ann marie Bissessar

ann marie Bissessar
University of the West Indies, St. Augustine | UWI · Political science

Ph.d Government

About

95
Publications
6,010
Reads
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143
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
75 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205101520
201620172018201920202021202205101520
201620172018201920202021202205101520
Additional affiliations
August 2015 - present
University of the West Indies, St. Augustine
Position
  • Head of Faculty
Description
  • I serve as the dean of the Faculty of Social Sciences. This is a multidisciplinary Faculty with Departments of Management Studies, Political Science, Economics and Behavioural Sciences. The Faculty has an enrolment of approximately 5,400 students.

Publications

Publications (95)
Chapter
During the period 2007–2013, there were 11,520 reported cases of domestic violence in Trinidad and Tobago, a small twin island republic comprising a total of 1.3 million persons. Approximately three hundred women were killed in what officials termed “domestic violence disputes” during the period 2005–2015 and according to all reports, these statist...
Chapter
Trinidad and Tobago, a twin-island republic, is often categorized as a plural society. Often, in proposing solutions to address the phenomenon of Domestic Violence or what some suggest to be Intimate Partner Violence, the prescriptions suggest a one-size-fit-all solution. Many may argue, that violence, or intimate partner violence, is not exclusive...
Book
Domestic violence, interpersonal violence, intimate partner violence, or gender-based violence continues to be a social problem that is rarely understood or discussed in many parts of society, worldwide. The same holds true in the Anglophone Caribbean. Most Caribbean societies are patriarchal in nature, as most men govern and create the political a...
Chapter
‘Don’t put all your eggs in one basket’, this has been a mantra passed down from generations to generations and can be applied to not only farms but an economy as well. A diversified economy creates a sustainable cycle of economic activity where new and established businesses can grow and feed of one another. However, over time, the heavy reliance...
Chapter
It is often argued that a state or government is continuously changing, and one assumption is that each successive government that assumes office will have a differing approach to economic development. Indeed, as early as 1959, Musgrave, The Theory of Public Finance, McGraw Hill, 1959 suggested that a state generally has two major roles in the form...
Chapter
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank have for a long time embarked on what can be described as a ‘trustee’ relationship with countries in the Commonwealth Caribbean. From the latter half of the 1970s, countries such as Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados, as well as Grenada were ‘forced’ because of their chronic need for ‘hard...
Book
This edited volume focuses on the attempts of various Caribbean countries to diversify their economies and societies. It is done in the context of political and economic difficulties that these countries have faced since the 2007-2008 economic crash and how successful they have been in moving their economies in a different direction. The contributo...
Chapter
This chapter presents a comprehensive review of the literature on ethnic diversity. It points out that what is clearly a major limitation if not an under-representation in the existing literature is that the emphasis is not directed to post-colonial societies and in particular small island states. In examining societies such as Fiji, Guyana, Surina...
Chapter
Suriname’s history seemed to have led to entirely different interplay between the ethnic groups and their formation into political parties. In the case of Suriname, for example, the experiment with a model of consociation was one which seemed to be fraught with conflict. Indeed, this chapter focuses on a number of coups in Suriname and the attempts...
Chapter
The book examined four countries (Fiji, Guyana, Suriname and Trinidad and Tobago) as they are usually referenced as plural or fractured societies. The book brought out the similarity that each of the country has, which is the fact that there are two major ethnic groups (Africans and East Indians) dominating the scenes especially the political aspec...
Chapter
Chapter 3 presents a micro-analysis of the history as well as the structural make-up of the island of Fiji. This chapter presents a description of the different ethnic group that makes up the country such as native Fijians (Melanesians) with some having a Polynesian ancestry, and Indo-Fijians whose descendants are the Indian indentures. It attempts...
Chapter
Chapter 4 looks at the way race and politics intersect in the case of Guyana. Again, it was important to focus on the historical assimilation patterns of the two ethnic groups since this would later impact on the way political parties were formed and how these would impact on the trends in voting. The chapter also looked closely at some of the mech...
Chapter
Chapter 6 placed emphasis on Trinidad and Tobago beginning with a location and historical overview. In this the various ethnic groups were highlighted with the majority being Africans and East Indian. In the case of Trinidad and Tobago one measure to ensure stability was the written constitution in which the rights and freedoms of all persons of al...
Book
This book examines the experience of post-colonial territories and their attempts to manage ethnic communities within their countries. The study focuses on Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and Fiji. This project looks at the mechanisms, which vary from legislation to political structures, systems, and institutions that have been introduced to...
Article
The International Monetary Fund and the World Bank have for a long time embarked on what can be described as a ‘trustee’ relationship with countries in the Commonwealth Caribbean. From the latter half of the 1970s, countries such as Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Barbados as well as Grenada were ‘forced’ because of their chronic need for ‘hard’ curre...
Article
The debate on New Public Management (NPM) reform is still relevant and opposing views as to whether it is a passing “fad” as well as whether it is a serious paradigm in the making is still ongoing. The comparative experiences of countries have also been explored in a number of works (McLaughlin, Osborne and Ferlie; Christensen and Laegreid). Howeve...
Book
The book aims to present a set of perspectives that are sound and useful and it seeks to stimulate scholars and students and at the same time to inform practitioners of the myth that governance is a perfect method of administration to be applied in all countries, irrespective of their levels of development or the impact and experience of globalizat...
Chapter
In 1690, John Locke formulated the principle of the separation of powers. Later it was embraced by the French writer Montesquieu and then by A.V. Dicey who gave Montesquieu's theory short shrift. He contended that Montesquieu had misunderstood the principles and practices of the English constitution in that they related only to the independence of...
Article
While it is true that some core strands of New Public Management have been introduced in the wider public service and in the local government sector, these are not sufficiently engrained and thus there has been no significant increase in productivity in this sector. This paper will confine itself to an examination of the structures of local governa...
Chapter
This chapter examines the attempt to introduce e-governance tools in a small island republic, Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies. Placing the chapter within the environment of New Public Management Reforms, the chapter looks at some of the e-governance tools that have been introduced so far. It argues, however, that while the introduction of e-govern...
Article
In 2005, in the small twin-island Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, West Indies, the government in a radical departure from the old method of promotion based primarily on seniority introduced competency testing in order to fill the newly established positions of deputy permanent secretaries. This new method of promotion, however, has been fraught wi...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present an institutional overview of the budgeting systems that are employed during three major periods: pre‐1960s, post‐1960s and 1990s to present New Public Management (NPM budgeting) in five Caribbean countries: Trinidad and Tobago, Barbados, Belize, Guyana and Jamaica. Design/methodology/approach – The...
Article
This article examines some of the challenges facing senior public officers in a plural society such as Trinidad and Tobago. Published studies and data collected for this article suggest that in divided societies, it is not unusual for the public sector to be dominated by the group that maintains political control. In the case of Trinidad and Tobago...
Article
In this article it is argued that any theory of institutions must also integrate a theory of leadership and of culture since institutions function within the matrix of a cultural and social environment. To understand the workings of institutions accordingly, it is necessary to assess the workings of leadership in the particular cultural context. Mo...
Article
This article examines problems encountered in introducing and sustaining the merit principle in the public sector of an ex-colonial country. It offers a historical overview of the Public Service Commission, which was introduced as early as 1950 to protect public employees from undue political interference. The article contends that a number of prob...
Article
Examines the extent to which the introduction of a “new” model of management in the public sector has led to a realignment in the roles, responsibilities, and relationships between the policy-makers, the bureaucracy and civil society in Trinidad and Tobago. Suggests that the introduction of new public management in the public services of Trinidad a...
Article
The purpose of this article is to examine the extent to which the adoption of New Public Management (NPM) in the public service of four islands of the Commonwealth Caribbean was influenced by the forces of globalization. It evaluates the extent to which the features of NPM have been successfully introduced in these countries and proposes that the c...
Article
Trinidad and Tobago and Guyana are plural societies in the Commonwealth Caribbean in which two major ethnic groups, the Africans and the East Indians, vie for state control and power. Since the early pre-independence period in both these countries, electoral outcomes have reflected ethnic cleavages. However, this kind of ethnic divisiveness has not...
Article
The introduction of New Public Management in the public services of many countries brought with it not only changes in epistemology but new methods and techniques for managing resources.1, 2, 3, 4 With the advent of New Public Management, for instance, techniques such as contracting out, divestment, and the disaggregation of the public services int...
Article
This article examines the challenges and problems that emerge during the introduction of a system that attempts to link performance to pay in the public services of three countries, namely Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Jamaica. It briefly discusses the merits of introducing pay B related performance appraisal systems and argues that while such s...
Article
Gender issues are now, and probably will continue to dominate the agenda of a number of feminist organizations and lobby groups. One issue, equal representation of women in the work place has been particularly prominent in many discussions. What has emerged from these discussions is that for equal representation to become a reality there must be an...
Article
From: Dept. of Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences. Supervisor: John La Guerre. Thesis (Ph. D.)--The University of the West Indies, Saint Augustine, Trinidad, 1998.

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
1. The political salience of Local Government in a Small State