Building effective global research networks that can enable collaboration also need to ensu...
Article
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Marine conservation transdisciplinary researchers often get to the field with a previously designed question, often formulated outside the actual geographical, social, cultural and ecological setting in which the research projects are supposed to be anchored. Involving people on the ground in the initial phase of formulating the questions and setti...
Article
Fisheries in Kenya are experiencing social-ecological changes, impacting how they are governed via co-management. At the local level, these changes influence collective action, by influencing ecosystems, livelihoods and social cohesion. A critical research gap is to understand how fisheries conflict influences outcomes of collective action and the...
Article
Full-text available
Protected areas (PAs) are widely applied conservation instruments. Often, they are also expected to help secure livelihoods of poor subsistence, small-scale producers, making the management of PAs often dependent on community support. The usefulness of analyzing the perceptions of PAs among local users to improve the effectiveness of PA management...
Article
While categorized as Small Island Developing States, South Pacific Island nations are the custodians of major ocean areas containing marine resources of high commercial and environmental significance. Yet, these resources are threatened by climate change, overfishing, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) fishing, as well as habitat destruction...
Poster
Full-text available
Children are often marginalized in research on local perceptions and values of the environment, and even more of marine spaces and species. Yet, as users and future managers of fisheries, they are directly concerned by issues related to their sustainability. Moreover, they not only receive, but also contribute to produce, hybridize, and circulate f...
Article
Indonesia is the main tropical seaweed producer in the world with approximately 70,000 families depending on this activity. The red macroalgae Kappaphycus spp. and Eucheuma denticulatum are the most common species cultivated and used for carrageenan in the processed foods industry. Seaweed farming is an accessible form of mariculture requiring low...
Article
Full-text available
The Franco-German research project 'A Sea of Connections: Contextualizing Fisheries in the South Pacific Region' (SOCPacific, 2018-2021) aims to explore the large web of socio-cultural, policy and geopolitical connections within which both coastal and oceanic fishing practices and fisheries management endeavours occur in this intricate and ever-cha...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of a number of socio-economic aspects related to bivalve aquaculture focussing on cultural services these activities provide to the culturing communities. Some direct socio-economic benefits of aquaculture in general exist through its supply of highly nutritious foods and other commercially valuable products. Additio...
Article
This paper investigates the Locally Managed Marine Area (LMMA) approach through looking at developments and challenges of community-based marine resource management over time, with a particular focus on Fiji in the South Pacific region. A diachronic perspective, based on two multi-method empirical studies, is used to exemplify the social complexiti...
Poster
Full-text available
Outlook • empowering scientists to transform, ingest and curate their data thus enabling them to refurbish the data "one last time". • data ingestion to get spreadsheet data into the database. • quality control to check data for plausibility. • data tidying so data honour well defined standards on which subsequent services and methods can rely on....
Article
Small islands can guide visualization of the diverse information requirements of future context-relevant coastal governance. On small marine islands (<20 000 km ² ), negative effects of coastal challenges (e.g., related to population growth, unsustainable resource use or climate change) can develop rapidly, with high intensity and extreme impacts....
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on understanding stakeholder perceptions in environmental governance and management. Based on an application of the net-mapping method as the main approach for a comparative analysis of local ecosystem users' perceptions, this research elucidates subjective local realities of fishers and tourism operators in two study sites of th...
Book
Full-text available
Human perceptions, decision-making and (pro-) environmental behaviour are closely connected. This Research Topic focuses on bringing together perceptions and behaviour for sustainable coastal and island marine resource use systems. Management and governance of (large and small-scale) coastal marine resource use systems function in highly complex so...
Preprint
Full-text available
“Engaging in meaningful science-stakeholder dialogues in polar and marine research”. This presentation given by three AWI colleagues in December 2016 at the 2nd International Marine Science Communication Conference in Bruges, Belgium (Bär et al. 2016 pers. comm.) has also been one of the guiding principles for the development of knowledge transfer...
Chapter
Full-text available
URL: www.routledge.com/Global-Change-in-Marine-Systems-Societal-and-Governing-Responses/Guillotreau-Bundy-Perry/p/book/9781138059221
Article
Full-text available
The Spermonde Archipelago holds one of the largest artisanal fisheries in Indonesia, providing livelihoods for local communities and many other people involved in international trade networks of seafood. High demand and a lack of enforcement of existing fisheries regulations turn into high pressure for the coral reef ecosystem, contributing to its...
Article
Full-text available
Effectively managing human pressures on tropical seascapes (mangrove forests, seagrass beds, and coral reefs) requires innovative approaches that go beyond the ecosystem as the focal unit. Recent advances in scientific understanding of long-distance connectivity via extended ecosystem engineering effects and ongoing rapid developments in monitoring...
Research Proposal
Corresponding author: Ratana Chuenpagdee; ratanac@mun.ca [Preface: Small-scale fisheries are vast in number and both diverse and complex in nature. These fisheries can be found around the world in all types of aquatic environments, in urban and remote areas, using a range of gears, targeting numerous species, and engaging a diversity of individua...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report outlines the philosophy and principles of this transdisciplinary approach and provides a possible course structure, with some materials, including a case study. The document follows an upper-level or graduate-level university course structure. Nevertheless it can be easily adapted and modified to suit a range of target groups and deliver...
Article
Full-text available
Every community-based marine resource management (CBMRM) inherently takes place in a highly complex social-ecological environment, and stakeholder perceptions related to various aspects of the natural and social environment guide behavior in every stage of the management process. This paper provides an introduction to the psychology of perception w...
Article
Full-text available
This study was conducted at the coastal villages of Kamikazi, Matemwe and Nungi of Zanzibar Island to understand the influence of tourism on the income generating activities of the local fishers along the Coast of Zanzibar Island. The methodology mostly involved face-to-face interviews and structured questionnaires. Results indicate that increasing...
Article
Jakarta Bay, next to the Jakarta Metropolitan Area with around 30 million inhabitants, is facing extreme pollution. Although local coral reefs are degraded and marine resources heavily exploited, they provide livelihoods for millions of people. This study investigates anthropogenic pressures on local fisheries resources and associated livelihoods....
Book
Full-text available
Living From the Sea: Culture and Marine Conservation in Fiji explores the intricate web of culture, traditional practices, structure, beliefs and knowledge of local communities in the Fiji Islands and its significance in the management of marine resource as well as island development in general. This book provides a complex and dynamic synthesis of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper arises from a four-year Indonesian-German research cooperation on the governance and management of Indonesian coastal and marine ecosystems. Project objectives were to investigate coastal and marine social-ecological dynamics and feedbacks and to analyse socio-political and institutional structures and processes in order to support adapt...
Article
Full-text available
Overfishing threatens Fijian coral reefs, even those small island areas used mainly for subsistence fishing. Management is needed to ensure the future availability of fish, but means to quantify local pressures on the fishery (i.e., monitoring) are still lacking in most communities. The customary fishing rights system (including traditional authori...
Article
Full-text available
International and national interisland migration has always had a major influence on Pacific Island societies, cultures and economies. Although always necessary for survival, migration has also destroyed community functions. In many cases, however, migration is not uni-directional (e.g. young people leaving the village to seek an education and/or t...
Chapter
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION The Earth's organisms have depended on water since they arose 3.5 billion years ago. In the last 10 000 years, human development of stone tools, learning of food cultivation, growth of civilizations and trade, and migration among others have increasingly impinged on aquatic ecosystems. During the last century, the human population has...
Article
Full-text available
Community-based marine resource management (CBMRM) is more widespread in Oceania than in other tropical region. In this article, I examine the relationship between community leadership and CBMRM, based on a Fijian example. During 2004, sociological community surveys were conducted in five commu- nities on two remote islands, to investigate the stat...
Article
Full-text available
This case study presents findings from Gau Island, Fiji, on a local initiative to reinforce community-based management and make it more applicable to contemporary challenges. Local communities are becoming increasingly involved in coastal marine resource management, yet little remains known about the local foundations for long-term success of this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There are various ways in which local communities are, and can become more, involved in reef management. Attempts have been made to comprehensively highlight successes and failures, but with little rigorous assessment of what the conditions of long-term success are. Fiji represents a unique case because its customary fishing-rights areas (qoliqoli)...
Article
Full-text available
Land tenure is a major source of conflict in many countries around the world and especially along the coasts of small islands where the limitations of size render the disputes particularly acute. For example, the loss of just one beach can be significant in the small-island context, in contrast to continental countries with their longer coastlines...
Thesis
Full-text available
The freshwater and sedimentation discharge of streams and rivers has an important impact on the coastal estuarine and marine environment. This impact is especially important for sensitive coastal ecosystems like the tropical coral reef, as it inhibits the growth of corals. This study investigated the impact of a stream (Hei’eia Stream) on the distr...

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Projects

Projects (13)
Project
Reaching the aim of climate-neutral societies requires the development of reliable and sustainable measures of sequestration and storage of CO2 and other greenhouse gases (GHG). Coastal vegetated ecosystems (CVE) are among the most potent natural stores of GHG. sea4soCiety aims at developing innovative approaches for improving the potential of CVE for carbon dioxide removal (CDR) in Germany and worldwide that are ecologically feasible, environmentally sustainable, and legally and ethically sound. Foremost, these approaches will have to be based on societal needs and requirements for co-benefits, including economic potential, as well as acceptance.
Project
We propose to build a Pacific stakeholder network drawing on two pilot sites, Fiji and New Caledonia, examining the impacts of ocean climate change and other stressors on the ocean environment and ecosystem services, and their consequences for society, economy, and attainment of the SDGs. These pilot sites will create the framework and methodology and serve as a guide for application and adaptation to other, interested Pacific Island Countries. Check out: https://pacpath.org/