Anna Roos

Anna Roos
Swedish Museum of Natural History · Department of Environmental Research and Monitoring

PhD

About

81
Publications
13,785
Reads
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1,254
Citations
Introduction
I study contaminants and health in aquatic top predators, such marine mammals (seals and cetaceans), otters and ospreys. My phD focused on otters (Lutra lutra), contaminants and health. I am a part of the management group for IUCN Otter Specialist Group (OSG).
Additional affiliations
January 1988 - present
Swedish Museum of Natural History
Position
  • Curator

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Full-text available
In contrast to sparse historical observational records, five Sowerby’s beaked whales (SBW) stranded and died in Swedish waters between 2015 and 2020. Here we summarize historical records of SBWs in the Skagerrak basin and adjacent waters. The three recent stranding events from Sweden are described, and the post-mortem findings, including diet analy...
Article
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Livers of caribou and reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus ) from Canada ( n = 146), Greenland ( n = 30), Svalbard ( n = 7), and Sweden ( n = 60) were analyzed for concentrations of eight perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids and four perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids. In Canadian caribou, PFNA (range < 0.01–7.4 ng/g wet weight, ww) and PFUnDA (<0.01–5.6 ng/g ww) d...
Article
Full-text available
Harbour porpoises (Phocoena phocoena) are useful indicators of the health of their wild populations and marine ecosystems, yet their elusive nature makes studying them in their natural environment challenging. Stranded porpoises provide an excellent source of data to study the health and biology of these animals and identify causes of death, diseas...
Article
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A type of monophasic group B Salmonella enterica with the antigenic formula 4,12:a:- (“Fulica-like”) has been described as associated with harbour porpoises ( Phocoena phocoena ), most frequently recovered from lung samples. In the present study, lung tissue samples from 47 porpoises found along the Swedish coast or as bycatch in fishing nets were...
Article
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The prevalence of intestinal ulcers and parasites was investigated in 2172 grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) collected in the Baltic Sea and 49 grey seals collected outside the Baltic Sea (i.e., the Atlantic). An increase in frequency of ileocaeco-colonic ulcers was observed in the early 1980s, followed by a decrease in the mid-1990s. At the same tim...
Article
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Chlorinated paraffins (CPs) were analyzed in marine wildlife from Greenland, Iceland, and the Swedish west coast. CPs up to C29 were detected in the samples from the Arctic, indicating long-range transport of an industrial chemical group with a 2-million-ton annual production volume. CP concentrations were generally higher in biota from the Swedish...
Article
Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a group of emerging substances that have proved to be persistent and highly bioaccumulative. They are broadly used in various applications and are known for their long-distance migration and toxicity. In this study, 65 recent specimens of a terrestrial apex predator (Common buzzard), freshwater and mar...
Article
Full-text available
A wide range of species, including marine mammals, seabirds, birds of prey, fish and bivalves, were investigated for potential population health risks resulting from contemporary (post 2000) mercury (Hg) exposure, using novel risk thresholds based on literature and de novo contamination data. The main geographic focus is on the Baltic Sea, while da...
Article
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While new chemicals have replaced major toxic legacy contaminants such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), knowledge of their current levels and biomagnification potential in Baltic Sea biota is lacking. Therefore, a suite of chemicals of emerging concern, including organophosphate esters (OPEs), short-cha...
Article
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It is generally accepted that per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) occur primarily in protein-rich tissues such as blood and liver, but few studies have examined the occurrence of legacy and novel PFASs in lipid-rich tissues such as blubber. Here we report the distribution of 24 PFASs, total fluorine, and extractable organic fluorine (EOF) i...
Preprint
It is generally accepted that per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) occur primarily in protein-rich tissues such as blood and liver, but few studies have examined the occurrence of PFASs (in particular emerging PFASs), in lipid-rich tissues such as blubber. Here we report the distribution of 24 PFASs, total fluorine (TF) and extractable organ...
Preprint
It is generally accepted that per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) occur primarily in protein-rich tissues such as blood and liver, but few studies have examined the occurrence of PFASs (in particular emerging PFASs), in lipid-rich tissues such as blubber. Here we report the distribution of 24 PFASs, total fluorine (TF) and extractable organ...
Article
Full-text available
Here we review contaminant exposure and related health effects in six selected Baltic key species. Sentinel species included are common eider, white-tailed eagle, harbour porpoise, harbour seal, ringed seal and grey seal. The review represents the first attempt of summarizing available information and baseline data for these biomonitoring key speci...
Article
Full-text available
There is increasing evidence that the ~20 routinely monitored per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) account for only a fraction of extractable organofluorine (EOF) occurring in the environment. To assess whether PFAS exposure is being underestimated in marine mammals from the Northern Hemisphere, we performed a fluorine mass balance on liver...
Preprint
There is increasing evidence that the ~20 routinely monitored per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) account for only a fraction of extractable organofluorine (EOF) occurring in the environment. To assess whether PFAS exposure is being underestimated in marine mammals from the Northern Hemisphere, we performed a fluorine mass balance on liver...
Article
Full-text available
Detailed knowledge of age-related changes in the structure and mineralization of bones is important for interpreting osseous changes in wild mammals caused by exposure to environmental contaminants. This study analyzed mandibular size, microarchitecture and volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) in harbor seals (n = 93, age range 0.5 months to 25 y...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since 2003 the Swedish Museum of Natural History (SMNH) has administered a web page where the general public can report sightings of otters and otter tracks. Between 2003 and 2014 the Museum received 1142 reports. The reports were divided into season and type of sighting: live animals, tracks and group size. Most reports of live animals were receiv...
Article
Short-, medium-, and long-chain chlorinated paraffins (SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCCPs) have a wide range of physical-chemical properties, indicating their varying bioaccumulation tendencies in marine and terrestrial ecosystems. However, there are few empirical data to reveal such bioaccumulation tendencies. In this study, we analysed SCCPs, MCCPs, and LCC...
Article
Full-text available
Poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are important environmental contaminants globally and in the early 2000s they were shown to be ubiquitous contaminants in Arctic wildlife. Previous reviews by Butt et al. and Letcher et al. have covered studies on levels and trends of PFASs in the Arctic that were available to 2009. The purpose of this re...
Article
The harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) is a highly mobile cetacean found across the Northern hemisphere. It occurs in coastal waters and inhabits basins that vary broadly in salinity, temperature, and food availability. These diverse habitats could drive subtle differentiation among populations, but examination of this would be best conducted wit...
Preprint
The harbour porpoise ( Phocoena phocoena ) is a highly mobile cetacean found in waters across the Northern hemisphere. It occurs in coastal water and inhabits water basins that vary broadly in salinity, temperature, and food availability. These diverse habitats could drive differentiation among populations. Here we report the first harbour porpoise...
Article
Temporal trends in exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) were assessed in 22 pooled samples gathered from 69 individuals of Baltic ringed seal (Pusa hispida botnica) from 1974 to 2015. Samples were analysed for polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PBDD/Fs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated di...
Article
Full-text available
The population structure of the highly mobile marine mammal, the harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena), in the Atlantic shelf waters follows a pattern of significant isolation-by-distance. The population structure of harbor porpoises from the Baltic Sea, which is connected with the North Sea through a series of basins separated by shallow underwater...
Data
Mitochondrial haplotype network. (DOCX)
Data
Global locus-by-locus AMOVA for the SNP and microsatellite marker-sets. (DOCX)
Data
Eigenvalue plots of sPCA. (DOCX)
Data
Detailed sample information table. (DOCX)
Data
Evanno deltaK values. (DOCX)
Data
Assignment of individuals into clusters according to best Evanno deltaK values based on Structure analyses with SNP and microsatellite marker-sets. (DOCX)
Data
HWE tests for 13 microsatellite loci over all populations. (DOCX)
Data
Probability (P-value) for significant global and local spatial structure for sPCA analyses. (DOCX)
Article
The level of PFAS (per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances) contamination in freshwater and terrestrial Swedish environments in 2013/2014 was assessed by analyzing a range of perfluorinated alkyl acids, fluorotelomer acids, sulfonamides, sulfonamidoethanols and polyfluoralkyl phosphate diesters (diPAPs) in predator bird eggs. Stable isotopes (13C...
Article
Full-text available
The recent identification of Pseudamphistomum truncatum, (Rudolphi, 1819) (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae) and Metorchis bilis (Braun, 1790) Odening, 1962 (synonymous with M. albidus (Braun, 1893) Loos, 1899 and M. crassiusculus (Rudolphi, 1809) Looss, 1899 (Trematoda: Opisthorchiidae)) in otters from Britain caused concern because of associated biliar...
Chapter
Full-text available
The objective of this chapter is to review current knowledge of the levels, trends, and health effects of dioxins and dioxin-like compounds (DLCs) including polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polybrominated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PBDD/Fs), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in aquatic biota, with a specia...
Article
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The Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) population in Sweden went through a drastic decline in population size between the 1950s and 1980s, caused mostly by anthropogenic factors such as high hunting pressure and the introduction of environmental toxic chemicals into the otter’s habitats. However, after the bans of PCBs and DDT in the 1970s, the populatio...
Article
A number of mammal species in Europe, including the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra), have experienced a decline in population size in the 20th century due to persecution, environmental pollution and ongoing habitat fragmentation. This has often led to a substantial loss of genetic diversity which may threaten population viability. While otters have be...
Article
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The spermatic ducts (vasa deferentia) of 235 otters (Lutra lutra) found dead between 1999 and 2012 in Sweden were examined for presence of paraductular cysts. Single or multiple elongated uni- or bilateral cysts parallel to the spermatic duct were noted in 72% of the examined males. The cysts were adjacent to, but did not communicate with the lumen...
Article
Liver samples from 140 otters (Lutra lutra) from Sweden and Norway were analyzed for 10 perfluoroalkyl carboxylic acids (PFCAs; C6-C15), 4 perfluoroalkane sulfonic acids (PFSAs; C4,C6,C8,C10) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (FOSA). Perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) was the dominant compound accounting for approximately 80% of the fluorinated contami...
Article
Full-text available
We studied indices of reproductive outcome in three aquatic species in relation to organochlorine concentrations during four decades. In female otters, the frequency of signs of reproduction increased after 1990. In grey seals, pregnancy rate increased 1990-2010 and uterine obstructions ceased after 1993. The frequency of uterine tumours was highes...
Article
Temporal trends of polyfluoroalkyl compounds (PFCs) were examined in grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) liver from the Baltic Sea over a period of 35 years (1974-2008). In total, 17 of 43 PFCs were found, including the perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (C(4)-C(10) PFSAs), perfluorooctanesulfinate (PFOSi), long chain perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (C(7)-C(14) PFCA...
Article
Bäcklin, B-M., Moraeus, C., Roos, A., Eklöf, E., and Lind, Y. 2011. Health and age and sex distributions of Baltic grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) collected from bycatch and hunt in the Gulf of Bothnia. – ICES Journal of Marine Science, 68: 183–188. Age distribution, sex ratio, and season of death were investigated in grey seals taken as bycatch an...
Article
Full-text available
We studied geographical and temporal body size trends among 169 adult museum specimens of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) collected in Sweden between 1962 and 2008, whose sex, year of collection, and locality were known. Skull size and body mass increased significantly in relation to the year of collection, and skull size (but not body mass) was s...
Article
We analysed 229 Eurasian otters from eastern and north-western Germany, Denmark and southern Sweden based on sequences of the mtDNA control region and genotypes at 12 polymorphic nuclear microsatellite loci. The main focus of the study lay on the north-west German otters from Schleswig-Holstein, which represent a newly established and expanding pop...
Article
The aim of this study is to elucidate if DDE (dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene) or PCB (polybrominated diphenyls), are responsible for the pathological alterations observed in Swedish otter bone tissues. Femurs from 86 male otters collected between 1832 and 2004 were measured using peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT). Some otters had...
Article
Full-text available
The population status of the harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) in the Baltic area has been a continuous matter of debate. Here we present the by far most comprehensive genetic population structure assessment to date for this region, both with regard to geographic coverage and sample size: 497 porpoise samples from North Sea, Skagerrak, Kattegat,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction The grey seal (Halichoerus gryphus) is the most abundant marine mammal in the Baltic Sea with approximately 25000 individuals today 1 . They are piscivorous mammals and as top predators receive contaminants via their food. Due to biomagnification concentrations of contaminants might reach harmful levels 2 for example the contaminants P...
Article
Full-text available
EPIDEMICS caused by phocine distemper virus (pdv) resulted in mass mortalities of European harbour seals ( Phoca vitulina ) in 1988 and 2002 ([Harkonen and others 2006][1]). A third epidemic started in June 2007; the gross pathological changes observed in seals that died in the 2007 outbreak were
Technical Report
Full-text available
Uttern var förr vanlig i hela Sverige, men under 1950-talet började arten minska drastiskt i både antal och utbredning. Denna minskning hände inte bara i Sverige utan även i många andra europeiska länder. År 1968 fredades uttern i Sverige, men trots det fortsatte den att minska. Orsaken till den extrema populationsnedgången är framför allt höga gif...
Article
The tail feathers of 104 osprey nestlings (Pandion haliaetus) from Lake Asnen, southern Sweden, were analyzed for total mercury and selenium content. Concentrations of mercury in feathers from the western part of the lake fell during the period 1969-1998, when pollution from industrial mercury had decreased and a paper mill upstream of the lake was...
Article
High prevalence of uterine occlusions and sterility is found among Baltic ringed and grey seal. Polychlorinated biphenyls (CBs) are suspected to be the main cause. The CB concentrations are higher in affected than in healthy animals, but the natural variation is considerable. Thus, it might be possible to assess the health status of seals by CB ana...