Anil Kumar Gupta

Anil Kumar Gupta
The National Institute of Disaster Management · International & National Cooperation

PDF (CSIR NEERI), Climate Disaster Management (Universität Potsdam), Fellow - Earth Scientists Society, LLB (Law)
Policy/Strategies, International cooperation, National/Sectoral planning, Action research, Full Professor

About

303
Publications
266,043
Reads
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1,185
Citations
Citations since 2016
150 Research Items
897 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Professor of Policy-Planning & Strategies, Climate & Disaster Resilience, Sustainability; Programme Director - Centre for Excellence on Climate Resilience, Head - Environment & DRM Division, International Cooperation, National Institute of Disaster Management, New Delhi.Expert Member - WMO Climate Statement. IUCN-CEM South Asia Core Gr Member, Vice Chair AEOH, Chair - Resilience Forum https://scholar.google.co.in/citations?user=hDIVB4AAAAAJ&hl=en
Additional affiliations
December 2019 - present
Government of India Ministry of Home Affairs
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • Professor, Head of Division, Nodal Officer for Central Ministries, Nodal Officer for National/Sectoral Plans, Programme Director - Centre for Excellence on Climate Resilience, Principal Editor - Disaster Resilience and Green Growth Book Series Springer Nature.
September 2006 - December 2019
The National Institute of Disaster Management New Delhi
Position
  • Head of Department
Description
  • Head - Division of Environment Climate Change and Disaster Risk Reduction. Founder Director IEDS, BU Jhansi 2003-2006. 2006 onwards at NIDM New Delhi. Senior-most Science Faculty at NIDM.
September 2006 - present
The National Institute of Disaster Management
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Taught: Disasters (Drought, Flood, Coastal, Extreme Events), Climate change adaptation, Vulnerability Analysis, Resilience, DM Planning, Evaluation, Chemical/Industrial Risks, Policy Instruments/Law, Mainstreaming DRR CCA into Development Sectors.
Education
December 2011 - January 2012
Universität Potsdam
Field of study
  • Climate Change and Disaster Management
August 1997 - May 2001
Barkatullah University, Bhopal, India
Field of study
  • Legislative Law
July 1994 - March 1996
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), New Delhi
Field of study
  • Land Environment/ Risk Management / Climate change NEERI

Publications

Publications (303)
Book
Full-text available
Climate Risk Framework for India (A Policy Manual/Roadmap) for India, based on past studies, experiences and lessons. Released ahead of COP-25 UNCCD. To address Loss and Damage (L&D).
Book
Full-text available
This training manual on Developing Disaster-Risk Resilience in Cities is developed on the lessons of two projects, namely "Climate Change and Disaster Risk Resilience for Urban Children" and "Developing Pilot Micro Resilience Ward Plan in Patna" with the technical and financial support of UNICEF. The authors are grateful to UNICEF for their support...
Book
Full-text available
Over the past few decades, the frequency and severity of natural and human-induced disasters have increased across Asia. These disasters lead to substantial loss of life, livelihoods and community assets, which not only threatens the pace of socio-economic development, but also undo hard-earned gains. Extreme events and disasters such as floods, dr...
Book
Full-text available
Integrated Risk of Pandemic: Covid-19 Impacts, Resilience and Recommendations
Technical Report
Full-text available
Citation: Gupta A.K., Hodom, S., Singh, S., Srivastava, R., Chary, G.R., Sehgal, V.K., Ray, Shibendu, Singh, K.K., Pathak, H., Krishnan, P., Attri, S.D. (2020). National Agriculture Disaster Management Plan. Dept. of Agriculture, Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare, Govt. of India, New Delhi, Pages 348. -----...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, a comparative evaluation of bio-augmentation prospects for the management of Segre- gated Putrescible Municipal Solid Waste (SPMSW) has been carried out. Six parameters under three heads that are Degradability (TOC%, C: N ratio) Nutrient release efficacy (TKN%, E.C. & TK%), and Change in Medium (pH) were examined and results were fur...
Article
Estimations of losses and damages (L&Ds) from climate-related extreme events and slow-onset disasters have received significant attention in all the Conference of Parties (CoP) meetings in the last two decades, particularly after the CoP-13 held in Bali in 2007. Society incurs two types of L&D, i.e., economic and non-economic, and the latter is mos...
Chapter
The top risks in the world are climate induced states the World Economic Forum report. Climate Finance (CF) plays an imperative role in reducing and altering on the impacts of climate resilience in developing countries. This chapter on CF is based on review of secondary sources such as journal articles, policy documents and reports, among others. I...
Chapter
Floods, landslides, and climate change hazards, to name a few, are all common natural hazards that have significant economic and social consequences in India. Tornadoes and floods have aided in the slowing down of progress toward the accomplishment of sustainable development goals. Recent observations of extreme weather events in different countrie...
Chapter
Drought is a natural hazard, which has widespread, significant impacts on the world’s economy, environment, industries, and the community. This study includes a comprehensive discussion on drought types, drought indices, and the impact of droughts. Further, a case study is presented to investigate meteorological, hydrological, vegetation, and soil...
Chapter
Agriculture is the primary source of income for almost two-thirds of India’s population and third largest contributor to the Indian economy. However, it is frequently threatened by natural and anthropogenic disasters of which majority of the disasters are hydro-climatic disasters. With India aiming to achieve Doubling Farmers’ income by 2022 and ea...
Chapter
Climate change and natural disasters have serious consequences for human health across the world. Climate change, as well as climate-sensitive risks that result in disasters, have both direct and indirect health consequences. The most significant geophysical global climate change is the continuous rise in global temperatures. The incidence of extre...
Chapter
Policies are the way of bringing change in the system and regulating the behaviour of the allied stakeholders. The idea of policies dates back to the ancient ages of Harappa Civilization 4500 years back. Since then numerous policies have been prepared for saving the nature and environment. United Nations (UN) has taken important roles in environmen...
Chapter
The present work focuses on (1) assessing the yield of rice, wheat crop under RCPs scenario 4.5 and 8.5 using AquaCrop yield simulating model and (2) determining the best sowing date of crops for maximum yield output across Sikkim and Central region of India. The bias corrected GCM outputs were utilised to simulate the yields of wheat and rice. The...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Damage and Losses in Disasters - A systemic study of underlying causes with 2 major disasters which affected 4 major states of India in recent past. The aim is to go step advance over carrying out just PDNA study towards identifying the cause of damage and losses so more proactive and pre-disaster improvements are possible, and the transformation f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Building resilience in all forms, including resilience to water-mediated disasters, is imperative for sustainable development. Human civilisations, wetlands and water systems have co-evolved as a coupled system. Significant parts of water systems and wetlands were transformed and regulated to meet human needs for survival and sustenance. While degr...
Code
As the world has warmed, it has triggered many other changes to the Earth’s climate. Changes in extreme weather and climate events, such as heat waves and droughts, are the primary way that most people experience climate change. Human-induced climate change has already increased the number and strength of some of these extreme events. Increase in p...
Article
Full-text available
All the countries in the world are now experiencing the challenges of climate change through higher average temperatures, variability in precipitation, rise in sea level, and more frequent climatic extremes. Climate change is emerging as a major threat to the livelihood and food security of millions worldwide. It directly affects the natural resour...
Article
The phenomena of climate change and increase in warming conditions across the globe causes changes in the frequency and severity of extreme weather events. The present study analyzed extreme precipitation weather events across four Indian cities in different climatic conditions. The study uses IMD precipitation datasets from 1900 to 2004 to analyze...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Bundelkhand region of India is prone to recurring drought due to geo-hydrological features coupled with socioeconomic settings. Study of the pattern of meteorological, hydrological and agricultural drought and their relationship clearly indicates that it is not the hazard, that is meteorological phenomenon, but vulnerability is the major factor whi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Traditionally, water sector research was focused on minimizing human health and ecosystem risks, but recent focus on climate variability added another dimension of water-health complexities. Consequently, significant progress has been made in understanding the intricacies of water-health system in a changing climate. The consequences of climate var...
Chapter
Extremes in atmospheric phenomena and processes can strongly affect ambient air quality that has harmful impacts on human and climate health. High urbanization and industrialization are highly responsible for causing disturbances in different spheres of environment like atmosphere and its processes and phenomena. This will further impact human and...
Chapter
Over the past few years, air pollution has become a growing problem with an increasing number of acute incidents of air pollution in many cities across the world. As a direct consequence, air quality is contributing extreme risk to public health, accounting for about one in every nine deaths per year. Sudden and extreme air pollution episodes are c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
CAP-RES-22 International Symposium on Disaster Resilience and Green Growth for Sustainable Development was enriched by a vast number of experts across the disciplines from all the fields related to Green Growth and disaster risk management.
Book
Full-text available
Nowadays, ambient air pollution is a growing public health concern as its frequency and intensity are increasing with time. It is considered as the 5th highest-ranking risk factor for mortality, worldwide, accounting for about one out of every nine deaths per year. Globally, due to rapid industrialization, urbanization and population growth, the na...
Book
Full-text available
Emergencies and disasters can occur anywhere in the world, affecting human health, people’s lives and the infrastructure built to support them. Disaster management requires a continuous chain of activities that includes hazard prevention, preparedness, emergency response, relief and recovery, including activities to reconstruct infrastructure and r...
Research
Full-text available
Covid-19, Awareness in India, Masks, Social Distancing, Medical, Pandemic, Infections, Vulnerability,
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper reviews accelerated need to address the issue of disaster waste management post - disaster by strengthening the existing solid waste management systems as well as developing disaster waste management plan and building local capacities aiming at city resilience building along with a comparison of pre - and post - disaster scenarios with re...
Technical Report
The report provides a conceptual understanding of the current situation pertaining to climate change and adaptation in the agricultural sector in India. It also provides an overview of extant production and adaptation practices in the country and with special reference to Karnataka. It Primarily encompasses the assessment of agricultural productivi...
Article
Full-text available
Linkage between natural resources, ecosystems and disaster resilience in changing climate is recognized fact. In India, fisheries sector is one of the major sources of livelihood and especially for those who are living in the coastal area contributing to around 0.91% to the total Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of the country. Fisheries has the prospe...
Article
Increasing energy demands and commitments in relation to climate change have accelerated the deployment of solar power globally, especially in India. Grid-connected solar capacity in the country has increased ∼11 times in just five years, from 2.6 GW in March 2014 to 28.18 GW in March 2019. However, this development has inevitably also led to the e...
Method
Full-text available
A training module which has been especially designed with the aim to provide an insight to the trainees and build capacity of all the people working in agriculture and allied sector about the DRR and CAA in the agriculture sector
Book
Full-text available
Compendium of Case Studies, under HER-CAP (Health Resilience and Capacity Building) project supported by WHO at Centre for Excellence on Climate Resilience (CECR) at NIDM New Delhi. Comprises 24 Case studies and thematic chapters. Editors: Gupta, Anil Kumar, et al. 2021. ISBN 978-93-82571-52-0
Chapter
Full-text available
Flooding of the settlements in floodplains of Yamuna River in Delhi is an event that occurs every year. It is not a natural disaster but caused due to the release of water from upstream barrage affecting communities living on the Yamuna riverbank in illegal settlements. With timely dissemination of early warning, District Disaster Management Au...
Book
Full-text available
This Training Manual has been developed by the National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) New Delhi with support from World Health Organisation (WHO) India. The manual provides a distinctive platform for integrating health services and systems with climate change-related disaster risk reduction (DRR) approaches. The manual is designed to buil...
Book
Full-text available
Floods and droughts are expected to increase with climate change and global warming. Many places across the globe, these are already taking place and the world is ill-prepared to respond to such disasters. In India, due to different climatic and rainfall patterns in different regions, some parts are suffering devastating floods, whereas, other part...
Book
Full-text available
Heat and cold waves are one of the major adverse effects of climate change resulting short-term increase in morbidity and mortality all over the world. Studies have shown that the frequency and duration of both these temperature related disasters have increased, especially in urban areas, consequent to increased anthropogenic activities. The health...
Research
Full-text available
India is one of the world’s most disaster-prone countries of the world. Both hydro-climatic and biological outbreak disasters have impacted large populations and caused high mortality. Climate change impacts are known to exacerbate these disasters and devastating consequences on natural resources, food, livelihood rural infrastructure and community...
Article
Full-text available
Present study aims to evaluate the tolerance and sensitivity of some selected common ornamental plants like Dracaena deremensis, Tagetes erecta and Dianthus caryophyllus by the Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) at selected sites in an urban metropolis of Northern India, Delhi city. Air pollutant concentrations were monitored at Site I (nearby tr...
Chapter
Full-text available
Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change adaption (EbA) and disaster risk reduction (Eco-DRR) utilise the opportunities created by sustainable management, conservation and restoration of ecosystem assets and services. These are not just cost-effective and flexible but can also deliver multiple benefits. These approaches have been widely recogni...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclones are one of the worst misfortunes that nature brings to people living on or near the coasts. India, with a 7516 km long coastline on the east and west, frequently faces the brunt of cyclonic disasters. The term cyclone, coined by Henry Piddington, is derived from a Greek word cyclos (coil of snake) because of the way it looks. Cyclones occu...
Chapter
Full-text available
Climate change is known to have deleterious effects on human health and wellbeing. India with a diversity of agro-climatic systems suffers climate risks like temperature extremes, precipitation extremes, cyclones, windstorms, hails, frost, etc. and other disasters, including secondary ones like forest fires, landslides, pest attack, disease outbrea...
Article
Full-text available
Yojana ISSN 0044-0515
Article
Full-text available
COVID-19 pandemic impacted countries all over the world calling as urgent need to enhance the capacity of individuals and communities to respond in such disease outbreaks. Public health interventions, such as social distancing could help to protect many vulnerable people and reduce secondary transmissions within the community. This research was und...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This Handbook has been developed for authorities at the district level and other local governments as a practical guide for the “District Administration on Disaster Risk Management in Agriculture Sector”. This handbook provides practical guidance describing roles and responsibilities of the District level officials towards the implementation of dis...
Article
Drought assessment is crucial to mitigate its adverse impact, especially in India, where risk is more due to an increase in population and climate change. However, most of the studies deal with one or a couple of droughts and lack the interrelationship between all major drought types. The study investigates the spatio-temporal distribution of multi...
Book
Full-text available
As a scoping study, the report attempts to map and study the extent and nature of available studies and work on compound, cascading and systemic risks. Thereby, it brings forth prevalent terminologies, concepts and pertinent features of these risks. The study analyses compound, cascading and systemic risks by understanding the triggering and trigge...
Article
Climate change significantly influences the global hydrological cycle and consequently affects climatic extremes. Therefore, the present study focuses upon the varying patterns of climate extremes across India for past and future. Here, a comprehensive methodological framework incorporating univariate and joint probabilistic analysis (using copulas...
Preprint
Full-text available
The V3ISESH - Vital, Viable and Vibrant Inclusive SafetyEnvironment-SustainabilityHealth (V3ISESH) Framework is a wisdom-driven, innovative and effective tool to address the prevailing and future complexity of risks faced by people, governments and businesses. The PDM (Preventive Disaster Management) Framework by Gupta & Yunus (2004, Current Scienc...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Knowledge compendium of case studies, developed under the project supported by CDKN, UK.
Technical Report
Full-text available
Developed under the project supported by CDKN, UK, jointly with GEAG Gorakhpur. Authored Publication.
Technical Report
Full-text available
The impact of global climate change is now evident such as glaciers are shrinking, ice sheets are melting, plant and animal species are shifting, sea level is rising. Climate change will have a significant impact on the sustainability of resources in the coming decades. These impacts can have serious implications to the water resources, agriculture...
Technical Report
The impact of global climate change is now evident such as glaciers are shrinking, ice sheets are melting, plant and animal species are shifting, sea level is rising. Climate change will have a significant impact on the sustainability of resources in the coming decades. These impacts can have serious implications to the water resources, agriculture...
Article
This study investigates the influence of climate variables (pressure, relative humidity, temperature and wind speed) in inducing risk due to COVID 19 at rural, urban and total (rural and urban) population scale in 623 pandemic affected districts of India incorporating the socio-economic vulnerability factors. We employed nonstationary extreme value...
Article
Full-text available
The industrial accidents are a matter of major concern to both the public and the environment and governments aim to minimize them by laying out different regulatory bodies to keep check on the impacts of chemical releases. However, many incident databases are relied on qualitative information instead of the quantitative as quantification from some...
Chapter
Full-text available
Human health is significantly affected time and again by emerging and re-emerging incidences of viral infections in spite of exceptional progress in the field of biomedical research. A great example of the same being recent pandemic of COVID 19 across the globe. Even reappearing outbreaks of chikungunya and dengue in tropical and sub-tropical regio...
Chapter
Full-text available
Disasters not necessarily occur one at a time rather multiple disasters may occur amid another, in a form of secondary or cascading disaster or a new disaster may occur from a new origin due to the aggravated vulnerability factors. In past years, a number of cases of prevalence multiple disasters while dealing with another or a situation of crisis...
Chapter
Full-text available
The novel coronavirus pandemic has shown that humans are not impeccable and countries and communities are vulnerable and needed to be prepared. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a global health emergency, and the ways countries across the globe are striving to hinder the disease’s outbreak are wide-ranging. Worldwide nations are responding qui...
Chapter
Full-text available
The epidemics of COVID-19 is among the most expensive and devastating threats to millions of people worldwide. Policy makers generally have a linear world view, which can help the economic and social track of epidemic shocks and crisis by pulling the right levers Ebola, MERS, Zika, and SRAS, for example, have shown the limited will to respond quick...
Chapter
Global pandemics, epidemics, and disease outbreaks have plagued humanity for ages. However, the scale and spread of pandemics and epidemics increased drastically in recent history. Currently, COVID-19 pandemic (respiratory illness) caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus ravaging fright around the world. The infectious nature of the disease affected the global...
Chapter
The purpose behind this chapter is to provide terminology of terms frequently used inter-changeably in the context of recent COVID-19 pandemic such as “Isolation, Quarantine and Social Distancing”. It discusses in detail what these terms mean, how they are different from each other and the overall goals and benefits of adopting these measures. It a...
Chapter
Full-text available
The current global and national regimes of governance are driven through and by the three international frameworks, viz. Sustainable Development Goals, Paris Climate Agreement and Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction over 15 years (2015–30) along with national, regional and local priorities In order to achieve the targets set under these go...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to gain insight on the perception and role of the local government officials on climate change and resilience in Uttarakhand, India. Uttarakhand, being a sensitive mountainous region in India, faces the brunt of frequent climate-related disasters and their severe impacts. Therefore, it is crucial to understand how authoritie...