Anne S Tsui

Anne S Tsui
Arizona State University | ASU · Department of Management

About

145
Publications
117,137
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24,119
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
10330 Citations
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,500

Publications

Publications (145)
Article
My research journey spans a period of exciting new theories informing innovative practices in businesses and other organizations and a period littered with concerns about the research-practice gap, questionable research practices, and a strong emphasis on the number of publications in top journals for hiring and promotions. These recent development...
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Management and Organization Review Special Issue on ‘Responsible Leadership in China and Beyond: A Responsible Research Approach’ - Volume 16 Special Issue - Workshop Organizers and Guest Editors, Xu Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen, Michael Hitt, Runtian Jing, Arie Y. Lewin, Anne S. Tsui, Lori Yue, Jianjun Zhang
Article
Management and Organization Review Special Issue on ‘Responsible Leadership in China and Beyond: A Responsible Research Approach’ - Volume 16 Issue 2 - Xu Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen, Michael Hitt, Runtian Jing, Arie Y. Lewin, Anne S. Tsui, Lori Yue, Jianjun Zhang
Article
Management and Organization Review Special Issue on ‘Responsible Leadership in China and Beyond: A Responsible Research Approach’ - Volume 16 Issue 1 - Xu Huang, Xiao-Ping Chen, Michael Hitt, Runtian Jing, Arie Y. Lewin, Anne S. Tsui, Lori Yue, Jianjun Zhang
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Purpose The purpose of this paper is to disentangle individual-level gender differences and norm-based gender roles and stereotypes to provide a finer-grained understanding of why female and male entrepreneurs experience different growth returns from their social networks across different national cultures. Design/methodology/approach This researc...
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The mission of Management and Organization Review , founded in 2005, is to publish research about Chinese management and organizations, foreign organizations operating in China, or Chinese firms operating globally. The aspiration is to develop knowledge that is unique to China as well as universal knowledge that may transcend China. Articulated in...
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We examine how two seemingly contradictory yet potentially complementary CEO traits-humility and narcissism-interact to affect firm innovation. We adopt a paradox perspective and propose that individuals can have paradoxical traits and that, in particular, humility and narcissism can coexist harmoniously, especially among the Chinese, whose philoso...
Chapter
According to the IMF World Economic Outlook database, in 2014 China became the largest economy in the world, with a gross domestic product (GDP) of US$18.088 trillion (16.6 of the world total), based on purchasing power parity (PPP) valuation, surpassing the USA (US$17.348 trillion; 15.9 of the world total) (IMF 2015). It is an average GDP (PPP) pe...
Chapter
Founded in 1992, HC360. com (HC Group for the company and its subsidiaries) is a leading business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce service provider in China (People’s Republic of China—PRC). Its core internet product is Mai-Mai-Tong, a strong online marketing platform, with professional services, and cutting-edge internet technologies that have made HC...
Chapter
Lenovo was founded in Beijing in 1984 as Legend, and incorporated in Hong Kong in 1988. It acquired IBM’s personal computer business in 2005 and agreed to acquire its Intel-based server business in 2014. As a Chinese multinational computer technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China, and Morrisville, North Carolina, USA, Lenovo designs,...
Chapter
Established in Guangdong (China) and with the ‘LI-NING’ trademark registered in 1989, the company was founded by Ning Li, a well-known Chinese gymnast, after he retired from competing. Li Ning Company Ltd. was the first leading sports brand enterprise in China. More than twenty years later, it has become a leading Chinese sports brand in the People...
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The Alibaba Group was founded in 1999 by 18 people led by Jack Ma (Ma Yun), a former English teacher from Hangzhou, China, who aspired to help make the internet accessible, trustworthy and beneficial for everyone. Since its inception, it has developed leading businesses in consumer e-commerce, online payments, business-to-business (B2B) marketplace...
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As discussed in Chap. 2, there has been little empirical research focusing specifically on executive leadership in Chinese private enterprises. The existing literature is composed mainly of large-sample survey studies of executive leadership, with no distinction between firms with different ownerships. Given an extremely dynamic, complex and inhosp...
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In Chap. 1, we suggested that the growth of the economy in China as a whole is a story of both top-down centrally managed capitalism (Lin 2009) and bottom-up grass-roots capitalism (Nee and Opper 2012). The former focused on the reform of state-owned enterprises and the attraction of foreign investment, while the latter allowed for the creation of...
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Founded on 22 August 1996 after obtaining approval from the People’s Bank of China, Taikang Life Insurance Co. Ltd (hereafter Taikang) is one of largest insurance companies in China, offering services ranging from life insurance to asset management.
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Five-Star Holdings Ltd., founded on 18 December 1998 with 236 million RMB registered capital and headquartered in Nanjing, is a diversified investment enterprise engaged in modern service industrial chain and supply chain management, real estate, finance and investment, and specialised operations. Five-Star Holdings established the famous and succe...
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Established in 1984, China Vanke Co. Ltd., is the largest residential property developer in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Vanke annually provides homes for more than 400,000 households, and had a total sales revenue worth 140 billion RMB by the end of 2012. Vanke has focused on major regions such as the Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delt...
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Founded in 1992, the Fosun Group is a classic story of success following China’s reform and opening-up. Moreover, the Fosun Group is becoming a representative model for Chinese home and global investments by actively implementing an investment model ‘Combining China’s Growth Momentum with Global Resources’. In recent years, Fosun has put great effo...
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In 1987, Qinghou Zong and two partners borrowed 140,000 RMB and started their entrepreneurial venture in Hangzhou: Wahaha. The first year was a hard period of exploration and learning, and Zong was selling ice cream, soft drinks and exercise books from a tricycle. It was not until the second year that Wahaha made remarkable profits, by producing nu...
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Established in Beijing in 1993, Vantone Holdings Co. Ltd. (hereafter Vantone) is one of China’s largest and most innovative professional real estate investment companies. The company’s business is concentrated in high-growth urban areas such as Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Hangzhou and Chengdu. With its value-driven and innovation-oriented strategie...
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In 1987, as China’s first commercial bank founded by an enterprise and a pilot bank in the efforts of the Chinese government to drive financial reform, China Merchants Bank (CMB) was established at the forefront of China’s reform and opening-up campaign, in Shenzhen Special Economic Zone. In 2002, CMB was listed on the Shanghai Stock Exchange; and...
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Tecsun was established in 1992, and registered as a wholly-owned subsidiary of Federal Tecsun, Inc. of the United States in 1997 in the Suzhou Industrial Park (SIP). The company specialises in research, development, design and manufacture of American-style modern wood and steel homes. Tecsun (Suzhou) Homes Co. Ltd. is one of the most talked-about e...
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Established at Northeastern University, Shenyang, China in 1991, the history of e Neusoft can be traced back to 1988, when Dr. Jiren Liu from Northeastern University worked with two other colleagues to set up a computer software and network engineering research lab with 30,000 RMB and three computers.
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This original book presents in-depth research into thirteen successful Chinese private enterprises through interviews with their founder-entrepreneurs. While Chinese economic growth has focused primarily on governmental policies and institutional factors, Leadership of Chinese Private Enterprises proposes that the success of these firms was primari...
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This paper develops concepts of micro-divisionalization and micro-business units or MBUs. The structure and operation of the micro-divisionalized firm and its MBUs are shown in the context of the Haier Group, a $32 billion firm that reorganized into more than 2,000 teams beginning in 2009. Like strategic business units of divisionalized firms, Haie...
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Purpose – Value-free science is an ideal that is neither possible nor desirable, especially for social sciences. The subject of social sciences is individuals and groups; hence social, moral, ethical, or political values are inherent and unavoidable in all steps of the scientific process. Further, the authority of science requires the scientist to...
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Management scholarship has grown tremendously over the past 60 years. Most of our paradigms originated from North America in the 1950s to the 1980s, inspired by the empirical phenomena and cultural, philosophical, and research traditions of the time. Here following, we highlight the contextual differences between the East and the West in terms of i...
Chapter
The term organizational demography denotes the composition or distribution of a group or organization on attributes such as age, company tenure, gender, “race,” educational level, and functional background.
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In studying the effect of employment-relationship practices on employees, research has largely ignored individual differences, both cross-culturally and within cultures. In this study, the authors examine the moderating effect of middle managers' traditionality, a within-culture value orientation regarding submission to authority and endorsement of...
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We develop a social-structural perspective on the relationship between employee-organization relationships (EORs) and team creativity. We argue that the mutual investment EOR approach, in which employers expect high levels of employee contributions and offer extensive inducements, will be associated with higher team creativity relative to other EOR...
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In this article, we examine the concept of humility among chief executive officers (CEOs) and the process through which it is connected to integration in the top management team (TMT) and middle managers' responses. We develop and validate a comprehensive measure of humility using multiple samples and then test a multilevel model of how CEOs' humil...
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The authors investigate the role of intragroup functional diversity in influencing intergroup relations, defined as intergroup cooperation and group-level citizenship behavior toward other workgroups. Based on predominantly Western literature, the authors hypothesize that groups working in an American culture will show an inverted U-shaped relation...
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What is the interrelationship among formal institutions, social networks, and new venture growth? Drawing on the theory of institutional polycentrism and social network theory, we examine this question using data on 637 entrepreneurs from four different countries. We find the confluence of weak and inefficient formal institutions to be associated w...
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Family ties are an important conduit of resources for entrepreneurs, but both positive and negative outcomes can arise. Building upon a family embeddedness perspective, we develop hypotheses about curvilinear relationships between the proportion of family ties in entrepreneurs' networks and venture growth. We test them on entrepreneurs from China,...
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I presented a shorter version of this address on August 5, 2012, at the Academy's annual meeting in Boston. I am deeply grateful for the support and inspiration of many colleagues and friends who helped me prepare this address, including Sara Rynes, Nancy Adler, Andy Van de Ven, Joe Galaskiewicz, Kelly Mitchell, and Anie Miles, as well as my daught...
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We examine how supervisor-triggered newcomer affect may link supervisor behaviors with newcomer adjustment and performance. Using emotion as feedback system theory and the approach-avoidance framework, we investigate the influence of newcomers' accumulated supervisor-directed affect on their outcomes. We develop scales to measure the proposed const...
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In this study, the authors examine factors that explain international scholars’ success in publishing in North American management journals through collaboration. Drawing on the international entry mode literature, the authors propose that international collaboration teams are more successful when they increase complementary resources and reduce tr...
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In seeking to understand the factors contributing to work group creativity in Chinese organizations, we explored the roles of two different leadership styles (transformational and authoritarian) that Chinese leaders play in group creativity through influencing internal group processes, i.e., collective efficacy and knowledge sharing among group mem...
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This study explores the links between CEO leadership behaviors, firm performance and employees' attitudes in a sample drawn from 125 firms in China. We first inductively identified categories of CEO leadership behaviors in the Chinese context. Through a factor analysis, we developed a six-dimension measure of CEO leadership behaviors, with three di...
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We investigated the relationship between middle managers' transformational leadership and the performance of frontline employees who are two levels below the middle managers. We identified two pathways through which this cross-level influence occurs and tested two moderators operating on these two pathways. The first pathway is a direct effect from...
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This paper theorizes and tests how chief executive officers' (CEOs') transformational leadership behaviors, which motivate followers to do more than expected and act for the good of the collective, influence followers' commitment. We theorize that CEOs' values may either enhance or attenuate the effect of transformational behaviors on followers, de...
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This study addressed the unresolved issue of how differentiated leadership (leaders treating individuals within a group differently) affects group effectiveness. We developed and tested a group-level model involving group-focused and individual-focused leadership using three-phased survey data from 70 work groups in eight companies. Results showed...
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The research reported in this article clarifies how employee-organization relationships (EORs) work. Specifically, the authors tested whether social exchange and job embeddedness mediate how mutual-investment (whereby employers offer high inducements to employees for their high contributions) and over-investment (high inducements without correspond...
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abstractOver two decades, research in Chinese management has exploited existing questions, theories, constructs, and methods developed in the Western context. Lagging are exploratory studies to address questions relevant to Chinese firms and to develop theories that offer meaningful explanations of Chinese phenomena. Framed as a debate between purs...
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Organizations form different degrees of social and economic exchange relationships with their employees. In this study, we unpack employee responses to organizational-level mechanisms of executive leadership style, organizational culture, and employment approaches by examining the mediating role of employees' perceptions of social and economic exch...
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This study examined reactions to psychological contract breach from two separate perspectives, that is, employee's reactions to perceptions of employer breach and supervisor's reactions to perceptions of employee breach of the psychological contract. In addition to the main effects, we also hypothesized that the benevolence (or kindness) of the sup...
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Bedeian, Van Fleet, and Hyman offer some data that cast doubt on the qualifications of the reviewers of the flagship journals in our field. Using two alternative measures of authoring success, we found the reviewers of Academy of Management Journal are as a group more accomplished scholars than the authors are as a group. However, we suggest that a...
Chapter
Approaches to the Study of Employment RelationshipThe Effects of Employment Relationship on Firms and EmployeesThe Determinants of Employment RelationshipsConceptual Gaps and a Preliminary Integrative ModelAcknowledgementsReferences
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Given the assumption that most employers would like to gain the trust of their employees, what would initiate this trust? This study explores the joint role of the employee-organization relationship (EOR) and supervisory support in initiating trust among middle managers. The results from a study of 545 middle managers in China show that both EOR an...
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Evidence abounds that globalization has been one of the most significant and rapid changes in recent decades. A crude measure of economic glob-alization is that aggregate world exports as a per-centage of world gross domestic product (GDP) in-creased from 11.6 percent in 1970 to 30.7 percent in 2006 (United Nations, 2007). Given the continuing grow...
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This issue marks the publication of three volumes of Management and Organization Review. I would like to take this opportunity to thank many people whose support and involvement have turned an idea into reality, to reflect on how MOR was started, what we have accomplished thus far, and to look ahead on the role of MOR in advancing Chinese managemen...
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Two studies were conducted to investigate the indigenous concept of guanxi and its applications in the Chinese context. Guanxi refers to the existence of direct particularistic ties between an individual and others. We relate the concept to the idea of relational demography, which refers to similarities or differences between an individual and othe...
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The advent of the 21st century has witnessed an increasing interest in developing knowledge of international management to meet the needs of global business development. To take stock of the progress in organizational behavior research with national culture as the major explanatory variable, the authors analyzed 93 empirical studies published in th...
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In this paper, we bring structural holes theory to different cultural contexts by studying the effect of structural holes in four high-tech companies in China and assessing whether they confer the benefits to individuals occupying the brokering position in a career network that have been found in Western contexts. On the level of national culture,...
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Research has consistently identified poor interrater agreement among multiple assessments of managerial performance. Three alternative sources of dissensus in the effectiveness ratings were examined: rating errors, selective perceptions, and variations in criteria type or weight. As the available empirical evidence and theoretical analysis show, al...
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Abstradct The economic and market reforms in China have given rise to firms with three distinct types of ownership: state-owned enterprises, private domestic enterprises, and foreign-invested firms. The three studies reported in this paper addressed the questions of whether organizational culture varies among firms with different ownership structur...
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Aumann and Ostroff proposed a very comprehensive framework that attempts to identify the antecedents, mediators, moderators, and consequences of human resource management (HRM) in cross-cultural contexts. It is an ambitious framework that spans three levels of analysis (society, organization, and individual) with mechanisms of fit occurring at both...
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Both the functionalist and the attribution perspectives support a strong association between CEO leadership behavior and organizational culture. However, contingency perspective points to the potential limits of the leader's ability to change or shape an organization's culture. We aim for a deep understanding of when and why decoupling between CEO...
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– This paper employs multiple theoretical perspectives — resource-and knowledge-based views as well as social network theory — to explore the dynamics of guanxi in the context of Chinese entrepreneurial firms. – We propose a dynamic model and offer multiple propositions for researchers to examine the role of guanxi for knowledge management and d...
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With increasing globalization and hypercompetitive markets, most employers have resorted to headcount management to gain flexibility, remain competitive, and ensure survival. A new employment relationship has emerged. The bond between employer and employee no longer is a long-term relationship involving loyalty and commitment, but a contractlike ec...
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Existing literature on organizational culture focuses on the strategic fit between a firm's culture values and its technology and task environment. This study, however, emphasizes the diffusion perspective of organizational culture, that organizations often imitate cultures of successful firms to reduce uncertainty, resulting in a homogeneous set o...
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The employee-organization relationship (EOR) has increasingly become a focal point for researchers in organizational behavior, human resource management, and industrial relations. Literature on the EOR has developed at both the individual – (e.g. psychological contracts) and the group and organizational-levels of analysis (e.g. employment relations...
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Twenty-five years of economic reform has propelled China to the center of the world's economic stage. Based on current trends, in the foreseeable future China is likely to become the largest economy in the world. China's dramatic growth may be envied by other developing economies, but for management scholars it presents an exciting intellectual puz...
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Witness China today: economic reform, WTO membership, restructuring of state-owned enterprises, traditional Confucian values, Communist ideologies, modern MBA education, return of Chinese "haigui" (sea-turtles, used as a pun to describe those returned from overseas), and much more. Chinese business executives are living in both challenging and exci...
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The major contributor to global management knowledge is scholarship in developed economies, especially in North America and Western Europe. The development of a global management knowledge base lags behind the globalization of business enterprises. With the emergence of many developing economies around the world, progress in building the body of gl...
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Using news media as a reliable source, we content analyzed stories on business leaders in two major official Chinese newspapers in three different time periods over the past 20 years. Results show that the reform has brought an increase in stories of business leaders, and in coverage of the desirable leadership attributes relating to Confucian virt...
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Defining employment relationships from the employer's perspective and based on the inducement-contribution framework, this study examined the link between employment relationships and firm performance in a heterogeneous sample of firms in the largest emerging economy in the world, i.e., the People's Republic of China. It also analyzed the contingen...
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In this research, we investigated the relationship between loyalty to supervisor and employee's in-role and extra-role performance in comparison with that of organizational commitment in the People's Republic of China. Two studies were conducted. In the first study, a five-dimension loyalty to supervisor scale was developed and validated. In the se...
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Chapter 1 Defining the Problem Chapter 2 Three Approaches to Demographic Analysis in Organizations Chapter 3 Research on Demographic Diversity Chapter 4 The Multiple Meaning of Demography Chapter 5 Understanding Vertical and Horizontal Pairs from a Demographic Point of View Chapter 6 Understanding Demographic Diversity in Groups Chapter 7 Understan...
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The current study extends the concept of relational demography by considering both demographic similarities and demographic dissimilarities in supervisor-subordinate dyads. We further examined the effects of relational demography on both basic task performance and extra-role behaviors of the subordinates. We propose that demographic similarity, whi...
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Since modern China was closed to the outside world until 1979, research on management issues within organizations operating in the Chinese context is a relatively recent phenomenon. In this study, we analyzed this body of research by performing a citation analysis on 226 research articles on this topic published in 20 leading English language acade...

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Projects (2)
Project
The SOE reform project with colleagues at Wharton analyzes the impact of privatization and the 2007-2008 Recession on Chinese SOEs. The New Sources of Gains from Trade uses China's entry into the WTO to analyze new sources of gains from trade for firms there. Green Industrial Policy surveys the literature on the intersection between environmental policies and industrial policy.