Ann Merriwether

Ann Merriwether
Binghamton University | SUNY Binghamton · Department of Psychology

Doctor of Philosophy

About

26
Publications
35,955
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1,203
Citations
Citations since 2016
9 Research Items
709 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Affirmative consent policies on college campuses establish more stringent standards for inferring consent to sex. Although these policies often permit nonverbal communication of consent, they rarely outline finer-grained distinctions about which specific behaviors can stand-in for verbal affirmation. It thus remains possible that students hold diff...
Chapter
This trend study analyzed 9 years (2011–2019) of cross-sectional survey responses to Klein’s Sexual Orientation Grid to explore changes in sexual orientation among emerging adult college students. Categorical regression models based on ordinal responses revealed that participants were moving away from exclusive heterosexuality on attraction, behavi...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionAdvocates of affirmative consent argue that such policies can change sexual mores rooted in entitled masculinity while shifting the burden of preventing sexual assault from women to men. Yet there is little research to date on the implementation of affirmative consent or analysis of whether the policy’s demands are feasible in contempor...
Preprint
Full-text available
This trend study analyzes nine years (from 2011-2019) of cross-sectional survey responses to Klein’s Sexual Orientation Grid (1978) to explore changes in sexual orientation among emerging adult college students. Categorical regression models based on ordinal responses revealed that participants were moving away from exclusively heterosexuality on a...
Article
Little is known about the role of affectionate behaviours — factors traditionally understood within the context of romantic relationships — in uncommitted ‘casual sex’ encounters. In a sample of U.S. undergraduate emerging adults aged 18–25 years ( N = 639) we conducted a preliminary internet-based questionnaire investigation into the role of affec...
Article
Rapes perpetrated during college are both common and underreported. Research highlights that several person- and incident-level factors relating to gender and sexuality may diminish reporting, by themselves and as they pertain to attributions of blame for the assault. In this study, male and female college students (N = 916) read vignettes describi...
Article
Full-text available
The current study compares the effects of traditional and modern anti-homosexual prejudice on evaluations of parenting practices of same-sex and opposite-sex couples. Undergraduate university student participants (N = 436) completed measures of traditional and modern anti-homosexual prejudice and responded to a vignette describing a restaurant scen...
Article
Full-text available
"Hookups," or uncommitted sexual encounters, are becoming progressively more engrained in popular culture, reflecting both evolved sexual predilections and changing social and sexual scripts. Hook-up activities may include a wide range of sexual behaviors, such as kissing, oral sex, and penetrative intercourse. However, these encounters often trans...
Article
Although research continues to highlight significant gender differences in first coital experiences, developmental approaches suggest that some of these patterns may be age-related. Therefore, this study investigated both gender and age differences in first intercourse experiences. Open-ended responses regarding reasons for, and descriptions of, fi...
Article
Efforts to link media use to adolescents' sexual initiation have produced somewhat inconsistent results, perhaps as a result of the limited framing of the question. This study sought to expand current approaches by sampling college students instead of high school students, by investigating a range of sexual behaviors and media formats, and by testi...
Article
Full-text available
Human sexual behavior is highly variable both within and between populations. While sex-related characteristics and sexual behavior are central to evolutionary theory (sexual selection), little is known about the genetic bases of individual variation in sexual behavior. The variable number tandem repeats (VNTR) polymorphism in exon III of the human...
Article
Full-text available
Although masculinity ideology (MI) has been shown to predict men’s sexual risk-taking, less is known about MI’s contribution to men’s beliefs about women and their sexual bodies. Accordingly, we examined associations between masculine ideology, media consumption, and men’s attitudes about women’s reproductive body functions among a sample of 656 un...
Article
Although numerous factors have been implicated in women's sexual decision-making, less attention has been focused on how their feelings about their bodies and reproductive functions affect these processes. Recent findings link menstrual shame to lower levels of sexual activity and higher levels of sexual risk; however the mechanisms behind these re...
Article
Descriptions of adolescents’ first coital experiences have typically focused on the negative affect reported by women or on sex differences in levels of positive affect. Analyses of factors associated with a positive first coitus are rare. Accordingly, we examined correlates of a pleasurable first coital experience among 335 undergraduates. Analyse...
Article
Although findings indicate a connection between frequent media use and greater body dissatisfaction, little attention has focused on the role of race. Accordingly, this study investigates the relation between television viewing and body image among 87 Black and 584 White women. Participants reported monthly viewing amounts of mainstream and Black-o...
Article
In their initial study of the development of children's spatial concepts, Piaget and Inhelder (1956) designed the “water-level” and “plumb-line” tasks to assess children's Euclidean abilities to perceive and represent horizontals and verticals. Surprisingly, subsequent research has shown that many adults perform badly on these tasks designed for ch...
Article
This study examined whether a "goodness of fit" theoretical model, applied to families with and without children with learning disabilities, would be valuable in understanding the children's performance in school. A home interview was conducted with 63 families with a child with learning disabilities and 53 families with a comparable child without...
Article
The purpose of this study was to better understand whether visual discrimination abilities are related to reading intelligence and other achievement areas in children with learning disabilities and normally achieving children. Children with visual discrimination problems were identified using the Gibson letter-like visual discrimination task. This...
Article
Thesis (M.S.)--Pennsylvania State University. Library holds archival microfiches negative and service copy,

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Project
This study uses a longitudinal trend analysis of responses to Klein’s Sexual Orientation Grid (2014) to examine changes in sexual orientation in emerging adult college students attending college from fall 2011-fall 2019. Categorical regression revealed that participants were moving away from the exclusively opposite sex categories on the attraction and identity subscales at a rate of approximately 6% per year. A curvilinear trend revealed that movement away from exclusive heterosexuality augments after 2014, coinciding with changes in U.S. marriage equality. An analysis of the interaction of gender suggests that the movement away from exclusive heterosexuality is occurring more rapidly among female respondents. These findings suggest that changes in sexual identity are occurring potentially in response to a changing social and political context (i.e., advances in combating anti-LGBTQ prejudice and compulsory heterosexuality; changing gender roles) and that this transformation is more pronounced across cohorts of women.