Anja Neundorf

Anja Neundorf
University of Glasgow | UofG · School of Social and Political Sciences

MA, PhD (Essex)

About

34
Publications
19,076
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
759
Citations
Introduction
Generally, my research applies advanced statistical methods to substantially important research questions with the aim of testing and refining theories of political socialization, political attitudes, and electoral choice. Thereby, I am mainly interested in how individuals form and retain these attitudes and identities over time and across different political systems. My research can be grouped into three broad themes: 1) Authoritarian legacies; 2) political socialisation and civic education; and 3) dynamics of political attitudes.
Additional affiliations
August 2019 - present
University of Glasgow
Position
  • Professor
August 2015 - July 2019
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2013 - July 2015
University of Nottingham
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Full-text available
Over the past half century, scholars have utilized a variety of theoretical and methodological approaches to study the attachment or identification voters have with political parties. However, models of partisan (in)stability ignore its bounded character. Making use of Mixed Latent Markov Models, we measure the change and stability of individual-le...
Article
Voters that come of age at roughly the same time share common influences because of the specific political context during their formative years. We can therefore assume the errors in a model explaining their political behavior to be dependent. Recent advances in social statistical analysis of age-period-cohort (APC) effects propose the use of hiera...
Article
Full-text available
Despite being among the most important indicators of political participation, relatively little is known about the origins and the development of political interest over the lifespan. The formative years between childhood and adulthood are generally considered a crucial phase in which future electors form and strengthen political habits. The aim of...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how the system change following the collapse of socialism affected the political outlook of citizens by comparing the satisfaction with democracy among several generations of Eastern Europeans. I investigate whether people who were mainly influenced by a socialist upbringing have problems with adjusting to the circumstances of d...
Preprint
Are Western populist radical right parties a threat to democracy? We provide well-powered experimental evidence designed to unveil covert anti-democratic preferences among a new but large radical right electorate. Our results show that nostalgia for an authoritarian past is stronger than other well-known ideological drivers of radical right voting....
Preprint
A sizeable literature has emerged over the past several decades which examines the impact of adult civic education on democratic citizenship in emerging and established democracies. Yet there have been no systematic reviews nor meta-analyses of the overall effects of civic education interventions on outcomes relevant for political engagement and su...
Preprint
Does citizen support for the norms and principles of non-democratic regimes help stabilize authoritarian rule? While a large literature recognizes that authoritarian regimes depend on popular support to lower the costs of staying in power, existing research mainly views mass support for non-democratic regimes as instrumental, fuelled by performance...
Article
Full-text available
Do voters update their attitudes toward economic issues in line with their material self-interest? The consensus among students of public opinion is that material self-interest plays a very limited role and that competing non-material factors, such as partisanship or ideological predispositions, do most of the heavy lifting. This paper moves beyond...
Article
Full-text available
We examine the role of societal modernization and women’s political empowerment in generating support for women politicians amongst citizens. Using a global analysis of 116 countries with a new dataset of micro- and macro-level longitudinal data, we show that societal modernization and women’s political empowerment only have positive effects on sup...
Preprint
Do crises substantially change public support for taxes and spending, and why? We leverage the multifaceted character of the Covid-19 pandemic to test different theoretical micro-mechanisms usually confounded in observational research, or tested in isolation. Our randomized survey experiment provides four main findings. First, the economic and heal...
Article
Did the COVID-19 crisis have a significant effect on Trump’s electoral demise? We present survey experimental evidence on two substantial effects of the pandemic. First, information on the unprecedented economic downturn significantly depressed Trump’s popular support across all partisan groups, and especially among middle-low and low-income respon...
Preprint
Full-text available
How can democratic values and behavior be induced in new democracies? To answer this question, we test the impact of original civic education interventions in Tunisia, implementing an experiment with subjects recruited through Facebook and Instagram. Participants were randomly assigned to three treatment groups and one placebo group. Two treatments...
Preprint
Full-text available
Did the Covid-19 crisis have a significant effect on Trump's electoral demise? We present survey experimental evidence on two substantial effects of the pandemic. First, the unprecedented economic downturn significantly depressed Trump's popular support across all partisan groups, and especially among middle-low and low-income respondents. Second,...
Article
Full-text available
We propose a distinction between inclusionary and exclusionary autocratic ruling strategies and develop novel theoretical propositions on the legacy that these strategies leave on citizens' political attitudes once the autocratic regime broke down. Using data of 1.3 million survey respondents from 71 countries and Hierarchical Age-Period-Cohort mod...
Article
Full-text available
This introductory essay outlines the key themes of the special issue on the long-term impact of autocracies on the political attitudes and behavior of their subjects. Here, we highlight several important areas of theoretical and empirical refinements, which can provide a more nuanced picture of the process through which authoritarian attitudinal le...
Article
Full-text available
The question of whether high immigration produces anti-immigration hostility has vexed researchers across multiple disciplines for decades. And yet, understanding this relationship is crucial for countries dependant on immigrant labour but concerned about its impact on social cohesion. Absent from most of this research are theories about the impact...
Article
Full-text available
Party identification has been thought to provide the central organizing element for political belief systems. We argue in contrast that core values concerning equality and government intervention versus individualism and free enterprise are fundamental orientations that can themselves shape partisanship. We evaluate these arguments in the British c...
Article
Full-text available
Research on the impact of the macro economy on individual-level preferences for redistribution has produced varying results. This paper presents a new theory on the presence of an expansive welfare state during one's formative years as a source of heterogeneity in the effect that macroeconomic conditions have on individuals' preferences for redistr...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we revisit the often disregarded ‘pocketbook voting’ thesis that suggests that people evaluate governments based on the state of their own finances. Using data from the British Household Panel Survey over the last 20 years, we measure changes in personal financial circumstances and show that the ‘pocketbook voting’ model works. Crucia...
Chapter
Full-text available
Political socialization describes the process by which citizens crystalize political identities, values and behavior that remain relatively persistent throughout later life. This chapter provides a comprehensive discussion of the scholarly debate on political socialization, posing a number of questions that arise in the study of political socializa...
Article
The development of political engagement in early life is significant given its impact on political knowledge and participation. Analyses reveal a large influence of parents on their offspring’s curiosity about politics during their teenage years. Increasingly, civic education is also considered an important influence on political interest and orien...
Article
Full-text available
The development of political engagement in early life is significant given its impact on political knowledge and participation. Analyses reveal a large influence of parents on their offspring’s curiosity about politics during their teenage years. Increasingly, civic education is also considered an important influence on political interest and orien...
Article
Full-text available
While previous research on the reciprocal effects of citizens’ issue attitudes and their party support emphasize citizens’ issue positions, political competition revolves equally around issue salience – that is, debates over which issue areas political parties should prioritize. Using multi-wave panel survey data from Germany and Great Britain, thi...
Article
Empirical election studies conclude that party elites' images with respect to competence, integrity and party unity – attributes that we label character-based valence – affect their electoral support (Stone and Simas, 2010). We compile observations of media reports pertaining to governing party elites' character-based valence attributes, and we rel...
Article
The aim of this article is to present two different roles of the state affecting individuals' religiosity. First, we provide evidence for the effectiveness of socialist regimes in influencing citizens' opinions by comparing religious beliefs among several generations of Eastern Europeans. Second, the article explores whether the democratization pro...
Article
This paper utilises survey data from the 1999 European Value Study to conduct a quasi-experimental analysis of the relationship between the left-right self-identification and policy preferences of Germany's electorate. Given the German division until 1990 it is plausible that citizens from East and West Germany had different ideological socialisati...
Article
Despite being among the most important indicators of political participation , relatively little is known about the origins and the development of political interest over the lifespan. The formative years between childhood and adulthood are generally considered a crucial phase in which future electors form and strengthen political habits. The aim o...
Article
Full-text available
A few studies have looked at the development of party identification in new democracies, but have ignored the distinction between generations in the process of democratic consolidation. This paper tests how voters who were socialized in a socialist political system developed party attachments over time. The main issue of partisanship thereby is the...
Article
This paper examines how the system change following periods of authoritarian dictatorships affected the political outlook of citizens by comparing views of democracy, trust in diverse political and social institutions, and political engagement among several generations of Latin Americans. We investigate whether people who were brought up during per...

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Between September 2020 and August 2025, I will be working on this project funded by an ERC Condolidator Grant PROJECT OVERVIEW Research puzzle and questions: Democracy is under threat around the globe. We see societies backsliding into authoritarianism in countries as diverse as Turkey, Hungary, India, Brazil and the USA. Unexpectedly, contemporary democratic recessions are characterised by bottom-up processes with authoritarian leaders taking power through popular elections rather than elite-driven coup d’états (Bermeo 2016). This development challenges the common perception that among ordinary citizens democracy is universally perceived as the best political system. Extensive research has clearly linked democracies to greater individual well-being (in economic, social, and political terms) than dictatorships. DEMED will approach this puzzle of why individuals in some circumstances prefer authoritarianism to democracy, answering two main research questions: 1. What is the origin of popular demand for democracy or autocracy? 2. What are the solutions to build more resilient democratic societies? Primary ambition: The overarching ambition of DEMED is to introduce a new paradigm to study the process of democratisation and autocratisation. To achieve this goal, DEMED will provide new theory, innovative data and empirical research to understand and tackle causes of and solutions to democratic backsliding, creating a significant shift in the fields of comparative politics, public opinion, public policy and political development. More specifically, DEMED has four concrete objectives: 1. Establish a new theoretical framework of the causes of democratic (in)stability to provide new platforms to study democracy and to enable innovative public policy; 2. Create unique overtime, comparative measures of regime indoctrination and political culture by collecting original data using cutting-edge methodology to empirically validate this new theory; 3. Identify new ways to use the transformative power of social media to develop and distribute new online educational content to promote democracy through civic education; 4. Integrate objectives 1 to 3 to provide a new theoretical and empirically validated paradigm to lead to more stable democracies. Focus of project: Ultimately DEMED focuses on the “success of democracy”, either as the survival of existing democratic systems or the triumph of democracy over dictatorship leading to democratisation. It thereby follows the perspective of the seminal work by Diamond (2008: 294) who argued, “for democracy to endure, their leaders and citizens must internalise the spirit of democracy” (emphasis added). Going beyond the usual elite-focused literature on democracy, this project is centred on the role of citizens.
Project
This project studies the stability and dynamics of political attitudes using household panel studies. Part of this work also focuses on methodological innovations by using markov chain models to study the dynamics of categorical dependent variables.
Project
In this project, we are studying the origins of political attitudes by focusing on processes of socialisation, aging, and the differences in political attitudes and behaviour among distinct generations. Part of this work is also methodological to distinguish between age, period and cohort effects, so-called APC models.