Aniceto Jr C. Orbeta

Aniceto Jr C. Orbeta
Government of the Philippines · Philippine Institute for Development Studies

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52
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Publications

Publications (52)
Article
The paper examines impact of two water supply and sanitation projects in rural Pakistan in improving access to water supply and sanitation and on health, education, and labour supply based on a household survey of 1300 project and 1300 comparison households. The impact was estimated using treatment effects based on a control-function approach. Over...
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This paper reviews the current state of and challenges facing social protection in the Philippines. It describes the social protection institutions and the schemes that have been developed throughout the years. It also provides an assessment focusing on coverage, administration, and management. The paper then lists several reform themes for the cou...
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This paper reviews the Philippine international labor migration management infrastructure using Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA) framework. Thirty years of government experience in managing high-volume labor migration has resulted to a network of institutions and policies dedicated to promote the welfare of migrant workers. This paper seeks to desc...
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The purpose of the paper was to summarize studies identifying the causes and effects of Philippine international labor migration and remittances and to highlight research gaps. Literature and reliability of findings that explore the many facets and implications of the social and economic impacts of international labor migration and remittances were...
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This paper discusses public and private institutions that were established in the Philippines to provide services to Filipino international migrant workers. Thirty years of having explicit policy on international labor migration has resulted to the creation of various public agencies to promote, manage, and protect migrant workers. This paper looks...
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This paper reports on the impact evaluation study of the Rural Microenterprise Finance Project (RMFP) in the Philippines. RMFP aimed to support efforts of the Government of the Philippines to strengthen rural financial institutions by assisting organizations that employed the Grameen Bank Approach (GBA) in providing credit to the poor. The project...
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Several studies on the impact of international migration and remittances on household outcomes have been released recently. Many were found to have conflicting results. This paper attempts to shed light on the conflicting results by reviewing the empirical studies that use large-scale and nationally representative data sets from the Philippines. Th...
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This paper examines the relationship between household savings and family size. Household savings are important indicators for family welfare not only in terms of its investment and income generation prospects but also, and perhaps more importantly given pervasive borrowing constraints and limited social security coverage, because it provides prote...
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This paper shows how large family size can be an important contributor to household poverty. It presents results from recent research by the author using nationally representative household survey data that demonstrate clearly how large family size can contribute to poverty and vulnerability through its impact on household savings, labor supply, an...
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This paper demonstrates how family size can be an important contributor to poverty in the Philippines. It examines one of the mechanisms behind this link by focusing on the relation between number of children and the decision to seek a job and parents' wage earnings. It surveys the international literature to establish how the problem has been appr...
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This paper shows how large family size can be an important contributor to poverty in the Philippines. It examines one of the mechanisms behind this link by focusing on the relation between number of children and school attendance of children 6 to 24 years old. It surveys the international literature to establish how the problem has been approached...
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This paper looks at the interaction of poverty, fertility preferences and family planning practice in the Philippines using the series of nationally representative Family Planning Surveys conducted annually since 1999 augmented by census and other survey data. Its contribution lies on providing recent and nationally representative empirical evidenc...
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This paper examines the relationship between household savings and family size. Household savings are important indicators of fam-ily welfare, not only in terms of a household's investment and in-come generation prospects, but also, and perhaps more importantly— given pervasive borrowing constraints and limited social security coverage—in terms of...
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This paper addresses the lack of information on the disparity of outcomes, utilization and access to Family Planning and Maternal and Child Health services by socioeconomic classes. Household statistics on these services by asset class are presented in this paper. The asset classes were derived from an index generated using principal components ana...
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Early child-bearing and high fertility still persist especially among the poor, despite the more than two decades of family planning program implementation in the Philippines. Using an evaluation framework that links inputs, outputs, utilization of outputs and outcomes, the paper analyzes the impact of the different components of the Philippine Pop...
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This paper presents one of the few empirical estimates of the impact of globalization, here represented by trade flows, on employment level and structure using Philippine data. Using both aggregate and sub-industry level manufacturing data, the paper shows that increases in the propensity to export shifts the demand for labor upward. It also shows...
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This paper summarizes the research on population-related issues done between 1980-2002. The review organized the research into the following areas: (a) demographic processes (fertility, mortality, migration, gender in demographic process); (b) program-related research; (c)population and environment; (d) population and poverty. Finally, for each of...
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This paper comprehensively reviews the developments in the education and labor markets in the Philippines in the past 25 years. It highlights the trends on how the labor market used educated workers. It also reviews how education has contributed to national development. Furthermore, it summarizes the recommendations of several comprehensive reviews...
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This paper reviews the literature and evidence on the population and poverty nexus. The paper situates the role of demographic changes in development, in general, and poverty alleviation, in particular. It then presents the policy implications of the findings for the Philippines. It emphasizes that better fertility management is a critical componen...
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This paper presents one of the few empirical estimates of the impact of globalization, here represented by trade flows, on employment level and structure using Philippine data. Using both aggregate and sub-industry level manufacturing data, the paper shows that increases in the propensity to export shift the demand for labor upward. It also shows t...
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Full-text available
This paper reviews the developments in the population program from 1986-2002. It summarizes the main components of the program as well as highlights the developments in its management and financing. The activities of donors, other government agencies and nongovernment organizations in these areas are likewise described. Finally, the review identifi...
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Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
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This paper reviews the developments, challenges and issues in e-commerce in Southeast Asian countries. Given its implications for public policy, it focuses on e-commerce using the Internet. The review covers the developments in transaction values, the state of infrastructure (communication systems, payment systems, distribution and delivery systems...
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The Philippines, having been integrated into the global economy, has not been spared from the financial crisis that hit Asia in July 1997. Pre-financial crisis has indicated marked improvement in the general health condition of the population, higher incomes and employment, stable prices and favorable balance of payments and fiscal position. This s...
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The paper reviews the continuing debate on the interrelationships between population growth and economic development with particular attention to its relevance to Philippine socioeconomic development. The aim is to put the development history of the country in perspective so that a stronger resolve to address the population problem is established....
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This paper presents an update of the Population and Development Planning (PDP) model. The PDP model is an economic-demographic model designed to capture the long-term interactions between economic and demographic variables. Also presented in the paper are results of diagnostic and policy simulation runs.
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Full-text available
Exxon Mobil and ConocoPhillips stock price has been predicted using the difference between core and headline CPI in the United States. Linear trends in the CPI difference allow accurate prediction of the prices at a five to ten-year horizon.
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Full-text available
The government has estimated big amount of money for building new housing units and renovation/upgrading of old housing units for the 1993-1998. The rapid formation of new households has contributed to an acute demand for housing. Hence, the existence of demand-supply gap, mostly prominent in the lower end of the housing market. This engenders gove...
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This paper constructs a model of saving for retired single people that includes heterogeneity in medical expenses and life expectancies, and bequest motives. We estimate the model using Assets and Health Dynamics of the Oldest Old data and the method of simulated moments. Out-of-pocket medical expenses rise quickly with age and permanent income. Th...
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This paper reviews the Philippine structural adjustment and poverty alleviation experience. A review of the existing analyses of the impact of structural adjustment programs on poverty is given. To provide a background, a brief description of the development experience of the country and the poverty alleviation initiatives is also provided. Finally...
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This paper provides a review of frameworks for analyzing poverty alleviation initiatives. The principles in these frameworks were used to guide the review of five micro-intervention programs/projects for poverty alleviation. The principles that can be useful in the design of future programs of this type are also presented. To provide a background t...
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The primary aim of the paper is to place current methodological discussions in macroeconometric modeling contrasting the ‘theory first’ versus the ‘data first’ perspectives in the context of a broader methodological framework with a view to constructively appraise them. In particular, the paper focuses on Colander’s argument in his paper “Economist...
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"The paper presents an econometrically estimated model where economic and demographic variables are determined simultaneously. It is used to quantify the importance of human capital expenditures in socioeconomic and demographic development as well as analyze the effects of rapid population growth on human capital expenditures. The simulation result...
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Full-text available
The primary aim of the paper is to place current methodological discussions in macroeconometric modeling contrasting the ‘theory first’ versus the ‘data first’ perspectives in the context of a broader methodological framework with a view to constructively appraise them. In particular, the paper focuses on Colander’s argument in his paper “Economist...
Article
Full-text available
The primary aim of the paper is to place current methodological discussions in macroeconometric modeling contrasting the ‘theory first’ versus the ‘data first’ perspectives in the context of a broader methodological framework with a view to constructively appraise them. In particular, the paper focuses on Colander’s argument in his paper “Economist...
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This special issue of the Philippine Journal of Development (PJD) is dedicated to Professor Alejandro N. Herrin in recognition of his numerous contributions to research and policy in population, social services, and development in the Philippines and other countries, and his mentoring of a generation of scholars and policy practitioners in these ar...
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This paper makes a selective review of the Philippine experience in modelling the interactions of population, development, and environment. It is selective because a comprehensive review is not possible given the limitation of time. The review focuses on the empirically-based simulation models developed for the country. There are many conceptual mo...
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The paper has two objectives, namely: (a) determine and assess how existing empirical household models are able to capture the effects of changes in the macroeconomic variables on the welfare of the Filipino household, and (b) identify research gaps in the literature and suggest possible ways of modifying some of the models so as to be able to capt...
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The paper characterizes how international labor migration became an enduring feature in the country’s development. It presents data on the flow of temporary and permanent international migrant workers in the last thirty years. Characteristics such as destination, occupation, education, sex, and age are presented. Using historical movements and moti...
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A. Introduction A couple of recent evaluations of local planning and budgeting processes in the country have identified the lack of appropriate data as the primary reason for weak planning and budgeting practice in the country. Serrano (2003), for instance, summarizes a review of several LGU plans and budgets. The conclusions for planning are summa...

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