Anna V Song

Anna V Song
University of California, Merced | UCM · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

47
Publications
5,681
Reads
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928
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2006 - June 2008
University of California, San Francisco
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (47)
Article
Full-text available
Objective There is minimal research that has measured motivations behind e-cigarette use and the relationship to cigarette and e-cigarette use. The aim of this study was to (1) examine extent to which motivations to use e-cigarettes varies among dual users and (2) examine whether e-cigarette motivations are related to e-cigarette and cigarette cons...
Article
Introduction Flavoured tobacco control policy exemptions and electronic cigarette products may contribute to increased youth access and tobacco use disparities. Methods We assessed public support among California Central Valley residents for four policies to regulate flavoured tobacco products and e-cigarettes. The probability-based, multimode sur...
Article
Purpose Despite having lower socioeconomic status, Latinos in the US experience fewer adverse health outcomes than non-Latinos. However, they are disproportionately affected by diet-related diseases. Among other racial/ethnic groups, high acculturation and low socioeconomic status are associated with worse dietary intake, yet, few studies have inve...
Article
Full-text available
Policy Points • In 2012, Colorado and Washington were the first states to legalize recreational marijuana through voter-initiated ballots. In these states, counties could restrict or ban local marijuana facilities through a variety of regulatory methods such as ordinances and zoning. • County-level recreational marijuana policies in Washington and...
Article
Full-text available
Background Slowing the spread of the novel coronavirus (COVID-19) requires behavioral changes such as physical distancing (e.g., staying a 6-foot distance from others, avoiding mass gatherings, reducing houseguests), wearing masks, reducing trips to nonessential business establishments, and increasing hand washing. Like other health behaviors, COVI...
Article
Full-text available
To determine if cigarette smoking, electronic cigarette use, and rate of consumption of these products differed before and after a pandemic lockdown order, two convenience samples of adults in Central California were recruited and surveyed before (March 2020) and after (May 2020) COVID-19 lockdown orders were implemented in California (n = 2571). M...
Article
Background Previous research indicates that differences in cigarette smoking exist among those of different race/ethnicity and varying levels of socioeconomic status. However, most research has examined the influence of these factors separately on cigarette smoking despite their observed covariation. To examine the interaction of race/ethnicity and...
Article
Dual-process theories may be effective at predicting adolescent smoking; however, little is known about the effectiveness of these models across race/ethnicity and gender. Adolescents (N = 4035) completed biopsychosocial and tobacco-related perception measures in Grade 7 and reported on smoking initiation in Grade 10. Using structural equation mode...
Article
Purpose Few studies have examined the early development of a broad range of health issues of importance in adolescence in Latina (female) youth, despite their being potentially a vulnerable group. This study compared suicide and depressive symptoms, substance use, violence exposure, injury prevention, obesity, and health-related quality of life amo...
Article
Full-text available
The first goal of this study was to identify the most appropriate measure of cigarette smoking for identifying unique smoking trajectories among adolescents; the second goal was to describe the resulting trajectories and their characteristics. Using 15 annual waves of smoking data in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), we condu...
Data
Graphical comparison of trajectories from other latent class growth analyses using national samples. (DOCX)
Data
Comparison of four-class solutions by smoking variable. (DOCX)
Data
Comparison of this paper with comparable trajectories identified in previous latent class growth analyses of national datasets. (DOCX)
Data
Fit statistics and sample size (N) by number of classes. (DOCX)
Data
Raw data file as stata 12 DTA file. (DTA)
Article
Full-text available
Does politics cause people to be perceived as more or less attractive? As a type of social identity, party identifiers often exhibit in-group bias, positively evaluating members of their own party and, especially under conditions of competition, negatively evaluating out-party members. The current experiment tests whether political in-party and out...
Article
Objective: Examine the longitudinal association of generational status (first = child and parent born outside the United States; second = child born in the United States, parent born outside the United States; third = child and parent born in the United States) and parent and peer social factors considered in 5th grade with subsequent oral, vagina...
Article
Objective This aim of this study was to examine whether the construct of physical appearance perception differed among the three largest racial/ethnic groups in the United States using an adolescent sample. Methods Black (46%), Latino (31%), and White (23%) adolescents in Grade 10 from the Healthy Passages study (N = 4,005) completed the Harter’s S...
Article
Importance: Smoke-free laws are associated with a lower prevalence of smoking. Objective: To quantify the effect of 100% smoke-free laws on the smoking behavior of adolescents and young adults in a longitudinal analysis. Design, setting, and participants: Pooled logistic regression and zero-inflated negative binomial regression analysis of par...
Article
US presidents since Ronald Reagan have required regulatory agencies to conduct cost-benefit analyses of proposed regulations,1 currently governed by Office of Management and Budget Circular A-4.2 On its surface, requiring such analyses makes sense; after all, why burden businesses with costly regulations if there is little benefit to the public? Th...
Article
Full-text available
Prior literature examines the direct relationship between personality traits and body esteem. This article explores the possibility that self-esteem mediates this relationship. 165 undergraduate women and 133 men (age 18-21; 42.6% Hispanic, 28.9% Asian, 28.5% Caucasian) completed items measuring personality traits (Big Five), self-esteem, and body...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue focuses attention on physical and mental health disparities within the Asian American community and the work done by researchers and affiliates of the Asian American Center for Disparities Research (AACDR) to understand and alleviate these disparities. The collection of articles in this special issue covers a range of topics rela...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about influences on weight loss attempts, yet about one-half report making such attempts during adolescence. The aim was to examine the relationships among weight loss attempts, body size, and body perception in racially/ethnically diverse young adolescents. 3954 African American, Latino, and White 5th-graders completed the Self-Per...
Article
In its graphic warning label regulations on cigarette packages, the Food and Drug Administration severely discounts the benefits of reduced smoking because of the lost "pleasure" smokers experience when they stop smoking; this is quantified as lost "consumer surplus." Consumer surplus is grounded in rational choice theory. However, empirical eviden...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We quantified the pattern and passage rate of cigarette package health warning labels (HWLs), including the effect of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and HWLs voluntarily implemented by tobacco companies. Methods: We used transition probability matrices to describe the pattern of HWL passage and change rate in 4 pe...
Article
Little research has examined the extent to which adolescents directly attempt to influence friends' smoking. This study examines adolescents' reported actions to promote or deter friends' smoking, and whether actions vary by adolescents' smoking experience. Data were collected between 2001 and 2004 at four time points across the 9th and 10th grades...
Article
Full-text available
Many college students are involved in gambling behavior as a recreational activity. Their involvement could potentially develop into problem gambling, an issue of increasing concern to student health. At the same time, evidence suggests that Asian Americans are overrepresented amongst problem gamblers in this age period. Research on factors related...
Article
Objectives: We examined the pattern of the passage of smoking laws across venues (government and private workplaces, restaurants, bars) and by strength (no law to 100% smoke-free). Methods: We conducted transition analyses of local and state smoking restrictions passed between 1970 and 2009, with data from the Americans for Nonsmokers' Rights Or...
Article
Objectives: We determined whether racial/ethnic disparities existed in coverage by type of 100% smoke-free private workplace, restaurant, and bar laws from 2000 to 2009. Methods: We combined US census population data and the American Nonsmokers' Rights Foundation US Tobacco Control Database to calculate the percentage of individuals in counties...
Conference Paper
Smokefree laws in the United States have significantly increased since they started passing in the early 1980s. However, diffusion of laws has been uneven and little is known about how they cluster geographically or the sequence in which venues (workplaces vs hospitality sector coverage) are regulated. This study outlines two statistical approaches...
Conference Paper
Background: Many current studies of smokefree law coverage misclassify the number of individuals covered by 100% smokefree laws by failing to account for ordinances passed below the county level as well as the coverage of county laws in different states. Furthermore, data from California indicates that strong smokefree laws may be associated with d...
Conference Paper
Most epidemiological studies aggregate Hispanic Americans as one category. This approach may ignore important cultural variation between Hispanic cultures that might contribute to health status. Although many endorse the disaggregation of Hispanicity into country of origin, there is no empirical demonstration of how these two methodological approac...
Article
We compared the association between 3 different definitions of social smoking-a common pattern of smoking among young adults-and cessation indicators. We used a Web-enabled, cross-sectional national survey of 1528 young adults (aged 18-25 years) from a panel (recruited by random-digit dialing) maintained by the research group Knowledge Networks. Am...
Article
Full-text available
Previous studies suggest that earlier cigarette smoking initiation in adolescence predicts greater cigarette consumption later in adolescence or adulthood. Results from these studies have been used to inform interventions for adolescent smoking. However, previous studies suffer from several important methodological limitations. The objective of the...
Article
To (1) identify the temporal order between oral and vaginal sex onset; (2) test whether oral sex or vaginal sex is a risk or protective factor for the other; and (3) determine whether the relationship between oral and vaginal sex varies across time. Prospective, longitudinal study with 6-month assessments conducted between 2002 and 2005. Self-admin...
Article
Full-text available
To evaluate developmental changes, personal smoking experiences, and vicarious smoking experiences as predictors of adolescents' perceptions of the risks and benefits of cigarette smoking over time, and to identify new and effective targets for youth smoking prevention programs. There were 395 adolescents surveyed every 6 months for two school year...
Article
To directly test whether perceptions of second-hand smoke risks deter adolescent smoking initiation. A longitudinal survey design was utilized in this study. Baseline surveys measuring perceptions of tobacco-related risks and smoking behaviors were administered to 395 high school students, with three follow-up assessments every 6 months. Perception...
Article
Catharine Cox published two studies of highly eminent creators and leaders, the first in 1926 as the second volume of Terman's landmark Genetic Studies of Genius and the second in 1936 as a coauthored article. The former publication concentrated on the relation between IQ and achieved eminence, and the latter focused on early physical and mental he...
Article
Full-text available
The predictive value of perceptions of smoking-related risks and benefits with regard to adolescent smoking initiation has not been adequately established. We used prospective, longitudinal data to directly test whether smoking-related perceptions predict smoking initiation among adolescents. We administered surveys assessing perceptions of smoking...
Conference Paper
Background: Young adults have the highest smoking prevalence of any age group in the USA. Social smoking is increasingly recognized among young adults, but published research uses inconsistent definitions. Objective: Compare three different definitions of social smokers (self-identified social smokers; smokers who mainly smoke with others; smoker...
Conference Paper
Background: Peers are an important influence on health-related behaviors during adolescence. Most research has examined how peers promote risk, rather than promote health protective behavior. Objectives: We examine (1) adolescents' report of 7 actions to promote or deter friends' smoking, and (2) whether actions vary by gender, having close friends...
Article
To examine the physiological and social consequences that 9th and 10th grade adolescents experience as a result of experimenting with cigarette use, and whether consequences vary by level of experimentation and gender. Data were collected between 2001 and 2004 from 395 adolescents attending two northern California public high schools. Analyses are...
Article
This study assessed whether smoking in the movies was associated with smoking in young adults. A national web-enabled cross-sectional survey of 1528 young adults, aged 18-25, was performed between September and November 2005. Logistic regression and path analysis using probit regression were used to assess relationships between exposure to smoking...

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