Annalisa Casini

Annalisa Casini
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain | UCLouvain · Psychological Sciences Research Institute

Ph.D.

About

101
Publications
23,768
Reads
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3,634
Citations
Introduction
I'm a work, social and health psychologist. My doctoral dissertation dealt with the "glass ceiling" phenomenon and the hidden obstacles contributing to maintain women in the lower positions of the professional ladder. I'm Professor (Assistant) of work and occupational health psychology at the Université catholique de Louvain. I'm currently working on the association between working conditions and well-being, with a particular focus on the notion of professional recognition.
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - present
Université Catholique de Louvain - UCLouvain
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
September 2011 - August 2015
Université de Mons
Position
  • Chargée de cours
January 2009 - August 2015
Université Libre de Bruxelles
Position
  • Maître de conférences

Publications

Publications (101)
Article
This research attempts to study the social representations underlying health and care social innovations (HCSI) implemented in Wallonia, Belgium to shift ageing policies and management towards the ageing in place paradigm. A panel of 34 experts was interviewed to understand their representations using a Delphi‐based methodology. The data were proce...
Article
Innovative programs that emerge in response to the rapidly changing care needs of older adults provide an opportunity to study the transformations in working and employment conditions within the homecare sector. This study seeks to understand how innovations introduced in the homecare sector have affected the well‐being of homecare workers providin...
Article
Background: The professional identities, profiles and representations of Burundian health workers remain insufficiently explored. Our twofold objective is to identify the different socio-professional profiles of first-line caregivers and to explore their respective representations of health workers and work. Methods: The first study describes th...
Article
Full-text available
The belief that sexualization might be used as a source of power for women in Western societies is spreading (Anderson 2014; Erchull and Liss 2013). The present research aims at evaluating the interpersonal consequences for women endorsing this belief. In three experimental studies with Belgian and French participants (100 college men in Study 1; 1...
Article
Full-text available
Precarious manhood beliefs portray manhood, relative to womanhood, as a social status that is hard to earn, easy to lose, and proven via public action. Here, we present cross-cultural data on a brief measure of precarious manhood beliefs (the Precarious Manhood Beliefs scale [PMB]) that covaries meaningfully with other cross-culturally validated ge...
Article
Full-text available
To examine the relation between long working hours and change in body mass index (BMI). We performed random effects meta-analyses using individual-participant data from 19 cohort studies from Europe, US and Australia (n = 122,078), with a mean of 4.4-year follow-up. Working hours were measured at baseline and categorised as part time (<35 h/week),...
Article
Objective: The present research systematically investigates the role of recognition experiences at work as a protective factor for burnout. Method: In two cross-sectional studies (N = 328 and N = 220) with employees we measured via online questionnaires three forms of recognition (achievement-based social esteem, equality-based respect and need-...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars are increasingly considering bystander intervention as a behavior that could be an effective solution to stop workplace bullying. Among the factors leading bystanders to intervene, scholars hypothesized that moral courage is a key concept supporting intervention. In this paper, an exploratory study is conducted to investigate the relations...
Article
Self-objectification has been claimed to induce numerous detrimental consequences for women at the individual level (e.g., sexual dysfunction, depression, eating disorders). Additionally, at the collective level, it has been proposed that self-objectified women might themselves contribute to the maintenance of the patriarchal status quo, for instan...
Article
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Sex is power belief (SIPB) positively relates to self‐objectification. This research aims at expanding this finding. We propose that SIPB involves an instrumental view of one's own body (i.e., self‐objectification) that leads women to experience the negative consequences classically associated with self‐objectification. We further suggest that SIPB...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose: Scholars consider encouraging bystanders to intervene as a solution to workplace bullying and moral courage as a capacity that could facilitate this prosocial behavior. We want to understand and verify which psychological mechanisms and components underlie moral courage. Design/Methodology: Drawing from Comer and Sekerka’s (2015) conceptua...
Article
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Considering insights from socio-economics, work psychology, and occupational health, this study focuses on the job satisfaction and well-being of employees working in nonprofit social enterprises (SE). We question the idea suggested by the recent literature that working for a SE brings employees a high level of job satisfaction and well-being. We a...
Article
Full Text available here: http://difusion.ulb.ac.be/vufind/Record/ULB-DIPOT:oai:dipot.ulb.ac.be:2013/252319/Holdings
Chapter
Introduction: L'objectif de ce texte est d’examiner comment la méthode Delphi peut permettre de répondre au problème de délimitation d’un terrain d’enquête qui se pose dans la recherche en innovation sociale, problème qui est lié à l’absence à la fois de définition consensuelle de l’innovation sociale et d’un cadastre des cas d’innovation. Notre éq...
Article
Full-text available
This research examines the role of colleagues in workplace bullying. While colleagues could often intervene to support the victim or stop the situation, passive behaviors and non-intervention are more frequent. The bystander effect highlighted by Latané and Darley (1970) has been studied in the context of school bullying and sexual harassment, but...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aimed to validate the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES) in Burundi, through a multi-strategy approach used in cross-cultural studies. Respondents were 906 health workers (men = 56%; caregivers 60%). They responded to a bilingual version of RSES. We utilised Confirmatory Factorial Analysis (CFA) with structural equation modelling...
Poster
Full-text available
: In last decades, scholars found out that encouraging bystanders to intervene can be a solution to workplace bullying (Premilla D’Cruz & Ernesto Noronha, 2011). In line with this view, we need to understand what lies behind bystander intervention, in order to design better strategies for promoting it. For this purpose, we have developed and tested...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeIncreasing evidence shows the detrimental impact of high physical work demands for cardiovascular health and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the buffering effects of social support at work and job control in the relation between physical work demands and incidence of coronary events. Methods The study included 14,337 midd...
Technical Report
En Wallonie, la question de l’accompagnement à domicile (AD) se pose pleinement pour une population âgée de plus en plus nombreuse qui aspire à rester chez elle mais dont la probabilité est forte de voir cette aspiration entravée par des pathologies, l’isolement social et le manque de ressources financières. Du côté des pouvoirs publics, la volonté...
Article
Full-text available
Background In this longitudinal study the complex interplay between both job strain and bullying in relation to sickness absence was investigated. Following the “work environment hypothesis”, which establishes several work characteristics as antecedents of bullying, we assumed that job strain, conceptualized by the Job-Demand-Control model, has an...
Chapter
Full-text available
The glass ceiling metaphor refers to the hidden obstacles that, despite formal gender equality at work, contribute to maintain women in the lower positions of the professional ladder. Research has uncovered a complex set of factors that focus either on women themselves or on contextual elements, such as social norms, and organizational practices th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: This study aimed at investigating cross-sectional relationships between psychosocial characteristics of work and presenteeism in a sample of Belgian middle-aged workers. Material and methods: Data were collected from 1372 male and 1611 female workers in the Belstress III study. Psychosocial characteristics assessed by the use of self...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The persistent lack of evidence on causal mechanisms between social capital and health threatens the credibility of the social capital-health association. The present study aims to address this ongoing problem by investigating whether health behaviours (i.e. smoking, alcohol consumption, and physical activity) mediate the prospective r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke. / Methods: We identified published studies through a systematic review o...
Article
Full-text available
Long working hours might increase the risk of cardiovascular disease, but prospective evidence is scarce, imprecise, and mostly limited to coronary heart disease. We aimed to assess long working hours as a risk factor for incident coronary heart disease and stroke. We identified published studies through a systematic review of PubMed and Embase fro...
Article
Full-text available
There is a broad consensus on the importance for health professionals to support co-active patients. However, in practice, very few "patient care partnership" approaches have been developed. We hypothesized that the lack of investment in supporting patient care partnerships is due to the lack of interest in the skills needed by caregivers to provid...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To quantify the association between long working hours and alcohol use. Design: Systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data. Data sources: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase databases in April 2014 for published studies, supplemented with manual searches. Unpublished individu...
Article
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the association between long working hours and alcohol use. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of published studies and unpublished individual participant data. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of PubMed and Embase databases in April 2014 for published studies, supplemented with manual searches. Unpublished individu...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of job stress on sickness absence of nurses and determine the predictive power of the Demand-Control-Support (DCS) model, the Effort-Reward Imbalance-Overcommitment (ERI-OC) model, and a combination of both.DesignA survey was conducted to measure job stress in a sample of 527 Belgian...
Article
Full-text available
The aim was to study the impact of psychosocial risk factors on long-term sickness absence due to mental health problems (LSA-MH) or musculoskeletal disorders (LSA-MSD) in 2983 Belgian middle-aged workers. Data were collected from 1372 male and 1611 female workers in the Belstress III study. Considered psychosocial risk factors were job demands, jo...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine the association between self reported job insecurity and incident coronary heart disease. Design A meta-analysis combining individual level data from a collaborative consortium and published studies identified by a systematic review. Data sources We obtained individual level data from 13 cohort studies participating in the I...
Data
Web figure: Sub-group analysis of the association between job insecurity and coronary heart disease, multivariable adjusted. P for difference gives the statistical significance of group differences based on heterogeneity index. Welfare regime: Scandinavian (Denmark, Finland, Sweden); Anglo-Saxon (UK, US); Bismarckian (Belgium, Germany)
Article
Full-text available
Job strain is associated with an increased coronary heart disease risk, but few large-scale studies have examined the relationship of this psychosocial characteristic with the biological risk factors that potentially mediate the job strain - heart disease association. We pooled cross-sectional, individual-level data from eight studies comprising 47...
Article
This study examines the multidimensional association between reciprocity at work and depressive symptoms. Data from the Belgian BELSTRESS survey (32 companies; N = 24,402) were analyzed. Multilevel statistical procedures were used to account for company-level associations while controlling for individual-level associations. Different dimensions of...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We examined the associations of job strain, an indicator of work-related stress, with overall unhealthy and healthy lifestyles. Methods: We conducted a meta-analysis of individual-level data from 11 European studies (cross-sectional data: n = 118,701; longitudinal data: n = 43,971). We analyzed job strain as a set of binary (job stra...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It is unclear whether a healthy lifestyle mitigates the adverse effects of job strain on coronary artery disease. We examined the associations of job strain and lifestyle risk factors with the risk of coronary artery disease. Methods: We pooled individual-level data from 7 cohort studies comprising 102 128 men and women who were free...
Article
Full-text available
The interplay of occupational and leisure time physical activity (LTPA) in affecting cardiovascular health is subject to debate. This study aimed to examine the independent and interacting associations of leisure time and occupational physical activity (OPA) with the incidence of coronary events within the BELSTRESS cohort. The study included 14,33...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Previous research has shown that job characteristics, private life and psychosocial factors partially account for gender difference in work absences because of sickness. Most studies have analysed these factors separately. The aim of the present study was to evaluate whether these explanatory factors act as mediators when they are cons...
Article
Full-text available
Unfavorable work characteristics, such as low job control and too high or too low job demands, have been suggested to increase the likelihood of physical inactivity during leisure time, but this has not been verified in large-scale studies. The authors combined individual-level data from 14 European cohort studies (baseline years from 1985-1988 to...
Article
: Published work assessing psychosocial stress (job strain) as a risk factor for coronary heart disease is inconsistent and subject to publication bias and reverse causation bias. We analysed the relation between job strain and coronary heart disease with a meta-analysis of published and unpublished studies. Methods : We used individual records fr...
Article
Full-text available
Tobacco smoking is a major contributor to the public health burden and healthcare costs worldwide, but the determinants of smoking behaviours are poorly understood. We conducted a large individual-participant meta-analysis to examine the extent to which work-related stress, operationalised as job strain, is associated with tobacco smoking in workin...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between work-related stress and alcohol intake is uncertain. In order to add to the thus far inconsistent evidence from relatively small studies, we conducted individual-participant meta-analyses of the association between work-related stress (operationalised as self-reported job strain) and alcohol intake. We analysed cross-sectio...
Data
Studies and participants included in the analyses. (DOC)
Data
Associations of alcohol intake and work job strain in demographic subgroups1. (DOC)
Data
Associations of smoking and work stress in demographic subgroups1. (DOC)
Data
Study design and recruitment of participants in the 12 European studies included in our individual-participant meta-analyses of alcohol intake and work stress. (DOC)
Data
Associations of tobacco smoking and job strain (adjusted for age, sex and socioeconomic position). (DOC)
Data
Studies and participants included in the analyses. (DOC)
Data
Longitudinal associations between job strain and taking up smoking among baseline never- and ex-smokers. (DOC)
Data
Longitudinal associations between smoking at baseline and job strain at follow-up, stratified by baseline job strain category1. (DOC)
Data