Anita Ghosh

Anita Ghosh
Boston University | BU · Department of Physiology and Biophysics

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14
Publications
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209
Citations

Publications

Publications (14)
Article
Full-text available
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with mutations in cardiomyocyte sarcomeric proteins, including α-tropomyosin. In conjunction with troponin, tropomyosin shifts to regulate actomyosin interactions. Tropomyosin molecules overlap via tropomyosin-tropomyosin head-to-tail associations, forming a continuous strand along the thin filament. These...
Article
Full-text available
Both vertebrates and invertebrates display active innate immune mechanisms for defense against microbial infection, including diversified repertoires of soluble and cell-associated lectins that can effect recognition and binding to potential pathogens, and trigger downstream effector pathways that clear them from the host internal milieu. Galectins...
Article
Full-text available
Muscle contraction is governed by tropomyosin (Tpm) shifting azimuthally between three states on F-actin (B-, C-, and M-states) in response to calcium binding to troponin and actomyosin cross-bridge formation. The Tpm coiled coil polymerizes head to tail along the long-pitch helix of F-actin to form continuous superhelical cables that wrap around t...
Article
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Complete description of thin filament conformational transitions accompanying muscle regulation requires ready access to atomic structures of actin-bound tropomyosin-troponin. To date, several molecular-docking protocols have been employed to identify troponin interactions on actin-tropomyosin because high-resolution experimentally determined struc...
Article
Full-text available
Tropomyosins (Tpm) determine the functional capacity of actin filaments in an isoform-specific manner. The primary isoform in cancer cells is Tpm3.1 and compounds that target Tpm3.1 show promising results as anti-cancer agents both in vivo and in vitro. We have determined the molecular mechanism of interaction of the lead compound ATM-3507 with Tpm...
Article
Galectins, highly conserved β-galactoside-binding lectins, have diverse regulatory roles in development and immune homeostasis and can mediate protective functions during microbial infection. In recent years, the role of galectins in viral infection has generated considerable interest. Studies on highly pathogenic viruses have provided invaluable i...
Article
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The final step of peptidoglycan (PG) biosynthesis in bacteria involves crosslinking of peptide side chains. This step in Mycobacterium tuberculosis is catalyzed by L,D- and D,D-transpeptidases that generate 3→3 and 4→3 transpeptide linkages, respectively. M. tuberculosis PG is predominantly 3→3 crosslinked and LdtMt2 is the dominant L,D-transpeptid...
Article
Galectins are highly conserved lectins that are key to multiple biological functions, including pathogen recognition and regulation of immune responses. We previously reported that CvGal1, a galectin expressed in phagocytic cells (hemocytes) of the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), is "hijacked" by the parasite Perkinsus marinus to enter the...
Article
Full-text available
The galectin CvGal1 from the eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica), which possesses four tandemly arrayed carbohydrate recognition domains, was previously shown to display stronger binding to galactosamine and N-acetylgalactosamine relative to d-galactose. CvGal1 expressed by phagocytic cells is “hijacked” by the parasite Perkinsus marinus to ente...
Article
The Escherichia coli Ppx protein is an exopolyphosphatase that degrades long-chain polyphosphates in a highly processive reaction. It also hydrolyzes the terminal 5' phosphate of the modified nucleotide guanosine 5' triphosphate 3' diphosphate (pppGpp). The structure of Ppx has been determined to 1.9 A resolution by X-ray crystallography. The exopo...

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Projects (4)
Project
Muscle contraction