Anne-Claude Gingras

Anne-Claude Gingras
Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto · Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute (LTRI)

PhD

About

624
Publications
82,071
Reads
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43,422
Citations
Citations since 2017
369 Research Items
20387 Citations
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Additional affiliations
April 2006 - present
University of Toronto
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
December 2005 - present
Mount Sinai Hospital, Toronto
Position
  • Senior Investigator
February 2002 - November 2005
Institute for Systems Biology
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (624)
Article
Full-text available
Direct contact between cells expressing either ephrin ligands or Eph receptor tyrosine kinase produces diverse developmental responses. Transmembrane ephrinB ligands play active roles in transducing bi-directional signals downstream of EphB/ephrinB interaction. However, it has not been well understood how ephrinB relays transcellular signals to nei...
Article
Unlabelled: Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) have a diminished response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination compared with immunocompetent individuals. Deeper understanding of antibody responses in KTRs following third-dose vaccination would enable identification of those who remain unprotected against Omicron. Methods: We profiled antibody responses in...
Article
The mitochondrial ClpP protease is responsible for mitochondrial protein quality control through specific degradation of proteins involved in several metabolic processes. ClpP overexpression is also required in many cancer cells to eliminate reactive oxygen species (ROS)-damaged proteins and to sustain oncogenesis. Targeting ClpP to dysregulate its...
Preprint
Toxin-antitoxin (TA) systems are abundant genetic modules in bacterial chromosomes and on mobile elements. They are often patchily distributed and their physiological functions remain poorly understood. Here, we characterize a TA system in Legionella pneumophila that is highly conserved across Legionella species. This system is distantly related to...
Preprint
Full-text available
SLC3A2 (4F2hc, CD98) is an adaptor to the SLC7A exchangers and has undergone extensive repositioning of N-glycosylation sites with vertebrate evolution, presumably in synchrony with the species-specific demands of metabolism. The SLC3A2*SLC7A5 heterodimer imports essential amino acids (AA) and thereby stimulates mTOR signaling, while SLC3A2*SLC7A11...
Preprint
Mitochondria interact with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) at structurally and functionally specialized membrane contact sites known as mitochondria-ER contact sites (MERCs). MERCs are crucial for a myriad of physiological functions including lipid synthesis and transport, and calcium signaling. Alterations in the structure, composition or regulatio...
Article
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Rapid advancements of genome sequencing (GS) technologies have enhanced our understanding of the relationship between genes and human disease. To incorporate genomic information into the practice of medicine, new processes for the analysis, reporting, and communication of GS data are needed. Blood samples were collected from adults with a PCR-confi...
Article
Full-text available
V-ATPases are rotary proton pumps that serve as signaling hubs with numerous protein binding partners. CryoEM with exhaustive focused classification allowed detection of endogenous proteins associated with porcine kidney V-ATPase. An extra C subunit was found in ∼3% of complexes, whereas ∼1.6% of complexes bound mEAK-7, a protein with proposed role...
Article
Mutated in Colorectal Cancer (MCC) encodes a coiled-coil protein implicated, as its name suggests, in the pathogenesis of hereditary human colon cancer. To date, however, the contributions of MCC to intestinal homeostasis and disease remain unclear. Here, we examine the subcellular localization of MCC, both at the mRNA and protein levels, in the ad...
Article
BACKGROUND: The rate of breakthrough infection in vaccinated Ontarians during the Omicron wave is unknown. METHODS: Active participants of the Safety and Efficacy of Preventative COVID Vaccines (STOPCoV) study (892 >age 70 years and 369 aged 30–50 years) were invited to participate in a sub-study evaluating breakthrough COVID-19 infection. Self-adm...
Article
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We identified the BCL11A protein in a proximity-dependent biotinylation screen performed with the DNA glycosylase NTHL1. In vitro, DNA repair assays demonstrate that both BCL11A and a small recombinant BCL11A160–520 protein that is devoid of DNA binding and transcription regulatory domains can stimulate the enzymatic activities of two base excision...
Preprint
Full-text available
To maintain genome integrity, cells must avoid DNA damage by ensuring the accurate duplication of the genome and by having efficient repair and signaling systems that counteract the genome-destabilizing potential of DNA lesions. To uncover genes and pathways that suppress DNA damage in human cells, we undertook genome-scale CRISPR/Cas9 screens that...
Article
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There is evidence that COVID-19 convalescent plasma may improve outcomes of patients with impaired immune systems; however, more clinical trials are required. Although we have previously used a 50% plaque reduction/neutralization titer (PRNT50) assay to qualify convalescent plasma for clinical trials and virus-like particle (VLP) assays to validate...
Preprint
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The DNA repair scaffold SLX4 has pivotal roles in cellular processes that maintain genome stability, most notably homologous recombination. Germline mutations in SLX4 are associated with Fanconi anemia, a disease characterized by chromosome instability and cancer susceptibility. The role of mammalian SLX4 in homologous recombination depends critica...
Article
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Targeted protein degradation (TPD) strategies exploit bivalent small molecules to bridge substrate proteins to an E3 ubiquitin ligase to induce substrate degradation. Few E3s have been explored as degradation effectors due to a dearth of E3-binding small molecules. We show that genetically induced recruitment to the GID4 subunit of the CTLH E3 comp...
Article
The Hippo pathway is dysregulated in many different cancers, but point mutations in the pathway are rare. Transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ) and Yes-associated protein (YAP) fusion proteins have emerged in almost all major cancer types and represent the most common genetic mechanism by which the two transcriptional co-activat...
Article
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Pyrvinium is a quinoline-derived cyanine dye and an approved anti-helminthic drug reported to inhibit WNT signaling and have anti-proliferative effects in various cancer cell lines. To further understand the mechanism by which pyrvinium is cytotoxic, we conducted a pooled genome-wide CRISPR loss-of-function screen in the human HAP1 cell model. The...
Article
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AFDN/Afadin is required for establishment and maintenance of cell-cell contacts and is a unique effector of RAS GTPases. The biological consequences of RAS complex with AFDN are unknown. We used proximity-based proteomics to generate an interaction map for two isoforms of AFDN, identifying the polarity protein SCRIB/Scribble as the top hit. We reve...
Article
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Immunocompromised patients are predisposed to severe COVID-19. Here we compare homotypic and heterotypic humoral and cellular immune responses to Omicron BA.1 in organ transplant patients across a diverse clinical spectrum. We perform variant-specific pseudovirus neutralization assays for D614G, and Omicron-BA.1, -BA.2, and Delta variants. We also...
Article
Background Maintenance of the kidney filtration barrier requires coordinated interactions between podocytes and the underlying glomerular basement membrane (GBM). GBM ligands bind podocyte integrins, which triggers actin-based signaling events critical for adhesion. Nck1/2 adaptors have emerged as essential regulators of podocyte cytoskeletal dynam...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Initial reports suggest people experiencing homelessness (PEH) are at high risk for SARS-CoV-2 infection and associated morbidity and mortality. However, there have been few longitudinal evaluations of the spread and impact of COVID-19 among PEH. This study will estimate the prevalence and incidence of COVID-19 infections in a cohort...
Article
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The extent of the COVID-19 pandemic will be better understood through serosurveys and SARS-CoV-2 antibody testing. Dried blood spot (DBS) samples will play a central role in large scale serosurveillance by simplifying biological specimen collection and transportation, especially in Canada. Direct comparative performance data on multiplex SARS-CoV-2...
Article
Mass spectrometry-based profiling of the phosphoproteome is a powerful method of identifying phosphorylation events at a systems level. Most phosphoproteomics studies have used data-dependent acquisition (DDA) mass spectrometry as their method of choice. In this Perspective, we review some recent studies benchmarking DDA and DIA methods for phospho...
Article
Systematic analysis of affinity-purified samples by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) requires high coverage, reproducibility, and sensitivity. While data-independent acquisition (DIA) approaches improve the reproducibility of protein-protein interaction detection as compared to standard data-dependent acquisition approache...
Article
Full-text available
Autophagy selectively targets cargo for degradation, yet mechanistic understanding remains incomplete. The ATG8-family plays key roles in autophagic cargo recruitment. Here by mapping the proximal interactome of ATG8-paralogs, LC3B and LC3C, we uncover a LC3C-Endocytic-Associated-Pathway (LEAP) that selectively recruits plasma-membrane (PM) cargo t...
Article
Alternative splicing (AS) is a critical regulatory layer; yet, factors controlling functionally coordinated splicing programs during developmental transitions are poorly understood. Here, we employ a screening strategy to identify factors controlling dynamic splicing events important for mammalian neurogenesis. Among previously unknown regulators,...
Preprint
Objectives To identify factors that contribute to protection from infection with the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2 in older adults in nursing and retirement homes. Design Longitudinal cohort study with retrospective analysis of infection risk. Setting and Participants 997 residents of nursing and retirement homes from Ontario, Canada, in the COVI...
Preprint
Background: Kidney transplant recipients (KTR) have a diminished response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination in comparison to immunocompetent individuals. Deeper understanding of the antibody response in KTRs following third-dose vaccination would enable identification of those who remain unprotected against Omicron and require additional treatment strategi...
Preprint
Calcineurin, or PP2B, the Ca ²⁺ and calmodulin-activated phosphatase and target of immunosuppressants, has many substrates and functions that remain undiscovered. By combining rapid proximity-dependent labeling with cell cycle synchronization, we mapped calcineurin’s spatial distribution in different cell cycle stages. While calcineurin-proximal pr...
Article
Chromosomal translocations frequently promote carcinogenesis by producing gain-of-function fusion proteins. Recent studies have identified highly recurrent chromosomal translocations in patients with endometrial stromal sarcomas (ESSs) and ossifying fibromyxoid tumors (OFMTs), leading to an in-frame fusion of PHF1 (PCL1) to six different subunits o...
Article
Full-text available
Cell-mediated immunity is critical for long-term protection against most viral infections, including coronaviruses. We studied 23 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)-infected survivors over a 1-year post-symptom onset (PSO) interval by ex vivo cytokine enzyme-linked immunosorbent spot assay (ELISpot) assay. All subjects dem...
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We describe the qualitative test characteristics of the Abbott SARS-CoV-2 IgG II Quant assay against four other anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG assays commonly used in Canada. Although there is no gold standard for identifying anti-SARS-CoV-2 seropositivity, aggregate standards can be used to assess seropositivity.
Article
Les différences d’immunogénicité entre les vaccins anti-SRAS-CoV-2 à ARNm n’ont pas été bien caractérisées chez les patients hémodialysés. Nous avons comparé la réponse sérologique chez les patients sous hémodialyse après la vaccination contre le SRAS-CoV-2 au moyen des vaccins BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) et mRNA-1273 (Moderna). MÉTHODES: Nous avons...
Preprint
PTX-COVID19-B mRNA vaccine encodes for SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein G614 variant and lacks the proline-proline (986-987 position) mutation present in other COVID-19 vaccines. This Phase 1 observer-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled, ascending dose study evaluated the safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity of two doses of PTX-COVID19-B vaccine in...
Article
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Most research aiming at understanding the molecular foundations of life and disease has focused on a limited set of increasingly well-known proteins while the biological functions of many others remain poorly understood. We propose to form the Understudied Protein Initiative with the objective of reducing the annotation gap by systematically associ...
Article
When decellularizing kidneys, it is important to maintain the integrity of the acellular extracellular matrix (ECM), including associated adhesion proteins and growth factors that allow recellularized cells to adhere and migrate according to ECM specificity. Kidney decellularization requires the ionic detergent sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS); however...
Article
Understanding dynamic subcellular organization in living cells is key to unravelling mechanisms of intracellular signaling that goes awry in disease. Using proximity-dependent biotinylation (BioID), we first established a reference map for the human cell at steady state (Go et al., Nature, 2021; humancellmap.org) that serves to identify protein bai...
Article
Calcineurin (CN), the serine/threonine protein phosphatase and the target of immunosuppressants, is a critical regulator of Ca2+ signaling. To discover novel CN-regulated processes, we examined an understudied isoform, CNAb1, that is highly conserved across vertebrates and expressed in every human tissue. CN is a heterodimer of regulatory and catal...
Article
Cancer and other proliferative diseases are driven by cooperative rewiring of growth signaling and metabolism, where posttranslational modifications to proteins play a critical role in maintaining the disease state. Most PTMs require metabolites as donor substrates, providing underappreciated link between metabolism and signaling. Protein N-glycosy...
Article
SARS-CoV-2 is a novel respiratory virus that has quickly spread across the globe. The virus uses a protein called Spike and its associated receptor binding domain (RBD) to interact with angiotensin converting enzyme-2 (ACE-2) on the surface of epithelial cells in the respiratory tract. Although a definite correlate of protection against COVID-19 ha...
Article
COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2). We previously developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) protocol to profile antibody responses to the SARS-CoV-2 Spike protein and its receptor-binding domain (RBD) in the saliva of patients with COVID-19. Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antib...
Article
Background: Limited information is available on the impact of immunosuppressants on COVID-19 vaccination in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). Methods: This observational cohort study examined the immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosin...
Article
Full-text available
Although SARS-CoV-2 infects the upper respiratory tract, we know little about the amount, type, and kinetics of antibodies (Ab) generated in the oral cavity in response to COVID-19 vaccination. We collected serum and saliva samples from participants receiving two doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccines and measured the level of anti-SARS-CoV-2 Ab. We detec...
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Background SARS-CoV-2 omicron variant of concern (VOC) has evolved multiple mutations within the spike protein, raising concerns of increased antibody evasion. In this study, we assessed the neutralization potential of COVID-19 convalescent sera and sera from vaccinated individuals against ancestral SARS-CoV-2 and VOCs. Methods The neutralizing ac...
Article
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Objectives: Antibody testing against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been instrumental in detecting previous exposures and analyzing vaccine-elicited immune responses. Here, we describe a scalable solution to detect and quantify SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, discriminate between natural infection- and vaccination-induced...
Preprint
Tumour suppressor p53 ( TP53 ) is the most frequently mutated gene in cancer. Several hotspot p53 mutants not only lose tumour suppressive capabilities, but also function in a dominant-negative manner, suppressing canonical wild-type p53 function. Furthermore, some hotspot p53 mutants promote oncogenesis by gain-of-function mechanisms. Levels of p5...
Article
The SARS‐CoV‐2 virus Omicron variant has now supplanted wild‐type virus as the dominant circulating strain globally. Three doses of mRNA COVID‐19 vaccine are recommended for transplant recipients as their primary vaccine series. However, the immunogenicity of mRNA vaccines as they specifically relate to the Omicron variant are not well studied. We...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, proximity-dependent biotinylation approaches, including BioID, APEX, and their derivatives, have been widely used to define the compositions of organelles and other structures in cultured cells and model organisms. The associations between specific proteins and given compartments are regulated by several post-translational modifica...
Article
Full-text available
Proximity-dependent biotinylation (BioID) screens are excellent tools to capture in cellulo interactomes for a large variety of baits, including transient and weak affinity interactions, as well as localization-specific proximity components, which are much harder to detect with conventional approaches. Here, we describe the major starting steps and...
Article
Full-text available
Here, we describe an approach to estimating seroprevalence in a low prevalence setting when multiple assays are available and yet no known gold standard exists. Because serological studies identify cases through both diagnostic testing and surveillance, and otherwise silent, unrecognized infections, serological data can be used to estimate the true...
Article
Importance: The incidence of infection during SARS-CoV-2 viral waves, the factors associated with infection, and the durability of antibody responses to infection among Canadian adults remain undocumented. Objective: To assess the cumulative incidence of SARS-CoV-2 infection during the first 2 viral waves in Canada by measuring seropositivity am...
Article
Full-text available
This study attempted to understand the levels of neutralizing titers and the breadth of antibody protection against wild-type and variant severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Canadian blood donors during the first 3 months of 2021. During this period, it is unlikely that many of the blood donors had received a second dose...
Preprint
Full-text available
Systematic analysis of affinity-purified samples by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) requires high coverage, reproducibility, and sensitivity. Data-independent acquisition (DIA) approaches improve the reproducibility of protein-protein interaction detection by alleviating the stochasticity of data-dependent acquisition (DD...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background To partially immunize more persons against COVID-19 during a time of limited vaccine availability, Canadian public health officials recommended extending the vaccine dose interval and brand mixing. Impact on the antibody response among the older ambulatory population was unclear. Methods Decentralized prospective cohort study with self-...
Article
Background: Differences in immuno-genicity between mRNA SARS-CoV-2 vaccines have not been well characterized in patients undergoing dialysis. We compared the serologic response in patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis after vaccination against SARS-CoV-2 with BNT162b2 (Pfizer-BioNTech) and mRNA-1273 (Moderna). Methods: We conducted a pros...
Article
The nucleus is highly compartmentalized through the formation of distinct classes of membraneless domains. However, the composition and function of many of these structures are not well understood. Using APEX2-mediated proximity labeling and RNA sequencing, we surveyed human transcripts associated with nuclear speckles, several additional domains,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Limited information is available on the impact of immunosuppressants on COVID-19 vaccination in patients with immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMID). Methods This observational cohort study examined the immunogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 mRNA vaccines in adult patients with inflammatory bowel disease, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing sp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cellular-mediated immunity is critical for long-term protection against most viral infections, including coronaviruses. We studied 23 SARS-CoV-2-infected survivors over a one year post symptom onset (PSO) interval by ex vivo cytokine ELISpot assay. All subjects demonstrated SARS-CoV-2-specific IFN-γ, IL-2, and Granzyme B (GzmB) T cell responses at...
Preprint
The omicron variant of concern (VOC) of SARS-CoV-2 was first reported in November 2021 in Botswana and South Africa. Omicron variant has evolved multiple mutations within the spike protein and the receptor binding domain (RBD), raising concerns of increased antibody evasion. Here, we isolated infectious omicron from a clinical specimen obtained in...
Article
Transcription is orchestrated by thousands of transcription factors (TFs) and chromatin-associated proteins, but how these are causally connected to transcriptional activation is poorly understood. Here, we conduct an unbiased proteome-scale screen to systematically uncover human proteins that activate transcription in a natural chromatin context....