Anne-Catherine Dock-Bregeon

Anne-Catherine Dock-Bregeon
Station Biologique de Roscoff · Laboratoire de Biologie Intégrative des Modèles Marins UMR8227 CNRS-UPMC

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51
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (51)
Article
The 7SK small nuclear RNA (7SKsnRNA) plays a key role in the regulation of RNA polymerase II by sequestrating and inhibiting the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in the 7SK ribonucleoprotein complex (7SKsnRNP), a process mediated by interaction with the protein HEXIM. P-TEFb is also an essential cellular factor recruited by the v...
Article
Full-text available
The La-related proteins (LaRPs) are a superfamily of eukaryotic RNA-binding proteins with important and varied roles. To understand LaRP functions it is essential to unravel the divergent features responsible for their RNA target selectivity, which underlie their distinct identities and cellular roles. LaRPs are built on a common structural module...
Article
The La-related protein 7 (LARP7) forms a complex with the nuclear 7SK RNA to regulate RNA polymerase II transcription. It has been implicated in cancer and the Alazami syndrome, a severe developmental disorder. Here, we report a so far unknown role of this protein in RNA modification. We show that LARP7 physically connects the spliceosomal U6 small...
Article
The La-related proteins (LaRPs) are an ancient superfamily of RNA-binding proteins orchestrating the major fates of RNA, from processing and maturation to regulation of mRNA translation. LaRPs are instrumental in modulating complex assemblies where the RNA is bound, folded, processed, escorted and presented to the functional effectors often through...
Article
Full-text available
7SK RNA, as part of the 7SK ribonucleoprotein complex, is crucial to the regulation of transcription by RNA-polymerase II, via its interaction with the positive transcription elongation factor P-TEFb. The interaction is induced by binding of the protein HEXIM to the 5' hairpin (HP1) of 7SK RNA. Four distinct structural models have been obtained exp...
Article
Full-text available
In vertebrates, the 7SK RNA forms the scaffold of a complex, which regulates transcription pausing of RNA-polymerase II. By binding to the HEXIM protein, the complex comprising proteins LARP7 and MePCE captures the positive transcription elongation factor P-TEFb and prevents phosphorylation of pausing factors. The HEXIM-binding site embedded in the...
Article
Full-text available
The small nuclear 7SK RNA regulates RNA polymerase II (RNA Pol II) transcription, by sequestering and inhibiting the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb). P-TEFb is stored in the 7SK ribonucleoprotein (RNP) that contains the three nuclear proteins Hexim1, LaRP7, and MePCE. P-TEFb interacts with the protein Hexim1 and the 7SK RNA. Onc...
Article
Full-text available
Glycyl tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) provides a unique case among class II aminoacyl tRNA synthetases (aaRSs), with two clearly widespread types of enzymes: a dimeric (a2) species present in some bacteria, archaea, and eukaryotes, and a heterotetrameric form (a2b2) present in most bacteria. Although the differences between both types of GlyRS at the anti...
Article
A 7SKsnRNP complex, comprising the non-coding RNA 7SK and proteins MePCE and LARP7, participates in the regulation of the transcription elongation by RNA-polymerase II in higher eukaryotes. Binding of a HEXIM protein triggers the inhibition of the kinase complex P-TEFb, a key actor of the switch from paused transcription to elongation. The present...
Article
Full-text available
The non-coding RNA 7SK is the scaffold for a small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (7SKsnRNP) which regulates the function of the positive transcription elongation factor P-TEFb in the control of RNA polymerase II elongation in metazoans. The La-related protein LARP7 is a component of the 7SKsnRNP required for stability and function of the RNA. To addres...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a novel fragment assembly method for low-resolution modeling of RNA and show how it may be used along with small-angle X-ray solution scattering (SAXS) data to model low-resolution structures of particles having as many as 12 independent secondary structure elements. We assessed this model-building procedure by using both artificial data...
Article
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In the course of a crystallographic study of a 132 nt variant of Aquifex aeolicus 6S RNA, a crystal structure of an A-form RNA duplex containing 12 base pairs was solved at a resolution of 2.6 Å. In fact, the RNA duplex is part of the 6S RNA and was obtained by accidental but precise degradation of the 6S RNA in a crystallization droplet. 6S RNA de...
Article
Full-text available
7SK snRNA, an abundant RNA discovered in human nucleus, regulates transcription by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII). It sequesters and inhibits the transcription elongation factor P-TEFb which, by phosphorylation of RNAPII, switches transcription from initiation to processive elongation and relieves pauses of transcription. This regulation process depend...
Article
In protein synthesis, threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) must recognize threonine (Thr) from the 20 kinds of amino acids and the cognate tRNA(Thr) from different tRNAs in order to generate Thr-tRNA(Thr). In general, an organism possesses one kind of gene corresponding to ThrRS. However, it has been recently found that some organisms have two differen...
Article
Full-text available
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) plays an essential role in protein synthesis by catalyzing the aminoacylation of tRNA(Thr) and editing misacylation. ThrRS generally contains an N-terminal editing domain, a catalytic domain and an anticodon-binding domain. The sequences of the editing domain in ThrRSs from archaea differ from those in bacteria and...
Article
Full-text available
To ensure a high fidelity during translation, threonyl-tRNA synthetases (ThrRSs) harbor an editing domain that removes noncognate L-serine attached to tRNAThr. Most archaeal ThrRSs possess a unique editing domain structurally similar to D-aminoacyl-tRNA deacylases (DTDs) found in eubacteria and eukaryotes that specifically removes D-amino acids att...
Article
The fidelity of aminoacylation of tRNA(Thr) by the threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) requires the discrimination of the cognate substrate threonine from the noncognate serine. Misacylation by serine is corrected in a proofreading or editing step. An editing site has been located 39 A away from the aminoacylation site. We report the crystal structure...
Article
The crystal structures of threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) from Staphylococcus aureus, with ATP and an analogue of threonyl adenylate, are described. Together with the previously determined structures of Escherichia coli ThrRS with different substrates, they allow a comprehensive analysis of the effect of binding of all the substrates: threonine, A...
Article
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In addition to its role in tRNA aminoacylation, Escherichia coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase is a regulatory protein which binds a site, called the operator, located in the leader of its own mRNA and inhibits translational initiation by competing with ribosome binding. This work shows that the two essential steps of regulation, operator recognition an...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) represses the translation of its own messenger RNA by binding to an operator located upstream of the initiation codon. The crystal structure of the complex between the core of ThrRS and the essential domain of the operator shows that the mRNA uses the recognition mode of the tRNA anticodon loop to i...
Article
Threonyl-tRNA synthetase, a class II synthetase, uses a unique zinc ion to discriminate against the isosteric valine at the activation step. The crystal structure of the enzyme with an analog of seryl adenylate shows that the noncognate serine cannot be fully discriminated at that step. We show that hydrolysis of the incorrectly formed ser-tRNA(Thr...
Article
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Accurate translation of the genetic code depends on the ability of aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases to distinguish between similar amino acids. In order to investigate the basis of amino acid recognition and to understand the role played by the zinc ion present in the active site of threonyl-tRNA synthetase, we have determined the crystal structures of c...
Article
Abstract The crystal structures of histidyl- (HisRS) and threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) from E. coli and glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) from T. thermophilus, all homodimeric class IIa enzymes, were determined in enzyme-substrate and enzyme-product states corresponding to the two steps of aminoacylation. HisRS was complexed with the histidine anal...
Article
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The 2.4 A crystal structure of the Escherichia coli aspartyl-tRNA synthetase (AspRS)-tRNA(Asp)-aspartyl-adenylate complex shows the two substrates poised for the transfer of the aspartic acid moiety from the adenylate to the 3'-hydroxyl of the terminal adenosine of the tRNA. A general molecular mechanism is proposed for the second step of the aspar...
Article
E. coli threonyl-tRNA synthetase (ThrRS) is a class II enzyme that represses the translation of its own mRNA. We report the crystal structure at 2.9 A resolution of the complex between tRNA(Thr) and ThrRS, whose structural features reveal novel strategies for providing specificity in tRNA selection. These include an amino-terminal domain containing...
Article
Full-text available
The crystal structures of glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GlyRS) from Thermus thermophilus, a homodimeric class II enzyme, were determined in the enzyme-substrate and enzyme-product states corresponding to the first step of aminoacylation. GlyRS was cocrystallized with glycine and ATP, which were transformed by the enzyme into glycyl-adenylate and thus gav...
Article
Full-text available
Overexpressed dimeric E. coli aspartyl-tRNA synthetase (AspRS) has been crystallized in its free state and complexed with yeast tRNA(Asp). Triclinic crystals of the enzyme alone (a = 104.4, b = 107.4, c = 135.0 A, alpha = 102.9, beta = 101.0, gamma = 106.3 degrees ), have been grown using ammonium sulfate as the precipitant and monoclinic crystals...
Article
Yeast tRNA(Ser) is a member of the class II tRNAs, whose characteristic is the presence of an extended variable loop. This additional structural feature raises questions about the recognition of these class II tRNAs by their cognate synthetase and the possibility of the involvement of the extra arm in the recognition process. A footprinting study o...
Article
The crystallographic structure of the synthetic oligoribonucleotide, U(UA)6A, has been solved at 2.25 A resolution. The crystallographic refinement permitted the identification of 91 solvent molecules, with a final agreement factor of 13%. The molecule is a dimer of 14 base-pairs and shows the typical features of an A-type helix. However, the prese...
Article
Different chemical reagents were used to study the tertiary structure of yeast tRNASer, a tRNA with a large variable region: ethylnitrosourea, which alkylates the phosphate groups; dimethylsulphate, which methylates N-7 of guanosine and N-3 of cytosine; and diethylpyrocarbonate, which modifies N-7 of adenine. The non-reactivity of N-3 of cytidine 4...
Article
RNA is involved in many biological functions, ranging from information storage and transfer to the catalysis of reactions involving both nucleic acids and proteins. Previous crystallographic studies on RNA oligomeric chains provide only averaged structures or information limited in resolution. The oligomer [U(U-A)6A]2 was chosen for the study of pr...
Article
Excerpt Splitting of the ribose-phosphate chain of RNA has been reported in different works dealing with mRNA (see, e.g., Berger and Birkenmeier 1979), rRNA (see, e.g., Carbon et al. 1978; Garrett and Olesen 1982), and tRNA (Vlassov et al. 1981; Garret et al. 1984; Romby et al. 1985b). In some of these reports, ribonuclease contamination has been i...
Article
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In structural biology, the crystallization of the macromolecules often represents the most challenging step. Beside classical factors which determine the solubility of macromolecules, purity of compounds is another major parameter governing crystal growth. With aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases and transfer ribonucleic acids as examples, it will be shown...
Article
Crystals of the hexadeoxyoligomer d(5BrC-G-5BrC-G-5BrC-G) were grown at different temperatures (5 degrees C, 18 degrees C and 37 degrees C) in the absence of divalent cations. The crystals grown at 5 degrees C did not diffract X-rays, while those grown at 18 degrees C and 37 degrees C did. The oligomer adopts the left-handed ZI conformation in both...
Article
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The crystal structure of yeast tRNAAsp enables visualization of an anticodon-anticodon interaction at the molecular level. Except for differences in the base stacking and twist, the overall conformation of the anticodon loop is quite similar to that of yeast tRNAPhe. The anticodon nucleotide triplets, GUC, of two symmetrically related molecules for...
Article
The anticodon of yeast tRNA(Asp), GUC, presents the peculiarity to be self-complementary, with a slight mismatch at the uridine position. In the orthorhombic crystal lattice, tRNA(Asp) molecules are associated by anticodon-anticodon interactions through a two-fold symmetry axis. The anticodon triplets of symmetrically related molecules are base pai...
Chapter
The three-dimensional structures of two elongator transfer RNAs are known in great details: first that of yeast tRNA(Phe) (1–4) and more recently that of yeast tRNA(Asp) (5–8). As seen in Figure 1, both molecules are folded in an L-shaped conformation, which is also found for initiator tRNAs (9,10). Since the conserved or semi-conserved residues (1...
Article
Full-text available
A compilation of crystallization experiments of tRNAs published in literature as well as original results are given and discussed in this paper. Up to now 17 different tRNA species originating from Escherichia coli and from the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae have been crystallized. All structural tRNA families are represented, namely the tRNAs with...
Chapter
The molecular structure of yeast tRNAAsp, a short extra-loop tRNA, was solved at 3 Å resolution in two closely related crystal forms. The resulting model confirms the folding originally found in tRNAPhe: major differences concern the conformations of the loops and the relative positioning of the acceptor and anticodon stems which are more open, con...
Article
Molecular channels are thought to be important in ion exchange processes across membranes, and biophysical and physiological data point to the existence of ion-specific Na+ and K+ pores (see, for example, refs 1,2). The nature and structure of these entities, as well as the molecular mechanism of ion flow through channels, are still largely unknown...