Anne Andronikof

Forensic Psychology, Health Psychology, Clinical Psychology

PhD
20.72

Publications

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    J Guilheri · P Fontan · A Andronikof
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    ABSTRACT: Les « jeux dangereux » et particulièrement les « jeux de non-oxygénation » deviennent des phénomènes sociaux parmi les enfants et les adolescents, qu’ils soient ou non en milieu scolaire. Après une rigoureuse revue de la littérature, cette étude pilote a investigué le contexte d’initiation des enfants aux activités de non-oxygénation, a recueilli leur opinion sur ce type de pratique et a enquêté sur leurs préférences de jeux. Un total de 246 enfants, d’âge moyen 11,6 ans (10–14 ans), issus majoritairement de classes de sixième de trois collèges y ont participé. Les informations ont été recueillies à l’aide d’un questionnaire ad hoc qu’ils ont rempli de manière anonyme. Les résultats montrent que presque 1 enfant sur 4 (n = 61) déclare avoir déjà expérimenté une pratique dangereuse de ce type. L’âge d’initiation est parfois très précoce (4 ans), et les lieux d’initiation sont variés (école, rue, Internet, maison). La fréquence des pratiques va de « 2 ou 3 fois par mois » à « tous les jours ». L’impact des actions de prévention est flagrant : 31 % des pratiquants déclarent n’avoir reçu aucune information contre 9 % des non-pratiquants. L’ensemble des données montre que le phénomène est complexe, alliant probablement des éléments de pression groupale, de recherche de sensations, d’influence de l’Internet, de négligence éducative et des facteurs de personnalité.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    A Andronikof · P. Fontan
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    ABSTRACT: Résumé Nous présentons une brève biographie du Dr G.E. Soukhareva, inventeur du syndrome dit d’Asperger, et donnons la traduction intégrale de son article princeps de 1926 intitulé « Die schizoiden Psychopathien im Kindersalter » paru dans Monatsschrift für Psyhiatrie und Neurologie 60:235–61.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2015 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    Full-text · Dataset · Jun 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Bullying is a worldwide phenomenon in schools. One of the most used instruments to measure bullying is a self-report method realized by Dan Olweus. The aim of this study is to present the construct validity of The revised Bully/Victim Questionnaire [rBVQ] (Olweus) in its French version. The participants are 802 school children aged 9–12 (mean age = 10.3), including 52.4 % of girls and 47.6 % of boys. In the methods, the rBVQ was administered collectively in classrooms, by the researcher and the administration lasted 15–20 minutes. Traditionally, the rBVQ enable to identify four profiles of children's involvement in bullying: “victim”, “bully”, “bully/victim” and “neutral”. We performed factorial analyses: an exploratory factor analysis (EFA); a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and a multi-group confirmatory factor analyses (MGCFA). Our results found satisfying indices of adequacy with the 2-factor initial model. Scalar invariance for the gender was achieved, meaning children who have the same score on the latent scores for one of the “bullying” domains would obtain the same score on the observed variable regardless of their group (boys/girls). In total, 26.8 % of the children displayed a profile of “victim”, 5.6 % of “bully”, 14.6 % of “bully/victim” and 53 % were “neutral”. The French version of the rBVQ has a good internal validity, is easy to administer collectively and is adequate for use with children of 9 to 12 years of age.
    Full-text · Article · Mar 2015 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    Full-text · Article · Jan 2015 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    Anne Andronikof · Patrick Fontan
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    ABSTRACT: Psychological assessment of children is a difficult task and is sometimes underestimated by clinicians who fear to be used as technicians rather than psychologists. The aim of this article is to show the relevance and beneficial aspects of a psychological assessment when performed in a scientific and ethical framework. Psychological assessment is viewed as a privileged encounter between a child presenting problems and an expert in child development, psychopathology and assessment. Distinct parts of assessment are described: preliminary interview with the parents and the child, choice of test battery, feedback. Feedback to the child and parents, often neglected because time-consuming, is a key element of assessing. It enables the child (and parents) to feel directly concerned and taken seriously, to understand the outcome of the procedure, to reflect on personal difficulties and assets, to find hope in future development. When the feedback is performed before the final report is written, it enables psychologists to adjust their interpretations, their language and their recommendations.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    ABSTRACT: The quality of forensic mental health assessment has been a growing concern in various countries on both sides of the Atlantic, but the legal systems are not always comparable and some aspects of forensic assessment are specific to a given country. This paper describes the legal context of forensic psychological assessment in France (i.e. pre-trial investigation phase entrusted to a judge, with mental health assessment performed by preselected professionals called “experts” in French), its advantages and its pitfalls. Forensic psychiatric or psychological assessment is often an essential and decisive element in criminal cases, but since a judiciary scandal which was made public in 2005 (the Outreau case) there has been increasing criticism from the public and the legal profession regarding the reliability of clinical conclusions. Several academic studies and a parliamentary report have highlighted various faulty aspects in both the judiciary process and the mental health assessments. The heterogeneity of expert practices in France appears to be mainly related to a lack of consensus on several core notions such as mental health diagnosis or assessment methods, poor working conditions, lack of specialized training, and insufficient familiarity with the Code of Ethics. In this article we describe and analyze the French practice of forensic psychologists and psychiatrists in criminal cases and propose steps that could be taken to improve its quality, such as setting up specialized training courses, enforcing the Code of Ethics for psychologists, and calling for consensus on diagnostic and assessment methods.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2014 · International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
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    N. Kostogianni · A. Andronikof
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    ABSTRACT: Background According to empirical literature, low self-esteem is highly correlated to behavioural and emotional problems in gifted children and adolescents. Since self-esteem is an indicator of social and emotional adjustment, it would be interesting to better understand the meaning of this construct, as it is evaluated explicitly with the use of self-report questionnaires. In order to explore the psychological processes underlying the explicit self-esteem, we studied the relation of a self-report questionnaire and an indirect measure of self and interpersonal perception using the Rorschach Comprehensive System (CS). Method The participants were 93 children, aged between 9 and 15 years old, with an IQ ≥ 130. They were attending regular classes (no curriculum difference). Self-esteem was evaluated using the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory (SEI). We used the Rorschach CS measures of self and interpersonal perception. Results The results showed no significant correlation between self-esteem and high IQ. A negative correlation between self-esteem evaluated on the SEI and the Rorschach Vista responses was found, which reflected self-critical introspection and painful self-appraisal. Then a positive correlation was observed between self-esteem and reflection answers on the Rorschach (Fr + rF > 0), which are related to narcissistic-like features of personality. We also found a positive correlation between self-esteem and the Rorschach egocentricity index (EGO), which provides an estimate of self-concern. Finally, the strongest correlation was found between self-esteem and the dominance of good over poor human representations (GHR > PHR), which reveals effective interpersonal behaviour. Discussion The psychological processes which seem to be related to low self-esteem in gifted children and adolescents are maladaptive interpersonal behaviours, painful experience of introspection focusing on perceived negative aspects of the self, absence of narcissistic-like features of the personality and low self-concern. These findings may suggest that intervention planning with gifted children and adolescents with low self-esteem should emphasize the accurate interpretation of interpersonal data, develop social skills and restructure negative self-thoughts.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2014 · L Encéphale
  • M. Armand · N. Combalbert · H. Bazex · A. Andronikof
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    ABSTRACT: Of late, law evolutions in terms of criminal politics have substantially increased the use of psychological and/or psychiatric forensic assessment when dealing with authors of criminal violence. The goal here is to investigate the magistrate's expectations and needs regarding psychological and/or psychiatric forensic assessment of sexual offenders. Material and methods Semi-directive interviews were conducted with five examining magistrate of the National School of the Judiciary (Bordeaux, France) and of the Court of Appeal. The goal was to release themes and categories to explore in the research questionnaire, which was accessible on the National School of magistrates (Bordeaux) intranet, during two months. 19 magistrate instructors answered (N=19). Results Results highlight that forensic assessment in mental health during the criminal procedure is essential and a global satisfaction of investigating magistrates concerning the missions submitted to experts in mental health (psychologists and psychiatrics). However, they also underline an important disparity in the quality reports and practices in expertise. They emphasize the necessity of clarifying and motivating conclusions of forensic assessment but also the necessity of training magistrates and experts in mental health in legal psychology, psychiatry and in criminology. Magistrates estimate the evaluation of dangerousness, the risk of second offense, and a psycho-criminological analysis of the acting out would increase the quality of psychological forensic assessment of sexual offenders. Thus, the mission of experts is considerably widened and psychologists have to study new variables in addition to psychodynamics or psychopathologics. Conclusion In a national context where numerous clinicians suggest a reform of the judicial expertise in mental health, this study allows to release new reflections.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2014 · Revue Internationale de Criminologie et de Police Technique et Scientifique
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    ABSTRACT: Objectives: Because of the fluctuating and occasional character of Crohn’s disease (CD), patients have to cope with a changeable condition of health. Personal perceived control is known to be an important element of adaptation to their medical condition. The objectives of this work are to determine if perceived personal control is predictive of the clinical activity of the disease and of psychological distress (depression, anxiety). Methods: The Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS), the causal dimension scale and the Clinical Global Impression (CGI; assessing perceived severity) were administered to 160 patients affected by Crohn’s disease. Indicators of inflammation (CRP), disease duration and clinical activity of the disease were also asessed. Results: Globally, CD patients perceive their disease as being personally neither controllable nor uncontrollable. Whereas psychological distress is significantly higher when the disease is active, the relationship between the variables appears complex. The feeling of personal control is explained by the clinical activity of the disease (p=.0001) and by the perception that CD is unstable (p<.00001) and globally impacts the life of patients (p=.001). Nevertheless perception of personal control does not explain the clinical activity of the disease. Finally, psychological distress is explained by the perception that the medical team is unable to control the disease (p=.00001) and by the global consequences of the disease on life (p<.005). Conclusions: Psychological treatments should take these dimensions into account so as to improve the well-being and medical conditions of patients.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013 · GMS Psycho-Social-Medicine
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    A. Andronikof · P. Fontan
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    ABSTRACT: Psychological assessment of children is a difficult task and is sometimes underestimated by clinicians who fear to be used as technicians rather than psychologists. The aim of this article is to show the relevance and beneficial aspects of a psychological assessment when performed in a scientific and ethical framework. Psychological assessment is viewed as a privileged encounter between a child presenting problems and an expert in child development, psychopathology and assessment. Distinct parts of assessment are described: preliminary interview with the parents and the child, choice of test battery, feedback. Feedback to the child and parents, often neglected because time-consuming, is a key element of assessing. It enables the child (and parents) to feel directly concerned and taken seriously, to understand the outcome of the procedure, to reflect on personal difficulties and assets, to find hope in future development. When the feedback is performed before the final report is written, it enables psychologists to adjust their interpretations, their language and their recommendations.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2013 · Neuropsychiatrie de l Enfance et de l Adolescence
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    Anne Andronikof · Patrick Fontan

    Full-text · Chapter · Oct 2013
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    ABSTRACT: CHESSSS is an open source project we propose to the Rorschach community. It can be freely distributed and adjusted to one’s particular needs. We have paid much attention to make it as efficient and user-friendly an application as possible. Its use and even its programming do not require a high level of skills in informatics. This project provides solutions for issues concerning computing Rorschach Supplementary Scales, interrater reliability, standardization of Form Quality tables across countries, the search for items in the FQ tables, and the creation of databases. It also addresses the complexity of RCS interpretation. We do hope that CHESSSS will help clinicians, researchers and students to manage their own data as desired in a free and autonomous manner. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2013 · Rorschachiana Journal of the International Society for the Rorschach
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    ABSTRACT: The author presents a descriptive study focused on the replenishment of a suicide attempt. Thirty-three suicide attempters have agreed to answer a semi-structured interview (interview IMSA) to reconstruct the sequence of events pre-suicide and mental condition of the subject at the time when he proceeded to act. The results show that 82% of them had behavioral preparatory gesture and 75.8% a real suicidal scenario. The data also suggest the existence of a transition phase before the act consisting in tonic disturbance and/or a conditioning state. At the time of the suicidal gesture, 59.4% of patients reported an altered state of consciousness and 60% experience a phenomenon of intense emotional confusion. The author also stresses unusual clinical manifestations at the subjective sensation of movement and the sudden loss of motor control.
    Full-text · Article · Sep 2012 · L &E cute volution Psychiatrique
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    Anne Andronikof · Yifat Weinberger
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    ABSTRACT: The present study explores the human face responses in the Rorschach test. We suggest that, although the experience of the human face is essential to our psychological development and to our interaction with the world, this category of responses has always been considered as one of the partial human contents, together with responses such as an eye or a finger. The study provides background information about recent research findings concerning face perception and the role of face perception in early psychological development and suggests that Rorschach face responses may be better distinguished from other human detail contents and may have a special clinical significance. In order to explore face responses in the Rorschach, these responses were analyzed in a reference sample of nonpatients (n = 247) conducted in France as part of a of the French-language normative project. Descriptive data on face responses according to the Comprehensive System are provided as well as an analysis of their perceptual characteristics. In addition, a subgroup of nonpatients giving a relatively high number of face responses was found to differ from other nonpatients on several self and interpersonal perception variables. The perceptual features and the possible clinical significance of face responses on the Rorschach are discussed with an emphasis on the possible merit of distinguishing the face category from the other human content details. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Full-text · Article · Jan 2012 · Rorschachiana Journal of the International Society for the Rorschach
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    ABSTRACT: Résumé L'évaluation des troubles anxiodépressifs dans la population cancéreuse pose la question de la possible discor-dance entre le discours rapporté et l'éprouvé émotionnel. Les troubles anxiodépressifs ont été évalués chez 101 femmes atteintes d'un cancer du sein avec l'HADS et le Rorschach-SI. Cette étude propose une réflexion dans le sens d'une évaluation plus approfondie de la détresse psychologique en prenant aussi en considération les processus inconscients par-ticipant à l'élaboration du discours. Cette double approche (analyse des processus de restitution verbale en lien avec les processus cognitifs, émotionnels et conatifs inconscients éva-lués par une méthode projective) s'appuie sur deux points de vue épistémologiques différents, qui sans s'opposer peuvent devenir complémentaires. Pour citer cette revue : Psycho-Oncol. 5 (2011). Mots clés Cancer du sein · Anxiété · Dépression · Autoévaluation · Processus inconscients Abstract The assessment of anxiety-depressive disorders in cancer population raises the question of the possible discor-dance between the reported speech and felt emotional. Anxiety and depression were assessed in 101 women suffe-ring from breast cancer with the HADS and the Rorschach-SI. This study presents a reflection about evaluation of unconscious processes involved in the development of discourse, which elements should be included next to self-assessment scales in a complementary approach. To cite this journal: Psycho-Oncol. 5 (2011).
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2011 · Psycho-Oncology
  • A. Andronikof

    No preview · Article · Jun 2011 · Psychothérapies
  • Nicolas Combalbert · Hélène Bazex · Anne Andronikof
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    ABSTRACT: This study deals with the frequency with which expert psychiatrists and psychologists make structural or nosographic diagnoses within the context of expert assessment. Thus, the rates of concordance between psychiatrists and psychologists in both types of diagnoses will be assessed. To do so, the level of inter-observer agreement on diagnoses between 1990 and 2003 was studied retrospectively in France through psychiatric and psychological assessments of 505 male offenders. The assessment of the correlation rates was carried out using the Kappa coefficient. The results show a range of 0.55 to 0.71 in inter-observer (psychiatrists vs psychologists) agreement for structural diagnoses, and 0.51 to 0.89 for nosographic diagnoses. In addition, a marked correlation between psychiatrists and psychologists may be noted regarding abstention in both structural (k=66) and nosographic (k=73) diagnoses. In fact, recommendations are made for improvement in the consistency of offender assessment in the psycho-legal French context.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
  • N. Combalbert · H. Bazex · D. Lazorthes · A. Andronikof
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    ABSTRACT: Premeditation in homicide is defined as the clear intention to kill someone preceding the act. There is little research on the personal and social context and the psychological and pathological variables associated with premeditation. Our study compares two groups of inmates, all convicted of homicide, through 210 penal and prison files of the male homicide inmates of the Muret Detention Centre (South West region of France). The groups were constituted on the basis of the penal conviction label: 94 were labelled "premeditated murder" (group 1) and 116 "unpremeditated murder" (group 2). The results revealed socio-demographic, psychiatric and forensic differences between the groups. In the logistic regression model, a higher risk of committing a first degree murder (vs. second degree) was related to being socially isolated during the days preceding the homicide (OR 2.86). Furthermore, jealousy motives (OR 5.80) and revenge motives (OR 8.33) were the most significant risk factors in committing premeditated murder. Finally, we discuss these results and propose two distinct criminological profiles for the individuals in the two groups.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2011
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    ABSTRACT: Lydia Fernandez et collaborateurs traitent la question de la co-occurrence entre addictions et troubles psychiatriques, et particulièrement dépressifs qui conduit à porter chez des patients un « double diagnostic ». Le cas clinique de madame S. vient expliquer cette association.
    Full-text · Chapter · Sep 2010

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