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Anna Costanza Baldry

Anna Costanza Baldry
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli" · Psychology

PhD

About

75
Publications
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3,589
Citations

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate post-traumatic stress symptoms affecting the involvement in school bullying and cyberbullying of boys and girls according to the different bullying roles. The current study involved 5058 Italian students, aged 11–18, recruited from secondary schools, who anonymously self-reported about school and cyber b...
Article
The use of technology by children and adolescents to communicate has numerous advantages, but it is also associated with cyberbullying and cybervictimization. Risk and protective factors are numerous and interact with each and are important to reduce such behaviors. Among these factors, parental online involvement can reduce cyberbullying or cyberv...
Article
Full-text available
Background. This article presents results from the evaluation of the Tabby Improved Prevention and Intervention Program (TIPIP) for cyberbullying and cybervictimization. TIPIP is theoretically designed to address cyberbullying and cybervictimization. It is the first program in this field developed combining the Ecological System Theory and the Thre...
Chapter
In its first stage, research on cyberbullying focused on trying to define the phenomenon and check on the possible similarities or discrepancies between offline school bullying and online bullying. The very first studies (Smith et al. 2008; Kowalski et al. 2008) adapted the Olweus definition of bullying (Olweus 1995) to the online world, simply add...
Chapter
Cyberbullying is well researched in Italy and intervention strategies are disseminated throughout the country. At the central level, the Ministry of Education has implemented guidelines for the prevention and comparing of cyberbullying, and was also an associate partner in this Tabby project. Studies in Italy on the prevalence and nature of cyberbu...
Chapter
The Threat Assessment of Bullying Behaviours among Youngsters (TABBY) Internet program was developed initially in 2010 and implemented in 2011–2013 in Italy and further four EU countries (Bulgaria, Greece, Cyprus, and Hungary) and was then undertaken in three additional EU countries (Spain, France, and Poland) with new components. The program was d...
Chapter
Cyberbullying is a serious and rapidly increasing problem in many countries. We hope that this book, which contains information from researchers who were part of the European Union TABBY (Threat Assessment of Bullying Behaviour in Youth) project and from world leaders in the field, will help researchers as well as practitioners to increase knowledg...
Article
This article examines the influence of moral evaluations and attribution of responsibility on individuals’ willingness to provide help if witnessing an intimate partner violence (IPV) episode. A total of 121 undergraduates read a fictitious article from a newspaper, allegedly describing an IPV episode. According to the experimental condition, parti...
Article
Cyberbullying is a relatively new aggressive behavior in which young people repeatedly and intentionally inflict harm on peers, using electronic devices. Cyberbullying has very damaging consequences and studies on the topic are increasing. Nevertheless, there are still gaps in sound knowledge regarding factors that could protect children from being...
Book
This book brings together an international group of experts to present the latest psychosocial and developmental criminological research on cyberbullying, cybervictimization and intervention. With contributions from a wide range of European countries, including Cyprus, Greece, Ireland, Italy, France, Hungary, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well...
Chapter
This chapter reviews knowledge about school bullying and cyberbullying. It first reviews the historical development of these problems and of research on these topics. Then it reviews the prevalence and personal characteristics of school bullies and cyberbullies, and family influences on them. Instruments used to measure school bullying and cyberbul...
Chapter
This entry addresses risk and needs assessment, which is the procedure to identify the personal, social, and contextual variables related to the antisocial and delinquent behavior of juveniles. This approach helps to establish the probability of recidivism of delinquency based on static and dynamic criminogenic factors, also called need factors. Th...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the influence of contextual factors on the attribution of responsibility to female victims of an intimate partner violence (IPV) episode. The victim's infidelity and the perpetrator's alcohol abuse constituted the contextual factors in the investigation. The bystander's age, gender, and attitude...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate gender differences in the overlap between school and cyberbullying according to the different types of involvement in such behaviors. The current study involved 2,785 Italian students, ages 11–17 recruited from 7 secondary schools, who anonymously self-reported about school and cyberbullying as victims a...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and poor general health reported by female victims of intimate partner stalking (IPS) and victims’ forgiveness or lack of forgiveness towards their perpetrators, controlling for escalation of stalking, age of victims and dispositio...
Poster
The first objective of this study was to determine whether female victims of physical and psychological forms of intimate partner violence (IPV) displayed deficits in recognizing abusive warnings in dating relationships. A total of 145 female participants read fourteen scenario depicting a psychologically aggressive encounters between heterosexual...
Article
Full-text available
The paper first contextualizes femicide in the broader context of domestic violence, and homicide in the Republic of Cyprus. It then goes on to report a qualitative study of eighteen intimate partner femicide (IPF) orphans during the period 2001-2014. Findings concerning IPF, offender, and victim characteristics but also pertaining to a broad range...
Article
This paper examines the influence of female sexualization on people's willingness to provide help in cases of intimate partner violence (IPV). We examined how sexualization may make women seem lacking moral patiency and moral virtue both of which may lead to a reduced willingness to help. In the first study, participants read a fictitious newspaper...
Article
Stalking among intimate partner is a vicious crime for the police to deal. Several aspects make the police work in intimate partner stalking (IPS) cases demanding for best actions: risk of escalation, reluctance of the victim to report, minimization by the police of impact of stalking, and lack of police skills in non-specialized trained units, inc...
Article
Full-text available
Cyberbullying is one of the most common threats an adolescent might face online with serious negative consequences at the social, emotional and educational level. Despite the intense study of the phenomenon over the past decade, most researchers ask for new directions in research that will focus on risk and protective factors. This study attempted...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the growing diffusion of cyberbullying among students and the numerous studies in the literature, to date relatively little is known about its relationship with school bullying. This article seeks to understand if there is an overlap between the roles of bullies and victims in traditional and electronic bullying. In order to investigate thi...
Article
Full-text available
Femicide, defined as the killings of females by males because they are females, is becoming recognized worldwide as an important ongoing manifestation of gender inequality. Despite its high prevalence or widespread prevalence, only a few countries have specific registries about this issue. This study aims to assemble expert opinion regarding the st...
Conference Paper
Introduction Femicide (homicide of women) in intimate partner relationship is the most serious form of violence against women (WHO, 2012). A few clinical reports describe the trauma and the psychological aftermath experienced by children whose mother has been killed by their father (Pynoos & Eth, 1983; Levandowsky, 2004). The death of a parent is p...
Article
Bullying and its electronic evolution, cyberbullying, are widespread problems among children and adolescents. Numerous studies have been conducted that address its prevalence, nature, possible impact and strategies to prevent cyberbullying (Patchin, 2013). Some recent papers have reviewed existing instruments designed to measure cyberbullying (Bern...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of the article is to present the implementation of a European project in Greece for the safe use of the internet. Specifically, the article reports on the results of the evaluation of a school-based intervention against cyberbullying. Three hundred and fourteen secondary school students (50.3% boys) participated in the study. The...
Chapter
Juvenile delinquency affects those involved but also the community. Prevention of the development of such crimes of the recidivism is essential to reduce the negative impact of crimes, even those committed by juveniles. There is not a single cause of juvenile crimes; we refer to risk factors related to the individual and to the family. Among differ...
Article
This article examines the association between a target's perceived humanness and individuals' willingness to provide help and support in cases of violence against women (VAW), specifically, intimate partner violence (IPV). In an experimental study, undergraduates read a fictitious article from a newspaper describing an IPV episode of a man hitting...
Article
Objective: This study is a first attempt to manipulate group norms and assess their impact on willingness to help victims of intimate partner violence. Method: Two studies were conducted, the first involving 218 undergraduates who read a newspaper article extract describing an intimate partner violence case, followed by the manipulation of morality...
Article
This paper examines how attitudes toward violence against women (VAW)—in terms of justification—influence the behavioral intentions of Afghan police officers when dealing with a case of intimate partner violence (IPV). An experimental study was carried out with 108 Afghan police officers who took part in a training course at the NATO Training Missi...
Article
Cyberbullying is a relatively new form of abusive use of the internet that implies different forms of bullying online. In the present study, conducted with 2419 students from secondary and high schools from the province of Milan, we wanted to shed light over this new phenomena, that is a possible precursors of juvenile delinquency. The anonymous qu...
Article
Full-text available
A difficult case for restorative justice procedures is that of intimate partner violence. In this article we explore the feminist criticism of restorative justice theory and practice in cases of intimate partner violence. This criticism reveals that many of the notions and presumptions of restorative justice theory are out of sync with the reality...
Article
Research has shown that symptoms of a post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are prevalent among victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Furthermore, positive correlations have been reported between IPV victimization and borderline traits, and borderline traits and PTSD symptomatology. Although there is some evidence that individuals with a bord...
Article
Purpose. The main aim of this research was to investigate the parental styles and personal characteristics of bullies and victims, and to disentangle factors related to bully/victims from factors related to children who were only bullies or only victims. Method. A self-report questionnaire on bullying was completed by 113 girls and 125 boys aged 11...
Article
Full-text available
This article reviews individual risk factors for bullying, especially gender, age, aggressiveness, low intelligence and achievement, hyperactivity-impulsiveness, low empathy, low self-esteem, depression, unpopularity, and physical and biological features. It also reports individual, family and socio-economic predictors and correlates of bullying di...
Chapter
Facts And MythsAnti-Stalking Legislation In Domestic Violence CasesThe Cycle Of ViolenceA Multi-Axial Approach To Stalker ClassificationIntervention PoliciesChild Custody Visit Access, Joint Custody And Family Mediation In Cases Of Domestic Violence And StalkingThe Consequences Of Exposure Of Children To Domestic Violence And Stalking BehaviourCONC...
Article
Full-text available
Sixteen major evaluations of programs to prevent school bullying, conducted in 11 different countries, are reviewed in detail. Of these 16 evaluations, 8 produced desirable results, 2 produced mixed results, 4 produced small or negligible effects, and 2 produced undesirable results. These varying findings may reflect variations in programs, in impl...
Article
Aggressive and delinquent behaviors in preadolescents may be indicators of problems suffered at home from direct child abuse by one or both parents or indirect abuse, such as exposure to domestic violence. A total of 532 Italian preadolescents recruited in their schools took part in this study. They completed a self-report questionnaire measuring d...
Article
The present study examined the role played by protective factors in moderating the effects of risk factors over bullying and victimization in a sample of 679 male adolescents recruited in Italian high schools. Boys’ involvement in bullying revealed that one in three students has bullied others at least sometimes in the previous three months, and on...
Article
Animal abuse by preadolescents has been associated with their later family violence and/or criminal behaviour; less is known about animal abuse and concurrent experience of being a victim at home and/or school, or of contemporaneous aggression to peers. To establish the prevalence of animal abuse among Italian preadolescents and its relationship wi...
Article
This paper reports the Italian data on the bystanders' project. In the last decade, several studies have been conducted on the prevalence and nature of bullying among primary and secondary students as well as on individual and social risk factors, illustrating that bullying in the Italian context is a widespread phenomenon. No research has been con...
Article
Attitudes towards bullying at school are influential in understanding and preventing bullying behaviour but they should be measured with reference to the particular conditions under which bullying takes place. To establish how far positive and negative judgments of bullying and victims and blaming of the victim vary according to the gender of obser...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to determine the extent to which direct and indirect bullying and victimization at school affects the mental and physical health of 661 Italian boys and girls, aged 11 to 15 years old. The impact of bullying and victimization is assessed by taking into account the relative buffering effect of a positive relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Internalizing symptoms, such as depression, anxiety/withdrawal, as well as somatic complaints are indicators of maladjustment. Mental and physical complaints may be related to victimization at home and at school. In the present study we investigated the independent impact of direct victimization at home (parental severe scolding and physical harmin...
Article
The Physical and Emotional Tormenting Against Animals Scale (P.E.T.) is a new self-administered scale to measure physical and emotional abuse against animals among adolescents. This study is a rst attempt to establish the reliability and validity of this newly developed scale with a non-clinical sample of 1396 Italian adole-scents, aged 11-17 years...
Article
The present study evaluates the effect of an intervention program on the reduction of bullying and victimization in schools with a sample of 239 students aged 10–16 years old in Rome, Italy. The program deals with bullying and violence. It consists of three videos and a booklet that help students to develop the social cognitive competence skills to...
Article
Suicidal cognition is defined here as the combination of thinking about committing suicide and engaging in self-harm and is considered to indicate maladjustment following an extreme internalized reaction to negative life events. Victimization at home and at school might lead some youth to suicidal cognition. The present study aimed to examine cross...
Article
Full-text available
The study aimed to investigate the relationship between bullying and victimization in school and exposure to interparental violence in a nonclinical sample of Italian youngsters. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a sample of 1059 Italian elementary and middle school students. Participants completed a self-report anonymous questionnaire mea...
Article
Domestic violence causes short- and long-term negative consequences, both physical (e.g., bodily injury) and psychological (e.g., depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder). It is possible that these negative consequences vary according to the type of violence victims experience (physical versus psychologi...
Article
Full-text available
Abuse against animals is an indicator of children's maladjustment associated with domestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to interparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results indicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved than girls. Almost half...
Article
Full-text available
The psychological impact of repeat victimization is commonly assessed via victimization surveys that are retrospective in nature. Associations between repeat victimization and coping failure may then easily be inflated due to memory biases, such as mood-congruence effects. This study examined the status of repeat victimization as a resilience or vu...
Article
Abuse against animals is an indicator of children’s maladjustment associated with domestic violence. This study empirically assesses the effects of exposure to interparental violence on animal abuse in 1,392 Italian youth aged 9 to 17. Results indicate that half of all youth ever abused animals, with boys more often involved than girls. Almost half...
Article
This research aimed to analyse the personal characteristics and parental styles of bullies and delinquents, and to establish which factors were related to the bully/delinquent group and which were related to only bullies or only delinquents. A self-report questionnaire on bullying and delinquency was completed by 113 girls and 125 boys aged 11–14 i...
Article
This research aimed to analyse the personal characteristics and parental styles of bullies and delinquents, and to establish which factors were related to the bully/delinquent group and which were related to only bullies or only delinquents. A self-report questionnaire on bullying and delinquency was completed by 113 girls and 125 boys aged 11-14 i...
Article
The main aim of this research was to investigate the prevalence of bullies and victims and the types and places of bullying. A questionnaire on bullying was completed by 113 girls and 125 boys in a middle school in Rome (aged 11-14 years). Over half of all students had bullied others in the previous 3 months, and nearly half had been bullied. Boys...
Article
This article illustrates the relevance of combining methods to understand bullying. The aim of the study was twofold. First, to measure the prevalence of bullying in a middle school in Rome by administering a self-report questionnaire. Second, to understand and interpret the results of the questionnaire by adopting a qualitative method. Combining m...
Article
Mediation, according to the restorative justice approach, balances the victims' needs against holding offenders responsible for the harm caused and requiring them to make reparation for it. Victim-offender mediation in the Italian juvenile justice system is not, as yet, widely implemented. Social workers, employed by the Juvenile Criminal Justice D...
Article
L'autrice, dopo aver preso in rassegna le ricerche e le prassi operative attualmente esistenti a livello nazionale e internazionale sul fenomeno dei maltrattamenti e sulla normativa in materia, presenta il concetto della valutazione del rischio nella sua sistematizzazione e prassi operativa. Partendo da un'analisi degli approcci della valutazione d...
Article
Full-text available
Internalizing symptoms, such as depression, anxiety/withdrawal, as well as somatic complaints are indicators of maladjustment. Mental and physical complaints may be related to victimization at home and at school. In the present study we investigated the independent impact of direct victimization at home (parental severe scolding and physical harmin...
Article
Domestic violence causes short- and long-term negative consequences, both physical (e.g., bodily injury) and psychological (e.g., depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder). It is possible that these negative consequences vary according to the type of violence victims experience (physical versus psychologi...