Anna Lappala

Anna Lappala
Harvard University | Harvard

About

16
Publications
2,553
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153
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - July 2015
University of Cambridge
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
Full-text available
RCOR1 is a known transcription repressor that recruits and positions LSD1 and HDAC1/2 on chromatin to erase histone methylation and acetylation. However, there is currently an incomplete understanding of RCOR1’s range of localization and function. Here, we probe RCOR1’s distribution on a genome-wide scale and unexpectedly find that RCOR1 is pre- do...
Article
Full-text available
Background Nuclear processes such as transcription and RNA maturation can be impacted by subnuclear compartmentalization in condensates and nuclear bodies. Here, we characterize the nature of nuclear granules formed by REST corepressor 2 (RCOR2), a nuclear protein essential for pluripotency maintenance and central nervous system development. Resul...
Article
Chromosomes are segmented into domains and compartments, but how these structures are spatially related in three dimensions (3D) is unclear. Here, we developed tools that directly extract 3D information from Hi-C experiments and integrate the data across time. With our “4DHiC” method, we use X chromosome inactivation (XCI) as a model to examine the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Nuclear processes such as transcription and RNA maturation can be impacted by subnuclear compartmentalization in condensates and nuclear bodies. Here we characterize the nature of nuclear granules formed by REST corepressor 2 (RCOR2), a nuclear protein essential for pluripotency maintenance and central nervous system development. Result...
Preprint
Full-text available
Chromosomes are segmented into domains and compartments; yet, how these structures are spatially related in 3D is unclear. Here, by directly integrating Hi-C capture experiments and 3D modeling, we use X-inactivation as a model to examine the time evolution of 3D chromosome architecture during substantial changes in gene expression. First, we show...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonal flu is an acute respiratory disease that exacts a massive toll on human populations, healthcare systems and economies. The disease is caused by an enveloped Influenza virus containing eight ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. Each RNP incorporates multiple copies of nucleoprotein (NP), a fragment of the viral genome (vRNA), and a viral RNA-...
Article
The growing interest in the complexity of biological interactions is continuously driving the need to increase system size in biophysical simulations, requiring not only powerful and advanced hardware but adaptable software that can accommodate a large number of atoms interacting through complex forcefields. To address this, we developed and implem...
Article
Full-text available
The glass transition is one of the few unsolved problems in condensed matter physics: agreement on the cause of the slowing down of structural relaxation in glass-forming liquids is lacking. Glasses are amorphous solids, which do not possess the long-range crystalline order, yet display arrested dynamics and the shear elastic modulus characteristic...
Article
Full-text available
Membrane fusion proteins are responsible for viral entry into host cells—a crucial first step in viral infection. These proteins undergo large conformational changes from pre-fusion to fusion-initiation structures, and, despite differences in viral genomes and disease etiology, many fusion proteins are arranged as trimers. Structural information fo...
Article
Full-text available
We re-examine the physical origin of the polymer glass transition from the point of view of marginal rigidity, which is achieved at a certain average number of mechanically active intermolecular contacts per monomer. In the case of polymer chains in a melt/poor solvent, each monomer has two neighbors bound by covalent bonds and also a number of cen...
Article
Full-text available
We study the Brownian dynamics of flexible and semiflexible polymer chains densely grafted on a flat substrate, upon rapid quenching of the system when the quality of solvent becomes poor and chains attempt collapse into a globular state. The collapse process of such a polymer brush differs from individual chains, both in its kinetics and its struc...
Article
Full-text available
The problem of transport through nanochannels is one of the major questions in cell biology, with a wide range of applications. In this paper we discuss the process of spontaneous translocation of molecules (Brownian particles) by ratcheted diffusion: a problem relevant for protein translocation along bacterial flagella or injectosome complex, or D...
Article
Full-text available
We study the dynamics of polymer chain collapse into a globular state in poor solvent, as a function of chain flexibility. We examine the compactness of the folded globule assessing the direct contact and a larger length-scale structural characteristics at various persistence lengths lp. We discover that semiflexible polymer chains with a specific...
Article
We approach the problem of coil-globule transition dynamics numerically by Brownian dynamics simulations. This method allows us to study the behavior of polymer chains of varying stiffness and the effects of bending stiffness on chain morphology during the process of coil-globule collapse, imitating globule formation in poor solvent conditions. We...

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