Angelino Carta

Angelino Carta
Università di Pisa | UNIPI · Department of Biology

PhD in Plant Science

About

150
Publications
33,061
Reads
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1,303
Citations
Introduction
My research deals with the ecology and evolution of native plant species. My initial interest involved a range of experimental approaches, like measures of reproductive fitness, simulation of regeneration strategies from seeds, and computation of distribution models. More recently, I have applied phylogenetic comparative methods to better understand evolutionary patterns across vascular plants.
Additional affiliations
February 2019 - January 2022
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Senior Researcher
June 2018 - February 2019
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Researcher
April 2014 - May 2018
Università di Pisa
Position
  • Ecology and evolution of endemic species and related taxa
Education
January 2011 - April 2014
Università di Pisa
Field of study
  • Plant Biology
January 2010 - January 2011
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Landscape Ecology
September 2005 - July 2007
Università di Pisa
Field of study
  • Conservation Biology

Publications

Publications (150)
Article
Full-text available
Ephemeral wetland vegetation (EWV) in the Mediterranean Basin appears in temporary wetlands where favourable hydrological conditions exist only for a short time and year-to-year variability is high. Here, we report results of the seed germination, dormancy and desiccation tolerance of eight annual species living in this vulnerable habitat. Experime...
Article
Seed dormancy and germination characteristics may vary within species in response to various factors. Knowledge of such variation is crucial to understand plant evolution and adaptation to environmental changes. We examined the correlation of climate and population genetic differentiation (ISSR) with primary seed dormancy and germination behaviour...
Article
Knowledge of processes responsible for seed dormancy can improve our understanding of the evolutionary dynamics of reproductive systems. We examined the influence of the breeding system on primary seed dormancy in Hypericum elodes , an Atlantic–European softwater pools specialist plant that exhibits a mixed mating strategy (the ability to both self...
Article
• The factors driving genome size evolution in Liliaceae were examined. In particular, we investigated whether species with larger genomes are confined to less stressful environments with longer vegetative season. • We tested our hypotheses by correlating the genome size with other plant traits and environmental variables. To determine the adaptive...
Article
Chromosome number and genome variation in flowering plants has stimulated a blossoming number of speculations about the ancestral chromosome number of angiosperms, but estimates so far remain equivocal. We used a probabilistic approach to model haploid chromosome number (n) changes along a phylogeny embracing more than 10 thousands taxa, to recons...
Article
Full-text available
Soil seed viability and germinability dynamics can have a major influence on the establishment and spread of plants introduced beyond their native distribution range. Yet, we lack information on how temporal variability in these traits could affect the invasion process. To address this issue, we conducted an 8-year seed burial experiment examining...
Article
Seeds show important variation as plant regenerative units among species, but their evolutionary co-variations with other plant characteristics are still poorly understood. Whilst a positive association of seed mass with genome size (GS) and life forms has already been documented, a broad-scale quantification of their evolutionary correlation and a...
Chapter
Mediterranean regions are biodiversity hotspots whose landscapes are characterized by evergreen sclerophyllous vegetation, mild-wet winters, and hot-dry summers. In the Northern Hemisphere, they occur in the Mediterranean Basin and California regions. In these areas, whose habitats are heavily shaped by centuries of anthropic activities, the main e...
Article
Background and Aims Interactions between ecological factors and seed physiological responses during the establishment phase shape the distribution of plants. Yet, our understanding of the functions and evolution of early-life traits has been limited by the scarcity of large scale datasets. Here, we tested the hypothesis that the germination niche o...
Article
Full-text available
Existing global regionalisation schemes for plants consider the compositional affinities among biotas, but these have not explicitly considered phylogenetic information. Here, we present for the first time, a phytogeographical delineation of the global vascular flora based on species-level evolutionary relationships. We analysed 8,738,520 geographi...
Article
Full-text available
Although the relevance of seed morphology in systematics is widely recognized, its contribution in the seed plant classifications is often neglected. In this study, we performed a comparative morphometric analysis of the internal and external morphology of seeds in closely related species of the genus Aquilegia. Seed length, width, thickness, spher...
Article
IDPlanT is the Italian Database of Plant Translocation, an initiative of the Nature Conservation Working Group of the Italian Botanical Society. IDPlanT currently includes 185 plant translocations. The establishment of a national database on plant translocation is a key step forward in data sharing and techniques improvement in this field of plant...
Article
Background and Aims European mesic meadows are semi-natural open habitats of high biodiversity and an essential part of European landscapes. These species-rich communities can be a source of seed mixes for ecological restoration, urban greening and rewilding. However, limited knowledge of species germination traits is a bottleneck to the developmen...
Article
Full-text available
With globalisation facilitating the movement of plants and seeds beyond the native range, preventing potentially harmful introductions requires knowledge of what drives the successful establishment and spread of alien plants. Here, we examined global‐scale relationships between naturalisation success (incidence and extent) and invasiveness, soil se...
Preprint
Existing global regionalisation schemes for plants consider the compositional affinities among biotas, but these have not considered phylogenetic information explicitly. Incorporating phylogenetic information may substantially advance our understanding of the relationships among regions and the synopsis of biogeographical schemes, because phylogeny...
Article
Italy has a rich natural heritage, which is dangerously under pressure. In recent years, there is an increased awareness of the crucial role of plants in ecosystem functioning and in providing ecosystem services. Consequently, an updated Red List of the Italian vascular flora was compiled in this work, at the request of the Ministry for Environment...
Article
Full-text available
New localities and/or confirmations concerning 74 specific and subspecific plant taxa of Tuscan vascular flora, belonging to 69 genera and 28 families are presented: Bunium, Trinia (Apiaceae), Nerium (Apocynaceae), Lemna (Araceae), Artemisia, Bidens, Centaurea, Crupina, Gazania, Hieracium, Rhagadiolus, Symphyotrichum, Tagetes, Tripleurospermum (Ast...
Book
Full-text available
Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Basin, a region considered one of the most threatened global biodiversity hotspots. Its environmental and climatic heterogeneity allowed the differentiation of a large number of plant species (more than 8.200 taxa), that however are subjected to an increased number of threats due to changes in soci...
Article
Full-text available
Assumptions about the germination ecology of alpine plants are presently based on individual species and local studies. A current challenge is to synthesize, at the global level, the alpine seed ecological spectrum. We performed a meta‐analysis of primary data from laboratory experiments conducted across four continents (excluding the tropics) and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Availability of big data, and of powerful computational tools have given plant scientists unprecedented potential to quantify large-scale (geographically and phylogenetically) patterns in plant ecology, and evolution. While vegetative traits data have been studied in detail, functional significance of reproductive features, such as seed germination...
Article
The chromosome number in Poaceae has been changing widely over 77 million years ago of evolution and polyploidization. Chromosome number changes can display a high rate of diversification and evolutionary novelties, and such change can contribute to speciation. Despite this, chromosome numbers alone do not allow to trace the evolutionary history of...
Article
Soil seed banks can strongly affect survival and expansion of plant populations by spreading mortality risks and distributing genetic diversity through time. Knowledge of the main factors regulating the ability of seeds to persist in the soil beyond the first growing season is however limited. While morphological and physiological seed traits, and...
Article
In the tetraploid Tulipa sylvestris we found larger and heavier seeds that germinated around 28 days earlier than those of the diploid ancestor Tulipa pumila . The faster germination of the tetraploid species is linked to the faster growth of embryos, which reached their final length much earlier than the embryos of the diploid species. In conclusi...
Article
We found functionally male individuals in an otherwise hermaphroditic population of Tulipa pumila (Liliaceae) located in Tuscany (central Italy). We investigated the sex ratio of this population, followed by morphometric analyses on scape, leaf, and flower, and tests on pollen germinability and seed number and mass, in order to infer which sexual s...
Preprint
Chromosome number and genome variation in flowering plants has stimulated a blossoming number of speculations about the ancestral chromosome number of angiosperms, but estimates so far remain equivocal. We used a probabilistic approach to model haploid chromosome number ( n ) changes along a phylogeny embracing more than 10 thousands taxa, to recon...
Presentation
Full-text available
Oral presentation within the symposium "Plant Conservation"
Book
Full-text available
The European Red List is a review of the status of European species according to IUCN regional Red Listing guidelines. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the regional level – in order that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status. This publication summarises results for all Europe’s native...
Book
Full-text available
The European Red List is a review of the status of European species according to IUCN regional Red Listing guidelines. It identifies those species that are threatened with extinction at the regional level – in order that appropriate conservation action can be taken to improve their status. This publication summarises results for all Europe’s native...
Presentation
Full-text available
Seed germination strongly affects seedling survival and plant population persistence. Whilst there is evidence that seed germination is related to plant life form, habitat and geographical features, the role of this functional trait in controlling species distribution has not yet been exhaustively evaluated. Seed lots stored in seed banks under int...
Presentation
Full-text available
Continuous variation exists in the ratio of embryo to nutritive tissues of Angiosperms. Embryo to seed size ratio ranges from seeds dispersed with an embryo consisting of a clump of cells embedded in copious endosperm, e.g. several Ranunculaceae, to seeds containing only an embryo and no nutritive tissue, e.g. many Fabaceae. Within the group of spe...
Article
This study aims to evaluate the systematic treatment of some Tyrrhenian species of the Silene mollissima aggregate, which includes several western Mediterranean endemics, such as Silene badaroi, S. ichnusae, S. hicesiae, S. oenotriae and S. velutina. The intra- and inter-specific seed variability was investigated using the morphocolorimetric analys...
Article
Plants growing in the same environment typically share ecophysiological characteristics enabling them to survive and reproduce when exposed to a common selection pressure. As such, seedlings establishing in temperate forest habitats cope with similar issues of low light availability and climate seasonality. We examined similarities in the germinati...
Article
Full-text available
Unravelling patterns of species richness is a fundamental prerequisite to understand evolutionary and ecological dynamics, aiding to set efficient conservation activities. The Species–Area Relationship (SAR) is one of the most general patterns in ecology. Focusing on a Mediterranean area as case study, we investigated SAR and the drivers underlying...
Article
Global plant diversity is at risk due to anthropogenic changes to ecosystems, but given severely limited conservation resources, a reliable prioritisation strategy for species and sites is needed. Our objective was to identify key areas for conserving the phylogenetic diversity (PD) of threatened vascular plants in Italy, one of the most species-ri...
Article
Full-text available
As variations in the chromosome number are recognized to be of evolutionary interest but are also widely debated in the literature, we aimed to quantitatively test for possible relationships among the chromosome number, plant traits, and environmental factors. In particular, the chromosome number and drivers of its variation were examined in 801 It...
Poster
Full-text available
The Habitats Directive requires Member States to monitor the conservation status of habitats and species of Community interest. For plant species, monitoring can be carried out at population level and the estimation of the population size is one of the key objectives. Generally, the measuring unit, required as a priority by the European Commission,...
Poster
Full-text available
As a follow-up to the European Native Seed Conservation Network (ENSCONET), funded by the European Commission between 2004 and 2009, the ENSCONET Consortium was established in 2010, and currently consists of 32 member organisations from 18 European countries that collaborate on European seed conservation and research. A comparison of the list of se...
Article
Environmental changes can affect the distribution and conservation of plant populations, therefore the study of the ability to modulate reproductive and vegetative traits is of large interest. Cistus laurifolius is a shrub typically occurring in Mediterranean open vegetation, often under different degrees of habitat light intensity. In the present...
Article
Full-text available
We present an updated list of the vascular flora occurring on the Elba island (Tuscan Archipelago). The list is based on bibliographic analysis and field studies carried out in the years 2006–2018. With a total of 1,098 specific and subspecific taxa currently occurring on the island (including 101 naturalized aliens), plus 67 casual aliens and 16 h...
Article
Understanding land use changes provides data suitable for decision making processes in biodiversity conservation and landscape planning. We examined temporal change in landscape and vegetation formations on Elba Island (Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy) using digital aerial photographs (1954, 1978, 2000) and deriving land-use maps from photo interpretation. T...
Article
Full-text available
The contribution of the European Native Seed Conservation Network (ENSCONET, 2004-2009) and the ENSCONET Consortium (since 2010) towards meeting the 2020 Global Strategy for Plant Conservation (GSPC) target 8 was assessed in 2017. While the outcome was positive (62.7% of European threatened species already conserved ex situ in seed banks), the anal...
Article
Full-text available
Seed germination responsiveness to environmental cues is crucial for plant species living in changeable habitats and it can vary among populations within the same species as a result of adaptation or modulation to local climates. Here, we investigated the germination response to environmental cues of Sisymbrella dentata (L.) O.E. Schulz, an annual...
Article
Taxa endemic to a country are key elements for setting national conservation priorities and for driving conservation strategies, since their persistence is entirely dependent on national policy. We applied the IUCN Red List categories to all Italian endemic vascular plants (1,340 taxa) to assess their current risk of extinction and to highlight the...
Article
Biodiversity studies traditionally use species as their analysis unit. However, observed biodiversity is not necessarily an indicator of significant biodiversity and therefore should not be used alone, particularly when the results will be employed for conservation planning. Here we examine pteridophyte diversity in Tuscany using 4,668 georeference...
Article
Pollination ecology and breeding system of Lilium pomponium L. were studied, and their effect on the reproductive outcome was assessed. This species has high conservation interest in Europe, because it is included in Annex V of the EU Habitat Directive and it is one out of the five Lilium species listed in IUCN Global Red List. To achieve our aim,...
Article
Full-text available
To pursue a proper conservation of narrow endemic species, the knowledge of basic reproductive strategies is crucial to plan adequate conservation activities. One of the most evolutionarily relevant and threatened Italian endemic is the Webb’s hyacinth (Bellevalia webbiana Parl.). As the reproductive behaviour of this species and its connection wit...
Article
Full-text available
The term “heterotopic” was applied to phytogeography referring to those populations found on soils apparently different from those typically occurring across the distribution range of a given species. In Italy, it was also applied to European beech populations generally occurring at an altitude below 800 m a.s.l. Based on a multivariate analysis us...
Article
Full-text available
New localities and/or confirmations concerning 98 specific and subspecific plant taxa of Tuscan vascular flora, belonging to 81 genera and 42 families are presented: Alisma, Baldellia (Alismataceae), Chenopodium (Amaranthaceae), Sternbergia (Amaryllidaceae), Bupleurum (Apiaceae), Vinca (Apocynaceae), Muscari, Polygonatum (Asparagaceae), Carlina, Ce...
Article
Background and aims: Photoinhibition of seed germination, known to occur notably in species growing in dry and hot habitats, is considered an adaptation to avoid germination at the soil surface after unpredictable rainfall events during the dry season. Hence, the association of this ecophysiological response with plant life histories and the natur...
Article
Interchangeable effects of temperature, moisture content and oxygen on seed longevity have been mostly examined to estimate seed viability during long-term dry storage, whereas few experiments have studied seed viability under near-natural conditions to evaluate seed persistence in the soil. To this end, we artificially aged seeds of Ranunculus bau...
Article
• Background and Aims Photoinhibition of seed germination, known to occur notably in species growing in dry and hot habitats, is considered an adaptation to avoid germination at the soil surface after unpredictable rainfall events during the dry season. Hence, the association of this ecophysiological response with plant life histories and the natur...
Article
Full-text available
Isolated populations are usually subject to both low fitness and reduced genetic diversity, which may negatively affect their survival and adaptive potential. Hence, these issues cannot be neglected, when planning conservation actions for isolated populations. The Italian population of Cistus laurifolius subsp. laurifolius is extremely isolated. Fu...