Anna Herland

Anna Herland
Karolinska Institutet | KI · Department of Cell and Molecular Biology

About

62
Publications
8,844
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2,519
Citations
Citations since 2017
35 Research Items
1148 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Astrocytes play an important role in the central nervous system, contributing to the development of and maintenance of synapses, recycling of neurotransmitters, and the integrity and function of the blood-brain-barrier. Astrocytes are also linked to the pathophysiology of various neurodegenerative diseases. Astrocyte function and organization is ti...
Article
The contact lens (CL) industry has made great strides in improving CL‐wearing experiences. However, a large amount of CL wearers continue to experience ocular dryness, known as contact lens‐induced dry eye (CLIDE), stemming from the reduction in tear volume, tear film instability, increased tear osmolarity followed by inflammation and resulting in...
Preprint
The often-forgotten astrocytes play an important role in the central nervous system, contributing to the development of and maintenance of synapses, recycling of neurotransmitters, and the pathophysiology of various neurodegenerative diseases. Hydrogels can provide improved support and attachment for the culture of astrocytes in 3D models, which co...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocytes represent one of the main cell types in the brain and play a crucial role in brain functions, including supplying the energy demand for neurons. Moreover, they are important regulators of metabolite levels. Glucose uptake and lactate production are some of the main observable metabolic actions of astrocytes. To gain insight into these pr...
Article
Full-text available
The generation of astrocytes from human induced pluripotent stem cells has been hampered by either prolonged differentiation—spanning over two months—or by shorter protocols that generate immature astrocytes, devoid of salient mature astrocytic traits pivotal for central nervous system (CNS) modeling. We directed stable hiPSC-derived neuroepithelia...
Article
Full-text available
As new and better materials are implemented for organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs), it becomes increasingly important to adopt more economic and environmentally friendly synthesis pathways with respect to conventional transition-metal-catalyzed polymerizations. Herein, a series of novel n-type donor–acceptor-conjugated polymers based on gl...
Article
Full-text available
3D tissue models recapitulating human physiology are important for fundamental biomedical research, and they hold promise to become a new tool in drug development. An integrated and defined microvasculature in 3D tissue models is necessary for optimal cell functions. However, conventional bioprinting only allows the fabrication of hydrogel scaffold...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neurodegenerative diseases (NDs) are an accelerating global health problem. Nevertheless, the stronghold of the brain- the blood–brain barrier (BBB) prevents drug penetrance and dwindles effective treatments. Therefore, it is crucial to identify Trojan horse-like drug carriers that can effectively cross the blood–brain barrier and reach...
Chapter
DESCRIPTION Tissue Engineering is a research field within the life sciences focused on developing engineered tissue units. These tissue-like systems can be used in vitro as a platform for drug testing and developmental research and can ultimately be used in vivo to repair damaged tissues and organs. Electrical signaling is crucial for cell communic...
Preprint
Full-text available
Laminins (LNs) are key components in the extracellular matrix of neuronal tissues in the developing brain and neural stem cell niches. LN-presenting hydrogels can provide a biologically relevant matrix for the 3D culture of neurons towards development of advanced tissue models and cell-based therapies for the treatment of neurological disorders. Bi...
Article
Full-text available
Sorption (i.e., adsorption and absorption) of small-molecule compounds to polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is a widely acknowledged phenomenon. However, studies to date have largely been conducted under atypical conditions for microfluidic applications (lack of perfusion, lack of biological fluids, etc.), especially considering biological studies such a...
Article
Microphysiological Systems In article number 2101785, Thomas E. Winkler, Anna Herland, and co-authors describe a microphysiological blood-brain barrier model that captures the multicellular interactions of iPS-derived cells. The integrated electrical sensors, facilitated by PDMS-free fabrication, allow for real-time monitoring of how the barrier re...
Article
Full-text available
Structures that are periodic on a microscale in three dimensions are abundant in nature, for example, in the cellular arrays that make up living tissue. Such structures can also be engineered, appearing in smart materials1,2,3,4, photonic crystals⁵, chemical reactors⁶, and medical⁷ and biomimetic⁸ technologies. Here we report that fluid–fluid inter...
Conference Paper
Controlled microstructuring of cell culture environments is of interest in life science applications such as bioreactor optimization. Here we introduce multidirectional UV lithography of a photoresist consisting of the biocompatible hydrophilic hydrogel PEGDA preloaded with cells. By culturing the cells in sugar solution before adding them to the r...
Preprint
Generating astrocytes from induced pluripotent stem cells has been hampered by either prolonged differentiation -spanning over two months -or by shorter protocols that generate immature astrocytes, devoid of salient inflammation-associated astrocytic traits pivotal for CNS neuropathological modeling. We directed human neural stem cells derived from...
Article
Full-text available
Microphysiological systems mimic the in vivo cellular ensemble and microenvironment with the goal of providing more human-like models for biopharmaceutical research. In this study, the first such model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB-on-chip) featuring both isogenic human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cells and continuous barrier in...
Preprint
Sorption (i.e., ad- & ab-sorption) of small-molecule compounds to polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) is widely acknowledged. However, studies to date have largely been conducted under atypical conditions for microfluidic applications (lack of perfusion, lack of biological fluids); especially considering the biological studies such as Organs-on-Chips where...
Article
Full-text available
The breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) is an important efflux transporter in the blood-brain barrier (BBB), protecting the brain from a wide range of substances. In this study, we investigated if BCRP function is affected by bisphenol A (BPA), a high production volume chemical used in common consumer products, as well as by bisphenol F (BPF) a...
Preprint
Microphysiological systems mimic the in vivo cellular ensemble and microenvironment with the goal of providing more human-like models for biopharmaceutical research. We report the first such model of the blood-brain barrier (BBB-on-chip) featuring both isogenic human induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC)-derived cells and continuous barrier integri...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents a simple yet powerful method to micropattern electronic multilayer heterostructures of conducting polymers and nanomaterials. Using wax printing, filtration and tape transfer, we rapidly prototype advanced heterostructure devices.
Article
Full-text available
The complexity of the human brain poses a substantial challenge for the development of models of the CNS. Current animal models lack many essential human characteristics (in addition to raising operational challenges and ethical concerns), and conventional in vitro models, in turn, are limited in their capacity to provide information regarding many...
Article
Full-text available
We characterize an affordable method of producing stencils for submillimeter physical vapor deposition (PVD) by using paper and a benchtop laser cutter. Patterning electrodes or similar features on top of organic or biological substrates is generally not possible using standard photolithography. Shadow masks, traditionally made of silicon-based mem...
Article
Full-text available
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) constitutes the interface between the blood and the brain tissue. Its primary function is to maintain the tightly controlled microenvironment of the brain. Models of the BBB are useful for studying the development and maintenance of the BBB as well as diseases affecting it. Furthermore, BBB models are important tools i...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleic acid tests integrated into digital point-of-care (POC) diagnostic systems have great potential for the future of health care. However, current methods of DNA amplification and detection require bulky and expensive equipment, many steps, and long process times, which complicate their integration into POC devices. We have combined an isotherm...
Article
Full-text available
Astrocyte biology has a functional and cellular diversity only observed in humans. The understanding of the regulatory network governing outer radial glia (RG), responsible for the expansion of the outer subventricular zone (oSVZ), and astrocyte cellular development remains elusive, partly since relevant human material to study these features is no...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial surfaces are important in medical, clinical, and industrial applications, where bacterial infection and biofouling may constitute a serious threat to human health. Conventional approaches against bacteria involve coating the surface with antibiotics, cytotoxic polymers, or metal particles. However, these types of functionalization hav...
Article
Full-text available
We see affordability as a key challenge in making organs-on-chips accessible to a wider range of users, particularly outside the highest-resource environments. Here, we present an approach to barrier-on-a-chip fabrication based on double-sided pressure-sensitive adhesive tape and off-the-shelf polycarbonate. Besides a low materials cost, common als...
Preprint
We see affordability as a key challenge in making organs-on-chips accessible to a wider range of users, particularly outside the highest-resource environments. Here, we present an approach to barrier-on-a-chip fabrication based on double-sided pressure-sensitive adhesive tape and off-the-shelf polycarbonate. Besides a low materials cost, common als...
Article
Donor-acceptor copolymers featuring electron-deficient isoindigo units and electron-rich 3,4-ethylenedioxy (EDOT) are presented as new materials for accumulation mode organic electrochemical transistors (OECTs). Grafting hybrid alkyl-ethylene glycol side chains on the isoindigo units of the copolymer leads to OECTs with outstanding substrate adhesi...
Article
Full-text available
The field of organic bioelectronics is advancing rapidly in the development of materials and devices to precisely monitor and control biological signals. Electronics and biology can interact on multiple levels: organs, complex tissues, cells, cell membranes, proteins, and even small molecules. Compared to traditional electronic materials such as me...
Article
Full-text available
The spatial organization of membrane-bound ligands is thought to regulate receptor-mediated signaling. However, direct regulation of receptor function by nanoscale distribution of ligands has not yet been demonstrated, to our knowledge. We developed rationally designed DNA origami nanostructures modified with ligands at well-defined positions. Usin...
Patent
Full-text available
A compound is provided of the formula wherein each u is independently selected from 0 and 1; each R2 and R4 is independently selected from carboxy, carboxyalkyl, alkoxycarbonylalkyl, aminoalkyl, (amino)(carboxy)alkyl and (amino)(carboxy)alkoxy; or a pharmaceutically acceptable salt thereof.
Article
Full-text available
The recent progress in stem cell techniques has broadened the horizon for in vitro disease modeling. For desired in vivo like phenotypes, not only correct cell type specification will be critical, the microenvironmental context will be essential to achieve relevant responses. We demonstrate how a three dimensional (3D) culture of stem cell derived...
Article
Step by step: A robust and rapid method for the layer-by-layer assembly of polymers and nanoparticles on strong and elastic aerogels has been developed. Thin films of biomolecules, conducting polymers, and carbon nanotubes were assembled, which resulted in aerogels with a number of functions, including a high charge-storage capacity.
Article
Let it grow: The conjugated polymer poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) was synthesized with heparin as the counterion to form a cell culture substrate. The surface of PEDOT:heparin in the neutral state associated biologically active growth factors. Electrochemical in situ oxidation of PEDOT during live cell culture decreased the bioavailabili...
Data
RPE cell viability was detected with phalloidin and DAPI. Adhesion and proliferation was high on PPy(DBS), PPy(Cl) and PPy(ClO4) substrates but low on PPy(TsO). The scale bar represents 200 µm. (TIF)
Data
Coating PPy substrates with fibronectin or gelatin did not alter the correlation between cell viability and PPy doping ion. (A) Immunolabeling of fibronectin on PPy surfaces showed no correlation in fibronectin adsorption between the various counter ions. No significant differences in the average fluorescence intensity of fibronectin on the various...
Data
Thin BMM coating of PPy(DBS) did not maintain cell viability upon polymer reduction. NSC viability was high for cells grown on pristine PPy(DBS) with a thin BMM coating, as detected by Nestin immunoreactivity. Cell viability was compromised upon reduction of PPy(DBS) with a thin BMM coating. The scale bar represents 200 µm. (TIF)
Article
Full-text available
Stem cell function is regulated by intrinsic as well as microenvironmental factors, including chemical and mechanical signals. Conducting polymer-based cell culture substrates provide a powerful tool to control both chemical and physical stimuli sensed by stem cells. Here we show that polypyrrole (PPy), a commonly used conducting polymer, can be ta...
Article
We demonstrate the shaping and forming of organic electronic polymers into designer nanostructures using biomacromolecules. In order to create nanowires, nanohelixes and assemblies of these, we coordinate semiconducting or metallic polymers to biomolecular polymers in the form of DNA and misfolded proteins. Optoelectronic and electrochemical device...
Article
Chemical polymerization of a 3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene derivative bearing a sulfonate group (EDOT-S) is reported. The polymer, PEDOT-S, is fully water-soluble and has been produced by polymerizing EDOT-S in water, using Na2S2O8 and a catalytic amount of FeCl3. Elemental analysis and XPS measurements indicate that PEDOT-S is a material with a subst...
Article
Electron tomography has been used for analyzing the active layer in a polymer solar cell, a bulk heterojunction of an alternating copolymer of fluorene and a derivative of fullerene. The method supplies a three-dimensional representation of the morphology of the film, where domains with different scattering properties may be distinguished. The reco...
Article
We demonstrate the use of self-assembled bionanostructures in polymer light-emitting diodes. Amyloid fibrils formed by protein misfolding were decorated with a soluble luminescent conjugated polymer. This conjugated polymer complex with amyloid fibrils was used as the active layer in a light emitting diode, resulting in a 10-fold increase in extern...
Article
Proteins offer an almost infinite number of functions and geometries for building nanostructures. Here we have focused on amyloid fibrillar proteins as a nanowire template and shown that these fibrils can be coated with the highly conducting polymer alkoxysulfonate PEDOT through molecular self-assembly in water. Transmission electron microscopy and...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we report the coating of a biological template with a polar, but uncharged, luminescent conjugated polymer, soluble in organic solvents but not in water, to produce a nanowire. Amyloid fibrils from bovine insulin were decorated with an alternating polyfluorene derivative. Decorated fibrils were partially aligned on hydrophobic surfaces...
Article
Full-text available
Improved probes for amyloid fibril formation are advantageous for the early detection and better understanding of this disease-associated process. Here, we report a comparative study of eight luminescent conjugated polythiophene derivates (LCPs) and their discrimination of a protein (insulin) in the native or amyloid-like fibrillar state. For two o...
Article
There is a need for highly sensitive, multi-parallel protein sensors within diagnostics and proteomic research. Conjugated polymers (CPs) have been demonstrated as highly sensitive optical probes for protein biosensing. Compared to small molecules, the polymeric probe has the possibility of multiple interactions and a collective response, which enh...
Article
Using luminescent conjugated polyelectrolyte probes (LCPs), we demonstrate the possibility to distinguish amyloid-beta 1-42 peptide (Abeta1-42) fibril conformations, by analyzing in vitro generated amyloid fibrils of Abeta1-42 formed under quiescent and agitated conditions. LCPs were then shown to resolve such conformational heterogeneity of amyloi...
Article
The amyloid-like fibril is a biomolecular nanowire template of very high stability. Here we describe the coordination of a conjugated polyelectrolyte, poly(thiophene acetic acid) (PTAA), to bovine insulin fibrils with widths of <10 nm and lengths of up to more than 10 microm. Fibrils complexed with PTAA are aligned on surfaces through molecular com...
Article
Specific markers for diseases associated with protein aggregate depositions are of great interest. Here we report the use of conjugated polyelectrolytes as conformation-sensitive optical probes for histological labeling of amyloid deposits in ex vivo tissue samples-amyloid light chains in primary systemic amyloidosis, islet amyloid polypeptide in h...
Article
DNA is the prototype template for building nanoelectronic devices by self-assembly. The electronic functions are made possible by coordinating electronic polymer chains to DNA. This paper demonstrates two methods for fabrication of aligned and ordered DNA nanowires complexed with conjugated polyelectrolytes (CPEs). The complex can be formed either...
Article
A method for generation of electroactive luminescent nanowires composed of a self-assembled bio-organic hybrid of a conjugated oligoelectrolyte and protein amyloid fibrils was presented. The wires were built from the semiconducting conjugated oligoelectrolytes which were integrated into amyloid fibrils of bovine insulin (BI) through self-assembly....
Article
Tissue factor (TF), a small transmembrane receptor, binds factor VIIa (FVIIa), and the formed complex initiates blood coagulation by proteolytic activation of substrate factors IX and X. A naturally occurring mutation in the human TF gene was recently reported, where a single-base substitution results in an R20OW mutation in the TF extracellular do...
Article
The in vivo deposition of amyloid fibrils is a hallmark of many devastating diseases known as the amyloidoses. Amyloid formation in vitro may also complicate production of proteins in the biotechnology industry. Simple, sensitive, and versatile tools that detect the fibrillar conformation of amyloidogenic proteins are thus of great importance. We h...
Article
Changes of the optical properties of conjugated polyelectrolytes have been utilized to monitor noncovalent interactions between biomolecules and the conjugated polyelectrolytes in sensor applications. A regioregular, zwitterionic conjugated oligoelectrolyte was synthesized in order to create a probe with a defined set of optical properties and here...

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