Anita DeLongis

Anita DeLongis
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC ·  Department of Psychology

PhD

About

132
Publications
167,333
Reads
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16,226
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 1988 - present
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
July 1987 - June 1988
September 1984 - August 1986
University of Michigan
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (132)
Article
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This study examined associations between the degree of self-disclosure and changes in depressive symptoms in couples coping with colorectal cancer. Sixty-four newly diagnosed patients and their partners completed a measure of depressive symptoms (Center of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) 3 and 9 months postdiagnosis. Furthermore, approximat...
Article
Objective To examine the effects of depressive symptoms and spouse empathic responding on patient disability and marital quality over time and to identify factors that contribute to patients perceiving their spouses as responding empathically to their rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Methods Patients diagnosed with RA and their spouses (n = 133 couples)...
Article
Previous research has highlighted the importance of examining the interpersonal context of stress and coping. How individuals in a relationship respond to one another and cope with stress together have important outcomes on both individual and dyadic levels. The current study sought to examine 2 deleterious coping responses, rumination and interper...
Article
Objective: There is evidence that parents play an important role in their adolescent's health and well-being, but the links between specific daily processes and biological mechanisms relevant to health remain to be determined. In this study, we examined the role of parental accuracy-that is, whether parents who are more accurate about their adoles...
Article
Rationale The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc on lives around the globe. In addition to the primary threat of infection, widespread secondary stressors associated with the pandemic have included social isolation, financial insecurity, resource scarcity, and occupational difficulties. Objective The current study examined the impact of these dis...
Article
Experiencing stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic such as health-related concern, social isolation, occupational disruption, financial insecurity, and resource scarcity can adversely impact mental health; however, the extent of the impact varies greatly between individuals. In this study, we examined the role of neuroticism as an individual-l...
Article
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Background Sense of purpose is a salient predictor of health outcomes, at least partially because individuals with a higher sense of purpose appear to engage in healthier lifestyle behaviors. Yet, little work has considered the role that greater physical activity may play in allowing individuals to maintain or develop a higher sense of purpose. Me...
Article
Background Both the close relationship processes and health model and the dyadic health influence model posit that beliefs about the relationship (e.g., relationship satisfaction) and influence strategies (e.g., social control) serve as mediators of health behavior change. The evidence for such mediation is limited. Purpose This study investigated...
Chapter
Diagnosis with a chronic illness can be distressing and may require significant change in the lives of both those with a chronic illness and their loved ones. In this article, we discuss theory and research on social support and dyadic coping that informs relational, health, and psychological outcomes in couples dealing with a chronic illness. Soci...
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Background Coping via empathic responding may play a role in preventive behavior engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic, and unlike trait empathy, is a potentially alterable target for changing health behavior. Purpose Our goal was to examine the role of empathic responding in preventive behavior engagement during the COVID-19 pandemic, independe...
Article
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During the COVID-19 pandemic, ageist attitudes have been pervasive in public discourse, interpersonal relationships, and medical decision-making. For example, older adults have been portrayed as vulnerable while younger adults have been portrayed as reckless. The current study examined age discrimination during COVID-19 and associations with daily...
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Multiple studies suggest that community-dwelling older adults are psychologically resilient in the face of the COVID-19 pandemic. Notably, during the initial weeks of the COVID-19 outbreak, older age was associated with engaging in more daily positive events (Klaiber et al., 2021, Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences). We followed up on t...
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Recent research highlights a variety of negative outcomes associated with intraindividual variability in positive affect (PA) and in sleep. Thus, this study examined the associations of variability in multiple dimensions of sleep (quality, duration, wake after sleep onset, bedtime, rise-time) with mean and variability in PA. For 7 days, morning and...
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Objective Sleep may be especially important for maintaining health and well-being in daily life amid the stress of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. This preregistered study examined the associations of sleep quality, duration, and efficiency with next-day physical symptoms, affect, and stressors during the COVID-19 pandemic in Nort...
Article
Objective Sense of purpose has been associated with greater health and well-being, even in daily contexts. However, it is unclear whether effects would hold in daily life during COVID-19, when people may have difficulty seeing a path towards their life goals. Design The current study investigated whether purposefulness predicted daily positive aff...
Article
Purpose: As hearing rehabilitation research evolves to include both retrospective and momentary assessment outcome measures, it is important to understand how in-the-moment contextual factors influence subjective ratings. We aimed to determine, over a 4-week period of participants responding to ecological momentary assessments (EMAs) in their own e...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of a 24-week aerobic exercise training program on daily psychological processes and occurrence of stressors in a group of previously physically underactive family caregivers of patients with dementia. As part of the Fitness, Aging, and STress (FAST) randomized controlled trial, 68 participants (F = 5...
Article
Coping strategies are the thoughts and behaviors used to manage the internal and external demands of a stressful situation. In this chapter, we describe the coping process, some of the ways coping strategies are categorized, and some of the factors associated with effective coping. Contextual factors such as the nature of the stressful situation, t...
Article
Purposeful living involves planning daily life around personal pursuits. However, it is unclear whether people expect to have more purposeful days than they actually do, and which factors influence discrepancies. A pandemic is a valuable context for examining expectations, as it institutes a less predictable environment. The current studies asked a...
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Background and Objectives: The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic may have prompted more engagement in prosocial activities, such as volunteering and support transactions. The day-to-day affective and social implications of these activities for adults of different ages are unknown. The current study examined associations of daily pr...
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Objective: Past research has linked older age with greater emotional well-being and decreased reactivity to stressors, but it is unknown whether age-related advantages in emotional well-being are maintained in the wake of COVID-19. We examined age differences in exposure and affective reactivity to daily stressors and positive events in the first...
Article
Objective: Fatigue is a prevalent and long-lasting symptom among patients with cancer that is known to be worsened by patients' catastrophizing thoughts about their fatigue. Spouses are also burdened by patient fatigue, which may lead them to catastrophize as well. Based on the dyadic coping literature, this study hypothesized that patient and spo...
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Reviews of the literature on the common sense model (CSM) provide strong support for the value of the framework in understanding and predicting illness behavior. It is clear from these reviews, however, that there are gaps in the literature and aspects of the model that have been left relatively unexamined. Here, we focus on two such gaps. First is...
Conference Paper
Much research has focused on vulnerability to daily stressors, but less is known regarding predictors of daily positive events and their co-occurrence with stressors. This study examined aspects of individuals and their daily lives that give rise to days that are both positive and stressful. In the National Study of Daily Experiences Refresher, 782...
Article
Objectives: As hearing aid outcome measures move from retrospective to momentary assessments, it is important to understand how contextual factors influence subjective ratings. Under laboratory-controlled conditions, we examined whether subjective ratings changed as a function of acoustics, response timing, and task variables. Design: Eighteen a...
Article
Objective: This study investigates the associations of daily partner responses toward patient's fatigue and well behavior with patient's fatigue interference and relationship satisfaction. The moderating effect of fatigue severity was also examined. Method: In an intensive longitudinal design, patients treated for colorectal cancer and their par...
Article
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Research indicates that perceived support availability is beneficial, with support available from the spouse particularly important for well-being. However, actual support mobilization has shown mixed associations with recipient well-being. The primary goal of the present study was to go beyond examining the effects of global perceptions of support...
Article
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The current study aimed to test competing hypotheses about the role of appraisals of family stressor severity in long-term relationship outcomes. Traditional cognitive models of stress predict that those who appraise stress as most serious are at greatest risk of poor outcomes. However, social contextual and dyadic models of stress and coping argue...
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Context: Understanding cancer patients' everyday pain experiences and their concomitant use of pain medication may help identify ways to improve pain management among outpatients. Objectives: This study examined the between-person and within-person associations between pain intensity and analgesic use in metastatic breast cancer (MBC) patients....
Article
Objective: Fatigue is a distressing symptom many cancer patients experience even after completion of treatment. Although theory and empirical evidence indicate that negative cognitions perpetuate fatigue after completion of treatment, insight into how this process unfolds in daily life is limited. This study used an intensive longitudinal design t...
Article
Agentic threat tends to elicit support seeking and hinder support provision. Communal threat tends to elicit support seeking and provision. We examined whether the associations between threats and support are moderated by Extraversion and Agreeableness. Three hundred fifty undergraduate students completed questionnaires twice daily across one week,...
Article
We review research and theory examining stress and coping in stepfamilies as predictors of marital quality and divorce. Although the divorce rate in first-marriages has stabilized after years of increase in North America, the divorce rate of remarriages continues to increase. We argue that depression and marital distress are both mechanisms through...
Article
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Parents and adolescents often hold discrepant views about the family environment and these discrepancies may in turn influence adolescents’ psychological adjustment. The current study examined how adolescent–parent perceptions of family routines and chaos, and their congruence and incongruence, relate to adolescents’ self-reported psychological adj...
Article
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Due to an oversight, the name of the author "Ahmad M. Alghraibeh" was incorrectly spelled as "Ahmad M. Aghraibeh." The correct version is shown above. The authors apologize for this oversight. This error does not affect the scientific conclusions of the article in any way. The original article has been updated. Conflict of Interest Statement The au...
Conference Paper
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Purpose: As hearing aid outcome measures are moving from retrospective to momentary assessments, it is important to understand how in-the-moment contextual factors influence subjective ratings. Under laboratory-controlled conditions, we examined two factors that are relevant to momentary assessments in the field: timing of quality ratings relative...
Article
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Objective: Theories about how couples help each other to cope with stress, such as the systemic transactional model of dyadic coping, suggest that the cultural context in which couples live influences how their coping behavior affects their relationship satisfaction. In contrast to the theoretical assumptions, a recent meta-analysis provides eviden...
Article
Forming accurate perceptions is often linked to positive relationship and individual functioning, yet may also be detrimental in some contexts. The current study examined whether accuracy may be detrimental to individual functioning, both psychological and physiological, in an important social context: parent–adolescent relationships. Specifically,...
Article
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Objective The present study examined the role of maternal posttraumatic growth in changes in behavioral problems among the siblings of children with complex chronic health conditions. Methods Data were collected from a sample of 70 siblings from 58 families with at least one child diagnosed with a life-threatening genetic, metabolic, or neurologica...
Article
In previous research on severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and West Nile virus, empathic responding has been associated with higher perceived threat during a pandemic as well as the implementation of recommended health precautions. The goal of the current study was to investigate the role of empathic responding outside of a Western context by...
Article
p> Introduction Paramedics are at high risk for the development of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), trauma-related symptoms, and burnout. Despite the multitude of research linking both PTSD and burnout with poor sleep quality, there has been no research linking all three variables, in emergency workers or otherwise. Given the importance of...
Article
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Given evidence suggesting a detrimental effect of occupational stress on sleep, it is important to identify protective factors that may ameliorate this effect. We followed 87 paramedics upon waking and after work over 1 week using a daily diary methodology. Multilevel modeling was used to examine whether the detrimental effects of daily occupationa...
Article
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Background and objectives: Basic human values have been categorized into two dimensions: those that are self- or agentically focused, and those that are other- or communally focused. We apply this model to cognitive appraisals of stress and argue that threat appraisals also fall into these two dimensions. The mediating roles of communal and agenti...
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. Many older adults know about the health benefits of an active lifestyle, but, frequently, pain prevents them from engaging in physical activity. The majority of older adults experience pain, a complex experience that can vary across time and is shaped by sociocultural factors like gender. Objectives . To describe the time-varying associations bet...
Article
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Objective: Parental empathy is associated with a host of beneficial psychosocial outcomes for children. However, less is known about the effects of being empathic for parents. The current study tested the hypothesis that, although parental empathy may be beneficial to children both psychologically and physiologically, it may take a physiological t...
Article
Social support has been strongly linked to health outcomes. However, the factors associated with satisfaction with social support remain poorly understood. We examined the impact of different types of support, affect, marital satisfaction, personality, and disease-related variables on day-to-day and overall satisfaction with spouse responses. Sixty...
Conference Paper
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The BADAS study is being conducted in partnership with the Interdisciplinary Research in the Mathematical and Computational Sciences (IRMACS) Centre at Simon Fraser University. This study brings together clinicians, social scientists and technology experts with expertise in BD research and practice, computing science, clinical geropsychology, mathe...
Conference Paper
Background: Stepfamilies tend to experience both greater amounts and varieties of stress and are at a higher risk of marital distress and divorce than are nuclear families. This study examined stepparents’ day-to-day coping with family stress as a predictor of changes in marital satisfaction over a two-year period. Methods: Both members of 67 stepf...
Chapter
Situations that are appraised as threatening or challenging and that tax available resources are experienced as stressful. Coping encompasses the cognitive and behavioral responses to these situations. Coping includes direct efforts to solve the problem, attempts to manage one's emotions, and attempts to manage social relationships in times of stre...
Article
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One facet of the growing social media phenomenon is the opportunity to directly appeal to prospective research participants. An example of this is Facebook advertising to defined populations. In conjunction with online data collection, social media advertising can simplify and accelerate data collection, and it can do so at greatly reduced costs. T...
Article
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This study investigated the effects of a self-compassion intervention on negative cognitive states and self-compassion in varsity women athletes. Athletes who self-identified as being self-critical were randomly assigned to a self-compassion intervention (n = 29) or attention control group (n = 22). The self-compassion intervention consisted of a p...
Article
Demand–withdraw patterns of spousal response to family conflict were examined among 83 couples living in a stepfamily context. Using daily process methods, husbands and wives were each asked to report separately on incidents of relationship conflict, responses to this conflict, and subsequent negative affect for a period of seven consecutive days....
Article
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In this study of 125 heterosexual long-wed couples, we examined both spouses’ personality traits and relative differences in partner perceptions of personality as predictors of marital satisfaction, simultaneously for both husbands and wives. As hypothesized, each of the Big Five personality traits emerged as significantly associated with marital s...
Article
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Based on attribution theory, this study hypthesized that past spousal supportiveness may act as a moderator of the link between one partner's current support behavior and the other partner's relationship satisfaction. A sample of 88 patients with colorectal cancer and their partners completed questionnaires approximately 3 and 9 months after diagno...
Article
The present study examined associations between negative family exchanges (patient perceptions of family overprotection and negative expressiveness, and patient feelings of being a burden), and two indicators of adaptation to illness (mental health and negative affect) in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Data were collected using the p...
Article
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The current study investigated how self-esteem and self-concept clarity are implicated in the stress process both in the short and long term. Initial and 2-year follow-up interviews were completed by 178 participants from stepfamily unions. In twice-daily structured diaries over 7 days, participants reported their main family stressor, cognitive ap...
Article
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To determine whether perceptions of clinical manifestations (fatigue, pain, and physical limitation) of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) differ between spouses and their partners with RA, and to determine whether the differences are associated with the perception of beneficial and problematic spousal social support. English-speaking adults with RA of ≥ 6...
Article
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Relationships among rumination, social support, and negative affect were examined using a daily process methodology. trait rumination predicted subsequent daily rumination about daily family stress. however, findings from multilevel modeling indicated that these effects were moderated by social support. Social support also attenuated the effect of...
Article
We examined the role of social support in turnover intention among new teachers. First, we tested and found evidence for a direct negative relationship between social support and turnover intention. Second, we tested the social support buffer hypothesis, and found that teachers with higher social support had lower turnover intention in the face of...
Chapter
This chapter reviews research on the effects of partner support on coping with stress. The authors argue that support from the spouse plays a key role in both promoting adaptive coping and discouraging maladaptive ways of coping. In addition, they review evidence that support from the spouse both enhances coping effectiveness and mitigates the nega...
Article
Despite an extensive literature on stress and coping, it is difficult to pinpoint ways of coping that, as a rule, are adaptive or maladaptive. Coping is a dynamic process, one that is shaped by characteristics of the person and situation (DeLongis & Holtzman, 2005; Folkman, Lazarus, Dunkel-Schetter, DeLongis, & Gruen, 1986). What is stressful to on...
Chapter
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