Anika Frühauf

Anika Frühauf
University of Innsbruck | UIBK · Department of Sport Science

PhD

About

36
Publications
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262
Citations

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
Natural environments can make it easier to engage in regular physical activity, including mountain sport activities. However, global warming is expected to change natural environments, especially in mountainous regions with potential impacts on physical activity behavior. While there is some evidence of a reduced intention to engage in winter sport...
Article
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Background Smoking is the most common substance use disorder among people with mental illness. In contrast to people without mental illness, among whom the proportion of smokers has declined in recent decades, the proportion of smokers among people with mental illness remains high. There is a growing body of literature suggesting the use of exercis...
Article
Zusammenfassung: Das Unterrichtsprinzip "Umweltbildung" ist seit 40 Jahren im österreichischen Schulwesen verankert und wurde zuletzt durch einen Grundsatzerlass mit Fokus auf Nachhaltigkeit ver-stärkt. Bundesweit scheint es keine einheitliche, umweltspezifische Wissensvermittlung in der Ausbil-dung von Sportlehrkräften an österreichischen Hochschu...
Article
Full-text available
As climbing therapy is increasingly used for mental health disorders, the present study aimed to compare acute effects of a therapeutic climbing intervention (CT) on affective responses, anxiety, and self-efficacy with those of Nordic walking (NW) and a sedentary control condition (SC) in an inpatient setting with persons with depression, anxiety,...
Article
Adventure/high risk sports (AHRS) were developed in a different social context and are usually not separated by sex which might lead to differences in gender-related experiences. This study qualitatively compared 10 female traditional sport participants (soccer players) with 10 female AHRS participants (trad climbers [TC]) regarding their experienc...
Article
Full-text available
Therapeutic climbing (TC) is regularly used as an add-on treatment option for a variety of disorders. However, evidence on the assessment of professionals deciding on the treatment options or assessing the appropriateness of treatment options is lacking. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to assess the potential of TC as an exercise interv...
Article
Full-text available
Exercise, including winter sport activities, shows positive effects on physical and mental health, with additional benefits when participating in natural environments. Winter sport activities are particularly vulnerable to climate change, since global warming will decrease the duration and amount of snow. In the context of climate change in alpine...
Article
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Alpine sport is a popular form of exercise and provides several skills that are potentially relevant for positive development during adolescence. However, empirical data on differences between alpine and non-alpine sport participants in variables related to developmental changes are lacking. Therefore, the primary aim of the present study was to an...
Article
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Background. Downhill mountain biking (DMB) is a subdiscipline of mountain biking. Rider skill seems to be the most influencing variable for DMB performance. In order to classify skill level, the aim of the present study was to investigate DMB-participants in terms of accident involvement, demographic and psychological variables, and to categorize t...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to compare acute effects of a climbing intervention (CI) on affective responses with a different exercise intervention (swimming, SI) and an occupational therapy intervention (OTI) in children and adolescents during in-patient treatment for mental health disorders. The following study was designed as a cross-over st...
Article
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Physical activity has a strong impact on physical and mental health. It prevents diseases, strengthens the immune system, and helps to reduce stress. Moreover, physical activity increases the psychological well-being, with outdoor exercise showing even more positive effects. In times when national regulations also restrict the possibilities for exe...
Article
Risk-taking Behaviour and Aspects on Adolescents' Participation in High-risk Sports The age of adolescence represents an enhanced reward sensitivity which is often linked to increased risk-taking behaviour. Peers enhance risk-taking behaviour which is shown through delinquency and substance use. Whereas most research on adolescent risk-taking has b...
Article
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Recent research has shown multiple motives for high-risk sport participation derived from research on adult participants. The aim of this study was to provide insights into motives and risk-related aspects in adolescent high-risk sport participants and to compare those findings with adults performing the same activity. Semi-structured interviews we...
Article
Full-text available
A B S T R AC T Physical activity has a strong impact on physical and mental health. It prevents diseases, strengthens the immune system, and helps to reduce stress. Moreover, physical activity increases the psychological well-being, with outdoor exercise showing even more positive effects. In times when national regulations also restrict the possib...
Article
Full-text available
Annually, millions of people engage in mountain sports activities all over the world. These activities are associated with health benefits, but concurrently with a risk for injury and death. Knowledge on death rates is considered important for the categorization of high-risk sports in literature and for the development of effective preventive measu...
Article
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Zusammenfassung Sportliche Aktivität wird im Allgemeinen mit einer positiven Wirkung auf die Gesundheit in Verbindung gebracht. Unter verschiedenen Umständen kann Sportausübung aber riskant für die Gesundheit sein. Dies betrifft in erster Linie körperliche Beeinträchtigungen durch Verletzungen, die durch die Sportausübung entstehen können. Wenn Spo...
Article
Full-text available
Millions of people engage in mountain sports activities worldwide. Although leisure-time physical activity is associated with significant health benefits, mountain sports activities also bear an inherent risk for injury and death. However, death risk may vary across various types of mountain sports activities. Epidemiological data represent an impo...
Article
Objectives: To compare professional freeride skiers (an experienced high-risk cohort) with recreational freeride skiers (a less experienced high risk cohort) and slope skiers (a low-risk sport cohort) in regard to their motives and their reported accident involvement. Design: Case-control study. Methods: In an online survey, skiers completed t...
Article
Visuelle Analogskalen (VAS) gelten als Goldstandard in der subjektiven Schmerzerfassung. Sie sind einfach zu erheben, es gibt kaum Interpretationsschwierigkeiten, und zeitliche Veränderungen können sensibel erfasst werden. Zur Erhebung der Schlafqualität wurden VAS bisher nur vereinzelt eingesetzt. Um den Übereinstimmungsgrad von VAS-Messungen mit...
Article
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Background Therapeutic Climbing is applied in physiological as well as in psychological rehabilitation programs. Systematic reviews have been conducted, evaluating the physiological effects of therapeutic climbing. The aim of the following article is a review on existing literature about the psychological effects of climbing therapy. Methods We se...
Article
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The aim of the present research was to validate German language versions of three inventories in high-risk sports to facilitate future research in the significant population of German speaking high-risk sports participants. We translated the Sensation Seeking, Emotion Regulation and Agency Scale (SEAS), the Risk-Taking Inventory and the Accidents a...
Article
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Background Physical activity and physical fitness play an important role in the prevention of overweight and obesity in childhood and adolescence and reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese in adulthood. AimTo evaluate the development of physical fitness in overweight and non-overweight primary school children from the first to third grades...
Article
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Background: The age of college students is considered as crucial for developing health-related behaviors, e.g., alcohol consumption or a physically active lifestyle. Previous research reported a positive relationship between alcohol consumption and physical activity (PA) in college students. However, the main body of research was done in students...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund Die Ausübung von Risikosportarten scheint sich steigender Beliebtheit zu erfreuen. Im deutschsprachigen Raum wird gegenwärtig als validiertes Erhebungsinstrument in Bezug auf das Risikoverhalten im Sport vorwiegend die Sensation Seeking Scale (SSS-V) zum Einsatz gebracht. Neben der langen Bearbeitungsdauer diskutiert die...
Article
Problem Exercise programs may increase abstinence rate in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). However, adherence to exercise programs is influenced by acute affective responses during the activity and preferences regarding the type of exercise. Thus, the aim of the present study was to assess the effects of two different exercise types on aff...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has shown that there are multiple motives for participation in high-risk sport; however these results have come from studies that consider a number of different sports. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to better understand the motives and risk-related aspects of freeriding, using a qualitative approach. Semi-structured in...
Chapter
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Introduction: Ski touring along ski slopes (slope touring) has increased in recent years on Austrian ski slopes. Alcohol consumption is proposed to be a risk factor in winter sports-related accidents. The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with alcohol intake among uninjured slope tourers. Methods: A total of 328 slope tourers (45...
Article
Introduction: Decision making is impaired in hypoxic environments, which may have serious or even lethal consequences for mountaineers. An acclimatisation period prior to high altitude exposures may help to overcome adverse effects of hypoxia. Thus, we investigated possible effects of short-term pre-acclimatisation on decision making in hypoxia....
Article
Purpose There is an ongoing discussion how to assess acute mountain sickness (AMS) in real life conditions. Next to more-item scales with a cut off like the Lake Louise Self-Report (LLS), some authors suggested to use visual analog scales (VAS) to assess AMS. This study tried to contribute to this question using VAS items used for the Subjective Ra...
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Full-text available
Während der Einfluss von körperlicher Aktivität auf die physische Gesundheit mit zahlreichen qualitativen Studien gut belegt ist, sind die Auswirkungen von Bewegung auf das Gehirn noch vergleichsweise spärlich betrachtet. Dieser Artikel fasst den aktuellen Forschungsstand des Einflusses von körperlicher Aktivität auf die kognitiven Fähigkeiten in B...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The project goal is to measure positive effects of physical activity on mental health. Physical activity in this project includes climbing, nordic walking, yoga and hiking. One specific focus lies on finding positive effects on acute affective responses. Further interest is to enhance health-related behavioural patterns in the long term.