Anja Steinbach

Anja Steinbach
University of Duisburg-Essen | uni-due · Department of Sociology

Prof. Dr.
Full Professor

About

98
Publications
44,504
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1,197
Citations
Citations since 2017
44 Research Items
786 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
The detrimental effects of parental break‐up on children's mental health are well‐documented. However, research has also shown that children living in joint physical custody (JPC) arrangements often fare better than children living in sole physical custody (SPC) arrangements. Thus, the question arises: What are the differences between JPC and SPC t...
Article
This study examined the relationship between post-separation physical custody arrangements – that is, sole physical custody (SPC), asymmetric, and symmetric joint physical custody (JPC) – and resident parents’ loneliness. The analyses were based on data from the Family Models in Germany (FAMOD) survey with an analytical sample of 1,146 resident par...
Article
Whereas interest in adult sibling relationships has been growing, we are not aware of any quantitative studies focusing on sibling estrangement (that is, lack of contact or emotional closeness). This gap in the literature seems unfortunate, because estrangement in close family relationships has been suggested to be momentous for family functioning...
Chapter
Die Neuauflage des Handbuchs folgt im Wesentlichen, abgesehen von Überarbeitungen und Aktualisierungen aller Kapitel, der bewährten Struktur der ersten Auflage von 2015. Bis auf sehr wenige Ausnahmen finden sich alle Kapitel der 1. Auflage – in überarbeiteter Fassung und zum Teil mit neuen (Ko-)Autor:innen – auch in der 2. Auflage wieder. Allerding...
Article
Research shows that even though the time women and men spend on housework has slowly converged in recent decades, the time mothers and fathers invest in childcare has not changed as much. This paper aims to contribute to the literature on childcare by focusing on the two Eastern European countries of Lithuania and Belarus, which took very different...
Article
Although German mothers’ labor force participation has increased in recent decades, German men’s participation in domestic labor has not increased proportionally. Thus, mothers still face a “double burden.” We analyzed the total time parents spent on childcare and on various particular activities, such as learning with children, playing with childr...
Chapter
In light of high separation rates across Western countries, decisions on children's physical custody arrangements affect unprecedented numbers of families. As a result, researchers have paid considerable attention to investigating the potential link between physical custody arrangements and mental health. Most of these studies have found a positive...
Article
Joint physical custody (JPC), a parental care arrangement in which children live with each parent about equally after separation or divorce, is an increasingly common phenomenon in many countries. This is a major shift away from the standard of sole physical custody (SPC), in which children live primarily with one parent (usually their mother) afte...
Article
Full-text available
We examine whether complex cross-household structures of post-separation families are associated with higher risk-taking behavior in adolescence (substance use, bullying, early sexual onset) and whether the proportion, and thus statistical normality, of complex family types in a certain country is a potential moderator of this association. Drawing...
Article
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Objective: To contribute to the discussion about the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on gender (in)equality. Background: We focus on a core aspect of gender (in)equality in intimate relationships, namely couples’ division of housework and childcare, and whether this has changed during the Corona crisis. Method: Our descriptive analysis...
Article
Full-text available
Joint physical custody, a parental care arrangement in which a child lives with each parent about equally after separation or divorce, is an increasingly common phenomenon in many Western countries. Although attention from family scholars, practitioners, and law professionals is growing, there are hardly any numbers on the prevalence of joint physi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective The objective of the study was to examine patterns of parenting time schedules in joint physical custody (JPC) arrangements. Background Although the importance of contact with the non‐residential parent for children's well‐being after family dissolution is well‐documented, the measures used in surveys are often crude and do not capture t...
Article
Full-text available
Der Beitrag gibt einen Überblick über zentrale Befunde zu intergenerationalen Beziehungen in Deutschland und Europa, wobei auch familiale Generationenbeziehungen jenseits der "Kernfamilie" und die Bedeutung wohlfahrtsstaatlicher Kontexte berücksichtigt werden.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The FAMOD project, which is funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG), investi-gates the diversity of existing family models after separation or divorce in Germany. The pro-ject’s aim is to provide detailed information about the living conditions of mothers, fathers, and children in different post-separation family configurations, namely in so...
Article
Full-text available
High divorce and remarriage rates have expanded nontraditional family forms, as some family members leave and others join during the process of repartnering. A less explored consequence of the growth in step-families is the proliferation of step-grandparenthood. This paper focuses on emotional closeness and frequency of contact between step-grandpa...
Chapter
Full-text available
Although the attention scholars have paid to the question of how the involvement of fathers affects the well-being of their children in post-separation families has increased tremendously in recent years, the question of how fathers’ involvement affects their own well-being has been hardly examined. Using data from the cross-sectional survey “Fathe...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nach dem neuen § 1766a BGB 1 ist die Stiefkindadoption durch nichteheliche Lebenspartner möglich, wenn diese in einer verfestigten Lebensgemeinschaft in einem gemeinsamen Haushalt leben. Eine verfestigte Lebensgemeinschaft liegt vor, wenn die Personen seit mindestens vier Jahren oder als Eltern eines gemeinschaftlichen Kindes mit diesem eheähnlich...
Article
Objectives: Using high-quality data from Germany, this study aims to contribute to the yet little knowledge about possible changes in adult parent-child relationships within countries over time. Method: Analyzing 13,106 interviews from four rounds of the German Ageing Survey (DEAS), covering the period 1996-2014, we monitor stability and change...
Article
Full-text available
https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/JCEGPRXSZUPNDJHBM942/full?target=10.1080/13229400.2016.1269659 People involved in a shared social relationship may perceive their relationship differently. The intergenerational stake hypothesis posits differences in reports of parents and adult children on emotional closeness and conflict; empirical studies hav...
Article
Full-text available
This article investigated the relationship between religiosity and intergenerational solidarity in Germany, with a focus on differences between eastern and western regions that have maintained unique religious profiles that trace back to before unification. Based on data from Wave 6 (2013-2014) of the German Family Panel ( pairfam), 8,637 reports f...
Article
Joint physical custody (JPC), a parental care arrangement in which a child lives with each parent for at least 25-50% of the time after separation or divorce, is increasingly common in many Western societies. This is a major shift from the standard of sole physical custody, with mostly mothers providing primary childcare after a parental separation...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview of families and their institutional contexts in Western societies, focusing on the role of family policies and legal regulations in union dynamics, fertility, children’s wellbeing, and intergenerational relations. We argue that family dynamics are driven by changing institutional opportunities and constraints, wher...
Poster
Full-text available
Joint physical custody (JPC), a parental care arrangement in which a child lives with each parent about equally after separation or divorce, is an increasingly common phenomenon in many countries. Although attention from social scientists is growing and the debates about the effects on children’s well-being are in part highly ideological, there are...
Chapter
This handbook aims to provide an overview of knowledge about age and ageing in ‘Western’ societies at the beginning of the 21st century, which is intended to be equally suitable for research and practice. It focuses on relevant contributions from the social and behavioural sciences and their access to selected aspects of age and ageing. Its main to...
Article
Full-text available
A substantial part of the older population in Germany already has a so-called migration background, but clearly in the next years and decades the rate will increase. Thus, the crucial questions are as follows: How are the older migrants in Germany faring? How are their living situations? What differences exist between migrants and native Germans as...
Article
Few studies have yet investigated how intergenerational solidarity between parents and adult children is associated with intragenerational relations between siblings. Theoretically, one might expect compensation between inter- and intragenerational relationship solidarity as well as spillover effects from parent-child solidarity to sibling solidari...
Article
This study investigated relationships of full-, half-, and step-siblings in young and middle adulthood with a focus on frequency of contact, emotional closeness, and conflict. We distinguish full-siblings whose parents still live together as a couple (Type 1) from those whose parents separated or died (Type 2). Based on data from Wave 5 of the Germ...
Chapter
In der Soziologie werden gemeinhin zwei Generationenkonzepte voneinander unterschieden, die auf unterschiedlichen Analyseebenen angesiedelt sind: Das ist zum einen das Konzept der gesellschaftlichen Generation (Makroebene) und zum anderen das Konzept der familialen Generation (Mikroebene) (Kohli & Szydlik, 2000; Lüscher & Liegle, 2003).
Chapter
Das Konzept der Lebensformen findet zwar immer öfter Eingang in theoretische und empirische Arbeiten der Familiensoziologie und seit 2005 auch in die amtliche Statistik (Lengerer, Bohr & Janßen, 2005); die Kriterien, nach denen Lebensformen zu klassifizieren sind, variieren im Grunde aber mit jeder Veröffentlichung. Die Merkmale, die am häufigsten...
Chapter
Full-text available
This review of research on the role of family relations in shaping individuals’ health (and vice versa) conceptualizes health as a multidimensional outcome with objective and subjective components. The family-health nexus is considered from the adult’s perspective (focusing on partnership and parenthood) as well as from the child’s perspective (foc...
Chapter
Full-text available
In diesem Beitrag geht es um die Unterschiede in der Ausgestaltung der Beziehungen zwischen Eltern und ihren erwachsenen Kindern bei Einheimischen und Migranten in Europa. Im Fokus steht dabei die Frage nach dem Familienzusammenhalt und den Unterstützungspotenzialen in Migrantenfamilien, da eine internationale Wanderung mit komplexen Herausforderun...
Book
Im vorliegenden Buch wird das Feld der Soziologie anhand von über 100 Grundbegriffen beleuchtet. Neben der begrifflichen Klärung wird dabei auch ein Überblick über die theoretischen Grundlagen der Soziologie und eine verlässliche Orientierung und Einführung geboten. Durch ein sorgfältig erarbeitetes Sach- und Stichwortregister werden nicht nur die...
Article
Full-text available
Wie wird Familie heute gelebt? Tatsächlich ist die große Vielfalt an Familienformen kein neues Phänomen. Der Unterschied zu früheren Zeiten ist, dass die Diversität heute zu großen Teilen auf freiwilligen Entscheidungen beruht, nicht auf gesellschaftlichen Zwängen.
Article
Full-text available
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/1081602X.2016.1224730 The study’s main objective is to gauge the prevalence of family forms following separation and divorce in Europe. In addition to the comparison of the prevalence of single-parent families and stepfamilies in Europe based on data of the ‘Generations and Gender Program’ (GGP), family...
Article
Objectives: Our study examines cross-national variations in intergenerational relations of partnered parents aged 50 and older with adult non-coresident children by family structure (intact vs stepfamilies) and parent-child relationship type (biological tie vs steprelation). We focus on three European countries-France, Germany, and Russia-which ha...
Chapter
In den letzten Jahrzehnten hat es einige Verschiebungen in den Anteilen der Familienformen in Deutschland gegeben (Klein 1999; Wagner und Valdés Cifuentes 2014). Dies ist neben der Zunahme an Nichtehelichen Lebensgemeinschaften insbesondere auf die Zunahme an Trennungen und Scheidungen zurückzuführen. Einelternund Stieff amilien machen entsprechend...
Chapter
Der Fokus des vorliegenden Beitrags liegt auf den wechselseitigen Einflüssen zwischen familialen Generationenbeziehungen und den demographischen Kernprozessen Fertilität und Nuptialität, Mortalität (einschließlich Gesundheit) sowie Migration. Hierbei sind theoretisch jeweils zwei Wirkungsrichtungen denkbar: (1) Die Wirkung der spezifischen Ausgesta...
Working Paper
Full-text available
Family members create for each other the social context in which family behavior and personality development take place. The importance of social influence in families is evidenced empirically by family members’ great similarity on a wide variety of characteristics. Focusing onintrafamily convergence on religiosity, the study discuses empirical met...
Chapter
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Auf Grund der Zunahme an Trennungen und Scheidungen in modernen Industriegesellschaften rücken Folgepartnerschaften immer mehr in den Fokus der familiensoziologischen Forschung. Sind in einer aufgelösten Partnerschaft Kinder vorhanden gewesen, ist mit dem Eingehen einer neuen Partnerschaft auch die Bildung einer Stieffamilie verbunden. Stieffamilie...
Article
Full-text available
Die vorliegende Studie befasst sich mit den Anteilen von Eineltern- und Stieffamilien sowie haushalts-übergreifenden Familienstrukturen in verschiedenen europäischen Ländern. Die Frage, wie viele Eineltern- und Stieffamilien es in den verschiedenen Ländern Europas tatsächlich gibt, konnte bislang nicht zufriedenstellend beantwortet werden. Für viel...
Poster
Full-text available
This poster deals with the prevalence of single-parent- and stepfamilies in Europe and their linkages in cross-household constellations. The question about the prevalence of these family constellations could not be answered satisfactory in the past. Noumerous studies revert to rough estimations based on crude divorce rates. The analysis presents de...
Conference Paper
Vor dem Hintergrund, dass Eltern und Kinder heute so viel gemeinsame Lebenszeit wie noch nie miteinander verbringen, erfährt die Erforschung der Ausgestaltung intergenerationaler Beziehungen seit Jahrzehnten eine konstante - wenn nicht sogar zunehmende - Aufmerksamkeit. Nicht selten wird hierbei festgestellt, dass dieselbe Beziehung von verschieden...
Article
Der vorliegende Beitrag zeigt konzeptuelle und methodische Ansätze zur Untersuchung von sozialen Kontexteinflüssen innerhalb von Familien auf. Familienmitglieder repräsentieren füreinander jeweils gegenseitig den sozialen Kontext, innerhalb dessen sich familiales Handeln und individuelle Persönlichkeitsentwicklung abspielen. Soziale Einflüsse in Fa...
Chapter
Full-text available
Dieser Beitrag konzentriert sich auf die Systematisierung vorhandener Familienformen in Deutschland. Basis dieser Systematisierung ist das Vorhandensein von minderjährigen Kindern im Haushalt. Entsprechend wird der familiale Haushalt dort verortet, wo sich das Kind die überwiegende Zeit aufhält. Diese Annährung an den komplexen Begriff „Familie“ fü...
Chapter
Die Familie ist ein Thema, welches in der Öffentlichkeit wie auch in der Wissenschaft einen sehr hohen Stellenwert einnimmt. In Deutschland dominieren den Diskurs über Familie derzeit insbesondere Diskussionen um die demographische Entwicklung und um die Vereinbarkeit von Familie und Beruf. Das Forschungsprogramm der Familienforschung umfasst jedoc...
Book
Der erste Band der Reihe ‚Familienforschung‘ bildet den Facettenreichtum des Gegenstandes und der Themen der Familienforschung ab. Hierzu haben weithin anerkannte Familienforscher und Familienforscherinnen die Gelegenheit erhalten, ihre jeweils unterschiedlichen Perspektiven auf die Familie und die Familienforschung zu erläutern und damit auch die...
Article
Full-text available
This article is an investigation of the frequency of contact between parents and adult children in Germany. It compares Turkish immigrants and native Germans and includes both biological and step-relations. After the United States and Russia, Germany reports the third highest proportion of immigrants internationally, but the extent to which results...
Article
Full-text available
The demographic change which has taken place in recent decades, and in particular the considerable increase in life expectancy, has resulted in intergenerational relationships that are lasting much longer. Despite the increase in people’s median age at first child birth, members of different generations now have the opportunity to live together for...
Article
Full-text available
The demographic change which has taken place in recent decades, and in particular the considerable increase in life expectancy, has resulted in intergenerational relationships that are lasting much longer. Despite the increase in people’s median age at fi rst child birth, members of different generations now have the opportunity to live together fo...
Article
Full-text available
Der demografische Wandel hat in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten, insbesondere durch die stark gestiegene Lebenserwartung, zu einer deutlichen Ausdehnung der Zeitspanne von intergenerationalen Beziehungen geführt. Trotz des Anstiegs des mittleren Geburtenalters begleiten sich die Mitglieder verschiedener Generationen heute für einen in der Geschichte de...
Article
Full-text available
Issues of intergenerational relationships within family and kinship increased in salience in the public's mind as well as in scientific research beginning in the late 20th century, when intense demographic change, including increased life expectancy and decreased fertility, began to impinge upon the functioning of the welfare state. One effect of t...
Conference Paper
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We investigate adolescent risk behaviour regarding substance use in stepfamilies as compared to single-and two-parent families, using data from the " Health Behaviour in School-aged Children " study (HBSC), a World Health Organization (WHO) cross-national and cross-sectional survey administered to adolescents aged 11, 13, and 15 years. Given the po...
Chapter
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Based on an extensive literature review on the relationship between religious affiliation, religiosity and engagement in romantic relationships in early adolescence, the chapter deals with first romantic relationships on the basis of survey data of dyads of mothers and their children between 15–17 years of age from Germany and Israel, in which seve...
Article
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Consistent with inclusive fitness theory, evolutionary biologists predict that individuals care more for their biological than their social children and hence that biological children assess the relationships to their parents better than stepchildren. To test this assumption, we use data from the U.S. National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Healt...
Article
Full-text available
In Bezug auf die häusliche Arbeitsteilung in Partnerschaften und Familien haben in den letzten Jahren in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland erhebliche Forschungsaktivitäten stattgefunden. Allerdings fanden Personen mit Migrationshintergrund bei diesen Untersuchungen bislang ausgesprochen selten Beachtung, insbesondere fehlt ein Vergleich zwischen Migra...
Article
Full-text available
The different persons involved in social relationships perceive the same relationship quite differently. This assumption, called the „intergenerational stake hypothesis“ in intergenerational relations research, is tested by an investigation of emotional closeness, perception of conflicts, and the exchange of support among familial generations. In t...
Article
Full-text available
Intergenerational relationships within family and kinship have become a salient issue in scientific research. Major reasons were intense demographic changes in the 20th century, such as the increased life expectancy in combination with decreased fertility, and its implications for major institutions of the social welfare state. This has resulted in...
Article
Full-text available
For at least two decades the research regarding generations in family sociology has been dominated by the multidimensional concept of intergenerational solidarity. Recently, the concept of intergenerational ambivalence, emphasizing the simultaneity of positive and negative aspects in family relations, has become a popular counterpart to the solidar...
Article
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The paper deals with the number of stepfamilies and stepchildren in Germany and their distribution across different types of families. The answer to this question is by no means as trivial as it may seem since appropriate data are extremely rare, not only for Germany. The analyses use the fi rst wave of the ‘Generations and Gender Survey’ (GGS) of...
Book
Die Beiträge in diesem Band zeigen, wie gesellschaftliche Kontextbedingungen und individuelle Erfahrungen im Lebensverlauf ineinander greifen und wie sie sowohl die Entscheidung für beziehungsweise gegen Kinder als auch die Ausgestaltung von Generationenbeziehungen beeinflussen. Die Autorinnen und Autoren setzen sich dabei kritisch und konstruktiv...
Article
Full-text available
Im Bildungssystem Deutschlands besteht eine ausgeprägte ethnische Ungleichheit: Kinder aus Familien mit Migrationshintergrund erreichen nicht nur niedrigere, sondern auch weniger Bildungsabschlüsse als ihre deutschen Mitschüler und Mitschülerinnen. Dieses Defizit bei der Akkumulation von kulturellem Kapital wirkt sich wiederum negativ auf ihre Arbe...
Article
Full-text available
Im Bildungssystem Deutschlands besteht eine ausgeprägte ethnische Ungleichheit: Kinder aus Familien mit Migrationshintergrund erreichen nicht nur niedrigere, sondern auch weniger Bildungsabschlüsse als ihre deutschen Mitschüler und Mitschülerinnen. Dieses Defizit bei der Akkumulation von kulturellem Kapital wirkt sich wiederum negativ auf ihre Arbe...
Article
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Eastern Germans are often stereotyped as racist, and some empirical data as well as periodic incidences of violent hate crime seem to confirm the stereotype. This article offers a partial explanation of geographic concentrations of discrimination in Germany that centres on processes of boundary drawing in real contexts between small groups of youth...
Article
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The following article contains a secondary analysis of data from the German longitudinal study Family Survey, collected in 1988 and 1994. The data is examined in light of three theoretical approaches, to identify determinants for the division of labour within private households. The hypotheses are that the following factors will influence the divis...
Article
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The article provides the reader with dimensions of the meaning of living of migrant population in Vienna in discussing the structural components, the background of migration and the strategies to adapt to the new situation. It is quite obvious that migrant population under research in Vienna, which comes from southern European countries, mainly fro...
Article
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Es gibt zahlreiche theoretische Ansätze, die alternative Erklärungen geschlechtstypischer Arbeitsteilung in Paarbeziehungen anbieten. Nach einer umfangreichen Durchsicht der aktuellen Forschung dazu wird versucht, sie in einem Mehrebenenmodell zu integrieren, das die Determinanten der Hausarbeitsverteilung in einen systematischen Zusammenhang stell...

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Project (1)
Project
Families that practice parenting models after separation or divorce whereby each parent cares for the children to a roughly equal extent (joint physical custody) are becoming more common. However, to date only a few international studies (e.g. from Belgium, Sweden or Australia) have given any indication as to the effects of such parenting arrangements on children’s well-being. There are no results for Germany as yet due to the fact that there is no data available in quantities sufficient for analysis that records separated and divorced families where the child permanently shares its residence with only one parent as opposed to families with joint physical custody arrangements. The aim of the proposed project is to study child well-being in joint physical custody arrangements after parental separation or divorce in Germany. In this study, child well-being is considered a multidimensional concept that encompasses physical, psychological, social and cognitive aspects, which are measured in a subjective and an objective manner. An empirical research project involving quantitative data collection is not only intended to compile data on a sufficient quantity of families employing different parenting models (joint physical custody, sole physical custody, nuclear families) in order to be able to carry out reliable analysis. It is further intended to fill in other research gaps by including not only families where the parents are divorced, but also those where the parents are separated, and by consulting all family members involved. This data, which will be made available to the scientific community as a ‘Public Use File’ after completion of the project, will allow for the painting of a differentiated picture in respect of the well-being of children growing up in different family models in Germany.