Angela A. Bruch

Angela A. Bruch
Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften · Research Centre ROCEEH 'The role of culture in early expansions of humans'

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171
Publications
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3,186
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Publications

Publications (171)
Article
Microvertebrates are generally well suited for drawing inferences on past environmental conditions because they are closely bound to the areas in which they lived. In this paper, we discuss palaeoecological implications of two microvertebrate concentrations in the Middle Pleistocene site Qesem Cave in Israel. The ecological preferences of the neare...
Article
The Early Pleistocene deposits of the Iberian Peninsula provided some of the oldest hominin fossil sites of Western Europe. Evidence also shows that early Homo thrived in the Mediterranean peninsulas during the Early Pleistocene ‘interglacial’ phases. To assess the role of climatic conditions on early human environments, the present work features a...
Article
The Guadix-Baza Basin, in SE Spain, harbors hominin fossils and lithic artifacts dated to ca. 1.4–1.3 Ma, representing the first hominin habitat in the Iberian Peninsula and possibly in Western Europe. Recent palynological studies have described a high diversity of plant taxa and biomes existing in the basin at the time of hominin presence. However...
Article
West Georgia is part of the Caucasus biodiversity hotspot and hosts the Colchic vegetation, a ‘Tertiary’ refuge, with many endemic and relic species. Based on fossil pollen records from 21 localities in west Georgia quantitative climate reconstruction has been carried out covering the Miocene, Pliocene, and Pleistocene periods. Further, major shift...
Technical Report
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In this 20th newsletter, ROCEEH takes you on a little trip around the world. We tell the story of stone technologies in southern Italy at the transition from Middle to Upper Paleolithic, the paleoenvironment of Homo erectus in Indonesia, and a unique eyed needle from the Armenian Highlands. We hope you enjoy!
Technical Report
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In the 19th ROCEEH newsletter, we look at geographic methods for the study of habitat change, the analysis of stone artifacts from the Upper Paleolithic in Armenia, the research history of one of the most important Paleolithic sites in Germany (the UNESCO World Heritage site Geißenklösterle in the Swabian Jura), and the cognitive abilities of o...
Technical Report
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The 18th newsletter focuses on the diet of Paranthropus boisei and how environmental conditions and technical capabilities affected it. We report on ROCEEH‘s collaboration with ARIADNEplus, a large-scale European project on the scientific infrastructure of archaeological data. We also announce the opening of the exhibition “Being Human // The Origi...
Article
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At the end of December 2020, Volker Mosbrugger retired, after 15 years, from his position as Director General of the Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturkunde, 2 years after he turned 65, the official age for retirement in Germany. During the last 40 years, Volker has built up an international reputation not only as a leading palaeobotanist, but also...
Article
To assess the pattern of climatic evolution during the late Miocene to early Pleistocene in the largest fluvio-deltaic sedimentary system on the Earth, the Bengal Basin (BB), a quantitative palaeoclimatic reconstruction was made, based on 20 fossil wood floras. Those floras show that moisture-loving taxa have decreased considerably since the Miocen...
Article
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Die Forschungsstelle ROCEEH (The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans) ist ein Projekt der Heidelberger Akademie der Wissenschaften* mit dem Ziel, das frühe kulturelle Erbe der Menschheit zu erkunden, in einen Kontext zu stellen und zu bewahren. ROCEEH erforscht die Geschichte der Menschheit und ihrer frühen Ausbreitungen von drei Millione...
Article
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The research center ROCEEH (The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans) is a project of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities* whose aim is to discover, contextualize and preserve the deep past of humankind’s cultural heritage. ROCEEH explores the history of humanity and its early expansions between three million and 20,000 years...
Article
Databases are ubiquitous in the natural sciences and can include anything from a simple, thematically restricted table to a complex, interdisciplinary network. Despite their widespread use, many questions remain unresolved about their growth, analytical function, interoperability, and sustainability. To examine current trends in this dynamic field,...
Article
In this study comprehensive palaeofloristic data of lower Miocene deposits from the Soma Basin, western Anatolia is presented considering the stratigraphical concept. The sediments of the basin, derived from outcrop sections, were deposited in the terrestrial environment. The basin includes three different successions: lower and middle lignite succ...
Chapter
Evidence from various climate proxies provides us with increasingly reliable proof that only in the past 10 millennia were natural systems more or less as we see them at the present (without considering human impact). Prior to 10,000 years ago, natural systems repeatedly changed under the influence of an unstable climate. This is particularly true...
Technical Report
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This 17th issue of the ROCEEH newsletter focuses on early human migrations in Island Southeast Asia by examining microscopic traces of use-wear on stone artifacts. Next, we introduce the ROAD Summary Data Sheet, which provides an overview of locality data stored in the ROAD Database. Finally we discuss the latest developments in an agent-based mode...
Article
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The palynomorphology of 19 modern species of the genus Quercus L. native to Armenia and adjacent regions, including the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, the Mediterranean region (especially Turkey), as well as Iran, Iraq and Afghanistan, was studied using light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The work revealed two main types of a...
Conference Paper
Between the late Tortonian and the Middle Pleistocene, a shallow but large (up to 800 km2) lacustrine system existed in the Baza Basin. During the Early Pleistocene, the marginal area of this lake was occupied by humans that arrived from Africa. With 1.3 Ma, these fossils and archaeological finds represent the oldest evidences of humans in Europe....
Article
The basin of Baza is located in the central area of the Betic Range (SE Spain) with a catchment area of over 4000 km2. It contains a continuous and well preserved lacustrine sedimentary record from the Late Miocene to the Middle Pleistocene. The basin encloses numerous Miocene to Pleistocene mammal fossil sites that include some of the oldest homin...
Article
A recently recovered site of plant macrofossils, Ludvíkovice, in the České středohoří Mts. is situated on Sokolí vrch hill, belonging to the Děčín Formation (radiometrically dated to 30.8–24.7 Ma), according to regional stratigraphy. The flora has yielded a fern, Rumohra recentior, and several angiosperms, but no conifers. The prevailing foliage is...
Article
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As a result of expeditions carried out in 2018-2019 the research team has discovered a monocotyledonous plant (Ruppia maritima L., Ruppiaceae) from the bottom of Lake Sevan. This taxa is a new family, genus and species for the flora of the Republic of Armenia. The plant is quite widespread throughout the lake: it has been found at two localities in...
Technical Report
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The 16th issue of the ROCEEH newsletter focuses on the climate of the Iberian Peninsula during the first wave of human expansion into Western Europe. We also take a closer look at Paleolithic mobile art in Central Europe and present a session report from INQUA 2019 in Dublin, Ireland. All ROCEEH newsletters are available on www.roceeh.net
Article
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The Pontocaspian (Black Sea - Caspian Sea) region has a very dynamic history of basin development and biotic evolution. The region is the remnant of a once vast Paratethys Sea. It contains some of the best Eurasian geological records of tectonic, climatic and paleoenvironmental change. The Pliocene-Quaternary co-evolution of the Black Sea-Caspian S...
Technical Report
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In the 15th issue of ROCEEH’s newsletter, we address the difficulties in defining Aurignacian industries and their spatio-temporal variability. We present our latest findings on the final phase of the Middle Stone Age in southern Africa. Finally we report on geomorphological field work associated with Sibudu Rock Shelter in South Africa and a ROAD...
Article
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The pollen and foraminifera of Meotian deposits of Abkhazia were studied with the samples taken from the sections Gedjiri, Galidzga, Otapi and Gudou dated by molluska and micro-fauna. The Meotian flora of Abkhazia consists of nearly 190 elements, belonging to 82 families and 124 genera. Their distribution was connected with a vertical zonality of r...
Conference Paper
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To judge the role of the environment on the first appearance of humans in southern Europe requires fundamental understanding of the dynamics of Early Pleistocene regional environments in this area. The Orce region (Baza Basin) in southeastern Spain is well known for its important findings of artefacts attesting the presence of early Homo earlier th...
Technical Report
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In this 14th issue of ROCEEH’s newsletter, we begin by examining the origin of ocher use in Africa. From there, we establish a definition of what cumulative culture means and explore when it began. These articles are followed by reports about three conferences co-organized by ROCEEH: 1) “KULT-UR-MENSCH”; 2) “Computer Applications in Archaeology”; a...
Technical Report
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In its first brochure about ROAD, the ROCEEH research team described the technical aspects of its large-scale, multidisciplinary database which contains data about the last three million years of human history. In this second brochure, we follow up by focusing on the practical applications that ROAD offers its users. ROAD provides a synopsis of pre...
Article
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The tribe Microtoscoptini, comprising the genera Microtoscoptes from Eurasia and Paramicrotoscoptes and Goniodontomys from North America, is an enigmatic group of microtoid cricetids, which was widespread during the Late Miocene. Although fossil remains have been reported from 33 localities, their evolutionary and dispersal history is still poorly...
Article
Full-text available
The tribe Microtoscoptini, comprising the genera Microtoscoptes from Eurasia and Paramicrotoscoptes and Goniodontomys from North America, is an enigmatic group of microtoid cricetids, which was widespread during the Late Miocene. Although fossil remains have been reported from 33 localities, their evolutionary and dispersal history is still poorly...
Article
The Eocene was an interval of climate evolution, when the extreme high temperatures of the earliest Cenozoic gave way to a global cooling trend. Fine-grained lacustrine sediments of Eocene age from northeastern China represent an excellent archive to study long-term environmental and climatic changes at high-resolution. The Huadian Basin is a Cenoz...
Technical Report
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In the thirteenth issue of ROCEEH’s newsletter we announce the inscription of six Swabian caves onto UNESCO’s World Heritage List, where several ROCEEH members have conducted research for many years. Humboldt Foundation Senior Research Fellow Martin Porr talks about the difficulties that irrational and nonutilitarian objects present for the study o...
Article
Relying on the ability of pollen assemblages to differentiate among elevationally stratified vegetation zones, we assess the potential of a modern pollen-climate dataset from the Darjeeling area, eastern Himalaya, in past climate reconstructions. The dataset includes 73 surface samples from 25 sites collected from a c. 130e3600 m a.s.l. elevation g...
Article
With its well-preserved archaeological and environmental records, Aghitu-3 Cave permits us to examine the settlement patterns of the Upper Paleolithic (UP) people who inhabited the Armenian Highlands. We also test whether settlement of the region between ∼39–24,000 cal BP relates to environmental variability. The earliest evidence occurs in archaeo...
Article
The precise Eurasian chronostratigraphy of the Neogene-Quaternary period is still hampered by the existence of numerous regional stages often lacking independent and absolute age constraints. Therefore, detailed paleoclimatic reconstructions of areas like the Caucasus are still poorly constrained and the influence of climate variability on faunal i...
Article
Early Pleistocene vegetation dynamics in the Russian Far East (southern Primory'e) are studied using multiple quantitative techniques on various palaeobotanical organ types. Vegetation data for this time interval were obtained from a total of 8 macrofloras (fruits and seeds, woods, and leaves) and 18 microfloras collected from a 10 m thick, terrige...
Poster
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Pleistocene lake sediments have been investigated palynologically from the profiles located in eastern Georgia and south-western Armenia (Vorotan river valley). Altogether the material from 8 profiles has been studied.With some exception, the material appeared to be rather poor in plant pollen and spores. However, it contains large quantities of no...
Technical Report
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ROCEEH Evaluation 2016 Appendix A – Status Report I) Publications 2015-2008 3 a. Summary: Publications ranked according to peer review process in numbers 3 b. List of publications ranked according to peer review process 5 c. Summary: Publications in thematic order in numbers 43 d. List of publications in thematic order 45  Hominin Ecospace / Reso...
Technical Report
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The research center “The Role of Culture in Early Expansions of Humans” (ROCEEH) is a long-term project of the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. ROCEEH aims to reconstruct the trajectory of human evolution in Africa and Eurasia between 3 million and 20,000 years before present. The project focuses on three different fields of expansion...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Different layers of digital information about the landscape are assembled to derive a geomorphological map. From left to right: WorldView-2 panchromatic scene (0.5 m ground resolution), soil lithologic analyses, WorldView-2 optical sensor (2 m), SAR Image (TerraSAR-X; 3 m), geomorphological mapping.
Article
We present a first look at the microvertebrate fauna of the Middle Pleistocene site of Hummal in Central Syria. Some 2,000 microvertebrate remains (1,200 mammalian; 230 reptilian; 600 unidentified) were found in unit G/layer 17 by screen-washing sediments in an area of 4 m2. The following taxa have been identified: Reptilia: Agaminae indet., Gekkot...