Anna Kuchmiy

Anna Kuchmiy
Vlaams Instituut voor Biotechnologie | VIB · Department of Medical Protein Research, UGent

PhD

About

30
Publications
4,710
Reads
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573
Citations
Citations since 2016
15 Research Items
440 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Additional affiliations
June 2006 - July 2012
Russian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (30)
Article
Full-text available
T cells are generated from hematopoietic stem cells through a highly organized developmental process, in which stage-specific molecular events drive maturation towards αβ and γδ T cells. Although many of the mechanisms that control αβ- and γδ-lineage differentiation are shared between human and mouse, important differences have also been observed....
Article
Background The Notch signaling pathway is an important regulator of hematopoiesis and is often involved in leukemia. Some members of the HES gene family of transcription factors, like HES1 and HES4, are known Notch targets. HES6, on the other hand, does not seem to be Notch dependent and has been poorly studied in the hematopoietic system. HES6 is...
Article
Full-text available
Long-range oncogenic enhancers play an important role in cancer. Yet, whether similar regulation of tumor suppressor genes is relevant remains unclear. Loss of expression of PTEN is associated with the pathogenesis of various cancers, including T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). Here, we identify a highly conserved distal enhancer (PE) th...
Article
During the last decade, aberrant DNA methylation has been identified as a hallmark of human cancer and several studies have highlighted the potential of DNA methylation as a clinically or diagnostically relevant biomarker. In comparison to their normal healthy counterparts, cancer cells generally display DNA hypermethylation at specific CpG islands...
Article
Cancer cells display DNA hypermethylation at specific CpG islands in comparison with their normal healthy counterparts, but the mechanism that drives this so-called CpG island methylator phenotype (CIMP) remains poorly understood. Here, we show that CpG island methylation in human T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) mainly occurs at promote...
Article
Full-text available
The development of TCRαβ and TCRγδ T cells comprises a step-wise process in which regulatory events control differentiation and lineage outcome. To clarify these mechanisms, we employed RNA-sequencing, ATAC–sequencing and ChIPmentation on well-defined thymocyte subsets that represent the continuum of human T cell development. The chromatin accessib...
Article
Splicing alterations are common in diseases such as cancer, where mutations in splicing factor genes are frequently responsible for aberrant splicing. Here we present an alternative mechanism for splicing regulation in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) that involves posttranslational stabilization of the splicing machinery via deubiquitin...
Article
Full-text available
T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive malignancy arising from T lymphocyte precursors. We have previously shown by miRNA-seq, that miRNAs from the mir-106a-363 cluster are overexpressed in pediatric T-ALL. In silico analysis indicated their potential involvement in the regulation of apoptosis. Here, we aimed to test the hypot...
Article
Full-text available
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is the only curative therapy for hematopoietic malignancies. The graft-derived donor lymphocytes are capable of eliminating the residual recipient malignant cells in the course of allogeneic immune response, thus decreasing the chances of a relapse of the disease. Foreign peptides of th...
Article
Full-text available
Significance In spite of TNF involvement in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), systemic TNF neutralization in MS patients was not successful. One of the possible reasons is that TNF possesses both pathogenic and protective features that may be related to TNFR1 versus TNFR2 receptor engagement. This study uncovers one of such protective fu...
Article
Full-text available
T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) is an aggressive hematologic malignancy with complicated heterogeneity. Although expression profiling reveals common elevated genes in distinct T-ALL subtypes, little is known about their functional role(s) and regulatory mechanism(s). We here show that SHQ1, an H/ACA snoRNP assembly factor involved in snRNA p...
Article
Aim Out of 60+ minor histocompatibility antigens (MiHA) discovered so far some are immunodominant, i.e. almost universally cause allogeneic response when mismatched, while others are much less immunogenic. Before transplantation MiHA specific T cells reside in naïve T cell (TN) subpopulation of the donor. One potential explanation for unequal MiHA...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleotide-binding domain and leucine-rich repeat (NLR) proteins are well-known for their key roles in the immune system. Ectopically expressed NLRP2 in immortalized cell lines assembles an inflammasome and inhibits activation of the proinflammatory transcription factor NF-κB, but the physiological roles of NLRP2 are unknown. Here, we show that Nlr...
Article
Inflammatory response is initiated and sustained by the action of quintessential pro-inflammatory cytokines of immune system namely IL-1β and IL-18. The maturation process of those cytokines is ensured by caspase-1 enzymatic activity, that is in turn is tightly controlled by multiprotein complexes called inflammasomes. Inflammasomes are activated i...
Article
NOD-like receptors (NLRs) are intracellular proteins that are chiefly known for their critical functions in inflammatory responses and host defense against microbial pathogens. Several NLRs have been demonstrated to assemble inflammasomes or to engage transcriptional signaling cascades that result in the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and...
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Full-text available
Clusterin is a multifunctional protein that participates in tissue remodeling, apoptosis, lipid transport, complement-mediated cell lysis and serves as an extracellular chaperone. The role of clusterin in cancer and neurodegeneration has been extensively studied, however little is known about its functions in the immune system. Using expression pro...
Article
Ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease are major inflammatory syndromes that affect millions of patients. Caspase-11 confers protection against Gram-negative enteropathogens, but its role during colitis is unknown. Here, we show that caspase-11 was constitutively expressed in the colon, and that caspase-11-deficient (caspase-11(-/-)) mice were hype...
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This chapter provides protocols for in vitro and in vivo analysis of TNF-producing cells from a novel TNF reporter mouse. In these transgenic mice, genetic sequence encoding far-red reporter protein Katyushka (FRFPK) was placed under control of the same regulatory elements as TNF, thus providing the basis for detection, isolation, and visualization...
Article
Full-text available
The respiratory tract of human subjects is constantly exposed to harmful microbes and air pollutants. The immune system responds to these offenders to protect the host, but an unbalanced inflammatory response itself may promote tissue damage and ultimately lead to acute and chronic respiratory diseases. Deregulated inflammasome activation is emergi...
Article
Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) is one of the key primary response genes in the immune system that can be activated by a variety of stimuli. Previous analysis of chromatin accessibility to DNaseI demonstrated open chromatin conformation of the TNF proximal promoter in T cells. Here, using chromatin probing with restriction nucleases and micrococcal nuc...
Article
Visualization of single molecules and specific subsets of cells is widely used for studies of biological processes and particularly in immunological research. Recent technological advances have provided a qualitative change in biological visualization from studying of "snapshot" pictures to real-time continuous observation of cellular dynamics in v...
Article
The analysis of plasmid content in dominant Bacteroidales order intestinal strains isolated from the same child at a five year interval identified a 8.9 kb plasmid in Bacteroides uniformis BUN24 strain isolated at age 6 and indistinguishably sized plasmids in the isolates of B. uniformis, B. vulgatus, B. intesinalis, and Parabacteroides distasonis...
Article
Background Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) plays an essential function in host defense. On the other hand, its overexpression may be deleterious and lead to autoimmune disorders. Therapeutic inhibition of TNF (mostly by recombinant anti-TNF antibodies) is effective in rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn’s disease and other autoimmune di...
Article
TNF was originally discovered due to its potent anti-tumor activity in mice but later emerged as one of immune mediators with critical non-redundant functions in health and disease. TNF-deficient mice fail to mount protective responses against intracellular bacteria, such as Listeria or Mycobacteria, partly due to defective bactericidal granuloma f...
Article
TNF, lymphotoxin (LT)-alpha, LT-beta and LIGHT are members of a larger superfamily of TNF-related cytokines that can cross-utilize several receptors. Although LIGHT has been implicated in thymic development and function, the role of TNF and LT remains incompletely defined. To address this, we created a model of modest homeostatic overexpression of...
Article
Full-text available
TNF is an exciting cytokine which has helped to establish many paradigms in immunology. Although TNF itself has found only very limited use in the clinic, anti-cytokine therapy, which targets this single molecule, has enjoyed astounding success in treatment of a growing number of human diseases. However, since TNF mediates unique physiologic functi...

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