Annalaura Carducci

Annalaura Carducci
Università di Pisa | UNIPI · Department of Biology

Biology

About

168
Publications
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Publications

Publications (168)
Article
Beaches are affected by the accumulation of natural and anthropogenic material; however, this environmental issue has not yet been explored from a One Health perspective. In this paper, the conceptual framework of DPSIR (Drivers-Pressures-State-Impact-Response) was used to understand the beach-stranded material issue in a sys-temic way and a data-b...
Chapter
The availability of virucidal compounds to reduce the impact of respiratory viruses is a relevant topic for public health, especially during the recent coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic. Antimicrobial properties of Xibornol are known since the 1970s, but its activity on viruses is currently little explored. In this study, Xibornol activity at...
Article
Full-text available
The quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) framework is used for assessing health risk coming from pathogens in the environment. In this paper, we used QMRA to evaluate the infection risk of L. pneumophila attributable to sink usage in a toilet cabin on Italian long-distance public transportation (LDT). LDT has water distribution systems wit...
Article
Leachate is a variable effluent from waste management systems generated during waste collection and on landfills. Twenty-two leachate samples from waste collection trucks and a landfill were collected from March to December 2019 in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and were analyzed for Human Adenovirus (HAdV), bacterial indicators and ph...
Article
Beach litter can affect public health and economic activities worldwide forcing local authorities to expensive beach cleaning. Understanding the key mechanisms affecting the accumulation of this waste on beaches, such as sea state and proximity to entry points, is critical to plan effective management strategies. In this one-year study, we estimate...
Article
The release of quality, safe, and effective non-sterile drugs needs to exclude the presence of objectionable microorganisms, which include microorganisms potentially involved in product degradation, or considered as poor hygiene indicator during manufacturing, or causing adverse effect on patient's health. In this paper, a method allowing objective...
Article
Full-text available
The awareness of citizens concerning the health risks caused by environmental pollution is growing, but studies on determinants of pro-environmental behaviors have rarely examined health-related aspects. In this study, we investigated these determinants using data from a large survey among Italian university students (15 Universities: 4778 filled q...
Article
The Erice 56 Charter titled “Impact of the environment on the health: from theory to practice” was unanimously approved at the end of the 56th course of the “International School of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine G. D’Alessandro” held from 3th to 7th November 2019 in Erice – Sicily (Italy) and promoted by the Study Group of “Environment and H...
Article
The European dependencies for raw materials supply from foreign countries have been unquestionably shown by COVID‐19 outbreak and have become particular evident from the slow response to the need for high quality personal protective equipment (PPEs). Among all medical devices, surgical face masks have earned themselves a primary role for the contai...
Article
The new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, has spread internationally and whilst the current focus of those dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic is understandably restricting its direct transmission, the potential for secondary transmission via wastewater should not be underestimated. The virus has been identified in human fecal and wastewater samples from dif...
Poster
We are pleased to let you know that the 3rd electronic conference sponsored by IJERPH (ISSN 1660-4601, IF: 2.849) is open for submission. The e-conference will be held on an online platform and would be free of charge for all participants. You are welcome to submit your own work to this conference, and also share the information with your colleague...
Poster
Full-text available
We are pleased to let you know that the 3rd electronic conference sponsored by IJERPH (ISSN 1660-4601, IF: 2.849) is open for submission. The e-conference will be held on an online platform and would be free of charge for all participants. You are welcome to submit your own work to this conference, and also share the information with your colleague...
Article
Background Although the main route of transmission of SARS-CoV2 is via droplets and close contact, concerns about the possible secondary transmission via waters is growing given evidence for SARS-CoV2 faecal elimination. Here we review studies on coronavirus in water environments. Methods A review was carried out of papers writen in English on Pub...
Article
Full-text available
Background Risk communication is essential for risk management, especially during alarming events, in order to create a balanced risk perception. The tweets follow up can be useful to timely evidence “media storms” or “infodemics” thus suggesting corrective interventions. The spread of Covid-19 has been the occasion to observe the evolution of twee...
Article
Profiling bathing waters supported by Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) is key to the WHO's recommendations for the 2020/2021 revision of the European Bathing Water Directive. We developed an area-specific QMRA model on four pathogens, using fecal indicator concentrations (E. coli, enterococci) for calculating pathogen loads. The predom...
Article
Full-text available
Besides the predominant ways of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 (namely, contacts and large droplets) the airborne one is increasingly taken into consideration as a result of latest research findings. Nevertheless, this possibility has been already suggested by previous studies on other coronaviruses including SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV. To describe the stat...
Article
Full-text available
The new epidemiological scenario has so far focused on the environmental circulation of human viral pathogens. Owing to the side effects of chemical disinfectants, there is an increasing need for knowledge on the use of virucidal compounds, especially those of a natural origin. Climacostol is a molecule produced by a freshwater ciliate and it exhib...
Article
Full-text available
Bivins, Aaron et al. "Wastewater-Based Epidemiology: Global Collaborative to Maximize Contributions in the Fight Against COVID-19." Environmental Science & Technology (June 2020) © 2020 American Chemical Society
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Background Children are at high risk of suffering health consequences of air pollution and childhood exposure can increase the risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood. This study, part of the MAPEC_LIFE project (LIFE12 ENV/IT/000614), aimed to investigate the associations between exposure to urban air pollutants and micronucleus (MN) frequ...
Article
The main route of transmission of the human coronaviruses (HCoVs), and presumably also of the new pandemic SARS-CoV-2, is via droplets and close contacts, however their fecal elimination also suggests the possible spread via water. A scientific literature search was thus carried out to highlight the current state of the art and knowledge gaps regar...
Article
Full-text available
The ongoing global pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has been a Public Health Emergency of International Concern, which was officially declared by the World Health Organization. SARS-CoV-2 is a member of the family Coronaviridae that consists of a group of envelope...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of the management of bathing water quality, the intermittent contamination of rainwater drainage pumps (unconventional point sources) could be controlled by peracetic acid disinfection. Thus, a field experimental study was carried out to set up a water safety plan, determining the monitoring parameters and the critical limit for corr...
Article
Background Children are at high risk of suffering health consequences of air pollution and childhood exposure can increase the risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood. The MAPEC_LIFE project, funded by EU Life+ Programme (LIFE12 ENV/IT/000614), aimed to evaluate the association between air pollution exposure and biomarkers of early effect...
Article
Microbial safety of recreational waters is a significant public health issue. In this study we assessed the occurrence and quantity of enteric viruses in bathing and non-bathing waters in Italy, in parallel with microbial faecal indicators, somatic coliphages and Vibrio spp. Enteric viruses (aichivirus, norovirus and enterovirus) were detected in 5...
Article
This review examines the aims of and approaches to the Quantitative Microbial Risk Assessment (QMRA) of untreated recreational waters. The literature search was conducted on four databases and yielded 54 papers, which were analyzed on a quantitative (time-trend, geographical distribution, water type) and qualitative (aims, source of microbial data,...
Article
Among the determinants of environmental health risk perception, health literacy and social media messages have been generally neglected. This study details the environmental health risk perception and its determinants in Italian university students, including a measure of functional health literacy and an analysis of newspapers and social media. A...
Article
Full-text available
The etiology of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is complex and multifactorial. Although the development of ADHD symptoms remains to be elucidated, in recent years, epigenetic processes have emerged as candidate mechanisms. Lead is one of the most dangerous environmental pollutants, and it is suspected to be associated with ADHD. The...
Article
Particulate matter (PM) is considered an atmospheric pollutant that mostly affects human health. The finest fractions of PM (PM2.5 or less) play a major role in causing chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the genotoxic effects of PM0.5 collected in five Italian towns using different bioassays. The role of chemical composition...
Article
The current microbial water quality standards are based on the monitoring of fecal indicator organisms, which are mainly bacterial indicators (i.e., Escherichia coli, intestinal enterococci), however epidemiological data indicate that viruses are important etiological agents of waterborne illnesses. Among waterborne viruses, human adenovirus can be...
Book
Nelle pubblicazioni di Associazione Ambiente e Lavoro dedicate alla analisi e alla valutazione dei rischi negli ambienti di lavoro è sempre stato riservato uno spazio importante al Rischio Biologico (vedi ad esempio il Dossier Ambiente e l’applicativo "Rischi, fonti e misure") ma gli approfondimenti su questi temi sono stati riservati solamente ad...
Article
Full-text available
Air pollution in urban areas is a major concern as it negatively affects the health of a large number of people. The purpose of this study was to assess the inhalation health risk for exposure to PM10 and benzene of the populations living in three Italian cities. Data regarding PM10 and benzene daily measured by “traffic” stations and “background”...
Article
Full-text available
Biological risk assessment in occupational settings currently is based on either qualitative or semiquantitative analysis. In this study, a quantitative microbial risk assessment (QMRA) has been applied to estimate the human adenovirus (HAdV) health risk due to bioaerosol exposure in a wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). A stochastic QMRA model was...
Article
Background: Recent data support the hypothesis that genetic damage occurring early in life during childhood can play an important role in the development of chronic diseases in adulthood, including cancer. Objectives: The objective of this paper, part of the MAPEC_LIFE project, is to describe the frequency of micronuclei and meta-nuclear alterat...
Article
Full-text available
In Italy, the phenomenon of vaccine hesitancy has increased with time and represents a complex problem that requires a continuous monitoring. Misinformation on media and social media seems to be one of the determinants of the vaccine hesitancy since, for instance, 42.8 percent of Italian citizens used the internet to obtain vaccine information in 2...
Article
Full-text available
Eleven projects within the LIFE programme (through which the Directorate-General for Environment of the European Commission provides funding for projects aim at protecting environment and nature) addressing environmental-health-related issues have been involved in a collaborative network called KTE LIFE EnvHealth Network. The shared issues tackled...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of healthcare providers’ communication abilities is still underestimated. Informing the population on the basis of documented evidence is essential but not enough to induce a change in the beliefs of who is doubtful or does not accept preventive interventions, such as vaccination. Lining up the offer of prevention to the knowledge of...
Article
Objectives: A thorough and fully application of the principles of gender mainstreaming, in accordance with the European Community guidelines, to the health and safety at work, implies the systematic review of the whole prevention from the gendered point of view. This means that both biology- and gender-based differences between male and female wor...
Article
Full-text available
Applicare appieno i principi del gender main-streaming, in accordo alle indicazioni della Comunità Europea, alla tutela della salute e sicurezza nei luoghi di lavoro significa in pratica rivedere tutti gli aspetti della prevenzione in ottica di genere, vale a dire tenendo in considerazione le differenze di sesso e genere tra lavoratori e lavoratric...
Article
The aim of this work is to develop and validate methods for quantify endotoxins on surfaces and in the air of manufacturing environment of injectable drugs, in order to use them for evaluate the quality of the process and the risk for the products processed therein. The method for recovering endotoxins from surfaces was a direct method which provid...
Article
Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccination coverage in Italy has been decreasing starting from 2012 and, at the present, none of the Italian regions has achieved the goal of 95% coverage target. A decision of the Court of Justice of Rimini in March 2012 that awarded vaccine-injury compensation for a case of autism has been indicated as a probable...
Book
Full-text available
Microbiological contamination of workplace surfaces could represent a risk for human health. In fact, surfaces may spread pathogens through contact with hands, tools and materials. Biological risk assessment in workplaces is a legal requirement. It could include air and surfaces quantitative microbiological analysis, the detection of specific patho...
Article
Full-text available
Background: From November 2015 to January 2016, the routine air monitoring showed a peak of air pollution (in particular of PM10) that caused alarm in many Italian cities and was widely reported by mass media. After some weeks from this alarm, we tried to evaluate the citizen awareness and interest towards air pollution together with their positive...
Article
Full-text available
Background Lifestyles profoundly determine the quality of an individual’s health and life since his childhood. Many diseases in adulthood are avoidable if health-risk behaviors are identified and improved at an early stage of life. The aim of the present research was to characterize a cohort of children aged 6–8 years selected in order to perform a...
Article
Full-text available
Extract Background In Italy, in December 2015 and January 2016, the routine air monitoring showed a peak of pollution (PM10 in particular) that caused alarm in many cities and was widely reported by mass media. After some weeks from this alarm, we tried to understand the people awareness towards air pollution and their positive behaviors, using di...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is considered one of the healthiest dietary models, as it decreases the risk of chronic diseases and may modulate the organism’s early response to environmental pollution. In recent decades, Mediterranean countries have been replacing their traditional diet with other less healthy eating habits, especially am...
Article
Full-text available
The prevalence of obesity among Italian children has reached such alarming levels as to require detailed studies of the causes of the phenomenon. A cross-sectional study was carried out in order to assess the weight status of 1164 Italian children aged 6–8 years (the Monitoring Air Pollution Effects on Children for Supporting Public Health Policy (...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is considered one of the healthiest dietary models, as it decreases the risk of chronic diseases and may modulate the organism's early response to environmental pollution. In recent decades, Mediterranean countries have been replacing their traditional diet with other less healthy eating habits, especially a...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the MAPEC_LIFE (Monitoring Air Pollution Effects on Children for Supporting Public Health Policy) study is to evaluate the associations between the concentrations of air pollutants and early biological effects in children living in five Italian towns (Brescia, Torino, Lecce, Perugia and Pisa) characterised by varying levels of air pollut...
Article
Full-text available
One of the objectives of the MAPEC-Life project is raising children's awareness on air quality and its health effects. To achieve this goal, we designed didactic tools for primary school students, including leaflets with more information for teachers, a cartoon, and three educational videogames. The tools were then tested with 266 children who atte...
Article
Human adenoviruses are responsible for a wide range of clinical infections and are present in aquatic environments, including river, seawater, drinking-water and sewage. Free-living amoebae (Acanthamoeba) in the same environments may internalize them and other microorganisms can act as a reservoir for the internalized viruses. In this study, we stu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Il particolato atmosferico rappresenta in Europa l’inquinante più problematico in termini di danni alla salute, come riportato dall’Agenzia europea dell’ambiente (AEA) nella Relazione tecnica presentata nel 2011 dell’AEA sulla qualità dell’aria in Europa. Tra le prime 30 città più inquinate del continente, oltre la metà sono italiane; in particolar...
Poster
Full-text available
Il progetto MAPEC_LIFE si occupa di studiare gli effetti dell’inquinamento atmosferico sui bambini ed elaborare modelli di rischio per interventi a favore della protezione ambientale. Oltre agli aspetti scientifici dello studio, il progetto ha la finalità di aumentare la consapevolezza dei bambini sull’inquinamento atmosferico e sui suoi effetti su...