Anna Maria Colangelo

Anna Maria Colangelo
Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca | UNIMIB · Department of Biotechnology and Biosciences

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60
Publications
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Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Polystyrene is a thermoplastic polymer widely used in commercial products. Like all plastics, polystyrene can be degraded into microplastic and nanoplastic particles and ingested via food chain contamination. Although the ecological impact due to plastic contamination is well known, there are no studies indicating a carcinogenic potential of polyst...
Article
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Activation of glial cells (reactive gliosis) and the purinergic pathway, together with metalloproteinase (MMP)-induced remodeling of the neural extracellular matrix (nECM), drive maladaptive changes in the spinal cord following peripheral nerve injury (PNI). We evaluated the effects on spinal maladaptive plasticity through administration of oxidize...
Article
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The spatial and temporal coordination of each element is a pivotal characteristic of systems, and the central nervous system (CNS) is not an exception. Glial elements and the vascular interface have been considered more recently, together with the extracellular matrix and the immune system. However, the knowledge of the single-element configuration...
Article
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Rewiring glucose metabolism toward aerobic glycolysis provides cancer cells with a rapid generation of pyruvate, ATP, and NADH, while pyruvate oxidation to lactate guarantees refueling of oxidized NAD+ to sustain glycolysis. CtPB2, an NADH-dependent transcriptional co-regulator, has been proposed to work as an NADH sensor, linking metabolism to epi...
Article
Dysfunctions of the neuronal-glial crosstalk and/or impaired signaling of neurotrophic factors represent key features of the maladaptive changes in the central nervous system (CNS) in neuroinflammatory as neurodegenerative disorders. Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA)/plasminogen (PA)/plasmin system has been involved in either process of maturation...
Preprint
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The neuroglial network characterizes synaptic transmission and accounts for both cellular elements (neurons and glia) and neural extracellular matrix (nECM) roles. Glial cells, neuron, and nECMnetwork is strongly interconnected, in physiological and pathological conditions as shownin several neurodegenerative diseases. Purinergic activation and mat...
Article
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How the network around ROS protects against oxidative stress and Parkinson’s disease (PD), and how processes at the minutes timescale cause disease and aging after decades, remains enigmatic. Challenging whether the ROS network is as complex as it seems, we built a fairly comprehensive version thereof which we disentangled into a hierarchy of only...
Article
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Stroke is a major challenge in modern medicine and understanding the role of the neuronal extracellular matrix (NECM) in its pathophysiology is fundamental for promoting brain repair. Currently, stroke research is focused on the neurovascular unit (NVU). Impairment of the NVU leads to neuronal loss through post-ischemic and reperfusion injuries, as...
Article
The extracellular matrix (ECM) of the central nervous system (CNS) plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of several neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory disorders. Among the major factors, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are actively involved in ECM remodeling and directly affect neuro-glial interactions. Since disease-related functional alt...
Article
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Background: Rewiring of metabolism induced by oncogenic K-Ras in cancer cells involves both glucose and glutamine utilization sustaining enhanced, unrestricted growth. The development of effective anti-cancer treatments targeting metabolism may be facilitated by the identification and rational combinatorial targeting of metabolic pathways. Method...
Article
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The synaptic cleft has been vastly investigated in the last decades, leading to a novel and fascinating model of the functional and structural modifications linked to synaptic transmission and brain processing. The classic neurocentric model encompassing the neuronal pre- and post-synaptic terminals partly explains the fine-tuned plastic modificati...
Article
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Neuroinflammation, a hallmark of chronic neurodegenerative disorders, is characterized by sustained glial activation and the generation of an inflammatory loop, through the release of cytokines and other neurotoxic mediators that cause oxidative stress and limit functional repair of brain parenchyma. Dietary antioxidants may protect against neurode...
Preprint
The eminently complex regulatory network protecting the cell against oxidative stress, surfaces in several disease maps, including that of Parkinson’s disease (PD). How this molecular networking achieves its various functionalities and how processes operating at the seconds-minutes time scale cause a disease at a time scale of multiple decennia is...
Article
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Coagulation and the immune system interact in several physiological and pathological conditions, including tissue repair, host defense, and homeostatic maintenance. This network plays a key role in diseases of the central nervous system (CNS) by involving several cells (CNS resident cells, platelets, endothelium, and leukocytes) and molecular pathw...
Article
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Neuronal differentiation involves extensive modification of biochemical and morphological properties to meet novel functional requirements. Reorganization of the mitochondrial network to match the higher energy demand plays a pivotal role in this process. Mechanisms of neuronal differentiation in response to nerve growth factor (NGF) have been larg...
Article
Background Recent advances in large datasets analysis offer new insights to modern biology allowing system-level investigation of pathologies. Here we describe a novel computational method that exploits the ever-growing amount of “omics” data to shed light on Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Neurological disorders exhibit a huge number of mole...
Article
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Oncogenic K-ras is capable to control tumor growth and progression by rewiring cancer metabolism. In vitro NIH-Ras cells convert glucose to lactate and use glutamine to sustain anabolic processes, but their in vivo environmental adaptation and multiple metabolic pathways activation ability is poorly understood. Here, we show that NIH-Ras cancer cel...
Article
HSPA8/hsc70 (70-kDa heat shock cognate) chaperone protein exerts multiple protective roles. Beside its ability to confer to the cells a generic resistance against several metabolic stresses, it is also involved in at least two critical processes whose activity is essential in preventing Parkinson’s disease (PD) pathology. Actually, hsc70 protein ac...
Article
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Modulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling after peripheral nerve injury (PNI) could represent a valid therapeutic strategy to prevent maladaptive synaptic plasticity in central nervous system (CNS). Inhibition of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and maintaining a neurotrophic support could represent two approaches to prevent or reduce the...
Article
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Microglia-induced maladaptive plasticity is being recognized as a major cause of deleterious self-sustaining pathological processes that occur in neurodegenerative and neuroinflammatory diseases. Microglia, the primary homeostatic guardian of the central nervous system, exert critical functions both during development, in neural circuit reshaping,...
Article
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Dietary antioxidants may be useful in counteracting the chronic inflammatory status in neurodegenerative diseases by reducing oxidative stress due to accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this study, we newly described the efficacy of a number of dietary antioxidants (polyphenols, carotenoids, thiolic compounds, and oligoelements) on vi...
Article
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Reactive astrocytes and activated microglia are the key players in several pathophysiologic modifications of the central nervous system. We used the spared nerve injury (SNI) of the sciatic nerve to induce glial maladaptive response in the ventral horn of lumbar spinal cord and examine its role in the remodeling of the tripartite synapse plasticity...
Article
Full-text available
Modulation of spinal reactive gliosis following peripheral nerve injury (PNI) is a promising strategy to restore synaptic homeostasis. Oxidized ATP (OxATP), a nonselective antagonist of purinergic P2X receptors, was found to recover a neuropathic behavior following PNI. We investigated the role of intraperitoneal (i.p.) OxATP treatment in restoring...
Article
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Chronic neurodegenerative diseases represent major unmet needs for therapeutic interventions. Recently, the neurocentric view of brain function and disease has been challenged by a great number of evidence supporting the physiopathological potential of neuroglia. Astrocytes, in particular, play a pivotal role in brain homeostasis as they actively p...
Article
Background: Many brain areas participate to supraspinal control of nociception. In these regions, few studies have investigated the role of glial cells in supraspinal plasticity and the effect of 7-day intrathecal nerve growth factor-like (BB14®, Blueprint Biotech, Milano, Italy) treatment. Methods: In male Sprague-Dawley rats, we evaluated by i...
Article
Neuronal death has been reported to involve mitochondrial dysfunction and cell cycle reentry. In this report, we used Nerve Growth Factor (NGF)-differentiated PC12 cells to investigate mechanisms linking mitochondrial dysfunction and cell cycle activation during neuronal death induced by NGF withdrawal and/or oxidative stress. We found that loss of...
Article
Reactive gliosis has been implicated in both inflammatory and neurodegenerative diseases. However, mechanisms by which astrocytic activation affects synaptic efficacy have been poorly elucidated. We have used the spared nerve injury (SNI) of the sciatic nerve to induce reactive astrocytosis in the lumbar spinal cord and investigate its potential ro...
Conference Paper
The role of glial cells to the pathogenesis and maintenance of persistent pain is largely recognized but yet poorly elucidated. Mechanisms linking reactive gliosis to neuropathic pain are just emerging, reshaping the current understanding of pain circuitry and sensory processing. This process involves the activation of glial cells, resulting in the...
Article
Full-text available
Nerve growth factor (NGF), an essential peptide for sensory neurons, seems to have opposite effects when administered peripherally or directly to the central nervous system. We investigated the effects of 7-days intrathecal (i.t.) infusion of NGF on neuronal and glial spinal markers relevant to neuropathic behavior induced by chronic constriction i...
Article
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Analysis of the structure of nerve growth factor (NGF)-tyrosine kinase receptor A (TrkA) complex, site-directed mutagenesis studies and results from chemical modification of amino acid residues have identified loop 1, loop 4, and the N-terminal region of the NGF molecule as the most relevant for its biological activity. We synthesized several pepti...
Article
Neurotrophins are structurally related proteins regulating brain development and function. Molecular evolution studies of neurotrophins and their receptors are essential for understanding the mechanisms underlying the coevolution processes of these gene families and how they correlate with the increased complexity of the vertebrate nervous system....
Article
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Apoptosis is a programmed cell death that plays a critical role during the development of the nervous system and in many chronic neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). This pathology, characterized by a progressive degeneration of cholinergic function resulting in a remarkable cognitive decline, is the most common form of d...
Article
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Nerve growth factor (NGF) synthesis in the rat cerebral cortex is induced by the beta2-adrenergic receptor agonist clenbuterol (CLE). Because NGF is a crucial neurotrophic factor for basal forebrain cholinergic neurons, defining the mechanisms that regulate its transcription is important for developing therapeutic strategies to treat pathologies of...
Article
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Recombinant human nerve growth factor (rhNGF) is regarded as the most promising therapy for neurodegeneration of the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as for several other pathological conditions involving the immune system. However, rhNGF is not commercially available as a drug. In this work, we provide data about the production on a...
Article
Activation of beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) increases the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the brain and in C6-2B glioma cells. However, in the brain, the betaAR-mediated increase in NGF expression appears to require the presence of glucocorticoids, suggesting that NGF promoter may be sensitive to cAMP and glucocorticoid-dependent tran...
Article
Activation of beta-adrenergic receptor (betaAR) increases the synthesis of nerve growth factor (NGF) in the brain and in C6-2B glioma cells. However, in the brain, the betaAR-mediated increase in NGF expression appears to require the presence of glucocorticoids, suggesting that NGF promoter may be sensitive to cAMP and glucocorticoid-dependent tran...
Article
Nerve growth factor (NGF) binds to the TrkA tyrosine kinase and the p75 neurotrophin receptors. Depending upon which receptor is activated, NGF can induce differentiation or apoptosis. C6-2B glioma cells express the p75 receptor, but NGF decreases their growth only when TrkA is introduced (C6trk). It is unclear, however, whether TrkA reduces C6-2B...
Article
Nerve growth factor (NGF) binds to the TrkA tyrosine kinase and the p75 neurotrophin receptors. Depending upon which receptor is activated, NGF can induce differentiation or apoptosis. C6-2B glioma cells express the p75 receptor, but NGF decreases their growth only when TrkA is introduced (C6trk). It is unclear, however, whether TrkA reduces C6-2B...
Article
Full-text available
Interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been shown to reduce neuronal degeneration after CNS injury. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotective properties of this cytokine are still under investigation. Glutamate exacerbates secondary injury caused by trauma. Thus, we examined whether IL-10 prevents glutamate-mediated cell death. We used r...
Article
Full-text available
Stimulation of beta-adrenergic receptors (BAR) by clenbuterol (CLE) increases nerve growth factor (NGF) biosynthesis in the rat cerebral cortex but not in other regions of the brain. We have explored the transcription mechanisms that may account for the cortex-specific activation of the NGF gene. Although the NGF promoter contains an AP-1 element,...
Article
Stimulation of glucocorticoid or beta-adrenergic receptors (BAR) has been shown to increase nerve growth factor (NGF) biosynthesis in adult rat brain. Little is known about the role of these receptors in the regulation of NGF expression in neonatal and aged brain. We have examined the effect of the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX) and t...
Article
Neurotrophic factors appear to be crucial for the survival and potential regeneration of injured neurons. We have previously demonstrated that contusive spinal cord injury (SCI) increases the levels of mRNA for basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF2). To determine whether FGF2 protein levels also increase, Western blot analysis was performed on extra...
Article
Full-text available
Regulation of the cytosolic free Ca concentration by nerve growth factor was investigated in C6-2B glioma cells newly expressing the high affinity nerve growth factor receptor trkA, using Fura-2 fluorescence ratio imaging. In these cells, nerve growth factor (50 ng/ml) evoked a novel 3-fold increase in cytosolic free Ca concentration, while no meas...
Article
Full-text available
Adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and adrenal steroids may influence trophic processes operative in neuronal plasticity. Because nerve growth factor (NGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) participate in neuronal trophism, we have investigated whether adrenal steroids induce the expression of these two trophic factors in the rat brain. The...
Article
Transcription mechanisms regulating nerve growth factor (NGF) gene expression in the CNS are yet to be thoroughly understood. We have used C6-2B rat glioma cells to characterize the signal transduction pathways that contribute to transcriptional and posttranscriptional regulation of NGF mRNA. Because the NGF promoter contains an AP-1 consensus sequ...
Article
Levels of homovanillic acid (MVA) were measured in lumbar cerebrospinal fluid from 24 patients affected by amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and compared with those found in 11 patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and 10 patients with lumbar disc herniations who served as controls. Mean HVA levels were significantly decreased in ALS and PD pati...
Article
The presence of functional receptors for calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the brain of adult rats and on nerve cell cultures was investigated. Neuronal and glial cultures were obtained from mesencephalons of embryos at gestational day 16. The response to CGRP was tested by measuring the adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity on isolated membranes....
Article
Cells that lack the high affinity receptor component (trkA) for nerve growth factor (NGF) are unresponsive to NGF. We investigated whether C6-2B cells, a rat glioma derived cell line, express trkA and, as a consequence, are responsive to NGF. In these cells, NGF (100 ng/ml) failed to induce the mRNA encoding for c-fos protooncogene and the low affi...
Article
Physical stress induces changes in immune system parameters; these changes depend on effort schedule and are influenced by customary training. The mechanisms whereby they take place are not fully elucidated: sympathetic activation-mediated mobilization of cells of lymphoid organs, including the spleen, has been suggested. We studied exercise-induce...
Article
Clinical observations indicate a central nervous system, probably hypothalamic, involvement in cluster headache pathogenesis. In order to investigate the supposed hypothalamic involvement in cluster headache, we followed the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and autonomic responses to the insulin tolerance test and the ovine corticotrophin-releas...
Article
In immunomediated demyelinating diseases, T cells are found in chronic lesions. To discover whether immunocompetent cells may interact with some myelin proteins, we purified myelin proteins in the lipid-bound native state and evaluated their binding to peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PMBC) isolated from healthy donors. To this end, myelin prote...