Aniello Schiano Moriello

Aniello Schiano Moriello
Italian National Research Council | CNR

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78
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Publications (78)
Article
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There is growing evidence that perturbation of the gut microbiome, known as “dysbiosis”, is associated with the pathogenesis of human and veterinary diseases that are not restricted to the gastrointestinal tract. In this regard, recent studies have demonstrated that dysbiosis is linked to the pathogenesis of central neuroinflammatory disorders, sup...
Article
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The affinity of cannabinoids for their CB1 and CB2 metabotropic receptors is dramatically affected by a combination of α-branching and elongation of their alkyl substituent, a maneuver exemplified by the n-pentyl -> α,α-dimethylheptyl (DMH) swap. The effect of this change on other cannabinoid end-points is still unknown, an observation surprising s...
Article
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The potential, multifaceted therapeutic profile of cannabidiol (CBD), a major constituent derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, covers a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders, ranging from anxiety to pediatric epilepsy and drug addiction. However, the molecular targets responsible for these effects have been only partially identifi...
Article
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Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory lipid mediator and a widely used nutraceutical. In this study, we designed, realized, and tested a drug-carrier conjugate between PEA (the active drug) and glucuronic acid (the carrier). The conjugate, named GLUPEA, was characterized for its capability of increasing PEA levels and exert...
Article
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Neuroinflammation is a physiological response aimed at maintaining the homodynamic balance and providing the body with the fundamental resource of adaptation to endogenous and exogenous stimuli. Although the response is initiated with protective purposes, the effect may be detrimental when not regulated. The physiological control of neuroinflammati...
Article
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As part of a study on triterpenoid conjugates, the dietary pentacyclic triterpenoids oleanolic (2a) and ursolic acids (3a) were coupled with vanillamine, and the resulting amides (2b and 3b, respectively) were assayed for activity on the vanilloid receptor TRPV1. Despite a structural difference limited to the location of a methyl group in their con...
Chapter
The transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are polymodal cation-permeable receptors involved in the transduction of both physical (temperature, pressure, pH) and chemical stimuli. Six of these membrane proteins, i.e. TRPV1-4, TRPA1 and TRPM8, are referred to as thermoTRPs due to their involvement in thermosensation and in the nociception evoke...
Article
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Labdane diterpenes are widespread classes of natural compounds present in variety of marine and terrestrial organisms and plants. Many of them represents “natural libraries” of compounds with interesting biological activities due to differently functionalized drimane nucleus exploitable for potential pharmacological applications. The transient rece...
Article
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Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant widely used in traditional medicines and as a food supplement. It is characterized by the presence of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates; the stable isothiocyanate 4-[(α-l-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl]isothiocyanate (moringin) has been widely studied for its bioactivity as hypoglycemic, antimicrobial, anticancer and...
Article
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Background: Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a pleiotropic endogenous lipid mediator currently used as a "dietary food for special medical purposes" against neuropathic pain and neuro-inflammatory conditions. Several mechanisms underlie PEA actions, among which the "entourage" effect, consisting of PEA potentiation of endocannabinoid signaling at ei...
Article
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Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. is a wild common plant of the Brassicaceae family. It is known as “the singers’ plant” for its traditional use in treating aphonia and vocal disability. Despite its wide use in herbal preparations, the molecular mechanism of action of S. officinale extracts is not known. The plant is rich in glucosinolates and isoth...
Article
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) is a non-selective Ca2+ permeable channel member of the TRPV subfamily, still considered an orphan TRP channel due to the scarcity of available selective and potent pharmacological tools and endogenous modulators. Here we describe the discovery of novel synthetic long-chain capsaicin-derivatives...
Article
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Background and purpose: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), caused by dystrophin deficiency, results in chronic inflammation and irreversible skeletal muscle degeneration. Moreover, the associated impairment of autophagy leads to the accumulation of damaged intracellular organelles that greatly contribute to the aggravation of muscle damage. We exp...
Article
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Phytochemical investigation of the apolar extract obtained from aerial parts of the Iranian endemic plant Echinophora platyloba DC (Apiaceae) resulted in the characterization of the polyacetylene fraction of this plant. This resulted to be composed of the known echinophorins A and B, embedding the very rare α-pyrone terminal, and of the new echinop...
Article
Electrophilic attack to a double bond, the classic trigger of intramolecular isoprenoid cyclizations, is apparently silent in Cannabis and the diversity of the cannabinome can be ultimately traced to the oxidative cyclization of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA, 1a), a process triggered by the generation of an aromatic electrophilic species. To expand the...
Article
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Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is a pleiotropic lipid mediator with established anti-inflammatory and anti-hyperalgesic activity. Ultramicronized PEA (PEA-um) has superior oral efficacy compared to naïve (non-micronized) PEA. The aim of the present study was two-fold: (1) to evaluate whether oral PEA-um has greater absorbability compared to naïve PEA,...
Article
Treatment with iodine cleanly converts various p-menthane-type phytocannabinoids and their carboxylated precursors into cannabinol (CBN, 1a). The reaction is superior to previously reported protocols in terms of simplicity and substrate range, which includes not only tricyclic tetrahydrocannabinols such as Δ⁹-THC (2a) but also bicyclic phytocannabi...
Article
A series of 33 curcumin analogues was synthesized and tested on TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV1 channels. Twenty of them acted as good modulators of TRPA1 channels. None was able to significantly activate TRPM8 channels, while curcumin itself and six curcuminoids belonging to the 1,3-dicarbonyl and acyclic series behaved as 'true' antagonists with IC50 val...
Article
Background: Waldheimia glabra (Decne.) Regel is a wild plant from the Himalayan Mountains, commonly known as Smooth Ground Daisy. This plant is traditionally used by local populations in religious rituals (incense) or in traditional herbal medicine to treat skin diseases, headache, joint pain and fever. In literature few data are available on the...
Article
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An expeditious isolation method for the cembrane diterpene alcohols incensol (1a) and serratol (2) has been developed from respectively African and Indian frankincense. The two native alcohols and a series of semisynthetic derivatives of incensol were evaluated for transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3) activation and the inhibition of NF...
Chapter
The transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 ion channel (TRPV1) is a non-selective ligand-gated cation channel. It is an integrator of a wide variety of exogenous and endogenous physical and chemical stimuli, including capsaicin, noxious heat (>42 °C), and protons (pH < 5.2). TRPV1 is expressed predominantly in primary sensory neurons involved in...
Article
Tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives containing embedded urea functions were identified as selective TRPM8 channel receptor antagonists. Structure activity relationships were investigated, with the following conclusions: (a) The urea function and the tetrahydroisoquinoline system are necessary for activity. (b) Bis(1-aryl-6,7dimethoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahy...
Article
Full-text available
Eleven compounds belonging to the chalcone family were tested for their ability to activate and subsequently desensitise the rat transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 cation channel, subfamily A, member 1 (TRPA1) in a heterologous expression system. Four of the tested compounds were more potent than the TRPA1 agonist mustard oil, and showed also a...
Article
Fentanyl is a powerful opiate analgesic typically used for the treatment of severe and chronic pain, but its prescription is strongly limited by the well-documented side-effects. Different approaches have been applied to develop strong analgesic drugs with reduced pharmacologic side-effects. One of the most promising is the design of multitarget dr...
Article
4-(Thiophen-2-yl)butanoic acid was identified as a cyclic substitute of the unsaturated alkyl chain of the natural ligand, capsaicin. Accordingly, a new class of amides was synthesized in good yield and high purity and their molecular recognition against the target was investigated by means of docking experiments followed by molecular dynamics simu...
Article
A series of 31 arylboronic acids designed on the basis of the pharmacophore model for a variety of TRPV1 antagonists was prepared and tested on FAAH and TRPV1 channel. Four of them, that is, compounds 3c, 4a, 5a,b acted as dual FAAH/TRPV1 blockers with IC50 values between 0.56 and 8.11 μM whereas ten others (compounds 1c,f-i, 2c-f, 4b) inhibited FA...
Article
A series of twenty resveratrol analogues was synthesized and tested on TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels. None was able to significantly modulate TRPV1 channels. Conversely, most of them exhibited remarkably higher TRPA1 modulating activity than resveratrol. Optimal potency was observed with ortho monoxygenated stilbenes 6 and 17.
Article
A series of structural analogues of the TRPM8 agonist icilin was prepared. The compounds were examined for their ability to exert agonist or antagonist effects in HEK-293 cells expressing the TRPM8 receptor. Most structural modifications of the icilin structure largely met with diminished TRPM8 agonist activity. Cinnamamide 'open-chain' analogs of...
Article
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous congener of anandamide and an enhancer of its actions at cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, and transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channels. The other endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), was recently suggested to act as a TRPV1 agonist. We investigated if PEA enhances the...
Article
A series of thirty-six geraniol, nerol, citronellol, geranylamine, and nerylamine derivatives was synthesized and tested on TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV1 channels. Most of them acted as strong modulators of TRPA1 channels with EC50 and/or IC50 values <1 μM. None was able to significantly activate TRPM8 channels, while thirteen of them behaved as ‘true’ T...
Article
Full-text available
The basic electrophysiological properties of SH-SY5Y tumour cells have been studied by whole cell patch-clamp in voltage clamp configuration. The results shown the existence of a large variability of the response among individual cells in the same experimental conditions. Experiments conducted by using different ionic concentrations of the recordin...
Article
The transient receptor potential transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 ion channel (TRPV1) is a nonspecific cation channel that can be activated by multiple endogenous stimuli and is expressed predominantly on sensory neurons, where it serves as a key nodal point in pain transmission pathways. In mammals, TRPV1 displays a wide tissue and cellula...
Article
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels represent interesting molecular target structures involved in a number of different physiological and pathophysiological systems. In particular, TRPA1 channel is involved in nociception and in sensory perception of many pungent chemesthetic compounds, which are widespread in spices and food plants, includ...
Article
Following the recent identification of the naturally occurring 3-ylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide ligustilide and its oxidation product dehydroligustilide as novel TRPA1 modulators, a series of seventeen 3-ylidenephthalides was synthesized and tested on TRPA1 and TRPM8 channels. Most of these compounds acted as strong modulators of the two channel type...
Article
Evodiamine, a racemic quinazolinocarboline alkaloid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Evodiae fructus, has been reported to acts as an agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) cation channel both in vitro and in vivo. Evodiamine is structurally different from all known TRPV1 activators, and has significant c...
Article
Full-text available
Leucettamols, bifunctionalized sphingoid-like compounds obtained from a marine sponge Leucetta sp., act as non-electrophilic activators of the TRPA1 channel and potent inhibitors of the icilin-mediated activation of the TRPM8 channel, while they are inactive on CB(1), CB(2) and TRPV1 receptors. Leucettamols represent the first compounds of marine o...
Article
A series of twenty-five derivatives of tetrahydro-β-carbolines 1-3 was synthesized and assayed on FAAH and TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels. Four carbamates, that is, 5a,c,e, and 9b inhibited FAAH with significant potency and interacted also effectively with TRPV1 and TRPA1 nociceptive receptors, while ureas 7b,d,f, and 8a,b were endowed with specific subm...
Article
The patent claims 2-amino-4-arylthiazole derivative compounds as inhibitors of the TRPA1 (transient receptor potential ankyrin, member 1) receptor. These compounds are potent antagonists on the basis of the results of in vitro assays, and are expected to be useful for treating conditions and disorders associated with TRPA1 function such as pain, ch...
Article
Two oxidation products of linoleic acid, 9- and 13-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acids (HODEs), have recently been suggested to act as endovanilloids, that is, endogenous agonists of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channels, thereby contributing to inflammatory hyperalgesia in rats. However, HODE activity at rat TRPV1 in comparison with...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoid receptor activation induces prostate carcinoma cell (PCC) apoptosis, but cannabinoids other than Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which lack potency at cannabinoid receptors, have not been investigated. Some of these compounds antagonize transient receptor potential melastatin type-8 (TRPM8) channels, the expression of which is necessary...
Article
A series of thirty-three thymol, p-cymene-3-carboxylic acid, and 3-amino-p-cymene derivatives was synthesized and tested on TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV3 channels. Most of them acted as strong modulators of TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV3 channels with EC(50) and/or IC(50) values distinctly lower than those of thymol and related monoterpenoids. Some of the compo...
Article
In order to explore the structural determinants for the TRPV1 and TRPA1 agonist properties of gingerols, a series of nineteen analogues (1b-5) of racemic [6]-gingerol (1a) was synthesized and tested on TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels. The exploration of the structure-activity relationships, by modulating the three pharmacophoric regions of [6]-gingerol, l...
Article
Plant cannabinoids, like Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD), activate/desensitize thermosensitive transient receptor potential (TRP) channels of vanilloid type-1 or -2 (TRPV1 or TRPV2). We investigated whether cannabinoids also activate/desensitize two other 'thermo-TRP's', the TRP channels of vanilloid type-3 or -4 (TRPV3 or TRP...
Article
N-acyl-vanillamide (NAVAM) analogues of the natural pungent principle of capsicum, capsaicin, were developed several years ago as potential non-pungent analgesic compounds. N-oleoyl-vanillamide (olvanil) and N-arachidonoy-vanillamide (arvanil), in particular, were described in several publications and patents to behave as potent anti-hyperalgesic c...
Article
Cannabidiol (CBD) and Δ(9) -tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) interact with transient receptor potential (TRP) channels and enzymes of the endocannabinoid system. The effects of 11 pure cannabinoids and botanical extracts [botanical drug substance (BDS)] from Cannabis varieties selected to contain a more abundant cannabinoid, on TRPV1, TRPV2, TRPM8, TRPA1...
Article
Full-text available
Considerable efforts have been made to characterize the pathways regulating the extracellular levels of the endocannabinoid anandamide. However, none of such pathways has been so argued as the existence of a carrier-mediated transport of anandamide across the membrane. Apart from the lack of molecular evidence for such a carrier, the main reasons o...
Data
Effects of anandamide (AEA, 1 microM) on TRPV1-HEK-293 cell surface topology as observed with digital holographic (DH) quantitative phase microscopy. (1.41 MB MOV)
Data
Effects of PCL-NP-AEA (1 microM) on TRPV1-HEK-293 cell surface topology as observed with digital holographic (DH) quantitative phase microscopy. (2.33 MB MOV)
Data
Effects of anandamide (AEA, 1 microM) plus OMDM-1 (5 microM) on TRPV1-HEK-293 cell surface topology as observed with digital holographic (DH) quantitative phase microscopy. (1.64 MB MOV)
Data
Effects of PCL-NP-AEA (1 microM) plus OMDM-1 (5 microM) on TRPV1-HEK-293 cell surface topology as observed with digital holographic (DH) quantitative phase microscopy. (1.21 MB MOV)
Article
A series of twenty-two (-)-menthylamine derivatives was synthesized and tested on TRPM8, TRPV1, and TRPA1 channels. Five of the novel compounds, that is, 1d, 1f, 2b, 2c, and 2e behaved as potent TRPM8 antagonists with IC(50) values versus icilin and (-)-menthol between 20 nM and 0.7 microM, and were between 4- and approximately 150-fold selective v...
Article
The evaluation of a series of piperazinyl carbamates and ureas, designed on the basis of previously reported TRPV1 antagonists and FAAH inhibitors, led to the identification of some 'dual-action' compounds targeting both FAAH and TRPV1 or TRPA1 receptors.
Article
Although coupled to G(i/o) proteins, cannabinoid CB(1) receptors can also activate intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) accumulation through not fully understood mechanisms. We report that in, human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells, CB(1) activation with the specific agonist arachidonoylchloroethanolamide (ACEA), weakly elevates [Ca(2+)](i) and that this...
Article
Perilla frutescens is a food plant widely used in Asian cuisine. This plant was investigated for its interesting taste and somatosensory properties. Perillaldehyde and perillaketone are among the components of the aromatic extracts from P. Frutescens. These compounds were shown here to activate the cloned TRPA1 channel when expressed in an heterolo...
Article
A new series of 1,5- and 2,5-disubstituted tetrazoles have been synthesized and evaluated as inhibitors of anandamide cellular uptake. Some of them inhibit the uptake process with a relatively high potency (IC(50)=2.3-5.1microM) and selectively over other proteins involved in endocannabinoid action and metabolism.
Article
We have synthesized a series of 18 1,5- and 2,5-disubstituted carbamoyl tetrazoles, including LY2183240 (1) and LY2318912 (7), two compounds previously described as potent inhibitors of the cellular uptake of the endocannabinoid anandamide, and their regioisomers 2 and 8. We confirm that compound 1 is a potent inhibitor of both the cellular uptake...
Article
In RIN m5F rat insulinoma beta-cells, agonists at cannabinoid CB(1) receptors modulate insulin release. Here we investigated in these cells the effect of the activation of cannabinoid CB(1) and CB(2) receptors on intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)). The CB(1) agonist arachidonoyl-chloro-ethanolamide (ACEA), and the CB(2) agonist JWH133, elevated [Ca...
Article
The transient receptor potential channel of melastatin type 8 (TRPM8), which is gated by low (<25 degrees C) temperature and chemical compounds, is regulated by protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation in a way opposite to that observed with the transient receptor potential channel of vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1), i.e. by being desensitized and not se...
Article
Full-text available
N-arachidonoyl-serotonin (AA-5-HT) is an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH)-catalysed hydrolysis of the endocannabinoid/ endovanilloid compound, anandamide (AEA). We investigated if AA-5-HT antagonizes the transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channel and, as FAAH and TRPV1 are targets for analgesic compounds, if it exerts an...
Article
Cannabinoid receptors and the endocannabinoids (anandamide (N-arachidonoylethanolamine--AEA) and 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG)), as well as the AEA congener, palmitoylethanolamide (PEA), are involved in ocular physiology. We measured endocannabinoid and PEA levels by isotope-dilution liquid chromatography-mass spectrometric analysis in post-mortem...
Article
Full-text available
Delta(9)-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) exhibits antitumor effects on various cancer cell types, but its use in chemotherapy is limited by its psychotropic activity. We investigated the antitumor activities of other plant cannabinoids, i.e., cannabidiol, cannabigerol, cannabichromene, cannabidiol acid and THC acid, and assessed whether there is any adv...
Article
The three amide oxyhomologues of the endolipids N-arachidonoylethanolamine (anandamide, AEA, 1a), N-oleoylethanolamine (OEA, 2a), and N-palmitoylethanolamine (PEA, 3a) have been prepared in a chemoselective way, capitalizing on the easy availability of O-[2-(triisopropylsilyoxy)ethyl]hydroxylamine (6) and the surprising complementary selectivity ob...
Article
On the basis of the chemical structures of two previously developed metabolically stable and relatively potent inhibitors of anandamide uptake, OMDM-1,2, two series of potential covalent inhibitors of anandamide cellular reuptake, which might be used for the molecular characterization of the protein(s) involved in the membrane transport of endocann...
Article
12-Phenylacetyl-ricinoleoyl-vanillamide (phenylacetylrinvanil, PhAR, IDN5890), is an ultra-potent agonist of human vanilloid TRPV1 receptors also endowed with moderate affinity for human cannabinoid CB(2) receptors. To improve its CB(2) affinity and temper its potency at TRPV1, the modification of the polar headgroup and the lipophilic 12-acylgroup...
Article
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Correction to: The EMBO Journal (2005) 24, 3026–3037. doi:10.1038/sj.emboj.7600784
Article
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The endocannabinoid anandamide is able to interact with the transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) channels at a molecular level. As yet, endogenously produced anandamide has not been shown to activate TRPV1, but this is of importance to understand the physiological function of this interaction. Here, we show that intracellular Ca2+ mobil...