Anna Rita Bonfigli

Anna Rita Bonfigli
INRCA Istituto Nazionale di Ricovero e Cura per Anziani | INRCA · Department of Diabetology

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129
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Publications (129)
Article
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Background: Nutraceutical combinations (NCs) against hypercholesterolemia are increasing in the marketplace. However, the availability of NCs without monacolin K is scarce even though the statin-intolerant population needs it. Methods: This study is a parallel-group, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. We evaluated the effects of...
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Background age-adapted definition of chronic kidney disease (CKD) does not take individual risk factors into account. We aimed at investigating whether functional impairments influence CKD stage at which mortality increases among older people. Methods our series consisted of 2,372 outpatients aged 75 years or more enrolled in a multicentre interna...
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Background: Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and their interaction with the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) play a pivotal role in the development and progression of type 2 diabetes. In this retrospective cohort study, we explored the association of circulating levels of soluble RAGE (sRAGE) isoforms, i.e., endogenous sec...
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To establish whether obesity involves activation of endogenous ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) signalling, we evaluated its plasma levels in patients with obesity and correlated its values with the major clinical and haematological indices of obesity, insulin resistance and systemic inflammation. This study involved 118 subjects: 39 healthy cont...
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Disorders of lipoprotein metabolism are among the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been associated with the individual variability in blood lipid profile and response to lipid-lowering treatments. Here, we genotyped 34 selected SNPs located in coding genes related to lipid...
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To reduce the mortality of COVID-19 older patients, clear criteria to predict in-hospital mortality are urgently needed. Here, we aimed to evaluate the performance of selected routine laboratory biomarkers in improving the prediction of in-hospital mortality in 641 consecutive COVID-19 geriatric patients (mean age 86.6±6.8) who were hospitalized at...
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Background Sarcopenia may be more present in older adults with diabetes (DM). Accordingly, we evaluated the prevalence of sarcopenia and its associated risk factors among community-dwelling older adults with DM. Methods A cross-sectional analysis of older people living in the community was carried out. Participants (aged 75 years and more) came fr...
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The stratification of mortality risk in COVID-19 patients remains extremely challenging for physicians, especially in older patients. Innovative minimally invasive molecular biomarkers are needed to improve the prediction of mortality risk and better customize patient management. In this study, aimed at identifying circulating miRNAs associated wit...
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Introduction: Parkinson's disease (PD) is one of the most frequent causes of disability among older people, characterized by motor disorders, rigidity, and balance problems. Recently, dance has started to be considered an effective exercise for people with PD. In particular, Irish dancing, along with tango and different forms of modern dance, may b...
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There is an increasing number of nutraceutical combinations (NCs) on the market for hypercholesterolemia, although clinical trials to verify their safety and efficacy are scarce. We selected fourteen randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials (RCTs) on different lipid-lowering NCs in hypercholesterolemic subjects. We described each compound′s m...
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Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic weight of multimorbidity and functional impairment over long-term mortality among older patients discharged from acute care hospitals. Design A prospective multicenter observational study. Setting and Participants Our series consisted of 1967 adults aged ≥65 years consecutivel...
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Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease in the growing population of elderly people, is still lacking minimally-invasive circulating biomarkers that could facilitate the diagnosis and the monitoring of disease progression. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are emerging as tissue-specific and/or circulating biomarkers of several age-...
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Plasma levels of interleukin (IL)-38 were evaluated in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and healthy controls. Plasma IL-38 was higher in T2DM patients and positively related to waist/hip ratio, HbA1c, uric acid, liver function tests, triglycerides and total proteins. Patients suffering from diabetic nephropathy had the highest IL-38 levels.
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Fibroblast Growth Factor 21 (FGF21), Growth Differentiation Factor 15 (GDF15), and Humanin (HN) are mitochondrial stress-related mitokines, whose role in health and disease is still debated. In this study, we confirmed that their plasma levels are positively correlated with age in healthy subjects. However, when looking at patients with type 2 diab...
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Innovative biomarkers are needed to improve the management of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Blood circulating miRNAs have been proposed as a potential tool to detect T2DM complications but the lack of tissue specificity, among other reasons, has hampered their translation to clinical settings. Extracellular vesicle (EV)-shuttled mi...
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One of the most widely conserved hallmarks of aging is a decline in functional capabilities. Mobility loss is particularly burdensome due to its association with negative health outcomes, loss of independence and disability, and the heavy impact on quality of life. Recently, a new condition, physical frailty and sarcopenia, has been proposed to def...
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Background: Elevated cholesterol levels and systemic inflammation are considered relevant risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD) development and progression. Increasing evidence suggests that cholesterol-lowering and inflammation-lowering nutraceuticals are useful in the management of moderate hypercholesterolemia. Here, we describe the stu...
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Background: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is correlated to amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) and to non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (naMCI). This study evaluated whether the T2D variable characterizes a peculiar cognitive profile in elderly patients. Moreover, it explores the association between glycated hemoglobin levels (HbA1c), T2D durat...
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The senescence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), characterized by the acquisition of senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), is relevant for VSMCs osteoblastic differentiation and vascular calcification (VC). MicroRNA-34a (miR-34a) is a driver of such phenomena and could play a role in vascular inflammaging. Herein, we analyzed the...
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Residual inflammatory risk (RIR) is defined as persistent circulating levels of high sensitivity C‐reactive protein (hs‐CRP) > 2 mg/L despite an optimal (<70 mg/dL) control of LDL cholesterol (C) and represents an emerging risk factor for the development of cardiovascular events in patients at high‐risk for atherosclerosis. Few data are available r...
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In this randomized, double-blind, single-center trial (ANZCTR number ACTRN12619000436178) we aimed to investigate changes in endothelium-dependent vasodilation induced by ubiquinol, the reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), in healthy subjects with moderate dyslipidemia. Fifty-one subjects with low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels of 13...
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
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The role of epigenetics in endothelial cell senescence is a cutting-edge topic in ageing research. However, little is known of the relative contribution to pro-senescence signal propagation provided by microRNAs shuttled by extracellular vesicles (EVs) released from senescent cells. Analysis of microRNA and DNA methylation profiles in non-senescent...
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Type-2 Diabetes (T2D), diabetic complications, and their clinical risk factors harbor a substantial genetic component but the genetic factors contributing to overall diabetes mortality remain unknown. Here, we examined the association between genetic variants at 21 T2D-susceptibility loci and all-cause mortality in an elderly cohort of 542 Italian...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia associated with alterations in carbohydrate, lipid, and protein metabolism. The prognosis of T2DM patients is highly dependent on the development of complications, and therefore the identification of biomarkers of T2DM progression, with minimally invasive...
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The identification of diagnostic-prognostic biomarkers of dementia has become a global priority due to the prevalence of neurodegenerative diseases in aging populations. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers across patients affected by either Alzheimer's disease (AD), tauopathie...
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The receptor for advanced glycation end-products (RAGE) recognizes several ligands involved in inflammatory diseases. Two circulating soluble isoforms exist: esRAGE derived from alternative splicing and cRAGE generated by the membrane-bound RAGE (FL-RAGE) proteolysis. Together, esRAGE and cRAGE constitute sRAGE and function as decoy receptors preve...
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To evaluate the combined effect of age and glycemic state on circulating levels of the inflamma-miR‐146a levels, 188 healthy subjects (CTR) aged 20–104 years and 144 type-2 diabetic patients (T2DM), aged 40‐80 years, were analyzed. In CTR subjects, miR-146a levels showed a significant age-related decline. When a gender-stratified analysis was ran,...
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Background Physical activity (PA) has health benefits for people with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Indeed, regular PA is considered an important part of any T2D management plan, yet most patients adopt a sedentary lifestyle. Exercise referral schemes (ERS) have the potential to effectively promote physical activity among T2D patients, and their effective...
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Aims: ZnT8 Arg325Trp polymorphism has been associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) susceptibility. The Arg-325 risk variant shows accelerated zinc (Zn) transport kinetic and reduced glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in pancreatic cells. However, it remains unexplored the role of Znt8 polymorphism in the regulation of Zn homeostasis and inflammat...
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Blood pressure (BP) changes and risk factors associated with pulse pressure (PP) increase in elderly people have rarely been studied using ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM). The aim is to evaluate 10‐year ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) changes in older hypertensives, focusing on PP and its associations with mortality. An observational st...
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Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) is a chronic disease associated with a number of micro- and macrovascular complications that increase the morbidity and mortality of patients. The risk of diabetic complications has a strong genetic component. To this end, we sought to evaluate the association of 40 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in 21 candidate genes...
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β-Galactosidase (β-Gal) activity has been the most extensively utilized biomarker for the detection of cellular senescence. It can be measured also in plasma, and few recent evidence showed an altered plasmatic β-Gal activity in patients affected by some age-related diseases (ARDs). Since T2DM is one of the most common ARDs, we aimed to investigate...
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Several epidemiological and prospective studies suggest that an early intensive control of hyperglycaemia is able to decrease the risk of diabetic micro- and macro-vascular complications. A growing body of experimental evidence supports the concept that the risk for diabetes complications may be linked to oxidative stress, non-enzymatic glycation o...
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Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at high risk for atherosclerotic disease, and proper blood pressure measurement is mandatory. The authors examined the prevalence of an interarm difference (IAD) in blood pressure and its association with cardiovascular risk factors and organ damage (nephropathy, retinopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy,...
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Background Short to intermediate integrated glycemic control is best determined by glycated albumin (GA). This assay is appropriate when interpretation of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) is critical because of hemoglobinopathies, severe anemias, or other factors that affect red blood lifespan as hemodialysis. We evaluated a new assay based on the enzym...
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Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) shortening is found in a number of age-related diseases, including type 2 diabetes (T2DM). In this study its possible association with mortality was analyzed in a sample of 568 T2DM patients (mean age 65.9 ± 9 years), who were followed for a median of 10.2 years (interquartile range 2.2). A number of demographic, lab...
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Background and aims: Literature data suggest an association between Helicobacter pylori infection and glucose homeostasis. However, a causative link between them has not been demonstrated yet. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of H.pylori eradication on glucose homeostasis in patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods and results: A...
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Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a disease that affects many metabolic pathways. It is associated with insulin resistance, impaired insulin signaling, β-cell dysfunction, abnormal glucose levels, altered lipid metabolism, sub-clinical inflammation and increased oxidative stress. These and other unknown mechanisms lead to micro- and macro-complications,...
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Background: Intracellular antioxidant response to high glucose is mediated by Cu/Mn-superoxide dismutases (SOD-1/SOD-2), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidases (GPx), particularly glutathione peroxidase-1 (GPx-1). Although oscillating glucose can induce a more deleterious effect than high glucose on endothelial cells, the mechanism by which os...
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Background: To test the effect of normoglycemia and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), alone or in combination, on the possible normalization of endothelial function in type 1 diabetes. Methods: Fifteen people with type 1 diabetes participated in three experiments: reaching and maintaining normoglycemia for 4h; reaching and maintaining hyperglycem...
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Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common in older adults, and its burden is expected to increase in older populations. Even if the knowledge on the approach to older patient with CKD is still evolving, current guidelines for pharmacological management of CKD does not include specific recommendations for older patients. Additionally, decision-making o...
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Introduction Glycolysis affects glucose determination in vitro. The placement of sample tubes in ice-water slurry with plasma separation within 30 minutes is recommended, or alternatively the use of a glycolysis inhibitor. The aim of our two-steps study was to evaluate which Terumo tube is best for glucose determination in routine clinical setting....
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The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus, one of the major causes of morbility and mortality in Europe, is increasing in all European countries. Diabetes is not distributed equally among all population groups, as higher incidence, appearance of complications, and different mortality rates have been observed among migrants and the native populatio...
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Innovative biomarkers are required to manage type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM). We focused our study on miR-126-3p and miR-21-5p levels, as biomarkers of endothelial function and inflammation. MiRNAs levels were measured in plasma from 107 healthy subjects (CTR) and 193 diabetic patients (T2DM), 76 without (T2DM NC) and 117 with (T2DM C) complication...
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Objective: In type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) patients at high risk for atherosclerosis, we have examined the prevalence of an inter-arm difference of BP (IAD), its influence in hypertension detection and its association with cardiovascular risk factors and eGFR. Design and method: Height-hundred consecutive patients with DM2 and 213 controls select...
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The development of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and its complications is largely due to the complex interaction between genetic factors and environmental influences, mainly dietary habits and lifestyle, which can either accelerate or slow down disease progression. Recent findings suggest the potential involvement of epigenetic mechanisms as a cr...
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Adipocytokines are bioactive molecules that are deeply involved in the occurrence of atherosclerosis, obesity, and autoimmune inflammatory diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) inhibitors on serum levels of adipocytokines in patients with chronic plaque psoriasis. Serum levels of adiponectin,...
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Italy is expected to experience the largest growth in persons ≥65 years (>20 % by 2020). This demographic shift allows for geriatric research on predictive clinical and biological markers of outcomes related to frailty, re-hospitalization and mortality. To describe rationale and methods of the Report-AGE study project of acute care patients in Ital...
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Glycosylation, i.e the enzymatic addition of oligosaccharides (or glycans) to proteins and lipids, known as glycosylation, is one of the most common co-/posttranslational modifications of proteins. Many important biological roles of glycoproteins are modulated by N-linked oligosaccharides. As glucose levels can affect the pathways leading to glycos...
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Aims: To investigate the validity and reliability of the Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life instrument in older Italians with diabetes and to test the association of diabetes-related quality of life with glycaemic control over time. Methods: A total of 558 outpatients with Type 2 diabetes from the Diabetic Unit of the Italian National R...
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Circulating miR-126-3p levels were determined in 136 healthy subjects (CTRs) aged 20-90 years and 193 patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DMs) aged 40-80 years, to explore the combined effect of age and glycemic state on miR-126-3p expression. Moreover, intra/extracellular miR-126-3p levels were measured in human endothelial cells (HUVECs) un...
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T2DM is today considered as world-wide health problem, with complications responsible of an enhanced mortality and morbidity. Thus, new strategies for its prevention and therapy are necessary. For this reason, the research interest has focused its attention on TLR4 and its polymorphisms, particularly the rs4986790. However, no conclusive findings h...