Annalisa Rizzo

Annalisa Rizzo
Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro | Università di Bari · Dipartimento di Scienze Agro Ambientali e Territoriali (Di.S.A.A.T.)

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26
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289
Citations

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Background and Objectives Dietary habits strongly influence our health status, mostly, in terms of maintenance of the inflammatory/anti-inflammatory homeostasis. High fat and high sugar diets account for the development of a low-grade inflammation which is the pathogenic common denominator of various chronic disease. Severe Acute Respiratory Syndro...
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Recently, a new molecule, kisspeptin (Kp), and in particular Kisspeptin 10 (Kp10), was implicated in stimulating the hypothalamic‐pituitary‐gonadal axis. The aim of this study was to evaluate circulating Kp10 levels in the early postpartum period of the dairy cow. Blood samples were collected from 40 dairy cows, at 10 (T10), 12 (T12), 14 (T14), and...
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The aim of this study was to investigate kisspeptin (Kp) and sexual hormone blood concentrations in healthy dairy cows (H) and in cows diagnosed with ovarian follicular cysts (FC). Forty dairy cows were enrolled in this study and divided in 2 groups of 20 subjects each. All cows underwent blood collection on the day of diagnosis and on that of heat...
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Natural killer (NK) cells are innate immune effectors of the host defence against a variety of pathogens and tumours. Phenotypically they are characterized by surface markers named cluster designation (CD) antigens. CD56 and CD 16 are recognized as specific NK markers in the dogs as well as in humans. Surgical interventions suppress NK cells both i...
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Unlabelled: Background. Experimental evidence suggests a relationship between the vasodilatory effect of hCG and the NOS system in the testis. The influence of hCG administration on testicular vascular NOS gene expression has not been fully investigated. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the presence of the nitric oxide syntheses gene in r...
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This paper reviews puerperal metritis in the cow, particularly the complex and multi-factorial pathogenesis characterized by an altered cross-talk among infectious agents, endocrine and immune systems. Uterine infections impair fertility and is one of the main causes of economic losses in dairy production. The early postpartum is a period character...
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This study investigates the effects of mefepronic acid (MA), a PPAR-α agonist, on hepatic metabolic functions and reproduction of postpartum dairy cows. Sixty Friesian cows were divided into Group A (administered 5g of MA IM, within 24 hrs after calving, on the 3rd and 5th day postpartum) and Group B (control). All the cows were blood sampled withi...
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Tyrosine kinase receptors (TKRs) play a key role in tumour cell proliferation and survival since they are involved in endothelial cell activation leading to tumour neoangiogenesis. In particular, vascular endothelial growth factor receptors (VEGFRs), platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), stem cell factor receptor (c-KitR), and colony-sti...
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In infants delivered by cesarian section, the immune system could be influenced by anesthetic drugs that may cross the placenta and reach the fetal circulation. Factors that determine placental transfer of anesthetics and their distribution into and ultimate removal from fetal tissue include physiochemical properties of the compound; the anatomic f...
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Energetic substrates and hormonal phase are important for uterine contractions. Etomoxir a muscle carnitine palmitoyltransferase-1 inhibitor, able to diverge uterine metabolic pathways towards glycolysis, facilitates glucose utilisation. The aim of this study was to evaluate its effect on uterine contractility in different hormonal situations. Uter...
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The L-Arginine-Nitric Oxide Synthase-Nitric Oxide (L-Arg-NOS-NO) system exerts a pivotal role in the maintenance of uterine quiescence during pregnancy, whereas Homocysteine (Hcy) promotes uterine contractility. The aim of this study was to test the in vitro effects of L-Arg on spontaneous and Hcy-induced contractions of uteri excised from pregnant...
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Bovine follicular cysts are an ovarian disorder of dairy cows associated with abnormal estrous behaviour and infertility. The treatment of choice is intramuscular administration of a GnRH analogue, which acts by triggering pituitary release of LH. However, the presence of GnRH and GnRH receptors on spinal cord and ovary in some species, and the kin...
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This study investigates the mechanisms of action by which a GnRH analogue may modulate the contractility of the bovine ovarian follicular wall. The in vitro evaluation of the spontaneous basal contractility of bovine preovulatory and cystic follicles was performed, followed by testing the effects of lecirelin, a GnRH analogue, on their basal contra...
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LH/hCG receptor has been found in extragonadal tissues in human and animals. The myometrium presents such receptors but their functional role is still not clear. Aim of our study was to test the activity of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on bovine uterine contractility. Uterine strips from cows both during follicular and luteal phases were moun...
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Any peritoneal inflammatory process consequent to infections or surgical injuries may induce abdominal adhesion formation. Peritoneal adhesions are connective laciniae that develop among abdomino-pelvic organs that limit physiologic visceral motion. Consequently, fertility may be impaired, and intestinal obstruction and pelvic pain may develop, mai...
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The follicular development in the cow occurs in a wave-like pattern, and it takes place also during pregnancy. In the cow, Equine Chorionic Gonadotropin (eCG) is used for superovulation, but a decrease in total fertility has been reported, likely because of its immunogenic properties in species other than equine. In this regard, immune response has...
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Ovulation is compared to an acute inflammatory process during which vasoactive agents, prostanoids, leukotrienes and Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) develop. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of ROS in cystic and follicular fluid, in order to establish their involvement in the etiopathogenesis of Cystic Ovarian Follicle (COF) in dairy...
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It is well known that following surgical procedures, a variety of patho-physiological alterations occurs in the host, such as changes in haemodynamic, endocrine and immune functions, as well as increase in Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS). Antibiotic administration, a common practice used in surgery, affects immune functions and ROS generation. Our st...
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The aim of this study was to determine the serum concentrations of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during the different phases of the estrous cycle in the bitch, in order to establish their physiological values. 56 healthy mixed-breed bitches were enrolled at this purpose and divided into 4 groups, standing on the different phases of the estrus cycle...
Article
The beta-subunits of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) share a high homology, just like the ectodomains of their receptors, do. As a consequence, hCG was shown to exert a thyrotropic action in humans and hamsters. This study aimed to investigate whether hCG, used to induce ovulation, displays a thyrotropic eff...
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Neutralising antibodies develop in 15% of interferon-beta (IFNbeta)-treated patients, causing the reduction of the clinical effects of the treatment. This is the first study that shows that switching patients from IFNbeta to glatiramer acetate (GA) in case of neutralising antibodies (NAb) positivity is effective in reducing relapse rate and in dela...
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We retrospectively analyzed data from 70 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients treated with mitoxantrone (MX) before Interferon-beta (IFN-beta) because of clinically and MRI very active isolated syndrome (CIS) or relapsing-remitting MS (induction therapy) or due to breakthrough/persistently active disease in spite of IFN-beta (add-on/combination therapy...
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Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) are produced during oxidative metabolism, and regulate many biological processes. The acute inflammation characterizing parturition induces many physiological changes. Among them, there is evidence that ROS affect the synthesis of many factors involved in parturition. Our study aims to determine serum levels of ROS in...
Article
Thromboxane A2 (TXA2) is a biologically potent arachidonate metabolite which causes vasoconstriction and platelet aggregation. This study aimed to evaluate the presence of TXA2 receptors in mammalian testicular arteries and the influence of exogenous gonadotropin administration on their expression. Experimental study. Experimental animals in an aca...
Article
Studies have reported that an enhancer can act in trans when artificially, noncovalently bridged to the promoter by a protein-linked biotin:streptavidin complex, or when an enhancer and a promoter are located on separate concatenated plasmids. To investigate such transactivation in mammalian cells, we constructed CMV promoter-enhancer mutants drivi...

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