Anna B. Basalova Buchman

Anna B. Basalova Buchman
California Institute of Technology | CIT · Department of Bioengineering

Doctor of Philosophy

About

41
Publications
9,508
Reads
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1,088
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - present
California Institute of Technology
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • I conduct independent research developing gene drive mechanisms in insects using genetic engineering techniques.
January 2007 - August 2008
Sam Houston State University
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • I performed research on population genetics of box turtles as part of my Master's studies

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
CRISPR-based genetic engineering tools aimed to bias sex ratios, or drive effector genes into animal populations, often integrate the transgenes into autosomal chromosomes. However, in species with heterogametic sex chromsomes (e.g. XY, ZW), sex linkage of endonucleases could be beneficial to drive the expression in a sex-specific manner to produce...
Article
Originally from Asia, Drosophila suzukii Matsumura is a global pest of economically important soft-skinned fruits. Also commonly known as spotted wing drosophila, it is largely controlled through repeated applications of broad-spectrum insecticides by which resistance has been observed in the field. There is a pressing need for a better understandi...
Article
Full-text available
Engineered reproductive species barriers are useful for impeding gene flow and driving desirable genes into wild populations in a reversible threshold-dependent manner. However, methods to generate synthetic barriers have not been developed in advanced eukaryotes. To overcome this challenge, we engineered SPECIES (Synthetic Postzygotic barriers Exp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Originally from Asia, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura, 1931, Diptera: Drosophilidae) is presently a global pest of economically important soft-skinned fruits. Also commonly known as spotted wing Drosophila (SWD), it is largely controlled through repeated applications of broad-spectrum insecticides. There is a pressing need for a better understanding...
Article
CasRx, a member of the RNA-targeting Cas13 family, is a promising new addition of the CRISPR/Cas technologies in efficient gene transcript reduction with an attractive off-target profile at both cellular and organismal levels. It is recently reported that the CRISPR/CasRx system can be used to achieve ubiquitous and tissue-specific gene transcript...
Article
Full-text available
Background While there is wide consensus that the public should be consulted about emerging technology early in development, it is difficult to elicit public opinion about innovations unfamiliar to lay audiences. We sought public input on a program of research on genetic engineering to control mosquito vectors of disease that is led by scientists a...
Article
Full-text available
Scientists are rapidly developing synthetic gene drive elements intended for release into natural populations. These are intended to control or eradicate disease vectors and pests, or to spread useful traits through wild populations for disease control or conservation purposes. However, a crucial problem for gene drives is the evolution of resistan...
Article
CRISPR-Cas9-based gene drive systems possess the inherent capacity to spread progressively throughout target populations. Here we describe two self-copying (or active) guide RNA-only genetic elements, called e-CHACRs and ERACRs. These elements use Cas9 produced in trans by a gene drive either to inactivate the cas9 transgene (e-CHACRs) or to delete...
Preprint
Full-text available
Engineered reproductive species barriers are useful for impeding gene flow and driving desirable genes into wild populations in a reversible threshold-dependent manner. However, methods to generate synthetic barriers are lacking in advanced eukaryotes. To overcome this challenge, we engineered SPECIES ( S ynthetic P ostzygotic barriers E xploiting...
Article
CRISPR-Cas genome editing technologies have revolutionized the fields of functional genetics and genome engineering, but with the recent discovery and optimization of RNA-targeting Cas ribonucleases, we may soon see a similar revolution in the study of RNA function and transcriptome engineering. However, to date, successful proof of principle for C...
Article
Full-text available
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1008103.].
Preprint
Full-text available
CRISPR-Cas genome editing technologies have revolutionized the fields of functional genetics and genome engineering, but with the recent discovery and optimization of RNA-targeting Cas ribonucleases, we may soon see a similar revolution in the study of RNA function and transcriptome engineering. However, to date, successful proof-of-principle for C...
Article
Full-text available
With dengue virus (DENV) becoming endemic in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, there is a pressing global demand for effective strategies to control the mosquitoes that spread this disease. Recent advances in genetic engineering technologies have made it possible to create mosquitoes with reduced vector competence, limiting their ability...
Article
Full-text available
Homing based gene drives (HGD) possess the potential to spread linked cargo genes into natural populations and are poised to revolutionize population control of animals. Given that host encoded genes have been identified that are important for pathogen transmission, targeting these genes using guide RNAs as cargo genes linked to drives may provide...
Preprint
Full-text available
Homing based gene drives (HGD) possess the potential to spread linked cargo genes into natural populations and are poised to revolutionize population control of animals. Given that host-encoded genes have been identified that are important for pathogen transmission, targeting these genes using guide RNAs as cargo genes linked to drives may provide...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The mosquito Aedes aegypti has a wide variety of sensory pathways that have supported its success as a species as well as a highly competent vector of numerous debilitating infectious pathogens. Investigations into mosquito sensory systems and their effects on behavior are valuable resources for the advancement of mosquito control stra...
Article
Full-text available
With dengue virus (DENV) becoming endemic in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, there is a pressing global demand for effective strategies to control the mosquitoes that spread this disease. Recent advances in genetic engineering technologies have made it possible to create mosquitoes with reduced vector competence, limiting their ability...
Preprint
Full-text available
With dengue virus (DENV) becoming endemic in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, there is a pressing global demand for effective strategies to control the mosquitoes that spread this disease. Recent advances in genetic engineering technologies have made it possible to create mosquitoes with reduced vector competence, limiting their ability...
Article
Full-text available
Recent Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreaks have highlighted the necessity for development of novel vector control strategies to combat arboviral transmission, including genetic versions of the sterile insect technique, artificial infection with Wolbachia to reduce population size and/or vectoring competency, and gene drive-based methods. Here, we describe...
Article
Despite the importance of Y‐chromosomes in evolution and sex determination, their heterochromatic, repeat‐rich nature makes them difficult to sequence (due, in part, to ambiguities in sequence alignment and assembly) and to genetically manipulate, and therefore they generally remain poorly understood. For example, the D. melanogaster Y‐chromosome,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreaks have highlighted the necessity for development of novel vector control strategies to combat arboviral transmission, including genetic versions of the sterile insect technique, artificial infection with Wolbachia to reduce population size and/or vectoring competency, and gene drive based methods. Here, we describe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aedes aegypti have a wide variety of sensory pathways that have supported success as a species as well as a highly competent vector of numerous debilitating infectious pathogens. Investigations into mosquito sensory systems and their effects on behavior are valuable resources for the advancement of mosquito control strategies. Numerous studies have...
Article
Full-text available
Recent Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreaks have highlighted the necessity for development of novel vector control strategies to combat arboviral transmission, including genetic versions of the sterile insect technique, artificial infection with Wolbachia to reduce population size and/or vectoring competency, and gene drive based methods. Here, we describe...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the importance of Y-chromosomes in evolution and sex determination, their heterochromatic, repeat-rich nature makes them difficult to sequence and genetically manipulate, and therefore they generally remain poorly understood. For example, the D. melanogaster Y-chromosome, one of the best understood, is widely heterochromatic and composed ma...
Article
Full-text available
Synthetic gene drive systems possess enormous potential to replace, alter, or suppress wild populations of significant disease vectors and crop pests; however, their utility in diverse populations remains to be demonstrated. Here, we report the creation of a synthetic Medea gene drive system in a major worldwide crop pest, Drosophila suzukii We dem...
Article
Replacement of wild insect populations with transgene-bearing individuals unable to transmit disease or survive under specific environmental conditions using gene drive provides a self-perpetuating method of disease prevention. Mechanisms that require the gene drive element and linked cargo to exceed a high threshold frequency in order for spread t...
Preprint
Full-text available
Synthetic gene drive systems possess enormous potential to replace, alter, or suppress wild populations of significant disease vectors and crop pests; however, their utility in diverse populations remains to be demonstrated. Here, we report the creation of the first-ever synthetic Medea gene drive element in a major worldwide crop pest, D. suzukii...
Article
Full-text available
The recent development of a CRISPR-Cas9-based homing system for the suppression of Anopheles gambiae is encouraging; however, with current designs, the slow emergence of homing-resistant alleles is expected to result in suppressed populations rapidly rebounding, as homing-resistant alleles have a significant fitness advantage over functional, popul...
Preprint
Full-text available
The use of homing-based gene drive systems to modify or suppress wild populations of a given species has been proposed as a solution to a number of significant ecological and public health related problems, including the control of mosquito-borne diseases. The recent development of a CRISPR-Cas9-based homing system for the suppression of Anopheles...
Poster
Recent demonstrations of CRISPR-Cas9-based gene drive by Gantz et al. and Hammond et al. highlight the huge potential of this technology for the control of mosquito-borne diseases such as dengue, Zika and malaria through genetic modification of their vectors. Two promising strategies have been proposed - one in which the gene drive system is used t...
Article
Engineered gene drives - the process of stimulating the biased inheritance of specific genes - have the potential to enable the spread of desirable genes throughout wild populations or to suppress harmful species, and may be particularly useful for the control of vector-borne diseases such as malaria. Although several types of selfish genetic eleme...
Article
Full-text available
Hybridization of the box turtles Terrapene carolina and T. ornata has been reported throughout their sympatric range. Herein, eight polymorphic microsatellite loci and one mitochondrial polymorphism were used to assess patterns of introgression between these two species, both of which are of conservation concern. We estimated standard population st...
Article
Full-text available
The largespring Gambusia, Gambusia geiseri, is a stenohaline livebearing fish (Poeciliidae) native to the headwaters of the San Marcos and Comal Rivers, Texas. After introductions for mosquito control (circa 1930), founder populations persisted in several cool water spring systems throughout west Texas, making them invasive and ideal for studies in...
Article
Full-text available
Two strategies to control mosquito-borne diseases, such as malaria and dengue fever, are reducing mosquito population sizes or replacing populations with disease-refractory varieties. We propose a genetic system, Semele, which may be used for both. Semele consists of two components: a toxin expressed in transgenic males that either kills or renders...
Article
Full-text available
North American box turtles (Terrapene spp.) typically demonstrate localized activity patterns that are highly dependent on temperature and precipitation. In east Texas, we found no documented reports of activity patterns, clutch sizes, sex ratios, or ratios of gravid to non-gravid females in T. Carolina triunguis. Here, we report data on the monthl...
Article
Full-text available
Growing evidence suggests that North American Box Turtles (Terrapene spp.) are declining at an increasing rate. However, there is currently a large gap in our general knowledge of box turtles; thus, baseline demographic and genetic data are needed before a conservation plan can be developed for this group. Therefore, we developed ten microsatellite...
Article
We isolated and characterized eight polymorphic microsatellite loci for a Texas population of three-toed box turtle, Terrapene carolina triunguis, using a refined hybridization capture procedure. All eight primer pairs amplified successfully at all loci in seven Texas ornate box turtles (T. ornata ornata). Due to the decline and conservation concer...

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