Anna Gałązka

Anna Gałązka
Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation · Department of Agricultural Microbiology

dr hab. prof. IUNG-PIB

About

188
Publications
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Introduction
Anna Gałązka currently works at the Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Institute of Soil Science and Plant Cultivation - State Research Institute. Anna does research in Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Biotechnology. Their current project is 'Soil microbiota'. PhD Anna Gałązka is a head of the Department of Agricultural Microbiology at IUNG. She is specialized in the evaluation of microbial diversity of soils associated with agricultural practice and environmental protection (research in molecular biology; evaluation of genetic differentiation and identification of microorganisms and characterization of metabolic profile of bacteria and fungi).

Publications

Publications (188)
Article
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This paper analyses the impact of the diatomaceous earth/peat (DEP; 3:1) microbial carrier on changes in the bacterial microbiome and the development of biofilm in the anaerobic digestion (AD) of confectionery waste, combined with digested sewage sludge as inoculum. The physicochemical properties of the carrier material are presented, with particul...
Article
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The microbial structure and metabolic function of plant-associated endophytes play a key role in the ecology of various environments, including trees. Here, the structure and functional profiles of the endophytic bacterial community, associated with Paulownia elongata × fortunei, in correlation with seasonality, were evaluated using Biolog EcoPlate...
Article
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Terrestrial plants act as ecosystem engineers modifying the flow of energy and matter and creating new habitats for other organisms. This vital concept also encompasses plants' effects on landforms and soils, crucial components of forested landscapes worldwide. In the present study, we investigate how trees through their roots and symbiotic organis...
Poster
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Realizacja w ramach tematu statutowego 2.41/1.03 IUNG-PIB. „Ocena skutków środowiskowych wykorzystania egzogennych źródeł materii organicznej w rolnictwie
Article
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The main goal of the study was to determine changes in the bacterial structure in bottom sediments occurring over the seasons of the year and to estimate microbial metabolic activity. Bottom sediments were collected four times in the year (spring, summer, autumn, and winter) from 10 different measurement points in Cardinal Pond (Ślesin, NW Poland)....
Article
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Studies using soil microcosms are very common, but few involve flooded soils, and comparing the results from such an experiment with natural conditions is unheard of. In the present study, we investigated the biological activity of soil (pH value, dehydrogenases and phosphatase activities) and the metabolic potential (EcoPlate™ Biolog®) of soil mic...
Article
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The choice of appropriate agricultural practices has a significant impact on soil quality, crop productivity, or soil microbial community. Ten representative soil samples were collected in Wierzchucin Królewski (Kujawsko-Pomorskie Province, NW Poland), an agricultural area belonging to the Potulicka Foundation Group. The cropping systems included a...
Article
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The formation of specific features of forest habitats is determined by the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the soil. The aim of the study was to determine the structural and functional biodiversity of soil microorganisms inhabiting the bulk soil from the peri-root zone of three tree species: Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula, and Pin...
Article
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Bioenergy crops play an ecologically and economically fundamental role as an alternative to agri-food productions and as renewable energy sources. Thus far, less attention has been given to assessing microbiological indicators of soil quality in bioenergy crops on abandoned land. The current study assessed microbial and biochemical properties of tw...
Article
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Recently, Diaporthe has been considered the most frequently isolated genera of endophytic fungi, having a broad spectrum of host plants and a worldwide distribution. The endophytic Diaporthe strain used in the present work came from the Fungal Collection of Phytopathology and Mycology Subdepartment, University of Life Sciences in Lublin (Poland), a...
Article
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Although fungi are regarded as very important components of soils, the knowledge of their community in agricultural (monocultural) soils is still limited. This indicates that soil fungal communities are investigated less intensively than bacteria. Therefore, the main goal of this paper was to evaluate the fungal mycobiome structure in monoculture s...
Article
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Climate change has an impact on agricultural production, including the greater persistence of plant pathogens in the environment. Therefore, the question arises as to how to effectively and safely protect plants by using chemicals, the number of which is decreasing each year. The aim of this study was to evaluate the fungistatic effect of 2 acetylt...
Poster
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The aim of this research was to analyse the abundance of agriculturally important bacteria in riverine soils and to evaluate changes in their populations as a result of a simulated flood. The research material consisted of three Fluvisols collected in the form of soil blocks (~ 900 cm3) from meadows located in Wojszyn (medium Fluvisols - F1) and Ja...
Article
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Purpose The use of glyphosate in agriculture raises a lot of controversy because research concerning its impact on the soil provides contradictory information. However, despite these negative opinions, glyphosate is still used in agricultural practice. Therefore, for a more complete assessment, the authors carried out research using traditional mic...
Article
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As the market indicates a growing interest in organically grown fruit, there is a need for biostimulants to counter the adverse effects of pathogenic fungi and fungal-like-pathogens. Four microbial pathogens (Botrytis cinerea, Verticillium sp., Phytophthora sp., and Colletotrichum sp.) which are the most often causes of strawberry diseases were sel...
Article
Biochar promotes C sequestration and improvement of soil properties. Nevertheless, the effects of biochar addition on soil condition are poorly understood, especially with respect to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. A large proportion of GHG emissions derive from agriculture and, thus, recognition of the effect of biochar addition to soil on GHG emi...
Conference Paper
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Cel pracy stanowiło porównanie zmian w potencjale metabolicznym (EcoPlate™ Biolog®) mikroorganizmów glebowych zachodzących w wyniku symulowanej powodzi oraz naturalnego zdarzenia hydrologicznego. Materiał badawczy stanowiły trzy mady pobrane z Małopolskiego Przełomu Wisły w woj. lubelskim: mada średnia (M1), mada lekka (M2), mada bardzo lekka (M3)....
Poster
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The aim of research was to compare changes in the metabolic potential (EcoPlate™ Biolog®) of soil microorganisms occurring as a result of a simulated flood and a natural hydrological event. The research material consisted of three fluvisols collected from the Małopolski Przełom Wisły in the Lubelskie voivodeship: medium fluvisol (M1), light fluviso...
Article
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As an adaptation to unfavorable conditions, microorganisms may represent different phenotypes. Azolla filiculoides L. is a hyperaccumulator of pollutants, but the functions of its microbiome have not been well recognized to date. We aimed to reveal the potential of the microbiome for degradation of organic compounds, as well as its potential to pro...
Article
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Methane and carbon dioxide are one of the most important greenhouse gases and significant components of the carbon cycle. Biogeochemical methane transformation may occur even in the extreme conditions of deep subsurface ecosystems. This study presents methane-related biological processes in saline sediments of the Miocene Wieliczka Formation, Polan...
Article
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The article aims to present results of research on anaerobic digestion (AD) of waste wafers (WF-control) and co-substrate system-waste wafers and cheese (WFC-control), combined with digested sewage sludge, as inoculum. The purpose of this paper is to confirm the outcome of adding silica/lignin (S/L; 4:1) material, as a microbial carrier, on the pro...
Poster
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Celem niniejszej pracy była ocean zmian zachodzących w strukturze mykobiomów mad rzecznych w wyniku wystąpienia warunków symulowanej powodzi. Materiał badawczy stanowiły trzy różne mady rzeczne pobrane jako bloki glebowe. Gleby umieszczono w pojemnikach, a następnie zalano wodą rzeczną. Przez 14 dni utrzymywano wodę na poziomie 5 cm nad poziomem g...
Poster
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Celem badań była ocena zawartości węgla i azotu w biomasie mikroorganizmów glebowych w uprawie rzepaku ozimego w zależności od zastosowanych bionawozów wzbogaconych mikrobiologicznie. Na polach doświadczalnych w Grabowie zastosowano nowoopracowane bionawozy: mocznik, Polifoska 6 Krzem oraz FosDar40 wzbogacone mikrobiologicznie grzybami i bakteriami...
Article
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Liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS), colorimetry, and bioassays were employed for the evaluation of the ability of endophytic bacterial strains to synthesize indole-related compounds (IRCs) and in particular indole-3-acetic acid (IAA). A total of 54 endophytic strains belonging to seven bacterial genera isolated from tissues o...
Poster
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The aim of this study was to compare changes in soil enzymatic activity due to simulated flooding and a natural hydrological event. The research material consisted of different fluvisol collected from the Vistula basin in the Lublin Province: medium fluvisol (F1), light fluvisol (F2), very light fluvisol (F3). For the model experiment in 2018, soil...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to compare changes in soil enzymatic activity due to simulated flooding and a natural hydrological event. The research material consisted of different fluvisol collected from the Vistula basin in the Lublin Province: medium fluvisol (F1), light fluvisol (F2), very light fluvisol (F3). For the model experiment in 2018, soil...
Conference Paper
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Soil moisture is defined as the water content of the soil. Natural moisture fluctuations associated with the seasons are an environmental factor that regulates microbial activity. However, in recent years, the frequency of floods across Europe has been increasing and drought periods have become longer. The hydrological stress caused by these phenom...
Article
It is known that organic nitrogen may modify uptake and toxicity of metals but direct metabolic and microbial comparison of various organic N sources is not available. We therefore studied comparative impact of additional N sources (nitrate, urea or allantoin as 1 mM of N for each compound in addition to 15 mM of inorganic N in the Hoagland solutio...
Article
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Bacteria of the Rhizobium genus form a group of microorganisms existing in the environment in two forms: symbiotic, in the root nodules of Fabaceae sp. plants and free-living, and saprophytic in the soil environment. The subject of this study was genetic identification and characterization of metabolic activity of different strains from Rhizobium g...
Article
Analyses of the soil mycobiome, though limited, are needed to understand interactions in the ecosystem. We have attempted to assess structural and functional differentiation of fluvisol mycobiomes located in the Natura 2000 area in Vistula River valet in Lubelskie, Poland. The metabolic potential of mycobiomes was analysed using Biolog® FF Plates™,...
Article
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The aim was to assess plant driven changes in the activity and diversity of microorganisms in the top layer of the zinc and lead smelter waste piles. The study sites comprised two types (flotation waste—FW and slag waste—SW) of smelter waste deposits in Piekary Slaskie, Poland. Cadmium, zinc, lead, and arsenic contents in these technosols were extr...
Article
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The aims of the study were (1) to recognize the structure of bacteria diversity in Technosols developed from mine spoils containing iron (Fe) sulphides with the use of culture-independent technique, and (2) to determine microbial metabolic activities, in the context of their potential to be an adequate indicators of soil properties being the conseq...
Article
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the influence of mycorrhizal fungi (MF) and irrigation on biological properties of sweet pepper rhizosphere in organic field cultivation. For this purpose, MF were applied to plants in the form of commercial mycorrhizal inoculum (Rhizophagus aggregatus, R. intraradices, Claroideoglomus etunicatum, Endogone mosse...
Poster
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W przypadku wystąpienia zjawiska powodzi woda może wnikać w głąb lądu nanosząc ze sobą różnego rodzaju zanieczyszczenia, a także wzmagać rozwój potencjalnych patogenów obecnych na zalanych terenach. Celem niniejszej pracy było poszukiwanie bakterii patogennych w glebach nadrzecznych oraz ocena zmian zachodzących w ich populacji w wyniku symulowanej...
Poster
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W badaniach rolniczych jedną z głównych kwestii podejmowanych obecnie w badaniach rolniczych jest problem ograniczenia strat amoniaku do środowiska. Poszukuje się nowych rozwiązań stosowania nawożenia mineralnego, wśród których pojawiają się bionawozy wzbogacane mikrobiologicznie. Celem badań była ocena zawartości węgla i azotu w biomasie mikroorga...
Poster
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Celem pracy było porównanie zmian zachodzących w aktywności biologicznej mad rzecznych w wyniku symulowanej powodzi oraz naturalnego zalania. Materiał badawczy: mada średnia (M1), mada lekka (M2), mada bardzo lekka (M3) z miejscowości Janowiec i Wojszyn z woj. lubelskiego. Doświadczenie modelowe polegało na umieszczeniu gleb pobranych w formie blok...
Poster
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Wilgotność gleby definiowana jest jako zawartość wody w glebie. Woda w glebie wpływa m.in. na jej odczyn, dyfuzję rozpuszczalników i gazów oraz obieg składników pokarmowych. Umożliwia przemieszczanie się drobnoustrojów, a także stanowi element procesów hydrolizy. Naturalne wahania wilgotności związane z porami roku (opady atmosferyczne) stanowią cz...
Article
The biofilms and water samples from a model installation built of PVC-U, PE-HD and cast iron pipes were investigated using standard heterotrophic plate count and 16S rRNA Next Generation Sequencing. The results of the high throughput identification imply that the construction material strongly influences the microbiome composition. PVC-U and PE-HD...
Article
Biological methane production from coal seams through their biological conversion is one of the methods that have been postulated to utilize unmineable resources. Furthermore, energy production from methane is considered less environmentally-harmful than the combustion of coal. In the current study, meta-bituminous coal extracted from the Upper Sil...
Poster
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The Vistula River Gorge of Lesser Poland is a part of the Vistula Valley extending from the town of Zawichost in the south, to Puławy in the north Poland. The valley of the Vistula is covered with fertile river muds - fluvisols. It is a densely populated agricultural area. The Vistula River Gorge of Lesser Poland is also a protected area in the for...
Conference Paper
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The aim of this study was to recognize the microbiological diversity of selected fluvisols collected from Polish Natura 2000 area.
Article
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Prolonged drought and extreme precipitation can have a significant impact on the activity and structure of soil microbial communities. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of drought length on the dynamics of mineral nitrogen, enzyme activities and bacterial diversity in two soils of different texture (sand and silt loam, according to USDA...
Article
Full-text available
Prolonged drought and extreme precipitation can have a significant impact on the activity and structure of soil microbial communities. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of drought length on the dynamics of mineral nitrogen, enzyme activities and bacterial diversity in two soils of different texture (sand and silt loam, according to USDA...
Article
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Fungi have increased tolerance to environmental stress (also related to the access of pollutants, e.g., trace elements and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs). The aim of the study was to evaluate the mycobiome and functional diversity of fungi in long-term crude-oil contaminated soils as the potential bioremediators of oil contaminated sites. S...
Article
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The aim of this study was to analyse the genetic and phenotypic differentiation of bacteria isolated from root nodules of Trifolium rubens, a rare clover species. The symbiotic compatibility of selected isolates was investigated using two agronomically important plants, red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) and pea (Pisum sativum L.). A high genetic d...
Article
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The aim of the study was to evaluate the changes in glomalin-related soil proteins (GRSP) content, microbial diversity and soil physical quality depending on the type of soil measures of soil improvement and changes in soil health. The study was based on a 100-year stationary field microplot experiment where the soil profiles were collected with pr...
Article
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This study aimed to evaluate the impact of co-inoculation Rhizobium sp. and Azospirillum sp. on plant (Trifolium pratense L.) growth in the presence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination (anthracene, phenanthrene, and pyrene). Eight strains from the genus Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii were selected for biotest analysis. Two...
Article
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Biochar improves soil physical, chemical and biological properties. However, there is a very limited number of studies comparing the effect of various doses of biochar and wheat straw with nutrients on microbiocenotic composition of soil and their connection with selected biochemical and chemical parameters of soil. The aim of this study was to det...
Article
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The main goal of the study was to determine the biodiversity of bacteria and their metabolic profile in the rhizosphere of four winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) varieties (Hondia, Nordkap, Rotax, Tytanika) cultivated in Haplic Podzol soil in a no-tillage system. Two techniques, i.e., next generation sequencing (NGS, meta-barcoding of 16S rRNA co...
Article
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Air pollution is a major threat to human health. Biological air pollution is predominantly caused by the pollen of plants, fungi, bacteria and viruses. The main sources of microorganisms in the air include soil, water and the decomposition of organic matter, while anthropogenic sources are represented by landfills, wastewater treatment plants, comp...
Article
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Endophytes are associated with host plants throughout their life history from seed germination to fruit development. One of the most important plant organs colonized by endophytic microbiota is the seed. The aim of this study was to determine the structure of the seed core microbiome inhabiting the endosperms and embryos of eight wheat cultivars wi...
Conference Paper
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Wilgotność gleby na wiele sposobów wpływa na organizmy żyjące w glebie. Bez dostępności wody życie mikrobiologiczne jest niemożliwe. Zawartość wody w glebie wpływa m.in. na pH, dyfuzję rozpuszczalników i gazów oraz dostępność składników pokarmowych. Woda umożliwia również migrację drobnoustrojów w glebie, dyfuzję związków pomiędzy komórkami organiz...
Article
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The aim of the work was to evaluate the impact of use of conventional and organic cultivation systems on selected parameters of microbial activity in the soil under wheat, barley and oat cultivation. Microbiological, biochemical, enzymatic and metabolic activities were analyzed during three seasons over 3 years in soil. The more beneficial effect o...
Article
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Evolution of terrestrial plants, the first vascular plants, the first trees, and then whole forest ecosystems had far reaching consequences for Earth system dynamics. These innovations are considered important moments in the evolution of the atmosphere, biosphere, and oceans, even if the effects might have lagged by hundreds of thousands or million...
Article
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Biogas production and microbial community structure were analyzed as an effect of biochar addition to a fermentation sludge containing sugar beet pulp. Positive effects of the treatment including an increase in process efficiency and better biogas quality were noted. The effect of biochar on AD (anaerobic digestion process) microbial communities wa...