Anna Jarstad

Anna Jarstad
Uppsala University | UU · Department of Government

Professor in political science, Uppsala University and Professor in peace and conflict studies, Umeå University

About

28
Publications
14,985
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826
Citations
Citations since 2016
10 Research Items
478 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
Introduction
Project leader of Varieties of Peace: a relational approach. Other research interests: Democratization, peacebuilding, powersharing in Afghanistan, Bosnia and Hercegovina, Cyprus, Kosovo, Macedonia, and South Africa.

Publications

Publications (28)
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we revisit the ‘local turn’ debate in the peacebuilding literature, and explore its most recent and promising approach to ‘the local’, focussing on post-war cities and on urban dimensions of peacebuilding. There is still substantive contestation and frustration in the peacebuilding research field with regards to the conceptual fuzz...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we suggest that taking a relational view of peace seriously is a fruitful avenue for expanding current theoretical frameworks surrounding peace as a concept. Paving the way for such an approach, this article conducts a review of the literature that takes on peace as a relational concept. We then return to how a relationship is conc...
Research
Full-text available
For decades, peace and conflict studies have devoted more attention to conflict than to peace, and despite its centrality, peace itself has been under-conceptualized. In this paper, we propose a theoretical framework and methodologies to make peace beyond the absence of war researchable. The framework is designed to capture varieties of peace betwe...
Article
Full-text available
While previous research has focused on the conflicts and division in Mitrovica, Kosovo, the present article explores how peace and conflict are intertwined in the post-war city by focusing on sites where communities live side by side in an otherwise segregated city. A key finding is that the most conflictual residential areas in northern Mitrovica...
Article
Full-text available
Power sharing is increasingly recognized as an important tool for creating sustainable peace in war‐torn societies. However, we have limited knowledge concerning why political, territorial, and military power‐sharing pacts are reached and implemented. This article addresses this gap by providing a global study examining the signing and implementati...
Article
This article analyses the narratives of survivors of violence in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and addresses the relationship between local violence, politics and agency in a post-conflict setting. In particular, the study advances an understanding of how local political violence serves to increase or decrease agency. In line with previous research...
Article
Costly democracy: peacebuilding and democratization after war, edited by Christoph Zurcher, Carrie Manning, Kristie Evenson, Rachel Hayman, Sarah Riese, and Nora Roehner, Stanford, Stanford University Press, 2013, 189 pp., index, £24.99 (paperback), ISBN 978-0-8047-8197-8
Article
In Afghanistan, peacebuilding is conducted in parallel to the military involvement. This article unpacks some of the frictional encounters that emerge during efforts to promote local ownership of the security sector reform which seeks to prepare Afghan actors for taking full responsibility for security from 2014. It contributes to the research fiel...
Article
Full-text available
What does local ownership actually entail in the context of an international peace operation supporting sustainable development and stability? Who should own what? Moreover, when should local ownership be introduced? Using the case of Afghanistan as a fruitful example, this article suggests that ownership is key for understanding the interactions b...
Article
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There is a growing recognition of the dangers of electoral violence. Yet, the theoretical foundation for systematic research and for adequate policy is still underdeveloped. This article aims to develop the theoretical understandings of strategies to manage and prevent electoral violence. This is accomplished by integrating research conducted withi...
Article
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Why are some elections followed by armed conflict, while others are not? This article begins to explore this question by mapping the prevalence of power-sharing agreements and patterns of post-election peace in states shattered by civil war. While democracy builds on the notion of free political competition and uncertain electoral outcomes, power-s...
Article
Full-text available
Why are some elections followed by armed conflict, while others are not? This article begins to explore this question by mapping the prevalence of power-sharing agreements and patterns of post-election peace in states shattered by civil war. While democracy builds on the notion of free political competition and uncertain electoral outcomes, power-s...
Article
Why do elections held in the shadow of civil wars sometimes generate more violence in already war-torn societies, while in other circumstances they do not? This article develops a conceptual framework based on three clusters of factors to analyse the conflict-generating aspects of elections in war-torn societies: the key actors in the electoral pro...
Article
Introduction A large number of elections are held each year with the specific purpose of promoting peace. However, there is an increasing appreciation of the obstacles involved in electoral processes in war-torn societies. Elections are often postponed for security reasons. When elections are held, they are often fraudulent, and marred by violence...
Article
Is the implementation of power-sharing provisions the key to durable peace? This study analyzes whether the implementation of political, military, and territorial power-sharing provisions contributes to peace. We introduce a new dataset (IMPACT), which contains unique information on the implementation of power-sharing pacts in peace accords in the...
Article
Attempts to introduce democracy in the wake of civil war face a critical problem: how can war-torn societies move towards peace and democracy when competitive politics and hard-fought elections exacerbate social and political conflict? Through a study of six themes (peacekeeping, management of violence, power sharing, political party transformation...
Chapter
More than a decade after the peace agreement for Bosnia and Herzegovina was signed in Dayton, Ohio, the country remains divided. The peace agreement served its main aim – to end the 1992–1995 conflict – but its power-sharing provisions are now seen as an obstacle to peacebuilding and democratization. The political representatives of the three main...
Chapter
War-torn societies entering the path toward democracy and peace face the challenge that efforts to achieve one of these desirable goals can have negative effects on the other. This chapter puts forward the concept of war-to-democracy transitions to capture the dynamic between the two interacting processes of democratization and peacebuilding. Democ...
Article
This article analyses the issue of power-sharing in Kosovo. The power-sharing arrangements developed during the current international protectorate, were imposed and contained fixed minority representation. Kosovo remains ethnically polarised. The plan concerning the future status of Kosovo enhances the power of Kosovo Serbs through territorial and...
Chapter
Introduction Is the implementation of a peace agreement a severe obstacle for peace? Conventional wisdom holds that the failure to implement peace agreements is an important explanation of the recurrence of war. Much scholarly work has been devoted to how the design of peace agreements can pave the way for peace. In this regard, power sharing is se...
Article
Full-text available
How does power sharing influence conflict after post-accord elections? In order to enable an analysis of the relationship between power-sharing agreements, elections and conflict, I present a new data collection, PAE (Post-Accord Elections). Initial analysis of the data shows that power sharing plays an important role in relation to the first post-...
Article
Full-text available
Warring minority parties are likely to demand some form of power sharing to sign a peace deal. However, after a peace deal is signed, power sharing may have negative effects on democratization as well as on peacebuilding. The paper analyzes separate meanings of power sharing, based on the one hand on research on conflict management, and on the othe...

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