Anna Esposito

Anna Esposito
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" · Department of Psychology

PhD in Computer Science and Applied Mathematics

About

342
Publications
68,603
Reads
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3,197
Citations
Introduction
Anna Esposito received her “Laurea” Degree summa cum laude from University of Salerno with a thesis on Neural Networks (Complex System, 6(6), 507-517, 1992). She received the PhD degree in Applied Mathematics and Computer Science from Naples University "Federico II". Her PhD thesis was developed at MIT, RLE Lab (USA) and is on Phonetica, 59(4), 197-231, 2002. Anna is director of the BeCogSys lab https://www.psicologia.unicampania.it/research/projects.
Additional affiliations
January 2003 - present
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2000 - December 2002
Wright State University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (342)
Article
Full-text available
Facial symmetry is a key component in quantifying the perception of beauty. In this paper, we propose a set of facial features computed from facial landmarks which can be extracted at a low computational cost. We quantitatively evaluated the proposed features for predicting perceived attractiveness from human portraits on four benchmark datasets (S...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a systematic approach to investigate the impact of factors such as the gender and age of participants and gender, and age of faces on the decoding accuracy of emotional expressions of disgust, anger, sadness, fear, happiness, and neutrality. The emotional stimuli consisted of 76 posed and 76 naturalistic faces, differently aged...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates effects of participants’ gender and age (adolescents, young adults, and seniors), robots’ gender (male and female robots) and appearance (humanoid vs android) on robots’ acceptance dimensions. The study involved 6 differently aged groups of participants (two adolescents, two young adults and two seniors’ groups, for a total...
Preprint
Full-text available
This work defines a procedure for collecting naturally induced emotional facial expressions through the vision of movie excerpts with high emotional contents and reports experimental data ascertaining the effects of emotions on memory word recognition tasks. The induced emotional states include the four basic emotions of sadness, disgust, happiness...
Preprint
Full-text available
In order to develop infocommunications devices so that the capabilities of the human brain may interact with the capabilities of any artificially cognitive system a deeper knowledge of aging is necessary. Especially if society does not want to exclude elder people and wants to develop automatic systems able to help and improve the quality of life o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The detection of negative emotions through daily activities such as handwriting is useful for promoting well-being. The spread of human-machine interfaces such as tablets makes the collection of handwriting samples easier. In this context, we present a first publicly available handwriting database which relates emotional states to handwriting, that...
Article
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In this research, we analyse data obtained from sensors when a user handwrites or draws on a tablet to detect whether the user is in a specific mood state. First, we calculated the features based on the temporal, kinematic, statistical, spectral and cepstral domains for the tablet pressure, the horizontal and vertical pen displacements and the azim...
Chapter
A fundamental priority of modern societies is to provide assistance to vulnerable people, including elderly people, people with cognitive disabilities, such as memory problems or dementia, and people with functional disabilities, such as those needing support in toileting, moving around, eating, bathing, dressing, grooming and taking personal care....
Chapter
Full-text available
This work aims to suggest a research agenda for dementia, connecting the latest clinical understanding of such neurodegenerative disorders, with social behavioral changes and social cognitive impairments. The proposed framework considers the manual and automatized analysis of behavioral and biometric data involving caregivers, patients, and healthc...
Book
This book aims at exposing its readers to some of the most significant advances in assistive technologies. Assistive technologies develop devices to assist vulnerable people, including elderly people, people with cognitive disabilities such as memory problems or dementia, and people with functional disabilities such as those needing support in toil...
Article
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Considered the increasing use of assistive technologies in the shape of virtual agents, it is necessary to investigate those factors which characterize and affect the interaction between the user and the agent, among these emerges the way in which people interpret and decode synthetic emotions, i.e., emotional expressions conveyed by virtual agents...
Article
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Currently, AI-based assistive technologies, particularly those involving sensitive data, such as systems for detecting mental illness and emotional disorders, are full of confidentiality, integrity, and security compromises. In the aforesaid context, this work proposes an algorithm for detecting depressive states based on only three never utilized...
Article
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Currently, the diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and its subtypes is mainly based on subjective assessments and self-reported measures. However, objective criteria as Electroencephalography (EEG) features would be helpful in detecting depressive states at early stages to prevent the worsening of the symptoms. Scientific community has wid...
Chapter
Based on the lessons learnt from the co-design, development and integration processes, the research findings and the outputs from the engagement with a network of stakeholders over the course of the EU funded initiatives, this chapter will aim to help sketching the future policies and research funding programmes for ageing well in Europe. The chapt...
Article
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This paper provides a general overview of the literature regarding advanced assistive technologies devoted to improving elders' life. Recent studies on assistive robots and embodied conversational agents are carefully examined in order to identify main seniors' preferences regarding their general design. While providing data on seniors' preferences...
Preprint
Full-text available
The goal of active aging is to promote changes in the elderly community so as to maintain an active, independent and socially-engaged lifestyle. Technological advancements currently provide the necessary tools to foster and monitor such processes. This paper reports on mid-term achievements of the European H2020 EMPATHIC project, which aims to rese...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper reports on a study conducted as part of the EU EMPATHIC project, whose goal is to develop an empathic virtual coach capable of enhancing seniors' well-being, focusing on user requirements and expectations with respect to participants' age and technology experiences (i.e. participants' familiarity with technological devices such as smartp...
Preprint
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This paper outlines the EMPATHIC Research & Innovation project, which aims to research, innovate, explore and validate new interaction paradigms and plat-forms for future generations of Personalized Virtual Coaches to assist elderly people living independently at and around their home. Innovative multimodal face analytics, adaptive spoken dialogue...
Article
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This paper reports on experiments devoted to explore the role of specific attributes of humanoid virtual agents that may influence elderly users’ perception and attitude, determining their acceptance and adoption as assistive devices. In particular, it investigates elderly preference on agents’ gender and the role of the agents’ ability to use voic...
Article
Full-text available
Depression is one of the most common mental health issues. (It affects more than 4% of the world’s population, according to recent estimates.) This article shows that the joint analysis of linguistic and acoustic aspects of speech allows one to discriminate between depressed and nondepressed speakers with an accuracy above 80%. The approach used in...
Article
Full-text available
In this work we combine time, spectral and cepstral features of the signal captured in a tablet to characterize depression, anxiety, and stress emotional state recognition on the EMOTHAW database. EMOTHAW contains the emotional states of users represented by capturing signals from sensors on the tablet and pen when the user is performing 3 specific...
Chapter
Full-text available
It has become pressing to develop objective and automatic measurements integrated in intelligent diagnostic tools for detecting and monitoring depressive states and enabling an increased precision of diagnoses and clinical decision-makings. The challenge is to exploit behavioral and physiological biomarkers and develop Artificial Intelligent (AI) m...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aims at examining the relationship between the perfectionism two-factor model (i.e., concerns and strivings) and burnout dimensions measured by using the BAT (Burnout Assessment Tool) through a longitudinal study. A two-wave cross-lagged study was conducted using path analysis in SEM (Structural Equation Modeling) of 191 workers....
Chapter
Full-text available
In order to realize an artificial intelligence focused on human needs, it is necessary to identify the interactional characteristics that describe human mood, social behavior, beliefs, and experiences. The cross-modal analysis of communicative macro-signals represents the first step in this direction. The second step requires the definition of adeq...
Chapter
Facial expressions have significant communicative functions; any changes in the facial muscles help disentangle meaning, control the conversational flow, provide information as to the speaker/listener’s emotional state and inform about intention. Abnormalities in the recognition of facial expressions have been associated with psychiatric disorders....
Chapter
Full-text available
Psychotherapy, unanimously described as a particular organized and systematic relationship between a patient and a therapist, is a real complex system. The interaction between the numerous variables belonging to the patient, the therapist and the context in which the therapeutic couple is inserted, presents auto-poietic characteristics and generate...
Chapter
Although it is a familiar experience for everyone, in the vast majority of cases we discover the importance of consciousness only when in front of someone who no longer appears to possess it: someone ‘absent’, with their eyes fixed in the void, while the heart beats vigorously and their muscle tone is intact; or a patient with a psycho-organic synd...
Chapter
Over a century ago, psychoanalysis created an unprecedented challenge: to show that the effects of the unconscious are more powerful than those of consciousness. In an inverted scheme at present time, neurosciences challenge psychoanalysis with experimental and clinical models that are clarifying crucial aspects of the human mind. Freud himself lov...
Chapter
Full-text available
Big data and data science are transforming our world today in ways we could not have imagined at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The accompanying wave of innovation has sparked advances in healthcare, engineering, business, science, and human perception, among others. In this chapter we discuss big data and data science to establish a co...
Book
This book provides an overview of the current advances in artificial intelligence and neural nets. Artificial intelligence (AI) methods have shown great capabilities in modelling, prediction and recognition tasks supporting human–machine interaction. At the same time, the issue of emotion has gained increasing attention due to its relevance in ach...
Book
Big data and data science are transforming our world today in ways we could not have imagined at the beginning of the twenty-first century. The accompanying wave of innovation has sparked advances in healthcare, engineering, business, science, and human perception, among others. The tremendous advances in computing power and intelligent techniques...
Article
Full-text available
Classical neurophysiological studies demonstrated that the monkey brain is equipped with neurons selectively representing the visual shape of the primate hand. Neuroimaging in humans provided data suggesting that a similar representation can be found in humans. Here, we investigated the selectivity of hand representation in humans by means of the v...
Article
Full-text available
The EMPATHIC project develops and validates new interaction paradigms for personalized virtual coaches (VC) to promote healthy and independent aging. To this end, the work presented in this paper is aimed to analyze the interaction between the EMPATHIC-VC and the users. One of the goals of the project is to ensure an end-user driven design, involvi...
Article
Full-text available
Assistive Ambient Living (AAL) in ageing refers to any device used to support ageing related psychological and physical changes aimed at improving seniors’ quality of life and reducing caregivers’ burdens. The diffusion of these devices opens the ethical issues related to their use in the human personal space. This is particularly relevant when AAL...
Article
Full-text available
Background Taking attachment as its theoretical reference, the post-rationalist approach within cognitive theory has outlined two basic categories of the regulation of cognitive and emotional processes: the outward and inward personality orientations. Research on the role of attachment style in individuals’ ability to decode emotions has never cons...
Chapter
Mental health and mental wellbeing have become an important factor to many citizens navigating their way through their environment and in the work place. New technology solutions such as chatbots are potential channels for supporting and coaching users to maintain a good state of mental wellbeing. Chatbots have the added value of providing social c...
Conference Paper
The spontaneous capacity to produce ideas is a focal dimension of our life. It is generally agreed that creativity (a manifestation of structure and functional brain processes) defines the potential of society, and it has been explored in several aspects (e.g. from physiological, social, psychological, developmental, cognitive, and historical persp...
Article
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The current incremental need for immediate responses (real-time) on many medical emergencies is necessity for an advanced society. In many cases, people who are living in rural areas need a critical, for their healthy, commuting time to a Medical Center (Hospital). In addition, human physicians have limited capability for offering their services to...
Article
Full-text available
The so-called Posthuman question - the birth of organisms generated by the encounter of biological and artificial entities (humanoid robots, cyborgs and so on) - is now on the agenda of science and, more generally, of contemporary society. This is an issue of enormous importance, which not only poses ethical questions but also, and above all, metho...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Continuous management of dialysis patients exposes family caregivers to significant psychophysical risks. Having demonstrated the effectiveness of artificial intelligence in the care and assistance processes, it was hypothesized the implementation of a mobile app which would detect the distress of these Family Caregivers in order to activate suppor...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The way individuals make choices and decisions influences their behavior and life style. The choice is not simply based on rational and formal logic, but it's influenced by many emotional and social factors. Starting from this assumption, some studies investigated the way in which emotions influence decision-making processes, while others explored...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work investigates disparities between children and middle aged adults in their ability to decode the six primary facial expressions of emotions when portrayed by contemporary children and adult faces. The analyses were conducted on a sample of 40 (20 females) very closely aged children (mean age=7.4; SD=±0.2), and 40 middle aged (mean age=54.3...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work investigates disparities between children and middle aged adults in their ability to decode the six primary facial expressions of emotions when portrayed by contemporary children and adult faces. The analyses were conducted on a sample of 40 (20 females) very closely aged children (mean age=7.4; SD=±0.2), and 40 middle aged (mean age=54.3...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Humans are used to express their feelings of self-confidence/powerfulness or their distress/sadness through either expansive postures that occupy as much space as possible or closing postures occupying as less space as possible to avoid contact. This conduct suggests that feelings of self-confidence/powerfulness or distress/sadness change our body...