Angelo Avogaro

Angelo Avogaro
University of Padova | UNIPD · Department of Medicine DIMED

MD, PhD

About

695
Publications
74,337
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26,951
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2011 - December 2016
University of Padova
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (695)
Article
Full-text available
Inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs) are genetic conditions that result in metabolism alterations. Although research-based Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) testing for IMD has been recently implemented, its application in a clinical diagnostic setting remains challenging. Thus, we aimed at investigating the genetic diagnostic approach in a cohort of...
Article
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Aims/hypothesis Ectopic calcification is a typical feature of diabetic vascular disease and resembles an accelerated ageing phenotype. We previously found an excess of myeloid calcifying cells in diabetic individuals. We herein examined molecular and cellular pathways linking atherosclerotic calcification with calcification by myeloid cells in the...
Article
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Background and aim: Diabetes reduces the levels of circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs), which contribute to vascular homeostasis. In turn, low EPCs levels predict progression of chronic complications. Several studies have shown that hyperglycaemia exerts detrimental effects on EPCs. Improvement in glucose control with glucose-lowering...
Article
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Predicting the risk of cardiovascular complications, in particular heart failure hospitalisation (HHF), can improve the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Most predictive models proposed so far rely on clinical data not available at the higher Institutional level. Therefore, it is of interest to assess the risk of HHF in people with T2D using adm...
Article
Background and Objective COVID-19 severity spans an entire clinical spectrum from asymptomatic to fatal. Most patients who require in-hospital care are admitted to non-intensive wards, but their clinical conditions can deteriorate suddenly and some eventually die. Clinical data from patients’ case series have identified pre-hospital and in-hospital...
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The aim of this work was twofold: on one side to determine the most suitable parameters of surface electromyography (sEMG) to classify diabetic subjects with and without neuropathy and discriminate them from healthy controls and second to assess the role of the task acquired in the classification process. For this purpose 30 subjects were examined...
Article
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Aim: Whether glucose sensor alarms improve metabolic control and are accepted by individuals with diabetes is unclear. Here, we investigated whether switching from a standard flash glucose monitoring system (FGM1) to a system equipped with hypo- and hyperglycemia alarms (FGM2) improves glycemic control and psychological outcomes in adults with typ...
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Acute kidney injury (AKI) is associated with increased mortality in most critical settings. However, it is unclear whether its mild form (i.e. AKI stage 1) is associated with increased mortality also in non-critical settings. Here we conducted an international study in patients hospitalized with SARS-CoV-2 infection aiming 1. to estimate the incide...
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We report a novel pathogenic variant (c.223G > C; p.Gly75Arg) in the gene encoding the small mitoribosomal subunit protein mS34 in a long-surviving patient with Leigh Syndrome who was genetically diagnosed at age 34 years. The patient presented with delayed motor milestones and a stepwise motor deterioration during life, along with brain MRI altera...
Article
Aims Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) decrease the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). However, their influence on the risk of heart failure (HHF) hospitalization is marginal, which is unexpected given their benefits on cardiometabolic risk, especially on bodyweight reduction. This meta-analysis aimed to map the e...
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Aims: Post-prandial hyperglycemia remains an unmet need in the management of type 1 diabetes (T1D). In randomized trials, faster insulin aspart (FIA) showed modest but significant reductions of glycemic spikes after meals. Whether such benefit is evident in routine clinical practice is unclear. Methods: We analyzed data of patients with T1D at t...
Article
Admission hyperglycemia has emerged worldwide as a predictor of poor COVID-19 outcome. Hyperglycemia leads to a defect in circulating hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) which, in turn, predicts diabetic complications. Here, we explored whether reduced HSPCs mediated at least part of the prognostic effect of hyperglycemia on COVID-19 outcom...
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Low-protein diets (LPDs) are the mainstream treatment for inborn errors of intermediary protein metabolism (IEIPM), but dietary management differs worldwide. Most studies have investigated pediatric populations and their goals such as growth and metabolic balance, showing a tendency toward increasing overweight and obesity. Only a few studies have...
Article
AimsDiabetes represents a growing public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa, where diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major cause of permanent visual loss. We reported the results of a remote screening of DR among urbanized Mozambican people with diabetes.Methods We retrospectively collected retinal images and clinical characteristics from 536 patien...
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Aim We aimed to compare cardiovascular outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who initiated GLP-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) or basal insulin (BI) under routine care. Methods We accessed the administrative claims database of the Veneto Region (Italy) to identify new users of GLP-1RA or BI in 2014–2018. Propensity score matching (PSM) was...
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With increasing population aging and prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) worldwide, prevention of diabetic complications remains a major unmet need. While cardiovascular outcomes of diabetes are improving over time, diabetic kidney disease (DKD) still leads to an exceedingly high rate of end‐stage kidney disease (ESKD). A game‐changing opportunity...
Article
Background Coronary atherosclerosis is a frequent complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). Considering the contiguity with the vascular wall, perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) could play a crucial role in the pathogenic microenvironment of atherosclerosis. The PVAT attenuation index (p-FAI) is a non-invasive marker that reveals the change i...
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Aim/hypothesis In two large RCTs, fenofibrate reduced the progression of diabetic retinopathy. We investigated whether fenofibrate increases circulating haematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs), which have vascular properties and have been shown to protect from retinopathy. Methods We conducted a 12 week parallel-group RCT comparing fenofibrat...
Article
Aims: Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a severe complication of diabetes, characterized by defective traffic of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs). We examined the hematopoietic versus non-hematopoietic role of p66Shc in regulating HSPC traffic and blood flow recovery after ischemia in diabetic mice. Results: Using streptozotocin-indu...
Article
Aims Metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) is common in people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and can progress to advanced fibrosis and cirrhosis. In this retrospective study, we explored the longitudinal changes in markers of hepatic steatosis and fibrosis during T2D treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Predicting the risk of cardiovascular complications, in particular heart failure hospitalisation (HHF), can improve the management of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Most predictive models proposed so far rely on clinical data not available at the higher Institutional level. Therefore, it is of interest to assess the risk of HHF in people with T2D using adm...
Article
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) show an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and mortality. Many factors are implicated in the pathogenesis of CVD in patients with T2DM. Among the factors involved, chronic hyperglycemia and the cluster of CVD risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, and obesity, appear to play a ma...
Article
Aims We compared cardiovascular outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) receiving sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) or dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP4i) under routine care. Methods From an administrative claims database of >5,2M citizen, we identified patients with T2D who initiated SGLT2i or DPP4i from 2014 to 201...
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Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to identify actionable factors to improve LDL-cholesterol target achievement and overcome underuse of lipid-lowering treatments in high- or very-high-cardiovascular risk patients. Methods: We evaluated healthcare records of 934,332 subjects from North-Italy, including subjects with available lipid pro...
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Aim To compare accuracy, efficacy and acceptance of implantable and transcutaneous continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems. Methods In a randomized crossover trial we compared 12 weeks with Eversense implantable sensor (EVS) and 12 weeks with Dexcom G5 transcutaneous sensor (DG5) in terms of accuracy, evaluated as Mean Absolute Relative Differ...
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Aims COVID-19 has and still is sweeping away the national health systems worldwide. In this review, we sought to determine the evidence base proofs on the antidiabetic treatment capable to reduce the risk of COVID-19-related mortality. Methods We have performed a systematic search of published articles using PubMed, and EMBASE from March 2020 to M...
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Type 1 diabetes mellitus imposes a significant burden of complications and mortality, despite important advances in treatment: subjects affected by this disease have also a worse quality of life-related to disease management. To overcome these challenges, different new approaches have been proposed, such as new insulin formulations or innovative de...
Chapter
People affected by diabetes are at a high risk of developing diabetic nephropathy, which, in turn, is the leading cause of end-stage chronic kidney disease worldwide. Predicting the onset of renal complications as early as possible, when kidney function is still intact, is of paramount importance for therapy selection due to existence of a class of...
Article
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We report the case of a 22‐year‐old man with a diagnosis of dihydropteridine reductase (DHPR) deficiency who progressively developed movement disorders and epilepsy. Despite L‐Dopa supplementation the patient continued to show high prolactin levels, with a discrepancy between the neurological clinical picture and the hormonal biochemical levels. Fo...
Article
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Background Transferring results obtained in cardiovascular outcome trials (CVOTs) to the real-world setting is challenging. We herein transposed CVOT results to the population of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) seen in routine clinical practice and who may receive the medications tested in CVOTs. Methods We implemented the post-stratification...
Article
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Purpose: To investigate the glycated albumin (GA) introduction implications, as an add-on strategy to traditional glycemic control (Hb1Ac and fasting plasma glucose - FPG) instruments, considering insulin-naïve individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), treated with oral therapies. Methods: A Health Technology Assessment was conducted in...
Article
The mechanisms whereby sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) improve cardiovascular outcomes in people with diabetes are incompletely understood. Recent studies show that SGLT2i may increase the levels of circulating cells with vascular regenerative capacity, at least in part by lowering glycemia. Here, we used mice with streptozotocin...
Article
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Background Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) have a prothrombotic state that needs to be fully clarified; microparticles (MPs) have emerged as mediators and markers of this condition. Thus, we investigate, in vivo, in T2DM either with good (HbA1c ≤ 7.0%; GGC) or poor (HbA1c > 7.0%; PGC) glycemic control, the circulating levels of MPs, and in vit...
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IntroductionThere is no consensus on the optimal therapeutic approach to adopt in patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) to prevent cardiovascular disease (CVD). The study aimed to gather an expert consensus on the hypoglycemic treatment and CV risk management in patients with newly diagnosed T2DM through the Delphi methodolo...
Article
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Background and aim: Lung ultrasound (LUS) is a convenient imaging modality in the setting of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) because it is easily available, can be performed bedside and repeated over time. We herein examined LUS patterns in relation to disease severity and disease stage among patients with COVID-19 pneumonia. Methods: We perfo...
Article
People with diabetes require lifelong access to healthcare services to delay the onset of complications. Their disease management processes generate great volumes of data across several domains, from clinical to administrative. Difficulties in accessing and processing these data hinder their secondary use in an institutional setting, even for highl...
Article
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We describe a case of a 21 years old woman affected by Citrullinemia type 1- Arginosuccinate Synthase deficiency (ASSD)-who underwent a SARS CoV2 infection during the first phase of pandemic burst in Italy. She had no symptoms of infection nor a metabolic crisis. After recovery from SARS CoV2, she experienced a worsening in their epilepsy despite t...
Article
Aim: This review represents a joint effort of the Italian Societies of Cardiology (SIC) and Diabetes (SID) to define the state of the art in a field of great clinical and scientific interest which is experiencing a moment of major cultural advancements, the cardiovascular risk management in type 2 diabetes mellitus. Data synthesis: Consists of s...
Article
When COVID-19 pandemic out broke in Italy, during the lockdown from March to May 2020, Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEM) patients were at risk of not getting their dietary special products and routine visits. Moreover, during pandemic, psychological difficulties might have arose in these subjects, even more severe than in the general population due...
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Aims: The Italian Titration Approach Study (ITAS) demonstrated comparable HbA1c reductions and similarly low hypoglycaemia risk at 6 months in poorly controlled, insulin-naïve adults with T2DM who initiated self- or physician-titrated insulin glargine 300 U/mL (Gla-300) in the absence of sulphonylurea/glinide. The association of patient characteri...
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Background Sodium glucose cotransporter-2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) reduce the risk of heart failure and new data show they can prevent atrial fibrillation (AF). We examined the association between SGLT2i and AF in the Food and Drug Administration adverse event reporting system (FAERS). Methods We mined the FAERS from 2014q1 to 2019q4 to compare AF repo...
Article
Aims We evaluated de-intensification of basal-bolus insulin (BBI) after initiation of a GLP-1 receptor agonist (GLP-1RA) under routine care. Research Design and Methods This retrospective, multicenter study conducted at outpatient clinics in North-East Italy collected data on patients with T2D on BBI who initiated a GLP-1RA. Patients were divided...
Article
Background The infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has rapidly spread all over the world, becoming pandemic. Several studies have shown that diabetes mellitus (DM) is an independent risk factor that increases mortality and other adverse outcomes of coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). Studies have suggested that...
Article
AimType 2 diabetes (T2D) is a risk factor for metabolic dysfunction-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD), which is becoming the commonest cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We estimated MAFLD prevalence among patients with T2D using the hepatic steatosis index (HSI) and validated it against liver ultrasound. We also examined whether glucos...
Article
Full-text available
Background Starting March 2020 the Italian Government imposed a lockdown to limit the spread of SARS-CoV-2. During lockdown outpatient visits were limited and telemedicine (TM) was encouraged. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data from continuous or flash glucose monitoring systems shared through different cloud systems during the lockdown by s...
Article
Clinical guidelines, while representing an objective reference to perform correct therapeutic choices, contain grey zones, where recommendations are not supported by solid evidence. In a conference held in Bergamo in October 2018, an attempt was made to highlight some of the main grey zones in Cardiology and, through a comparison between experts, t...
Article
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Background The well-established benefit of Low-Dense-Lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-c) lowering treatments (LLTs) has led clinical guidelines to lower the cardiovascular prevention targets. Despite this, there is a surprising scarcity of real-world studies (RWS) evaluating whether recommendations are applied in the routine clinical management of pati...
Article
Aims Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists (GLP-1RA) are effective to control type 2 diabetes (T2Ds) and can protect from adverse cardiovascular outcomes. GLP-1RA are based on the human GLP-1 or the exendin-4 sequence. We compared cardiovascular outcomes of patients with T2D who received human-based or exendin-based GLP-1RA in routine c...
Article
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Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have consistently shown glycemic and extra-glycemic benefits of long-acting injectable glucagon-like-peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs, liraglutide, albiglutide, exenatide once-weekly, dulaglutide, and semaglutide) in terms of reduction in the rates of cardiovascular events and mortality among patients with t...
Article
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Backgrounds: Patients at greatest risk of severe clinical conditions from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and death are elderly and comorbid patients. Increased levels of cardiac troponins identify patients with poor outcome. The present study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of a cohort of Italian inpatients, admitt...
Article
Aims: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is a frequent microvascular complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Hormonal derangements such as hypogonadism and hyperestrogenism are common in T2DM. Our aim was to investigate the relationship between estrogens and ED in diabetic patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective study on 57 patients with...
Article
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Aims/hypothesisCardiovascular risk in diabetes is at least in part attributable to defective angiogenesis. Since diabetes negatively affects blood cells involved in angiogenesis, we herein evaluated whether diabetes impairs proangiogenic granulocytes (PAGs).Methods We characterised and quantified PAGs as CD49d+ granulocytes in peripheral blood of p...
Article
Background and aims Continuous glucose monitoring improves glycemic control in diabetes. This study compared the accuracy of the Dexcom G5 Mobile (Dexcom, San Diego, CA) transcutaneous sensor (DG5) and the first version of Eversense (Senseonics,Inc., Germantown, MD) implantable sensor (EVS). Methods and results Subjects with type 1 diabetes (T1D)...
Article
Aims We investigated whether pre-existing diabetes, newly-diagnosed diabetes, and admission hyperglycemia were associated with COVID-19 severity independently from confounders. Methods We retrospectively analyzed data on patients with COVID-19 hospitalized between February and April 2020 in an outbreak hospital in North-East Italy. Pre-existing di...