Anne Lomascolo

Anne Lomascolo
Aix-Marseille Université | AMU · Ecole Supérieure d'Ingénieurs de Luminy

PhD

About

62
Publications
22,592
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,535
Citations

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
The textile industry generates huge volumes of colored wastewater that require multiple treatments to remove persistent toxic and carcinogenic dyes. Here we studied the decolorization of a recalcitrant azo dye, Reactive Black 5, using laccase-like active cell-free supernatant from Coriolopsis gallica. Decolorization was optimized in a 1 mL reaction...
Article
Full-text available
Laccase-treated wood fibres were tested for small-scale wet-process manufacture of hardboards. Two laccases of distinct redox potentials, one from Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and one from Myceliophthora thermophila, were compared in terms of their effect on the physical–chemical properties of the treated fibres and hardboards. Wood fibres were produced...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fungal glucose dehydrogenases (GDHs) are FAD-dependent enzymes belonging to the glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductase superfamily. These enzymes are classified in the “Auxiliary Activity” family 3 (AA3) of the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes database, and more specifically in subfamily AA3_2, that also includes the closely related flavoenz...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Fungal glucose dehydrogenases (GDHs) are FAD-dependent enzymes belonging to the glucose-methanol-choline oxidoreductase superfamily. These enzymes are classified in the “Auxiliary Activity” family 3 (AA3) of the Carbohydrate-Active enZymes database, and more specifically in subfamily AA3_2, that also includes the closely related flavoen...
Article
Full-text available
Only a few studies have examined how marine-derived fungi and their enzymes adapt to salinity and plant biomass degradation. This work concerns the production and characterisation of an oxidative enzyme identified from the transcriptome of marine-derived fungus Stemphylium lucomagnoense. The laccase-encoding gene SlLac2 from S. lucomagnoense was cl...
Article
Full-text available
White-rot (WR) fungi are pivotal decomposers of dead organic matter in forest ecosystems and typically use a large array of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes to deconstruct lignocellulose. However, the extent of lignin and cellulose degradation may vary between species and wood type. Here we combined comparative genomics, transcriptomics and secreto...
Article
Full-text available
White-rot (WR) fungi are pivotal decomposers of dead organic matter in forest ecosystems and typically use a large array of hydrolytic and oxidative enzymes to deconstruct lignocellulose. However, the extent of lignin and cellulose degradation may vary between species and wood type. Here we combined comparative genomics, transcriptomics and secreto...
Article
Sunflower and rapeseed meals are agro-industrial coproducts that contain high amount of phenolics (1-4 % dry matter), mostly as esters of caffeic acid (CA) and sinapic acid (SA), respectively. The enzymatic hydrolysis of the ester bonds enables to recover the corresponding free phenolic acids that are bioactive compounds and platform molecules for...
Article
Two laccase-encoding genes from the marine-derived fungus Pestalotiopsis sp. have been cloned in Aspergillus niger for heterologous production, and the recombinant enzymes have been characterized to study their physicochemical properties, their ability to decolorize textile dyes for potential biotechnological applications, and their activity in the...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and lavandin (a sterile hybrid of L. angustifolia × L. latifolia) essential oils are among those most commonly used in the world for various industrial purposes, including perfumes, pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The solid residues from aromatic plant distillation such as lavender- and lavandin-distilled...
Article
Full-text available
Rapeseed meal is a cheap and abundant raw material, particularly rich in phenolic compounds of biotechnological interest. In this study, we developed a two-step bioconversion process of naturally occurring sinapic acid (4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethoxycinnamic acid) from rapeseed meal into canolol by combining the complementary potentialities of two filamen...
Presentation
Full-text available
Les champignons filamenteux des Phylum Ascomycètes et Basidiomycètes offrent un vaste répertoire de gènes codant pour une grande combinaison de mécanismes enzymatiques impliqués dans la dégradation de la biomasse lignocellulosique. La collection du CIRM-CF (Centre International de Ressources Microbiennes { Champignons Filamenteux, plateforme AMU-IN...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nowadays, it is essential to restructure various conventional industrial sectors (e.g. food, cosmetic, additive, pulp and paper industries, and bioethanol and biodiesel generation processes) into integrated biorefineries through valorisation of by-products streams. Rapeseed and sunflower are two of the most important oilseed crops in the world, aft...
Article
Full-text available
The Lavandula genus, which includes lavender (Lavandula angustifolia) and lavandin (L. angustifolia × Lavandula latifolia), is cultivated worldwide for its essential oils, which find applications in perfumes, cosmetics, food processing and, more recently, in aromatherapy products. The chemical composition of lavender and lavandin essential oils, us...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Saprophytic filamentous fungi are ubiquitous micro-organisms that play an essential role in photosynthetic carbon recycling. The wood-decayer Pycnoporus cinnabarinus is a model fungus for the study of plant cell wall decomposition and is used for a number of applications in green and white biotechnology. Results: The 33.6 megabase ge...
Article
We report on the expression in Aspergillus niger of a laccase gene we used to produce variants in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Grams of recombinant enzyme can be easily obtained. This highlights the potential of combining this generic laccase sequence to the yeast and fungal expression systems for large-scale productions of variants.
Article
Full-text available
A number of microorganisms, bacteria and filamentous fungi, are able to degrade lignocellulosic components to various extents. However, only a few ones can degrade lignins, among which wood-rotting fungi. White-rot fungi, the most frequent ones, mineralize cell wall components (cellulose, hemicelluloses and lignins) and extensively degrade lignins,...
Chapter
Eco-efficient biotechnological applications are important innovations for modern industrial developments. Oxidoreductases, e.g. laccases and manganese peroxidases (MnPs), provide interesting possibilities. In many cases these enzymes require low molecular weight co-substrates to mediate oxidation. In this study, various types of lignin model compou...
Article
Rapeseed and sunflower are two of the world's major oilseeds. Rapeseed and sunflower meal (RSM and SFM), the by-products of oil extraction, are produced in large quantities. They are mainly composed of proteins, lignocellulosic fibres and minerals. They were initially used as a protein complement in animal feed rations and sometimes as fertilizer o...
Article
Full-text available
The genus Pycnoporus forms a cosmopolitan group of four species belonging to the polyporoid white-rot fungi, the most representative group of homobasidiomycetes causing wood decay. Pycnoporus fungi are listed as food- and cosmetic-grade microorganisms and emerged in the early 1990s as a genus whose biochemistry, biodegradation and biotechnological...
Article
The genus Pycnoporus forms a group of four species known especially for producing high redox potential laccases suitable for white biotechnology. A sample of 36 Pycnoporus strains originating from different geographical areas was studied to seek informative molecular markers for the typing of new strains in laboratory culture conditions and to anal...
Article
Full-text available
The Pycnoporus fungi are white-rot basidiomycetes listed as food- and cosmetic-grade microorganisms. Three high redox potential laccases from Pycnoporus coccineus and Pycnoporus sanguineus were tested and compared, with the commercial Suberase® as reference, for their ability to synthesise natural active oligomers from rutin (quercetin-3-rutinoside...
Article
Exploitation of natural biodiversity in species Pycnoporus coccineus and Pycnoporus sanguineus to screen for a new generation of laccases with properties suitable for the lignin-processing sector. Thirty strains originating from subtropical and tropical environments, mainly isolated from fresh specimens collected in situ, were screened for laccase...
Article
The capabilities of p-coumaric acid (PCA), ferulic acid (FA), and sinapic acid (SA) as laccase mediators are compared in oxidation of industrial dyes and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). SA behaved as highly efficient mediator in decolorization of dyes, including the recalcitrant Reactive Black 5. This mediating capacity was related to the s...
Article
Full-text available
Laccases have numerous biotechnological applications, among them food processing. The widespread use of laccases has increased the demand for an inexpensive and safe source of recombinant enzyme. We explored the use of a rice-based system for the production of two fungal laccases derived from the ascomycete Melanocarpus albomyces and the basidiomyc...
Article
Full-text available
Different model lipids-alkanes, fatty alcohols, fatty acids, resin acids, free sterols, sterol esters, and triglycerides-were treated with Pycnoporus cinnabarinus laccase in the presence of 1-hydroxybenzotriazole as mediator, and the products were analyzed by gas chromatography. The laccase alone decreased the concentration of some unsaturated lipi...
Article
Enzymatic crosslinking provides valuable means for modifying functionality and structural properties of different polymers. Tyrosinases catalyze the hydroxylation of various monophenols to the corresponding o-diphenols, and the subsequent oxidation of o-diphenols to the corresponding quinones, which are highly reactive and can further undergo non-e...
Article
Laccase production by the strain Pycnoporus cinnabarinus ss3 was studied in a solid-state culture on sugar-cane bagasse using chemical compounds as inducers (ethanol, methanol, veratryl alcohol and ferulic acid). Laccase productions were about 5- to 8.5-fold higher than non-induced cultures.Liquid-culture experiments with 14C-labeled ethanol were c...
Article
We propose a new process using a vapor phase bioreactor (VPB) to simultaneously (i) delignify sugar-cane bagasse, a residue of sugar production that can be recycled in paper industry, and (ii) produce laccase, an enzyme usable to bleach paper pulp. Ethanol vapor, used as laccase inducer, was blown up through a VPB packed with bagasse and inoculated...
Article
Full-text available
A new tyrosinase-encoding gene (2,204 bp) and the corresponding cDNA (1,857 nucleotides) from the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus sanguineus BRFM49 were cloned. This gene consisted of seven exons and six introns and encoded a predicted protein of 68 kDa, exceeding the mature tyrosinase by 23 kDa. P. sanguineus tyrosinase cDNA was over-expressed in Aspe...
Article
Tyrosinases are type-3 copper proteins involved in the initial step of melanin synthesis. These enzymes catalyse both the o-hydroxylation of monophenols and the subsequent oxidation of the resulting o-diphenols into reactive o-quinones, which evolve spontaneously to produce intermediates, which associate in dark brown pigments. In fungi, tyrosinase...
Article
By contaminating a Tunisian soil with black oxidized and sterilized olive-mill wastewaters (OMW), 30 new indigenous fungal soil strains able to overcome the OMW toxicity could be directly selected. Ten of the fungal strains previously isolated were screened for their capability to grow in a liquid culture medium containing oxidized OMW as the only...
Article
The influence of gaseous ethanol addition as inducer of laccase produced by Pycnoporus cinnabarinus ss3 in a biofilter packed with sugar-cane bagasse was investigated. Gaseous-ethanol concentration up to 13.3 g m−3 allowed an important increment of laccase activity. Maximum of laccase production of 90 U g−1 dry support, which was 45 times higher th...
Article
Tyrosinase production by Pycnoporus cinnabarinus and Pycnoporus sanguineus was screened among 20 strains originating from various geographical areas, particularly from tropical environments. The tyrosinase from the most efficient strain was purified and characterized and tested for food additive applications. Monophenolase and diphenolase activitie...
Article
Full-text available
An efficient transformation and expression system was developed for the industrially relevant basidiomycete Pycnoporus cinnabarinus. This was used to transform a laccase-deficient monokaryotic strain with the homologous lac1 laccase gene placed under the regulation of its own promoter or that of the SC3 hydrophobin gene or the glyceraldehyde-3-phos...
Article
Laccase production by the monokaryotic strain Pycnoporus cinnabarinus ss3 was studied using ethanol as inducer in the culture medium. The effect of ethanol was tested at 10, 20, 30, 35 and 45 g l-1 and compared with that of ferulic acid, known until now as the most efficient inducer for laccase expression by P. cinnabarinus ss3. In the presence of...
Article
The effects of the addition of ferulic acid and ethanol in P. cinnabarinus ss3 culture medium in fermentor were compared in 15-L fermentor. In the presence of 30 g l(-1) ethanol, laccase activity (270,000 U/L1) was 3-fold higher as compared with ferulic acid-induced cultures, and 150-fold higher as compared with non-induced cultures, respectively....
Article
This study investigated the lignolytic and hemicellulolytic pathways of a monokaryotic Pycnoporuscinnabarinus strain (ss3) hyperproducing laccase. The extracellular enzymes produced were identified as xylanase, laccase and cellobiose dehydrogenase (CDH). Their productions were examined using different natural substrates: cellulose, sugar beet pulp,...
Article
Full-text available
The production of laccase, an enzyme of industrial interest, was screened among species of the genus Pycnoporus, in particular P. sanguineus. Strains were isolated from various tropical Chinese environments and phylogenetically compared to ones deposited in international collections. Molecular clustering, based on ribosomal ITS1–5.8S-ITS2 genomic s...
Article
Full-text available
A new process involving the filamentous fungi Aspergillus niger and Pycnoporus cinnabarinus has been designed for the release of ferulic acid by enzymic degradation of a cheap and natural agricultural byproduct (autoclaved maize bran) and its biotransformation into vanillic acid and/or vanillin with a limited number of steps. On the one hand, the p...
Article
Full-text available
Pycnoporus cinnabarinus MUCL39533 was shown to be able to convert p-coumaric acid into p-hydroxybenzaldehyde, a component of high organoleptic note present in natural vanilla aroma. Use of phospholipid-enriched medium led to high-density cultures of P. cinnabarinus, since dry mycelial biomass was increased three-fold as compared to glucose medium....
Article
The biotransformation of L-phenylalanine into benzaldehyde (bitter almond aroma) was studied in the strain Trametes suaveolens CBS 334.85. Cultures of this fungus were carried out in the absence or in the presence of HP20 resin, a highly selective adsorbent for aromatic compounds. For the identification of the main catabolic pathways of L-phenylala...
Article
Full-text available
Aspergillus niger was explored, for the first time, for the production of 2-phenylethanol (a rose-like aroma) using L-phenylalanine as precursor. Among the strains screened, A. niger CMICC 298302 was shown to produce, in a culture medium containing 6 g L-phenylalanine l–1 and 60 g glucose l–1, 1375 mg 2-phenylethanol l–1 with a productivity of 153...
Article
A monokaryotic strain of the white-rot fungus Pycnoporus cinnabarinus was shown to produce, in a 2-L bioreactor culture, 100 mg.L-1 benzaldehyde (bitter almond aroma) from L-phenylalanine with a productivity of 33 mg.L-1.day-1. The addition of HP20 resin, a styrene divinylbenzene copolymer highly selective for benzaldehyde, enabled an eightfold inc...
Article
Full-text available
Consumer preference for natural food additives has led to an increasing demand for natural aromatic compounds. An alternative production process to plant and chemical sources is the use of biotechnological methods involving microorganisms, which ensure a stable supply, quality and price. Among filamentous fungi, white-rot basidiomycetes represent a...
Article
Ferulic acid, derived from sugar beet pulp, was used as precursor in a biotechnological two-step process to produce‘natural’ vanillin. This process combined the biotransformation of sugar beet pulp ferulic acid to vanillic acid by a micromycete, Aspergillus niger and the biotransformation of recovered vanillic acid into vanillin by a basidiomycete,...
Article
Full-text available
Among filamentous fungi, white-rot Basidiomycetes have become a strategic group to generate industrial romatic flavours. In the course of a basidiomycete screening, the biotechnological potential of Pycnoporus cinnabarinus strains was studied in order to produce, by transformation or de novo, natural aromatic flavours in liquid cultures. Ferulic ac...
Article
Full-text available
The specific activity of the microsomal delta 12-desaturase system, which transforms oleic acid into linoleic acid, was about 16 pmol/min/mg protein. However, most of the total activity was nonsedimentable even after a 200000 x g centrifugation for 100 min. The study of various physicochemical parameters showed that this enzymatic complex, function...
Article
The specific activity of the microsomal Δ12-desaturase system, which transforms oleic acid into linoleic acid, was about 16 pmol/min/mg protein. However, most of the total activity was nonsedimentable even after a 200000×g centrifugation for 100 min. The study of various physicochemical parameters showed that this enzymatic complex, functioning opt...
Article
Lipid composition, particularly the fatty acid composition (C6 to C25), of two strains of Penicillium roqueforti and of one strain of Penicillium camemberti was determined. The neutral lipid fraction, which is essentially composed of intracellular triglycerides, and the polar lipid fraction, composed of membrane phospholipids, were analyzed separat...
Article
Full-text available
The lipid composition, particularly the fatty acid composition (6–25 carbon atoms), of one strain of each species of Lipomyces and Waltomyces was determined; the influence of the culture temperature on the lipid composition was also studied. The neutral lipid fraction, essentially composed of intracellular triacylglycerols, and the polar fraction,...