Annalisa Setti

Annalisa Setti
University College Cork | UCC · School of Applied Psychology

PhD

About

120
Publications
17,625
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,286
Citations
Introduction
I am interested in Cognitive Psychology of ageing and over the lifespan, my current projects are on the role of lived environment on cognition; exercise in older age and its impact on sensory processing; sensory and multisensory perception and cognition in ageing and falls prevention; I work in a Grounded and Embodied Cognition framework
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - present
Trinity College Dublin
January 2005 - December 2009
University of Bologna

Publications

Publications (120)
Article
Full-text available
While there is evidence for the effects of positive psychology interventions (PPIs) in the Western world, we know little about their effects on Arab cultures. This review aimed to assess the effects of PPIs on well‐being and mental health across Arab countries. Systematic searches of randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi‐experimental studie...
Article
Lee, N., Setti, A., & Cassarino, M. (2022). Gratitude as a predictor of pro-environmental behaviour? A survey investigation considering the role of environmental values and nature connectedness. Journal of Ecopsychology, 2, 2, 1-12. https://joe.nationalwellbeingservice.com/volumes/volume-2-2022/volume-2-article-2/ Background: Implementation of eff...
Article
Age-related sensory decline impacts cognitive performance and exposes individuals to a greater risk of cognitive decline. Integration across the senses also changes with age, yet the link between multisensory perception and cognitive ageing is poorly understood. We explored the relationship between multisensory integration and cognitive function in...
Article
Background: As the European population ages, it becomes increasingly important to promote and facilitate healthy and active ageing and age-friendly societies. Professionals across a range of disciplines and sectors need knowledge and skills to support both. Objective: This scoping review aims to identify and map the literature on learning needs, le...
Poster
Background: Older people are projected to make up almost one third of the European population by 2060. Healthy and active ageing (HAA) and age-friendly society frameworks offer a method to capitalise on this increasingly older demographic. To inform a new online EU-based taught masters programme, a scoping review and subsequent multinational survey...
Article
Full-text available
1. The benefits of exposure to nature for health and well-being have been demonstrated across multiple disciplines. Recent work has sought to establish one 'dose' or type of nature exposure that is universally beneficial, which has proven difficult. 2. We use the principles of psychopharmacology to look beyond the use of dose as a concept for presc...
Poster
Introduction: The demographic in Europe is steadily ageing. Healthy and active ageing (HAA) and age-friendly society frameworks define and attempt to address the challenges of an ageing society. To inform a new online EU-based master’s programme in active ageing, a scoping literature review attempted to identify potential students’ learning needs r...
Poster
Introduction: Healthy and active ageing (HAA) and age-friendly society frameworks may help address the challenges of an ageing European society. This study aimed to identify related learning needs, as perceived by multiple stakeholders, to inform an online multi-country master’s programme. Methods: An anonymous online survey collected data from sen...
Article
Full-text available
Promoting physical activity amongst older adults represents a major public health goal and community-led exercise programmes present benefits in promoting active lifestyles. Commercial activity trackers potentially encourage positive behaviour change with respect to physical exercise. This qualitative study investigated the experiences and attitude...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives:Perceptions of ageing can become a self-fulfilling prophecy for older adults, with those who hold more negative views of ageing experiencing more negative consequences of the ageing process, including poorer health and cognitive declines. Exposure to negative stereotypes about their group can also affect older adults performance in cogni...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity presents clear benefits for children’s cognition. This study examined the effect of a single session of open- and closed-skill exercise on multisensory perception, i.e. the ability to appropriately merge inputs from different sensory modalities, and on working memory (verbal, visuo-spatial and motor working memory) in 51 children...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies suggest that the lived environment can affect cognition across the lifespan. We examined, in a large cohort of older adults (n = 3447), whether susceptibility to a multisensory illusion, the Sound-Induced Flash Illusion (SIFI), was influenced by the reported urbanity of current and childhood (at age 14 years) residence. If urban envi...
Article
Full-text available
Multisensory perception might provide an important marker of brain function in ageing. However, the cortical structures supporting multisensory perception in ageing are poorly understood. In this study, we compared regional grey matter volume in a group of middle-aged (n = 101; 49 – 64 years) and older (n = 116; 71 – 87 years) adults from The Irish...
Article
Full-text available
A growing interest in ameliorating multisensory perception deficits in older adults arises from recent evidence showing that impaired multisensory processing, particularly in the temporal domain, may be associated with cognitive and functional impairments. Perceptual training has proved successful in improving multisensory temporal processing in yo...
Article
Full-text available
The number of students affected by exam anxiety continues to rise. Therefore, it is becoming progressively relevant to explore innovative remediation strategies that will help mitigate the debilitating effects of exam anxiety. The study aimed to investigate whether green environment exposure, delivered by virtual reality (VR) technology, would serv...
Article
Full-text available
Sensory impairment is common in ageing, as are approaches to treat it. However, the impact of age-related sensory impairment upon multisensory perception remains unex-plored, despite the multisensory nature of our environment. Here, we used data from The Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing (TILDA) to investigate whether common, age-related eye disea...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 outbreak imposed to Italian families many changes in their daily life increasing the risk of developing psychological problems. The present study explored risk factors associated with parenting stress and implications for children's emotion regulation in families with different socioeconomic risks. Parents of 2-14 years old children co...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Understanding the impact of local communities on wellbeing is a paramount Sustainable Development Goal. In order to inform people-centred planning interventions, it is important to understand what demographic groups need supportive communities the most and where. This study explored associations between perceived neighbourhood character...
Article
Full-text available
In the Sound-Induced Flash Illusion (SIFI) sound dramatically alters visual perception, as presenting a single flash with two beeps results in the perception of two flashes. In this comprehensive review, we synthesise 20 years of research using the SIFI, from over 100 studies. We discuss the neural and computational principles governing this illusi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The number of students affected by exam anxiety continues to rise. Therefore, it is becoming progressively relevant to explore innovative remediation strategies that will help mitigate the debilitating effects of exam anxiety. The study aimed to investigate whether green environment exposure, delivered by virtual reality (VR) technology, would serv...
Research
Full-text available
Background: The promotion of pro-environmental behaviours (PEBs) at the individual level is seen as important to reversing the anthropogenically induced shift in the Earth’s climate. Implementation of effective environmental policies requires an understanding of the personal factors predisposing people to engage in such behaviours. As a psychologic...
Preprint
Full-text available
In addition to established body image alterations, abnormal perception and executive functioning in anorexia nervosa (AN), neurocognitive factors including multisensory integration (MSI) and episodic memory (EM) might play a pivotal role in the diagnosis of this disorder. According to the allocentric lock theory, deficits in the updating of distort...
Research
Full-text available
The current report aimed to investigate the relationship between PEB and dispositional gratitude in a general population sample. A further aim was to explore the potential moderating roles of nature relatedness and environmental value orientation, two concepts related to PEB. The study protocol is publicly available at https://aspredicted.org/xc5rz...
Preprint
Full-text available
The benefits of exposure to nature for health and wellbeing have been demonstrated across multiple disciplines, with empirical data serving as a foundation for conceptual frameworks. However, with fundamental issues apparent even within the definition of what “nature” means, and a general assumption that nature will be beneficial to all in all ways...
Book
Full-text available
Human factors play a fundamental role in driving performance and in the errors and violations that can be committed behind the wheel. While new technologies will soon allow “automatic” driving, it continues to be crucial to analyse and understand the factors determining human error during driving. Errors, carelessness, and driving violations can be...
Article
Objectives: To investigate whether the relationship between subjective age-related hearing loss (SARHL) and episodic memory functioning is mediated by measures of social functioning. Methods: Using data from 8,163 adults over 50 that participated in the Irish Longitudinal Study of Ageing (three waves, each two years apart), we used a multiple media...
Preprint
In the Sound-Induced Flash Illusion (SIFI) sound dramatically alters visual perception, as presenting a single flash with two beeps results in the perception of two flashes. In this timely review, we synthesise 20 years of research using the SIFI, from over 100 studies. We discuss the neural and computational principles governing this illusion and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Physical activity presents clear benefits for children's cognition; this study examined the effect of a single exercise session of open- or closed-skill exercise, as opposed to a no-exercise activity on multisensory perception, i.e. the ability to appropriately merge inputs from different sensory modalities, and on working memory (verbal, visuo-spa...
Article
Full-text available
Perception of our world is proposed to arise from combining multiple sensory inputs according to their relative reliability. We tested multisensory processes in a large sample of 2920 older adults to assess whether sensory ability mediates age-related changes in perception. Participants completed a test of audio-visual integration, the Sound Induce...
Article
Although there is some evidence suggesting that audiovisual integration is inefficient in older adults, and that such inefficiency is associated with age-related functions such as mild cognitive impairment, falls, and balance maintenance, these associations have yet to be demonstrated in a population-representative study of ageing. Based on a sampl...
Article
Purpose: It is well-known that stereotypes on aging and perceptions about the suitability of certain jobs for certain age groups can influence performance ratings. However, it is unclear whether and how subjective views on aging are associated with judgment on someone else’s performance. The purpose of this study is to explore the role of aging per...
Article
Background Multisensory perception is the ability to merge information from different sensory modalities. There is a growing interest in identifying ways to improve multisensory perception abilities in older adults, as inefficient multisensory processing has been linked to cognitive and functional impairments. Previous research has shown multisenso...
Article
Background In ageing, multisensory integration, i.e. the ability to combine efficiently information from different sensory modalities, is emerging as a stand-alone contributor to explaining cognitive and functional deficits. Experimental evidence shows that inefficient multisensory integration is associated with cognitive impairment, falls and bala...
Presentation
Full-text available
In this mixed-methods study, we investigated older people's preferences of outdoor spaces for walking and associations with cognitive and sensory vulnerability.
Chapter
Younger populations are less likely to engage with Positive Psychology Interventions (PPIs) while potentially benefiting from them; and socially disadvantaged individuals have been shown to have lower levels of well-being, therefore also potentially befitting from PPIs. Online dissemination could be a means to reach these populations, however adher...
Article
Full-text free e-copy: https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/JvI7uUJxIyUWtwM6Yw9V/full?target=10.1080/0361073X.2019.162749 Background/Study Context: An accumulating body of literature indicates that contact with natural settings can benefit health and wellbeing. Numerous studies support Attention Restoration Theory (ART), which suggests that even sho...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Studies suggest that lutein and zeaxanthin may be important for cognitive development in children, but a comprehensive evidence synthesis is lacking. The purpose of this evidence synthesis was to analyse the available data regarding the role of lutein and zeaxanthin for cognition in children and propose a theoretical basis for future st...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Physical exercise, particularly walking, benefits healthy ageing. Understanding the environmental circumstances in which exercise occurs is crucial to the promotion of physical activity in older age. Most studies have focused on the structural dimensions of environments that may foster walking; however, individual differences in how old...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Attention Restoration Theory (ART) suggests that walking or being in natural settings, as opposed to urban environments, benefits cognitive skills because it is less demanding on attentional resources. However, it is unclear whether the same occurs when the person is performing a complex task such as driving, although it is proven that...
Research Proposal
Contribute to our Special Topic on cognition and driving across the lifespan, submissions open!
Article
Full-text available
While creativity is a vastly debated topic, little research has been dedicated to determining whether exercise can boost cognitive factors associated with creativity, such as divergent thinking. Yoga, as a form of exercise, comprises physical activity and open-monitoring meditation, which may increase divergent thinking. We compared performance on...
Article
Full-text available
The Special Topic on Embodied Cognition over the Lifespan and in Applied Settings aimed at gathering evidence on the role of EC in development, adulthood, and aging, and to shed light on the applied fields benefiting from this approach. The collection originating from it shows the variety and richness of studies falling under this umbrella. The col...
Article
Full-text available
The sound-induced flash illusion is a multisensory illusion occurring when one flash is presented with two beeps and perceived as two flashes. Younger individuals are largely susceptible to the illusion when the stimulus onset asynchrony between the first and the second beep falls within the temporal window of integration, but the susceptibility fa...
Article
Background: Geographical variations in cognitive health have been extensively explored, but the evidence on adult individuals with disabilities is inconclusive. While urban living is suggested as more cognitively stimulating than rural dwelling in epidemiological research, both rurality and urbanity can present barriers that may negatively impact...
Article
Full-text available
Perceptions of aging (PoA) can negatively impact older adults in domains such as cognition, mobility and health. The stereotype embodiment model outlines how perceptions of aging are internalized over a lifetime and have consequences on health in later life. However, the mechanisms through which negative PoA produce their negative effects remains u...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates whether sport activities involving children with a disability can reduce negative attitudes towards disability in children without disability. We compared the effect of being schoolmate or member of the same football team whereby a child with disability was member of the class/team or not. This lead to four groups tha...
Data
Statistical supplementary materials. The material includes supplementary analysis performed to better describe the phenomena reported in the paper. In particular, the analysis that were performed on the IAT data collected in T1 are included together with the analysis concerning the internal consistency of the explicit questionnaire, the analysis pe...
Data
Explicit questionnaire. The questions composing the Explicit questionnaire are reported in table. (PDF)
Data
Dataset. The data that were analysed are reported as a function of the experimental variables for each participant. (XLSX)
Presentation
Full-text available
In an increasingly older and urbanised world, identifying environmental factors that contribute to cognitive health in ageing is a current priority for research and policy. Using outdoor spaces benefits mental and physical health as we grow old; however, little is yet known on which specific environmental characteristics (e.g., presence of green, w...
Article
Background - Understanding how increasing urbanisation affects health inequalities with ageing has gained growing interest [1], but the synergistic influence of environmental and individual factors on cognitive ageing is yet unclear [2]. The present study investigated the impact on cognitive health of living in more or less densely populated areas...
Article
Objective To determine if self-reported unsteadiness during walking is associated with fear of falling (FOF), fear-related activity restriction, falls, and disability over 2 years in community-dwelling adults. Design Data were obtained from the first 2 waves of The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing, a population-based study. Setting Participants...
Conference Paper
Poor balance may increase the risk of fear of falling (FOF) and falls in older adults. In this analysis, we examine if self-reported unsteadiness during walking is independently associated with FOF, fear-related activity restriction and falls reported at two years follow-up. Data were obtained from the first two waves of The Irish Longitudinal Stud...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Exposure to green scenes has been proven restorative for directed attention (Attention restoration theory, ART) in young adults, but very few studies have beneficial effects of green on older adults’ attention. The present study aimed to test ART on older individuals considering the potential influence of current environment of residenc...
Conference Paper
Navigating an urban environment requires the brain to process complex sensory information coming from multiple sources (e.g., the body’s movement, noise, traffic, crowded places) and deal with multiple tasks at the same time (e.g., crossing the road while holding a conversation). As individuals grow old and develop functional limitations, they beco...
Article
Full-text available
One single bout of exercise can be associated with positive effects on cognition, due to physiological changes associated with muscular activity, increased arousal, and training of cognitive skills during exercise. While the positive effects of life-long physical activity on cognitive ageing are well demonstrated, it is not well established whether...
Data
Beta coefficients from multiple regression analysis on digit span product scores at Time 2. (DOCX)
Data
Beta coefficients from multiple regression analysis on d’ prime scores at Time 2. (DOCX)
Data
Digit span scores for the three groups of participants before and after their activity. T1, time 1; T2, time 2. (DOCX)
Data
Participants who completed perception experiment at Time 1 and Time 2. (DOCX)