Anna Bergek

Anna Bergek
Chalmers University of Technology · Department of Technology Management and Economics

PhD (Tekn Dr)

About

63
Publications
54,671
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,914
Citations
Introduction
Current research interests: (1) Innovation in mature industries, with a particular focus on the (enabling) influence of existing resources on innovation and diversfication decisions in industries such as pulp & paper. (2) Energy system transformation, with a particular focus on "diffusion intermediaries", i.e. actors working "in between" adopters of renewable energy technologies and suppliers of various inputs to the adoption-implementation process.
Additional affiliations
May 2017 - present
Chalmers University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
October 2016 - May 2017
Chalmers University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
April 2015 - September 2016
Linköping University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
January 1997 - June 1999
Chalmers University of Technology
Field of study
  • Technology Management
January 1997 - June 2002
Chalmers University of Technology
Field of study
  • Technology Management
August 1992 - January 1997
Chalmers University of Technology
Field of study
  • Industrial Engineering and Management

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
This paper reviews the emerging literature on “transformative” innovation policy (TIP) in order to (1) identify unique TIP characteristics and the challenges they imply for policymakers throughout the policy cycle and (2) examine the literature's contribution to practical policymaking. We identify five main distinguishing TIP characteristics and an...
Article
Full-text available
Innovation systems and transitions thinking have become increasingly pervasive in what has been labelled a third generation of challenge-led innovation and transitions policy programmes. Although this upsurge is cause for celebration, we argue that the challenge now lies in developing the evaluation methods that allow for the assessment of strong a...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime transport has received little attention in sustainability transitions research. This sector is mature and heterogeneous, which suggests the need for a more nuanced perspective on socio-technical regimes to understand variation in conditions for adoption of novel technologies that may support sustainability transitions. We consider this imp...
Article
Full-text available
Background Energy communities are emphasized by the EU as important for developing sustainable energy systems that include and engage many people. While many renewables are highly compatible with a more decentralized energy system, research indicates that participation in ‘desirable’ energy activities and energy decision-making is influenced by soc...
Article
Full-text available
This paper answers recent calls to give more attention to the business strategies of incumbent actors regarding innovation and socio-technical transitions. We map the solar business model adoption of 30 Swedish electric utility incumbents and examine to what extent it can be explained by the strategic fit with the utilities' established business mo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses how technological and sectoral context structures influence the functional pattern of a focal technological innovation system (TIS), focusing on value chain in-terdependencies. Through a case study of the 'embryonic' bio-succinate from mixed food waste TIS in Sweden, we show that all identified context structures exert both nega...
Article
Full-text available
Maritime transport faces increasing pressure to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions to be in accordance with the Paris Agreement. For this to happen, low- and zero-carbon energy solutions need to be developed. In this paper we draw on sustainability transition literature and introduce the technological innovation system (TIS) framework to the field...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates how business and innovation strategies explain companies' responses to transformational pressures in a mature industry. The analytical framework combines two perspectives on business and innovation strategies: competitive position and resource position. Based on an embedded case study of eight companies in the Swedish pulp a...
Article
Sociotechnical transitions are complex processes that imply far-reaching technological, institutional and cultural changes. Transition intermediaries have emerged as potentially powerful actors and entities to speed up transitions. As much previous literature on intermediaries in transitions has focused on emergence, in this special issue, we focus...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to explore the characteristics and activities of intermediaries that are involved in innovation diffusion and, thus, contribute to the acceleration of sustainability transitions. The paper develops a taxonomy of four types of diffusion intermediaries based on official firm registry data on intermediaries involved in ren...
Article
This paper focuses on diffusion-oriented innovation intermediaries (“diffusion intermediaries”), i.e. actors that function as brokers between technology adopters and the providers of resources needed to implement a new technology that is available more or less “off-the-shelf”. It investigates how such actors create value for adopters of new technol...
Chapter
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a review of the more general empirical findings of the vast number of TIS studies published so far. and, based on that, identify fruitful theoretical and empirical topics to explore in future research in this field. Most attention is given to studies using the functions approach. As part of the review, some...
Research
Full-text available
This is the final report from the project "The roles of intermediaries in the transition to a sustainable energy system" (in Swedish).
Article
Research on sustainability transitions has expanded rapidly in the last ten years, diversified in terms of topics and geographical applications, and deepened with respect to theories and methods. This article provides an extensive review and an updated research agenda for the field, classified into nine main themes: understanding transitions; power...
Article
This paper investigates to what extent and how an exploitation-oriented innovation logic can enable innovations characterised by a high degree of newness. The paper is based on an embedded case study of 11 innovation initiatives by the Swedish pulp and paper companies and uses a multi-dimensional framework that takes into account both product and p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Maritime transport is arguably a neglected empirical field within sustainability transitions research, despite the global importance of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and other pollutants also from this sector. What makes this especially interesting from a sustainability transitions perspective is that low-and zero-carbon energy (LoZeC) te...
Article
To limit global warming to 1.5-2°C, EU needs to eliminate emissions of CO2 equivalents over the next decades, which necessitates that a range of new technologies develop, mature and diffuse on a massive scale. To create conditions for this, effective instrument mixes have to be designed and implemented. However, the choice of such mixes depends on...
Article
The diffusion of renewable electricity technologies (RETs) has to speed up for countries to reach their, often ambitious, targets for renewable energy generation. This requires a large number of actors – including individuals, companies and other organizations – to adopt RETs. Policies will most likely be needed to induce adoption, but there is lim...
Article
Finding ways to encourage investments in renewable electricity production is crucial to reach a transition to a sustainable energy system. While in the energy policy literature, investments are usually explained by economic or regulatory policies, recent studies have suggested that some investors are boundedly rational and may respond differently t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper studies self-reinforcing mechanisms in multi-technology industries, i.e. industries in which technological lock-in does not occur and several technologies continue to coexist. The purpose of this paper is to investigate what kind of self-reinforcing mechanisms can be present in such industries and explain how multiple paths can coexist a...
Article
It has become increasingly clear that a transition to low-carbon energy systems, including a widespread diffusion of renewable energy technologies (RETs), is necessary for the world to handle the challenges of climate change. Previous innovation system oriented research has identified barriers to development and early-stage diffusion of RETs, but m...
Article
This paper analyses public support and argues that supply does not match demand in terms of the support needs of different types of new technology-based firms (NTBFs). The demand side of public support to NTBFs is analysed by developing a typology of NTBFs, based on venture origin and degree of innovativeness. Each type’s characteristics, challenge...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses interactions between technological innovation systems (TIS) and wider “context structures”. While TIS studies have always considered various kinds of contextual influences, we suggest that the TIS framework can be further strengthened by a more elaborated conceptualization of TIS context structures and TIS–context interactions....
Technical Report
Full-text available
Projektet Nya investerare i förnybar elproduktion: motiv, investeringskriterier och policykonsekvenser har studierat icke-traditionella investerare i förnybar elproduktion med syfte att ge ett vetenskapligt underlag för utformning och implementering av energipolitiska styrmedel riktade mot dessa investerare samt vidareutveckla befintliga beslutsstö...
Article
Various types of policy instruments have been implemented to reduce local and global emissions, but the impact on innovation of different instruments has received less attention. This paper reviews empirical studies of the innovation impact of four main types of policy instruments in two high-emitting sectors. The conclusions are threefold. (1) Pol...
Article
Full-text available
To explain the development of multi-technology companies and industries where several alternative technologies co-exist and interact over long periods, this article suggests an extension of path dependency theory by providing a conceptualization of the path notion that incorporates the theoretical possibility of multiple paths and path interaction....
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The creative destruction of existing industries as a consequence of discontinuous technological change is a central theme in the literature on industrial innovation and technological development. Established competence-based and market-based explanations of this phenomenon argue that incumbents are only seriously challenged by ‘competence-...
Article
Transforming energy systems to fulfill the needs of a low-carbon economy requires large investments in renewable electricity production (RES-E). Recent literature underlines the need to take a closer look at the composition of the RES-E investor group in order to understand the motives and investment processes of different types of investors. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
In the last twenty years, a large number of innovation system approaches have emerged. Even though there are similarities between different approaches, they emphasise different aspects of innovation systems. Moreover, within each approach the system models differ in terms of the concepts used and the actors identified and emphasised. It might, ther...
Chapter
This introduction relates the principal idea behind the book - that knowledge integration is a vital part of the dynamics of the innovation process to previous literature on knowledge integration, with its focus on companies' 'routine' activities. It presents the book's main empirical focus: internationally competing technology-based firms in, for...
Chapter
Mainstream innovation literature often contrasts two types of innovative processes: 'creative destruction', where new entrants and new technologies displace previously dominant firms, and 'incremental innovation', where established firms gradually improve existing technologies. This chapter deals with the knowledge integration challenges embedded i...
Chapter
This chapter examines insights gained, challenges to conventional management thinking, and, above all, lessons for practicing managers. In particular, it highlights (a) that knowledge integration (KI) is a creative, trial-and-error process, in which insight, imagination, and experience are essential, (b) that the creative feature is especially prom...
Article
This paper argues (1) that technology-specific policies are necessary if we are to meet the climate challenge and (2) that a main contribution of innovation system (IS) analysis to the study of sustainability transitions is that it allows policy makers to identify the processes and components in a system where intervention is likely to matter most....
Book
Full-text available
Technology-based firms continue to compete primarily on innovation, and one continuously required to present new solutions to an exacting market. As technological complexity and specialization intensifies, firms increasingly need to integrate and co-ordinate knowledge by means of project groups, diversified organizations, inter-organizational partn...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the critical case of ABB, this paper questions the relevance of using patents with multiple inventors from different countries (“cross-country patents”) as an indicator of international R&D collaboration. The study shows that less than half of ABB's cross-country patents are the result of international R&D collaboration as described by one...
Article
Slow and complicated wind power planning and permitting procedures have been a large obstacle for wind power diffusion in Sweden and other countries. This paper complements previous siting-oriented literature with a planning perspective on these problems. The focus is two national planning instruments implemented in Sweden in the early 2000s: a nat...
Article
In the European policy debate, tradable green certificates (TGC) have been suggested to be a superior regulatory framework for promoting the diffusion of renewable electricity technologies. The purpose of this paper is to assess the performance of the Swedish TGC system, contributing to the European debate on the suitability of different types of f...
Article
Full-text available
This comprehensive Handbook explores the interactions between the practice, policy, and theory of innovation. The goal is twofold: to increase insight into this dynamic process, searching for options to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of both policy and innovative practice, and to identify conceptual or empirical lacunae and questions that...
Article
The recent EU Commission proposal for promoting the supply of power from renewable energy sources was originally based on a pan-European, harmonised tradable green certificate (TGC) scheme. We suggest, on the basis of a multi-disciplinary analysis, that a pan-EU TGC system is not the way forward for Europe. It is vital that the Commission (and the...
Article
Full-text available
In order to reap competitive advantage from innovation, a firm’s technology activities should square with its technology strategy – but how do technology strategies relate to activities and financial performance in relevant business areas? This paper investigates this question by means of a comparison between two leading firms in the electrical eng...
Article
Full-text available
Responding to the climate change challenge requires a massive development and diffusion of carbon neutral technologies and, thus, emergence and growth of new socio-technical systems. This paper contributes to an improved understanding of the formative phase of new technological innovation systems (TIS) by outlining a framework for analysing TIS dyn...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on technological discontinuities and late shakeouts in mature industries. The empirical case is combined cycle gas turbine technology in the power generation industry, where two of four main incumbents (GE, ABB, Siemens, and Westinghouse) exited the industry after several years of competition. We show that the vast differences...
Article
Various researchers and policy analysts have made empirical studies of innovation systems in order to understand their current structure and trace their dynamics. However, policy makers often experience difficulties in extracting practical guidelines from studies of this kind. In this paper, we operationalize our previous work on a functional appro...
Article
Incubators have become a ubiquitous phenomenon in many parts of the world and are viewed as a tool for promoting the development of technology-based growth firms. Considering the large faith and the considerable amounts of money invested in incubators, the identification of best practice incubator models is of importance. Previous incubator assessm...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a framework for guiding policy makers intervening in emerging innovation systems in 'catching up' countries. The process whereby the central policy issues are identified rests on the notion that there are seven key processes, or 'functions', involved in the formation of such systems and that these processes can be empirically st...
Article
This paper assesses the relevance of using cross-country patents, i.e. patents with inventors from several countries, as an indicator of international R&D collaboration and explores the consequences of different principles for assignment of these patents to countries of origin, using the case of ABB as an illustration. We show that less than 40% of...
Article
Full-text available
An example of how entrepreneurship can be integrated into Design-Build-Test (DBT) project courses is presented. The example is taken from the engineering program Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering at Linköping University, where entrepreneurship has been introduced in ten different DBT project courses related to the specializations of the pr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper addresses the issue of R&D internationalisation of two multinationals in the electro-technical industry (GE and ABB), by means of a patent data analysis. The overwhelming majority of both companies’ R&D activities are concentrated in Western Europe and North America. The locational overlap between the two firms’ activities is small. Thes...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyses the development and diffusion of technologies that utilize renewable energy sources in Germany, Sweden and the Netherlands. The analysis enlarges the life cycle model of industry evolution to one where the focus is on the formation and evolution of new technological systems. Particular focus is on explaining success and failures...
Chapter
Full-text available
The objective of this paper is to compare the evolution of the wind turbine industry in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden. Four factors stand out in explaining the relative success of the German industry: (1) creation of variety in an early phase, (2) establishment of legitimacy of wind energy, (3) the employment of advanced market creation polic...
Article
Full-text available
The mechanisms inducing and blocking Swedish capital goods industry development and the diffusion of renewable energy technology is discussed. An analytical framework for the study of energy system transformation is developed and some key issues for research are identified. It was observed that the Swedish capital goods industry was not able to sha...
Article
Full-text available
During the last two decades there has been a great deal of research on renewable energy technologies. It is commonly thought that very little has come out of this research in terms of commercially interesting technologies. The first objective of this paper is to demonstrate that this perception is no longer entirely correct; in the 1990s there has...
Article
*Financial support from the Swedish National Energy Administration is gratefully acknowledged. We would also like to express our deepest gratitude to all the people in Germany, the Netherlands and Sweden who have contributed to the empirical content of this paper by allowing us to interview them. We are also grateful to Bo Carlsson and Michael Durs...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (10)
Project
The purpose of the project is to increase our understanding of established electricity retailers’ solar power offers and business models and what role they play for a resource-efficient deployment of solar power. This is done by mapping the solar strategies of the 30 largest electricity retailers, with a particular focus on how they help their customers to become prosumers, and through a detailed study of the business models of ca 10 retailers in order to identify pros and cons of different models.
Project
According to the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency's climate data, the industry currently accounts for 31 percent of Sweden's climate emissions. The aim of this project is to analyse Swedish process industry in order to suggest how a transition towards strongly reduced emissions in the process industry can be reached. The analysis includes the iron and steel industry, the cement industry, the chemical industry as well as the refining industry.
Project
STIPP brings together the strongest research environments and policy makers in the field of innovation and sustainability transitions in Sweden. Researchers at Lund University, Chalmers, Jönköping International Business School and Linköping University work together, and in close cooperation with Vinnova (the Swedish innovation agency), to advance our understanding of the dynamics and governance of challenge-driven transformation processes and develop a more comprehensive framework for transformative innovation policy.