Anna Walkiewicz

Anna Walkiewicz
Polish Academy of Sciences | PAN

PhD

About

28
Publications
5,120
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
256
Citations
Introduction
Research area: soil - emission and absorption of greenhouse gases CO2, N2O, CH4; actually methane oxidation in soil (forest, fertilized etc.), using GC; methanotrophic bacteria; oxygen status in soi; soil respiration.
Additional affiliations
November 2012 - present
Institute of Agrophysics Polish Academy of Sciences
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Biochar promotes C sequestration and improvement of soil properties. Nevertheless, the effects of biochar addition on soil condition are poorly understood, especially with respect to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A large proportion of GHG emissions derive from agriculture and, thus, recognition of the effect of biochar addition to soil on GHG emi...
Article
Full-text available
Forests contribute strongly to global carbon (C) sequestration and the exchange of greenhouse gases (GHG) between the soil and the atmosphere. Whilst the microbial activity of forest soils is a major determinant of net GHG exchange, this may be modified by the presence of litter through a range of mechanisms. Litter may act as a physical barrier mo...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the functioning of different forest ecosystems is important due to their key role in strategies for climate change mitigation, especially through soil C sequestration. In controlled laboratory conditions, we conducted a preliminary study on six different forest soils (two coniferous, two deciduous, and two mixed sites comprising trees...
Article
Full-text available
Citation: Walkiewicz, A.; Bulak, P.; Brzezińska, M.; Khalil, M.I.; Osborne, B. Variations in Soil Properties and CO 2 Emissions of a Temperate Forest Gully Soil along a Topographical Gradient. Forests 2021, 12, 226. https://doi.
Article
It has been reported that biochar changes the properties of soil and has beneficial environmental and agrotechnical consequences, especially in degraded lands, including those affected by climate change. We added wood biochar (produced from fir sawdust by pyrolysis at 650 °C) to soil collected from a forest and an adjacent long-term cultivated orch...
Article
A b s t r a c t. The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture is of particular importance at present. In recent times, biochar addition to the soil was suggested as a means of mitigating greenhouse gases emissions from arable fields. More specifically, biochars with useful properties and those produced from easily available waste mate...
Article
Full-text available
We tested agriculturally and chemically degraded Brunic Arenosol and Abruptic Luvisol of contrasting textures to establish the early response of soil quality to two different mineral fertilizers (Polifoska and urea) amended with microbes applied in optimal and reduced doses. The soil samples were collected from two fields under maize: one week (Ist...
Article
Full-text available
Background Humic substances (HS) are compounds with a complicated structure, present in the humus soil layer, water, lake sediments, peat, brown coal and shales. Due to their similar physicochemical properties to DNA, they may have an adverse effect on the subsequent use of the isolated material. The main aim of this research was to examine the eff...
Article
Full-text available
Biogas production and microbial community structure were analyzed as an effect of biochar addition to a fermentation sludge containing sugar beet pulp. Positive effects of the treatment including an increase in process efficiency and better biogas quality were noted. The effect of biochar on AD (anaerobic digestion process) microbial communities wa...
Article
Full-text available
In this research, it was proposed to use carrot cellulose nanofibrils (CCNF) isolated from carrot pomace modified with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as a filler of polylactic acid (PLA) composites matrix. The new procedure was based on two steps: first, the preparation of nanocellulose modified with metal nanoparticles, and then the combination with...
Article
Soil is a non-renewable environment in which, depending on the prevailing O 2 conditions, two opposite processes -methanogenesis and methanotrophy-may take place. The rates of the processes may result in soil acting as a sink or a source of methane (CH 4). Due to agricultural practices, heavy metals may accumulate affecting soil microbial processes...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Several studies related to CH4 cycling focus on the effect of elevated atmospheric CO2 levels on soil methanogenesis and methanotrophy. However, periodically waterlogged soils are characterized by much higher CO2 concentrations, while aggregates forming in arable soils due to traditional cultivation may be a natural CH4 source for low-affin...
Article
Biochar additions may mitigate N2O emissions from soil. The mechanisms underpinning the mitigation of emissions remain to be elucidated. A series of incubation experiments were performed to investigate the effects of biochar on N2O production and reduction in columns with a low-fertility or high-fertility soil, with or without the injection of N2O...
Article
In this review we summarize the findings reported recently concerning molecular studies and biotechnological approaches to utilize natural properties of methanotrophs in the efforts to minimize human influence on the environment. Most important enzymatic mechanisms were described, along with the groups of microorganisms responsible for these. Moreo...
Article
The ability of soil to uptake methane is regulated by several factors affecting soil microbial activity. The soil oxygen concentration is usually lower than the concentration of atmospheric air, and nitrogen fertilization contributes to a significant increase in nitrate-N in soil. Therefore, we selected three agricultural soils (Eutric Cambisol, Ha...
Article
We hypothesised that the addition of free-living and alginate-encapsulated algae Chlorella vulgaris to the soil would change the availability of soluble forms of nitrogen, increasing the retention of nitrates, which is especially important due to fertilisers misuse and nitrogen leaching. C. vulgaris were grown on Knop and Baslerowa-Dvorakova media....
Article
Full-text available
Methanotrophy of arable soils is affected by N fertilization, but the knowledge about the effect of oxygen level is poorly understood; soil aeration can fluctuate and zones of low oxygen are widespread in soil. We monitored CH4 oxidation in three mineral soils (Eutric Cambisol, Haplic Podzol, Mollic Gleysol) under laboratory conditions by varying t...
Article
Full-text available
It was hypothesized that electromagnetic field (EMF) pretreatment of white mustard (Sinapis alba L.) seeds could increase the accumulation of non-essential, pollutant heavy metals such as cadmium (Cd) in shoots. Seeds of white mustard were treated with either 60 or 120 mT of alternating EMF (50 Hz) for 1 minute and then grown in a Petri dish in the...
Article
Full-text available
Methane (CH4) oxidation in soil reduces the concentration of this greenhouse gas due to the activity of methanotrophic bacteria. This process is influenced by chemical and physical parameters of soil. We tested the methanotrophic activity of selected mineral soils (Mollic Gleysol, Haplic Podzol, Eutric Cambisol) contaminated with lead (Pb) under di...
Article
Soils are the largest terrestrial sink for methane (CH4). However, heavy metals may exert toxicity to soil microorganisms, including methanotrophic bacteria. We tested the effect of lead (Pb), zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) on CH4 oxidation (1% v/v) and dehydrogenase activity, an index of the activity of the total soil microbial community in Mollic Gley...
Article
Full-text available
Plant growth regulators (PRG)-assisted phytoremediation is a technique that could enhance the yield of heavy metal accumulation in plant tissues. So far, a small number of experiments have helped identify three groups of plant hormones that may be useful for this purpose: auxins, cytokinins, and gibberellins. Studies have shown that these hormones...
Article
Full-text available
Methane (CH4) is an important element of the biogeochemical carbon cycle. Methanogenic Archaea are strict anaerobes able to survive in dry and oxic soils, but not in liquid or agar slurry. Little is known about the mechanisms of their survival. The aim of this paper is to study the methanogenic potential of mineral soils stored as air-dry over 20 y...
Article
Full-text available
The kinetic parameters of methane oxidation in three mineral soils were measured under laboratory conditions. Incubationswere preceded by a 24-day preincubationwith 10%vol. of methane. All soils showed potential to the consumption of added methane. None of the soils, however, consumed atmospheric CH4. Methane oxidation followed the Michaelis-Menten...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Back to the Furture: Reintegrating Land and Livestock for Greenhouse Gas Mitigation and Circularity Coordinator: Prof. Bruce Osborne, University College Dublin (UCD), Ireland. The widespread reintegration of crops and livestock could make a major contribution to the development of the wider EU circular (agricultural) economy and contribute to sustainable growth, through the more effective recycling of materials and resources, the minimization of waste, and a reduction in external supplies of feed and synthetic fertilizers, with potential biodiversity, environmental and soil health benefits. However, this comes with significant challenges, including the potential for enhanced GHG emissions, particularly methane emissions, from enteric fermentation, land degradation due to over grazing and water pollution as well as the need to effectively substitute all/most inorganic fertilizers with organic manures. Organic amendments applied to land could conversely result in enhanced GHG emissions, particular nitrous oxide emissions, unless these are managed appropriately and the necessity to store large amounts of organic manures/wastes may also be problematic, given their links to environmental pollution and GHG emissions. Additional complications could arise due to associated modifications in land use, including a shift from a grass-based to a forage/alternative crop-based diet, altered grazing practices and increased competition between food and animal feed or the use of biogas or bioenergy crops. Another key issue is the economic consequences of reintroducing livestock and whether the necessary incentives are available for them to be taken up by farmers.
Project
Dear colleagues, we are happy to announce that the abstract submission for the session SSS8.3 “Soil gases: production, consumption and transport processes” is now open (abstract submission deadline is 12 January 2022, 13:00 CET) https://meetingorganizer.copernicus.org/EGU22/session/42328
Archived project
The aim of the project is development of the Decision Support System based on the remote sensing method for precision farming (for determination of needs for agricultural practices). This method will also be applied for assessment of the degree of degradation of meadows (the method will refer to biodiversity of examinated meadows) and for the carbon dioxide balance between the soil – vegetation and the atmosphere. The analysis will be performed for most important crop: wheat and maize, in 2 regions. Meadows will be examined for the Wieprz river valley.