Anna Halafoff

Anna Halafoff
Deakin University · Alfred Deakin Research Institute

Doctor of Philosophy

About

96
Publications
10,199
Reads
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374
Citations
Citations since 2016
42 Research Items
282 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080
2016201720182019202020212022020406080

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
Recent scholarly and media perspectives on religion and youth have often depicted young people as being apathetic when it comes to religion. The methods used in research on religion are also typically informed by outdated, fixed idea of religious identity that are no longer applicable, especially to young people. This paper confronts these issues b...
Article
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Despite predictions of decline, religion has featured prominently in the public sphere and the media since the events of September 11, 2001. Previous research on media and religion in Australia post-September 11 has focused largely on its negative impacts, particularly on Muslim communities. This article, in contrast, examines media representations...
Article
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In 2020, as infections of COVID-19 began to rise, Australia, alongside many other nations, closed its international borders and implemented lockdown measures across the country. The city of Melbourne was hardest hit during the pandemic and experienced the strictest and longest lockdown worldwide. Religious and spiritual groups were especially affec...
Article
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Generations of migrants from Asia since the 1800s have endured challenges in locating their place and belonging in Australia due to systemic racism and discrimination against the cultural and religious ‘other’. These persistent issues have intensified during the pandemic, especially towards Chinese communities, including international students. Thi...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic unleashed not only a life-threatening virus globally but also the spread of conspiracy theories about its origins and impacts. This dis/misinformation circulated within many societies and subcultures, and, notably, among wellness influencers and holistic spiritual communities. Jules Evans was the first to highlight this rise o...
Article
Social science analysis of diversity, and religious diversity in particular, has long struggled to move beyond simple binaries of religious-secular, religious-spiritual, traditional-modern, global north-global south, and so on. Twenty-first century realities test existing terms and find them wanting. While concepts such as the postsecular, multiple...
Article
Even after decades of critical scholarship on religion and the Internet, a rapidly changing field and a febrile global political climate demand renewed questions about the relationships between online spaces and gender-related activism. This is particularly the case, in the post-#MeToo era, in relation to women and religion. While digital activism...
Article
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Conspirituality-the merger of conspiracy theories and spirituality-has attracted significant global media and scholarly attention during the COVID-19 pandemic. convictions proposed by Ward and Voas that '1) a secret group covertly controls , or is trying to control, the political and social order, and 2) humanity is undergoing a "paradigm shift" in...
Article
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OPEN ACCESS CC BY-NC-ND-PAID African communities in Australia reflect the rich cultural and religious diversity of the African continent. Despite their persistence and agency, many members from these communities continue to experience a ‘fractured belonging’ due to persistent issues of racism and exclusion; issues that have been exacerbated during...
Conference Paper
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We are currently witnessing an intensifying clash between cosmopolitans and anti-cosmopolitans internationally, in which religions are often playing complex and ambivalent roles in promoting or undermining respect for rights and diversity. This paper draws on my and my colleagues research on the global multifaith movement, and the Worldviews of Aus...
Article
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Emeritus Professor Gary Bouma was many things to many people. He was Australia's pre-eminent scholar of the sociology of religion. As an ordained Anglican priest, Gary was noted for his pastoral care of his parishioners and others who sought his counsel and spiritual support. He was a loving husband, father and grandfather. Moreover, his deep commi...
Article
While Australia is most frequently referred to as a secular country, this Melbourne media study found that diverse expressions of religion, spirituality and the secular sacred were located across Australian political, public and sociocultural life in overt and subtle ways. Christianity remains dominantly represented across different news genres, wh...
Article
ABSTRACT This experimental writing piece by the Earth Unbound Collective explores the ethical, political and pedagogical challenges in addressing climate change, activism and justice. The provocation Earth Unbound: the struggle to breathe and the creative thoughts that follow are inspired by the contagious energy of what Donna Haraway (2016) calls...
Article
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The world is currently gripped by pressing environmental, social, and economic challenges [...]
Article
Gender discrepancies persist in Buddhist societies and institutions, linked to cultural and religious beliefs and practices that allocate a lower status to women. In some Buddhist traditions, nuns cannot ordain to the same level as monks, most Buddhist archetypes of enlightenment remain male, and men hold positions of power and privilege within the...
Article
Large-scale population studies surveying young people in relation to their worldviews have tended to frame their identities in a fixed and limited capacity while also treating the topics of religion/spirituality and sexuality/gender as discrete categories of scholarly analysis. We highlight the affordances and limitations of foregrounding fixed rel...
Article
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Ongoing global issues relating to the decline of the popularity of institutional religions, the rise of numbers of non-religious persons, and new models of spirituality in superdiverse societies have resulted in the need to reconceptualise religious diversity as worldviews diversity, and to critically examine increasing calls for the provision of w...
Article
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Multifaith spaces typically imply sites where people of diverse faith traditions gather to participate in shared activities or practices, such as multifaith prayer rooms, multifaith art exhibitions, or multifaith festivals. Yet, there is a lack of literature that discusses online multifaith spaces. This paper focuses on the website of an Australian...
Article
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This paper argues for a reconsideration of social cohesion as an analytical concept and a policy goal in response to increasing levels of religious diversity in contemporary Australia. In recent decades, Australian has seen a revitalization of religion, increasing numbers of those who do not identify with a religion (the ”nones”), and the growth of...
Article
Australia is a culturally, religiously and linguistically diverse country, however, learning about the religious dimensions of this superdiversity is inadequately reflected in the national school curriculum, notwithstanding recent attempts to address this at the state level in Victoria. Debates regarding the role of religion in school have raged ac...
Article
Since the mid-2000s soft power approaches to counter and prevent violent extremism (C/PVE) have increasingly been implemented by civil society, state actors and UN agencies internationally. Education is a critical and previously undervalued component in PVE, as it has only recently begun to attract significant scholarly and policy attention. This a...
Article
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Religious beliefs are not only profound, some of them are also pervasive, persistent and persuasive. It follows that the cultural and religious experiences of communities often play a central role in determining their worldviews and the ways in which they understand their own circumstances. These worldviews, it follows, can thereby assist in provid...
Article
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Buddhists started arriving in Australia in large numbers during the mid-1800s, and the first Buddhist societies and centres began to be formed in the mid-late 1900s. This paper examines the role of women in bringing Buddhism to and establishing it in Australia. Women have featured prominently in a small amount of scholarship, including Paul Crouche...
Book
This volume presents the findings of a number of empirical and theoretical studies on education about religions and worldviews (ERW) conducted in the Western societies of Britain, Ireland, Canada, Norway, Finland, New Zealand, Australia and Canada. Educational programmes about diverse religions and worldviews began to be investigated and implemente...
Article
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The 2016 Australian Census reveals continued change in Australia’s religious diversity. While reviewing some of the highlights of this develop- ment-the continuing increase in the ʼno religion’ category, the first ever decline in Catholic numbers, and the rise of Hindus and Sikhs-several reli- gious groups, which are not usually combined in the cens...
Book
Community development is most effective and efficient when it is situated and led at the local level and considers the social behaviours, needs and worldviews of local communities. With more than eight out of ten people globally self-reporting religious belief, Religion and Development in the Asia-Pacific: Sacred places as development spaces argues...
Article
Since its inception at the first Parliament of World’s Religions in Chicago in1893, the multifaith movement has been highly responsive to global crises. This chapter examines how religious actors have reacted to risks such as terrorism, climate change and financial turmoil at the turn of the twenty-first century and transformed these crises into pe...
Article
This volume presents the findings of a number of empirical and theoretical studies on education about religions and worldviews (ERW) conducted in the Western societies of Britain, Ireland, Canada, Norway, Finland, New Zealand, Australia and Canada. Educational programmes about diverse religions and worldviews began to be investigated and implemente...
Article
Since the turn of the twenty-first century, the so-called ‘religion in schools debate’ has generated a significant amount of controversy in Australia and arguably impeded progress in both research and education about diverse religions and non-religious worldviews (ERW). This article focuses on the recently released Review of the Australian Curricul...
Article
The nexus between religion and violence has been widely debated in the public sphere at the turn of the twenty-first century. Much of these discourses have centered on direct violence, and on terrorism in particular. Yet, structural violence also remains endemic within many religious traditions, including Buddhism. Buddhist women, and men, continue...
Article
This chapter introduces the concepts of religion and spirituality , particularly as these relate to young people. It reviews some of the major changes that are occurring in contemporary society and how these changes are reflected in the types of religions and spiritualities that young people are practicing. The processes of globalization, internati...
Chapter
The sociology of religion has been a moderately strong theme in Australian sociology. Most Australian sociologists of religion have been trained in Australia with a smattering of those trained in the USA, the UK or elsewhere. While Christian churches once maintained research offices including sociologists and some seminaries once included the socio...
Article
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This Special Issue on “Migrant Youth, Intercultural Relations and the Challenges of Social Inclusion”, reports recent cutting edge research into the complex nature of migrant youth settlement in multicultural émigré societies. Drawing on multidisciplinary research, it explores the latest intersecting theories on cultural diversity, intercultural re...
Article
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Issues pertaining to religion and Australian schools have generated a significant amount of controversy and scholarly attention in recent years, and much of the attention in the religion and schools debate has focused on Muslim and nonreligious children’s experiences (Erebus International, 2006; Halafoff, 2013). This article, by contrast, explores...
Article
Religion in schools is being debated once more in anticipation of findings from the controversial Review of the National Curriculum. This is a challenging topic locally and internationally. Can, and should, religion be taught in a secular context?<br /
Conference Paper
While women have played a prominent role in Buddhism in Australia, at least since the 1880s, they have received relatively little scholarly or public attention. These women include prominent nuns, teachers, community leaders, scholars and activists engaged in environmental and human rights issues, such as Marie Byles, Natasha Jackson, Venerable Rob...
Book
This book documents the ultramodern rise of the multifaith movement, as mulitfaith initiatives have been increasingly deployed as cosmopolitan solutions to counter global risks such as terrorism and climate change at the turn of the 21st century. These projects aim to enhance common security, particularly in Western societies following the events o...
Chapter
Following a cosmopolitan methodology, having established an overview of the multifaith movement in Chaps. 3, 4, 5, 6 and 7, this chapter presents a local case study of multifaith initiatives in the Australian State of Victoria. In particular, it examines how multifaith initiatives were successfully implemented as strategies to counter violent extre...
Chapter
This chapter continues to investigate the multifaith movement’s benefits and challenges, as it addresses global risks and injustices in particular. It deals specifically with the notion of ‘expanding cognitive frames’, at the individual and collective levels, from exclusive anti-cosmopolitan mindsets to inclusive cosmopolitan paradigms.
Chapter
This chapter describes how following September 11, the focus on environmental issues within the multifaith movement was eclipsed by the threat of terror, and examines the impact that this tragic event had on Muslim communities in particular. It also explains how a dramatic increase in multifaith engagement occurred in the USA, the UK and Australia...
Chapter
This chapter begins with a brief overview of the multifaith movement from the 1893 Parliament of the World’s Religions (PWR) until the Second World War (WWII). It then examines the causes and motives behind the rise of multifaith engagement from the 1960s until the early 1990s, by drawing on previously published material and actor perspectives gath...
Chapter
This chapter outlines the benefits of and the challenges faced by the multifaith movement as it engages in three of its principle aims: developing understanding of diverse faiths and of the nature of reality; challenging exclusivity and normalising pluralism; and creating multi-actor peacebuilding networks. The benefits and challenges faced when ad...
Article
While the role of religion in Australian schools has been vigorously debated since the 1870s, it has recently generated considerable controversy, particularly in the state of Victoria. This article provides a historical analysis of religious instruction (RI) in Victorian schools, particularly drawing on the 1974 Russell Report’s review of RI progra...
Chapter
This chapter summarises the main findings of this study and describes how multifaith initiatives have been implemented as cosmopolitan strategies to address the risk of radicalisation at the turn of the twenty-first century. It examines the issue of state–religious relations and proposes a new netpeace framework, arguing that a cosmopolitan approac...
Chapter
This chapter examines the ultramodern rise of multifaith engagement from the perspective of social movement theory and cosmopolitan theory. It argues that the rise of the multifaith movement in ultramodernity, alongside other social movements of this period, provides a missing sociological narrative of cosmopolitan peacebuilding religious responses...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on multifaith activities in the 1990s, beginning with the 1993 Parliament of the World’s Religions (PWR). It then examines the effect that the end of the Cold War had on religious communities and the rise of religious, multifaith and multi-actor peacebuilding initiatives during this period. Finally it explores the increased inv...
Article
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In 2006, Paul D. Numrich (2008) posed the question of whether contemporary scholarship on North American Buddhism constituted a distinct "field of study" and identified several factors that defined both academic disciplines and fields. This paper applies Numrich's criteria to the study of Buddhism in Australia, in its multiple and diverse forms, su...
Article
This thesis examines how multifaith initiatives have been implemented as cosmopolitan strategies to counter global risks—such as terrorism and climate change—and advance common security in ultramodern Western societies. This study is among the first to employ Ulrich Beck’s (2006:91-94) model of ‘methodological cosmopolitanism’. Consequently, it inc...
Article
Studies of Australian perceptions of Muslims and Islam tend to be based on research into media representations of these themes. Additionally, most research on attitudes pertaining to social cohesion and security in the post-9/11 environment concentrates on the opinions of minority groups on these matters. The following study is drawn from materials...
Article
In recent years a heightened awareness of global risks has produced an unprecedented interest in global peace and security initiatives. This article discusses the impact of international crisis events on religiously diverse communities in Australia, in particular rising Islamophobia, migrantophobia and attacks on multiculturalism. Religious communi...
Article
The ultramodern era has been characterized paradoxically as one of great fear and great hope. Reactions to the tragic events of September 11, 2001 provide evidence of this ambivalence whereby a politics of fear and exclusion permeated Western societies, accompanied by a growing interest in collaborative cosmopolitan solutions addressing the most pr...
Article
The unanticipated rise of religious diversity and the re-entry of religion to the public sphere have radically increased the need and demand for education about religions – how they contribute to social and cultural capital – and about the management of religious diversity. The global movement of people and cultures has brought religious diversity...
Book
Recent thinking on globalization places risk at the centre of contemporary life. Yet what if our perception of risk is misplaced? What if the greatest risk is not terrorism itself but the conditions that allow terrorism to flourish? This fascinating book illustrates that elevated perceptions of terrorism-related risks are having a deleterious impac...
Article
Despite the surge of scholarly interest in terrorism and counter-terrorism in the post-9/11 world, surprisingly little attention has been paid to the role of religious actors (especially faith communities and faith leaders) in combating the threat of terrorism. However, the resurgence of religiosity in contemporary politics should not be viewed as...
Article
In 2003, the International Conflict Resolution Centre at the University of Melbourne, Australia, produced a primary school teaching manual for UNESCO Vietnam. The finished manual included lesson plans and materials for a five year, 50 lesson peace education course. The manual is one of the first examples of a systematic core national curriculum in...
Article
Full-text available
Ultramodernity (Willaime 2006), following on from modernity, has been characterised as an era of fear, risk and uncertainty and paradoxically as a time of great hope and global interdependence (Baumann 2006; Beck 2006; Obama 2006). Following the events of September 11, 2001, the Bali and London bombings, a climate of fear has inspired a plethora of...
Book
Full-text available
This project documented the impact of international events on community relations and identified processes and models which can be used by a range of stakeholders to protect and support community relations whien global and local crises may lead to tensions between communities in Australia.
Article
Sheikh Taj al-Din al-Hilali has demonstrated he is unfit and unable to act as a leader in the Muslim community and should resign from his position or be stood down by his Lakemba congregants.
Article
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Chapter
In 2003 the International Conflict Resolution Centre at the University of Melbourne, Australia, produced a primary school teaching manual for UNESCO Vietnam in consultation with ASP schoolteachers and principals. The finished manual included lessons plans and materials for a five year, 50 lesson peace education course. The Manual is one of the firs...
Article
Full-text available
The role of religious leaders in promoting social cohesion and 'shared security' is increasingly being examined by scholars, as is the growing multifaith movement. The VIIIth World Assembly of Religions for Peace first proposed the notion of 'shared security' and the importance of religious leaders' role in advancing such a concept in Kyoto 2006. A...
Article
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4-page tips document, the abstract states, "Teachers and schools around Australia are being asked to take responsibility for ensuring safe schools and promoting citizenship among students. This is part of an international movement to use school-based education to promote a global culture of peace. The International Conflict Resolution Centre at the...

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