Anita Ghansah

Anita Ghansah
University of Ghana | Legon · Parasitology Deptartment

About

144
Publications
18,124
Reads
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1,938
Citations
Citations since 2016
86 Research Items
1565 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300

Publications

Publications (144)
Article
Full-text available
Transmission dynamics is an important indicator for malaria control and elimination. As we move closer to eliminating malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa (sSA), transmission indices with higher resolution (genomic approaches) will complement our current measurements of transmission. Most of the present programmatic knowledge of malaria transmission patte...
Preprint
Full-text available
Plasmodium malariae , a neglected human malaria parasite, contributes up to 10% of malaria infections in sub-Saharan Africa (sSA). Though P. malariae infection is considered clinically benign, it presents mostly as coinfections with the dominant P. falciparum . Completion of its reference genome has paved the way to further understand its biology a...
Article
Background RTS, S/AS01 is the first malaria vaccine to be approved and recommended for widespread implementation by WHO. Trials reported lower vaccine efficacies in higher-incidence sites, potentially due to a “rebound” in malaria cases in vaccinated children. When naturally acquired protection in the control group rises and vaccine protection in t...
Preprint
Full-text available
At a time when effective tools for monitoring malaria control and eradication efforts are crucial, the increasing availability of molecular data motivates their application to epidemiology. The multiplicity of infection (MOI), defined as the number of genetically distinct parasite strains co-infecting a host, is one key epidemiological parameter fo...
Article
Full-text available
There is conflicting evidence on the role of lipid biomarkers in breast cancer (BC), and no study to our knowledge has examined this association among African women. We estimated odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the association of lipid biomarkers—total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein...
Article
Full-text available
Recent reports of resistance to artemisinin-based combination drugs necessitate the need to discover novel antimalarial compounds. The present study was aimed at identifying novel antimalarial compounds from natural product libraries using computational methods. Plasmodium falciparum is highly dependent on the pyrimidine biosynthetic pathway, a de...
Article
Full-text available
High-malaria burden countries in sub-Saharan Africa are shifting from malaria control towards elimination. Hence, there is need to gain a contemporary understanding of how indoor residual spraying (IRS) with non-pyrethroid insecticides when combined with long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) impregnated with pyrethroid insecticides, contribute to...
Article
Full-text available
Background A fundamental ethical challenge in conducting genomics research is the question of what and how individual level genetic findings and aggregate genomic results should be conveyed to research participants and communities. This is within the context of minimal guidance, policies, and experiences, particularly in Africa. The aim of this stu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Since the introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) in Ghana in 2005 there has been a surveillance system by the National Malaria Control Programme (NMCP) and the University of Ghana Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research (UG-NMIMR) to monitor the therapeutic efficacy of ACTs for the treatment of uncomplicate...
Article
Full-text available
Background The association between obesity and breast cancer (BC) has been extensively studied among US, European and Asian study populations, with often conflicting evidence. However, despite the increasing prevalence of obesity and associated conditions in Africa, the continent with the highest age-standardized BC mortality rate globally, few stu...
Article
Full-text available
Antimalarial resistance surveillance in sub-Saharan Africa is often constrained by logistical and financial challenges limiting its breadth and frequency. At two sites in Ghana, we have piloted a streamlined sample pooling process created immediately by sequential addition of positive malaria cases at the time of diagnostic testing. This streamline...
Article
Full-text available
Background The emergence and spread of malaria drug resistance have resulted in the need to understand disease mechanisms and importantly identify essential targets and potential drug candidates. Malaria infection involves the complex interaction between the host and pathogen, thus, functional interactions between human and Plasmodium falciparum is...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Asymptomatic Plasmodium infections significantly drive malaria transmission and impact control and elimination strategies, but are largely uncharacterized. We investigated the prevalence and risk factors of asymptomatic malaria infections to inform malaria control strategies in Ghana. Method: Five cross-sectional surveys were conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic diversity of surface exposed and stage specific Plasmodium falciparum immunogenic proteins pose a major roadblock to developing an effective malaria vaccine with broad and long-lasting immunity. We conducted a prospective genetic analysis of candidate antigens ( msp1, ama1, rh5, eba175, glurp, celtos, csp, lsa3, Pfsea, trap, conserved chrom...
Article
Full-text available
Variants in the Apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) gene (G1-rs60910145, rs73885319, G2-rs71785313) are common in Africans and in individuals of recent African ancestry and are associated with an increased risk of non-diabetic chronic kidney disease (CKD) and in particular of HIV associated nephropathy (HIVAN). In light of the significantly increased risk of...
Article
Full-text available
MalariaGEN is a data-sharing network that enables groups around the world to work together on the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Here we describe a new release of curated genome variation data on 7,000 Plasmodium falciparum samples from MalariaGEN partner studies in 28 malaria-endemic countries. High-quality genotype calls on 3 million single nuc...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: Global malaria elimination has little chance of success without an effective vaccine. The first malaria vaccine, RTS,S/AS01e, demonstrated moderate efficacy against clinical malaria in phase III trials and is undergoing large-scale effectiveness trials in Africa. Importantly, the vaccine did not perform equally well between phas...
Article
Full-text available
Artemisinin resistance (AR) emerged in South East Asia 13 years ago and the identification of the resistance conferring molecular marker, Plasmodium falciparum Kelch 13 (Pfk13), 7 years ago has provided an invaluable tool for monitoring AR in malaria endemic countries. Molecular Pfk13 surveillance revealed the resistance foci in the Greater Mekong...
Article
Full-text available
Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is an aggressive pediatric B cell lymphoma, common in Equatorial Africa. Co-infections with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Plasmodium falciparum, coupled with c-myc translocation are involved in eBL etiology. Infection-induced immune evasion mechanisms to avoid T cell cytotoxicity may increase the role of Natural killer...
Poster
Full-text available
Apical Membrane Antigen (AMA1) - rhoptry neck protein 2 (RON2) binding is a critical interaction for Plasmodium falciparum merozoite invasion of host red blood cells. Several proposed malaria vaccine candidates designed to prevent such binding and limit merozoite entry have been studied with variable success at in vitro and early clinical trial sta...
Article
Full-text available
MalariaGEN is a data-sharing network that enables groups around the world to work together on the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Here we describe a new release of curated genome variation data on 7,000 Plasmodium falciparum samples from MalariaGEN partner studies in 28 malaria-endemic countries. High-quality genotype calls on 3 million single nuc...
Article
Full-text available
Background Recent studies from different malaria-endemic regions including western Africa have now shown that Plasmodium vivax can infect red blood cells (RBCs) and cause clinical disease in Duffy-negative people, though the Duffy-negative phenotype was thought to confer complete refractoriness against blood invasion with P. vivax. The actual preva...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Malaria continues to be a major health issue globally with almost 85% of the global burden and deaths borne by sub-Saharan Africa and India. Although the current artemisinin derived combination therapies in Ghana are still efficacious against the Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) parasite, compounding evidence of artemisinin and amodiaquine resi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is an aggressive pediatric B cell lymphoma, common in Equatorial Africa. Co-infections with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Plasmodium falciparum, coupled with c-myc translocation are involved in eBL etiology. Infection-induced immune evasion mechanisms to avoid T cell cytotoxicity may increase the role of Natural killer...
Article
Full-text available
Background Drug resistance remains a concern for malaria control and elimination. The effect of interventions on its prevalence needs to be monitored to pre-empt further selection. We assessed the prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum gene mutations associated with resistance to the antimalarial drugs: sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP), chloroquine (CQ)...
Article
Full-text available
Background Extensive genetic diversity in the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) is a major contributing factor to the moderate efficacy of the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine. The transmission intensity and rates of recombination within and between populations influence the extent of its genetic diversity. Understanding the extent and dynam...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background The Duffy-negative phenotype is a condition which is thought to confer complete resistance against blood infection with Plasmodium vivax. However, recent studies from different malaria-endemic regions including western Africa have now shown that P. vivax can infect red blood cells (RBCs) and cause clinical disease in Duffy-negative peopl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Extensive genetic diversity in the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) is a major contributing factor to the moderate efficacy of the RTS,S/ASO1 vaccine. Understanding the extent and dynamics of PfCSP genetic diversity in different transmission settings will help to interpret the results of current RTS,S efficacy and P...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Extensive genetic diversity in the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) is a major contributing factor to the moderate efficacy of the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine. The transmission intensity and rates of recombination within and between populations influence the extent of its genetic diversity. Understanding the extent and dynam...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Extensive genetic diversity in the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite protein (PfCSP) is a major contributing factor to the moderate efficacy of the RTS,S/AS01 vaccine. Transmission intensity and the rates of recombination within and between populations influence the extent of genetic diversity. Understanding the extent and dynamics...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, 268 samples for unrelated males belonging to the five major human subpopulation groups in Ghana (Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagbon, Ga-Dangme and Guang) were genetically characterised for 23 Y chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) loci using the Powerplex® Y23 STR kit. A total of 263 complete haplotypes were recorded of which 258 were unique. Th...
Article
Background: The majority of Plasmodium falciparum infections, constituting the reservoir in all ages, are asymptomatic in high transmission settings in Africa. The role of this reservoir in the evolution and spread of drug resistance was explored. Methods: Population genetic analyses of the key drug resistance-mediating polymorphisms were analys...
Article
Full-text available
Short tandem repeat (STR) loci are widely used as genetic marker for ancestral and forensic analyses. The latter application includes for paternity testing and DNA profiling of samples collected from scenes of crime and suspects. This survey provides the first dataset for 21 STR loci across the Akan population in Ghana by genotyping of 109 unrelate...
Article
Full-text available
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) harbors 11% of global malaria cases, yet little is known about the spatial and genetic structure of the parasite population in that country. We sequence 2537 Plasmodium falciparum infections, including a nationally representative population sample from DRC and samples from surrounding countries, using mole...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Malaria continues to be a major health issue globally with nine out of ten cases reported in Africa. Although the current artemisinin derived combination therapies in Ghana are still efficacious against the Plasmodium falciparum parasite, compounding evidence of artemisinin and amodiaquine resistance in the African region establish the...
Article
A key drawback to monitoring the emergence and spread of antimalarial drug resistance in sub-Saharan Africa is early detection and containment. Next-generation sequencing methods offer the resolution, sensitivity and scale required to fill this gap by surveilling for molecular markers of drug resistance. We performed targeted sequencing using molec...
Article
Full-text available
The human genetic factors that affect resistance to infectious disease are poorly understood. Here we report a genome-wide association study in 17,000 severe malaria cases and population controls from 11 countries, informed by sequencing of family trios and by direct typing of candidate loci in an additional 15,000 samples. We identify five replica...
Article
Full-text available
Targeted Next Generation Sequencing (TNGS) is an efficient and economical Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) platform and the preferred choice when specific genomic regions are of interest. So far, only institutions located in middle and high-income countries have developed and implemented the technology, however, the efficiency and cost savings, as...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding genomic variation and population structure of Plasmodium falciparum across Africa is necessary to sustain progress toward malaria elimination. Genome clustering of 2263 P. falciparum isolates from 24 malaria-endemic settings in 15 African countries identified major western, central, and eastern ancestries, plus a highly divergent Ethi...
Article
Full-text available
Drug-like compounds are most of the time denied approval and use owing to the unexpected clinical side effects and cross-reactivity observed during clinical trials. These unexpected outcomes resulting in significant increase in attrition rate centralizes on the selected drug targets. These targets may be disease candidate proteins or genes, biologi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Plasmodium falciparum malaria, an infectious disease, kills lot of people especially in Africa. The parasites have developed resistance to artemisinin, the most active component of artemisinin combination therapies(ACTs) in Southeast Asia. Researching into new drugs, particularly, population-specific, is critical even as measures are...
Article
In this study, 268 samples for unrelated males belonging to the five major human subpopulation groups in Ghana (Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagbon, Ga-Dangme and Guang) were genetically characterised for 23 Y chromosome short tandem repeat (STR) loci using the Powerplex® Y23 STR kit. A total of 263 complete haplotypes were recorded of which 258 were unique. Th...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) harbors 11% of global malaria cases, yet little is known about the spatial and genetic structure of the parasite population in that country. We sequenced 2537 Plasmodium falciparum infections, including a nationally representative population sample from DRC and samples from surrounding countries, using mol...
Preprint
Full-text available
We conducted a genome-wide association study of host resistance to severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria in over 17,000 individuals from 11 malaria- endemic countries, undertaking a wide ranging analysis which identifies five replicable associations with genome-wide levels of evidence. Our findings include a newly implicated variant on chromosome 6...