Anna-Lynne R Adlam

Anna-Lynne R Adlam
University of Exeter | UoE · Department of Psychology

BSc, PhD, DClinPsy

About

53
Publications
23,558
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,796
Citations
Introduction
Dr Anna Adlam is a Chartered Clinical Psychologist (HCPC registered) and an academic Neuropsychologist (Ph.D.). Anna's research programme focuses on understanding the influence of executive processes in clinical disorders, and developing effective interventions. This research programme has two themes: i) developing and evaluating paediatric neurocognitive interventions; and ii) understanding neurocognitive mechanisms in mood disorders to develop and enhance interventions
Additional affiliations
September 2003 - September 2006
September 1999 - March 2003
University College London

Publications

Publications (53)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose/Objective Young people with paediatric acquired brain injury (pABI) are twice as likely to develop a mood disorder as their peers, frequently have significant unmet socio-emotional needs, and are at over double the risk of going on to use adult mental health services. Recent years have seen significant advances in the development of interve...
Presentation
(Abstract as submitted for peer review to the conference scientific committee) BRIEF encounters with Rasch: a new look at reliability and fit statistics in assessment of executive functions in children with acquired brain injury ims/Background Questionnaire assessments designed using a Classical Test Theory approach merit review in the context...
Article
This paper describes an innovative use of Lesson Study (LS), an internationally used collaborative approach in which teachers develop their teaching knowledge and practices. It aimed to evaluate how EPs join teachers in LS teams, using working memory and other knowledge to inform the teaching of pupils with learning difficulties. The study uses a c...
Article
Full-text available
How moral decision-making occurs, matures over time and relates to behaviour is complex. To develop a full picture of moral decision-making, moral development and moral behaviour it is necessary to understand: (a) how real-time moral decisions are made (including relevant social and contextual factors), (b) what processes are required to develop to...
Poster
The poster presents the research protocol for our study evaluating the feasibility of a RCT to investigate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of Teen Online Problem Solving for adolescents who have survived an acquired brain injury in the UK (TOPS-UK)
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Following traumatic brain injury (TBI), children experience a variety of physical, motor, speech, and cognitive deficits that can have a long-term detrimental impact. The emergence and popularity of new technologies has led to research into the development of various apps, gaming systems, websites, and robotics that might be applied...
Article
Full-text available
DESPITE CONTROVERSY surrounding the effectiveness of working memory training, Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT, Pearson) remains a popular intervention. We surveyed 100 CWMT practitioners from Australia, the USA, the Netherlands, and the UK to investigate how CWMT is used, who with, and what outcomes are measured. Practitioners reported to find...
Article
This article presents an evaluation of distance technology used in a novel Lesson Study (LS) approach involving a dispersed LS team for inter-professional purposes. A typical LS model with only school teachers as team members was modified by including university-based lecturers with the school-based teachers, using video-conferencing and online vid...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Working memory training has received a great deal of scientific interest for its potential to enhance general cognitive functioning and children’s academic achievement. Meta-analyses have demonstrated that training reliably improves working memory (WM), and evidence from neuroimaging studies support the notion that this is a result of functional an...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine the feasibility and acceptability of collecting outcome data from parents of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants and to explore the psychological and social adaptation of fathers. Questionnaires were distributed to 38 parents of VLBW infants and 36 parents of term infants within a hospital Neonatal Intensive...
Article
Blueberries are rich in flavonoids, which possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. High flavonoid intakes attenuate age-related cognitive decline, but data from human intervention studies are sparse. We investigated whether 12 weeks of blueberry concentrate supplementation improved brain perfusion, task-related activation and cognitive...
Article
Objectives: Prospective memory (PM) impairments are common following acquired brain injury (ABI). PM is the ability to keep a goal in mind for future action and interventions have the potential to increase independence. This review aimed to evaluate studies examining PM rehabilitation approaches in adults and children with ABI. Methods: Relevant...
Chapter
The first section of this chapter summarises the most influential models of attention in adults, based upon current cognitive neuroscience. It then considers clinical assessment of attention, including the integration of attention in clinical neuropsychological formulations. Approaches to the rehabilitation of attention are then summarised. The sec...
Article
Full-text available
The Bangor Gambling Task (BGT, Bowman & Turnbull, 2004) is a simple test of emotion-based decision-making, with contingencies varying across five blocks of 20 trials. This is the first study to characterise BGT performance in survivors of traumatic brain injury (TBI) relative to healthy controls. The study also aimed to explore sub-groups (cluster...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this systematic review were to determine: (a) which brain areas are consistently more active when making (i) moral response decisions, defined as choosing a response to a moral dilemma, or deciding whether to accept a proposed solution, or (ii) moral evaluations, defined as judging the appropriateness of another's actions in a moral dil...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Increases in life expectancy have resulted in a global rise in dementia prevalence. Dementia is associated with poor wellbeing, low quality of life and increased incidence of mental health difficulties such as low mood or depression. However, currently, there is limited access to evidence-based psychological interventions for people wi...
Article
Purpose – It is argued that the issues of translating basic science, including knowledge from neuroscience, into relevant teaching are similar to those that have been experienced over a long period by educational psychology. This paper proposes that such a translation might be achieved through lesson study (LS), which is an increasingly used techni...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To establish the magnitude of deficits in working memory (WM) and short-term memory (STM) in those with moderate-to-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) relative to age-matched, healthy controls and to explore the moderating effects of time since injury and age at injury on these impairments. Method: Twenty-one studies that compared t...
Article
Background: The aims of the current study were to adapt a version of the MET for people with intellectual disabilities (IDs) and assess its ecological and construct validity. Material and Methods: Using a correlational design, 40 participants with IDs were invited to complete a battery of neuropsychological assessments and the modified Multiple Err...
Poster
Full-text available
A study investigating the cognitive profiles of children treated for brain tumours and leukaemia without radiotherapy
Chapter
Previous chapters have detailed what is known about the prevalence of childhood brain injury, along with the varied aetiologies and markedly heterogeneous presentations that can complicate intervention planning and research. Chapters in this text have also described the emotional, behavioural and other psychosocial consequences of childhood brain i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – Clinically significant childhood acquired brain injury (ABI) is associated with increased risk of emotional and behavioural dysfunction and peer relationship problems. The purpose of this paper is to determine how emotional and peer related problems for children with ABI compare with those of children referred to mental health services, a...
Article
Full-text available
This is the first study to examine attentional control capacities in generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). GAD is characterized by uncontrollable worry. Individuals diagnosed with GAD and healthy participants (HPs) performed a random key-pressing task while thinking about a worrisome or a positive future event, to assess the extent to which attention...
Article
Full-text available
The need for post-acute neurorehabilitation after childhood acquired brain injury is increasingly recognized but recent reviews highlight the limited evidence-base and lack of a neuropsychological treatment model. Evidence from different fields was reviewed to inform the development of a pediatric neurocognitive interventions (PNI) model. The revie...
Article
Semantic dementia (SD) is associated with a progressive, relatively selective, degeneration of semantic memory (both verbal and nonverbal facts and knowledge). Episodic memory, however, is thought to be relatively preserved. This study aimed to further assess the nonverbal, incidental, episodic memory profile associated with SD using deferred imita...
Article
Full-text available
Assessment of everyday problems with executive functioning following acquired brain injury (ABI) is greatly valued by neurorehabilitation services. Reliance on self-report measures alone is problematic within this client group who may experience difficulties with awareness and memory. The construct validity and reliability of independent ratings (i...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were (a) to explore the utility of, and make more widely available, an updated and extended version of the Cambridge Semantic Memory test battery, and (b) to use this battery in conjunction with other tests to characterise the profile of several different forms of progressive cognitive impairment: semantic dementia (SD, n = 1...
Article
Developmental amnesia (DA) is a memory disorder due to hypoxia/ischaemia-induced damage to the hippocampus early in life. To test the hypothesis that this disorder is associated with a disproportionate impairment in recall vis-a-vis recognition, we examined a group of 10 patients with DA on the Doors and People test, which affords a quantitative co...
Article
Developmental amnesia (DA) is a memory disorder due to hypoxia/ischaemia-induced damage to the hippocampus early in life. To test the hypothesis that this disorder is associated with a disproportionate impairment in recall vis-à-vis recognition, we examined a group of 10 patients with DA on the Doors and People test, which affords a quantitative co...
Article
Full-text available
Patients with semantic dementia (SD), who have an incontrovertible deficit in semantic memory, are reported to show good day-to-day memory for recent events; but experimental evidence on their anterograde episodic memory/new learning is somewhat sparse and does not always tell a consistent story. We describe the performance of five SD patients, rel...
Article
Patients with semantic dementia (SD), who have an incontrovertible deficit in semantic memory, are reported to show good day-today memory for recent events; but experimental evidence on their antero-grade episodic memory/new learning is somewhat sparse and does not always tell a consistent story. We describe the performance of five SD patients, rel...
Article
Patients with semantic dementia (SD), who have an incontrovertible deficit in semantic memory, are reported to show good day-today memory for recent events; but experimental evidence on their antero-grade episodic memory/new learning is somewhat sparse and does not always tell a consistent story. We describe the performance of five SD patients, rel...
Article
Full-text available
Progressive non-fluent aphasia Frontotemporal dementia a b s t r a c t To determine whether a new, simple, quick measure, the Repeat and Point test, reliably differentiates between semantic dementia (SD) and progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA). Fifteen patients with SD, six patients with PNFA and 18 healthy controls were administered the Repeat a...
Article
Progressive non-fluent aphasia Frontotemporal dementia a b s t r a c t To determine whether a new, simple, quick measure, the Repeat and Point test, reliably differentiates between semantic dementia (SD) and progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA). Fifteen patients with SD, six patients with PNFA and 18 healthy controls were administered the Repeat a...
Chapter
Introduction Autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by impairments in social interaction and communication, and by restricted or repetitive behaviours and interests. The degree of impairment varies enormously. For example, individuals with low-functioning autism (LFA) may be mute or have atypical language, whilst individuals with high...
Article
Full-text available
The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) inhibits food intake, and rodent models of BDNF disruption all exhibit increased food intake and obesity, as well as hyperactivity. We report an 8-year-old girl with hyperphagia and severe obesity, impaired cognitive function, and hyperactivity who harbored a de novo chromosomal inversion, 4...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable controversy exists regarding the relationship between semantic dementia (SD) and progressive aphasia. SD patients present with anomia and impaired word comprehension. The widely used consensus criteria also include the need for patients to exhibit associative agnosia and/or prosopagnosia: many authors have used the label SD for patient...
Article
The aim of this study was to investigate memory in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Ten patients with MCI, 11 with AD and a group of age and education matched healthy control participants were assessed on a comprehensive battery of semantic memory tests, including traditional semantic memory measures...
Article
Considerable controversy exists regarding the relationship between semantic dementia (SD) and progressive aphasia. SD patients present with anomia and impaired word comprehension. The widely used consensus criteria also include the need for patients to exhibit associative agnosia and/or prosopagnosia: many authors have used the label SD for patient...
Article
The neurotrophin brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) inhibits food intake, and rodent models of BDNF disruption all exhibit increased food intake and obesity, as well as hyperactivity. We report an 8-year-old girl with hyperphagia and severe obesity, impaired cognitive function , and hyperactivity who harbored a de novo chro-mosomal inversion,...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to investigate whether patients with developmental amnesia (DA) associated with bilateral hippocampal volume reduction show an impairment in incidental nonverbal recall of action sequences, and whether the severity of this memory impairment is influenced by the sequence structure (causal vs. arbitrary). Like adult-onset...
Article
By Baddeley, Alan; Chincotta, Dino; Adlam, Anna Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. Vol 130(4), A series of 7 experiments used dual-task methodology to investigate the role of working memory in the operation of a simple action-control plan or program involving regular switching between addition and subtraction. Lists requiring switching w...
Article
A series of 7 experiments used dual-task methodology to investigate the role of working memory in the operation of a simple action-control plan or program involving regular switching between addition and subtraction. Lists requiring switching were slower than blocked lists and showed 2 concurrent task effects. Demanding executive tasks impaired per...
Article
Although tests of young children's understanding of mind have had a remarkable impact upon developmental and clinical psychological research over the past 20 years, very little is known about their reliability. Indeed, the only existing study of test-retest reliability suggests unacceptably poor results for first-order false-belief tasks (Mayes, Kl...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (6)
Project
This project aims to understand better the ways in which social, emotional and contextual factors can interact with 'frontal' systems such as attention, executive functions, metacognition and other regulatory processes.
Project
- to develop a novel working memory training programme targeting the updating component of working memory - proof-of-concept RCT to determine if working memory 'updating' training reduces state rumination (funded by the ISSF Wellcome Trust) - single case experimental design (SCED) to determine acceptability & efficacy of working memory 'updating' training for individuals with depression and older adults (DClinPsy projects)
Project
- To characterise working memory ability in children and young people with acquired brain injury - To evaluate working memory training in children and young people with acquired brain injury - To inform clinical and educational practice for children and young people with acquired brain injury