Angel Carracedo

Angel Carracedo
University of Santiago de Compostela | USC · Galician Foundation of Genomic Medicine- SERGAS

MD, PhD

About

1,263
Publications
224,261
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
41,712
Citations
Introduction
Professor at the Universidade de Santiago de Compostela, Executive Director of the Galician Genomic Medicine Public Foundation and Director of the Spanish Genotyping National Center (CeGen)
Additional affiliations
September 1978 - January 2016
University of Santiago de Compostela
Position
  • Former direrctor, Research director

Publications

Publications (1,263)
Article
Full-text available
Polymorphic genomic inversions are chromosomal variants with intrinsic variability that play important roles in evolution, environmental adaptation, and complex traits. We investigated the DNA methylation patterns of three common human inversions, at 8p23.1, 16p11.2, and 17q21.31 in 1,009 blood samples from children from the Human Early Life Exposo...
Article
Full-text available
Atypical sensory processing described in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) frequently cascade into behavioral alterations: isolation, aggression, indifference, anxious/depressed states, or attention problems. Predictive machine learning models might refine the statistical explorations of the associations between them by finding out how these dimensi...
Preprint
Background Sepsis is a severe systemic inflammatory response to infections that is accompanied by organ dysfunction and has a high mortality rate in adult intensive care units (ICUs). Most genetic studies have identified gene variants associated with development and outcomes of sepsis focusing on biological candidates. We conducted the first genome...
Article
Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/'proxy' AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 ris...
Article
Full-text available
Characterization of the genetic landscape of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and related dementias (ADD) provides a unique opportunity for a better understanding of the associated pathophysiological processes. We performed a two-stage genome-wide association study totaling 111,326 clinically diagnosed/‘proxy’ AD cases and 677,663 controls. We found 75 ris...
Article
Full-text available
The diagnostic and prognostic utility of circulating cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in breast cancer (BC) patients was recently reported. Here, we investigated the use of cfDNA to examine mi-crosatellite instability (MSI) and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for early BC diagnosis. cfDNA and genomic DNA from 41 female BC patients and 40 healthy controls were qu...
Article
Background: The identification of expression quantitative trait methylation (eQTMs), defined as associations between DNA methylation levels and gene expression, might help the biological interpretation of epigenome-wide association studies (EWAS). We aimed to identify autosomal cis eQTMs in children's blood, using data from 832 children of the Hum...
Preprint
Full-text available
Amyloid-beta 42 (Aβ42) and phosphorylated tau (pTau) levels in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) reflect core features of the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) more directly than clinical diagnosis. Initiated by the European Alzheimer & Dementia Biobank (EADB), the largest collaborative effort on genetics underlying CSF biomarkers was established, i...
Article
Full-text available
Background Among children, sex-specific differences in disease prevalence, age of onset, and susceptibility have been observed in health conditions including asthma, immune response, metabolic health, some pediatric and adult cancers, and psychiatric disorders. Epigenetic modifications such as DNA methylation may play a role in the sexual differenc...
Article
Intellectual disability (ID), a neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1–3% of the general population, is characterized by limitations in both intellectual function and adaptive skills. The high number of conditions associated with ID underlines its heterogeneous origin and reveals the difficulty of obtaining a rapid and accurate genetic diagnosis....
Article
Full-text available
Background Machine learning modeling can provide valuable support in different areas of mental health, because it enables to make rapid predictions and therefore support the decision making, based on valuable data. However, few studies have applied this method to predict symptoms’ worsening, based on sociodemographic, contextual, and clinical data....
Article
Full-text available
CIBER (Center for Biomedical Network Research; Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red) is a public national consortium created in 2006 under the umbrella of the Spanish National Institute of Health Carlos III (ISCIII). This innovative research structure comprises 11 different specific areas dedicated to the main public health priorities in the Na...
Article
Resumen La valoración de la prueba de ADN en los casos de identificación masiva, exige el uso por los peritos del teorema de Bayes para estimar la probabilidad de identificación a partir de unos datos a priori a los que se suman las probabilidades proporcionadas por la prueba de ADN. Para aplicarlo hace falta, por una parte, especificar la probabil...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Machine learning modelling can provide valuable support in different areas of mental health, because it enables to make rapid predictions and therefore support the decision making, based on valuable data. However, few studies have applied this method to predict symptoms’ worsening, based on sociodemographic, contextual, and clinical dat...
Chapter
Heritability in colorectal cancer (CRC) is estimated at around 40% and can be explained both by rare high penetrance variants, responsible for hereditary CRC syndromes, and by common low penetrance variants identifiable by association studies. Nevertheless, many of the genetic factors behind CRC predisposition remain yet to be identified. Novel app...
Article
Full-text available
Emerging studies have suggested several chromosomal regions as potential host genetic factors involved in the susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2 infection and disease outcome. We nested a COVID-19 genome-wide association study using the GR@ACE/DEGESCO study, searching for susceptibility factors associated with COVID-19 disease. To this end, we compared 2...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer’s disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study res...
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most important causes of morbidity and mortality in the developed world and is gradually more frequent in the developing world including Saudi Arabia. According to the Saudi Cancer Registry report 2015, CRC is the most common cancer in men (14.9%) and the second most prevalent cancer. Oncogenic mutations in the...
Article
Full-text available
Diagnostic categories do not completely reflect the heterogeneous expression of psychosis. Using data from the EU-GEI study, we evaluated the impact of schizophrenia polygenic risk score (SZ-PRS) and patterns of cannabis use on the transdiagnostic expression of psychosis. We analysed first-episode psychosis patients (FEP) and controls, generating t...
Article
Background: Mosaic loss of chromosome Y (mLOY) is a highly common somatic variant among men, and has been associated to higher risk in overall mortality and several types of disease, including Alzheimer's disease (Dumanski et al. 2016). In the present study, we aimed to replicate these findings in both a cross-sectional and longitudinal setup by d...
Article
Background: It is well known that Alzheimer's disease (AD) has a strong genetic component. Even though it is a highly heritable disease, a big fraction of AD heritability remains to be elucidated. Genetic analysis of endophenotypes tightly linked to the disease might help to identify or confirm AD genetic risk factors. Methods: GWAS results Amyl...
Article
Full-text available
The prediction of microsatellite instability (MSI) using deep learning (DL) techniques could have significant benefits, including reducing cost and increasing MSI testing of colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. Nonetheless, batch effects or systematic biases are not well characterized in digital histology models and lead to overoptimistic estimates of...
Preprint
Full-text available
We describe the results of the Spanish Coalition to Unlock Research on Host Genetics on COVID-19 (SCOURGE). In sex-disaggregated genome-wide studies of COVID-19 hospitalization, we found two known loci associated among males (SLC6A20-LZTFL1 and IFNAR2), and a novel one among females (TLE1). Meta-analyses with independent studies revealed two novel...
Preprint
Full-text available
Although important advances have been made in the knowledge of the molecular mechanisms leading to the development, of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), only PDL1 is used for the immunotherapy (pemborlizumab) treatment in the first line of metastatic or recurrent disease. There are no other molecular biomarkers currently used in clinic...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeGenetic variants in genes involved in the distribution, metabolism, accumulation or repair of lesions are likely to influence the response of drugs used in the treatment of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC). We examine the effect of 36 SNPs on clinical outcomes in patients with locally advanced HNC who were receiving platinum-based chemoradiotherap...
Preprint
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a heritable disorder, but no definitive, replicated OCD susceptibility loci have yet been identified by any genome-wide association study (GWAS). Here, we report results from a GWAS in the largest OCD case-control sample (N = 14,140 OCD cases and N = 562,117 controls) to date. We explored the genetic architect...
Article
The early-life exposome influences future health and accelerated biological aging has been proposed as one of the underlying biological mechanisms. We investigated the association between more than 100 exposures assessed during pregnancy and in childhood (including indoor and outdoor air pollutants, built environment, green environments, tobacco sm...
Article
Full-text available
To characterize the mechanisms that govern chemoresistance, we performed a comparative proteomic study analyzing head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) cells: CCL-138 (parental), CCL-138-R (cisplatin-resistant), and cancer stem cells (CSCs). Syntenin-1 (SDCBP) was upregulated in CCL-138-R cells and CSCs over parental cells. SDCBP depletion s...
Article
Full-text available
Over the recent years, advances in the development of anti-cancer treatments, particularly the implementation of ICIs (immune checkpoint inhibitors), have resulted in increased survival rates in NSCLC (non-small cell lung cancer) patients. However, a significant proportion of patients does not seem respond to immunotherapy, and some individuals eve...
Article
Background: Social cognition impairments, such as facial emotion recognition (FER), have been acknowledged since the earliest description of schizophrenia. Here, we tested FER as an intermediate phenotype for psychosis using two approaches that are indicators of genetic risk for schizophrenia: the proxy-genetic risk approach (family design) and th...
Article
Full-text available
We detail the development of the ancestry informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) panel forming part of the VISAGE Basic Tool (BT), which combines 41 appearance predictive SNPs and 112 ancestry predictive SNPs (three SNPs shared between sets) in one massively parallel sequencing (MPS) multiplex, whereas blood-based age analysis using met...
Article
Full-text available
Important questions remain about the profile of cognitive impairment in psychotic disorders across adulthood and illness stages. The age-associated profile of familial impairments also remains unclear, as well as the effect of factors, such as symptoms, functioning, and medication. Using cross-sectional data from the EU-GEI and GROUP studies, compr...
Article
Full-text available
Background Multiple omics technologies are increasingly applied to detect early, subtle molecular responses to environmental stressors for future disease risk prevention. However, there is an urgent need for further evaluation of stability and variability of omics profiles in healthy individuals, especially during childhood. Methods We aimed to es...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with increasing prevalence, and a male-to-female ratio of 4:1. Research has been suggesting that discrepancy in prevalence may be due to the fact that females camouflage their symptoms. In this study, we aimed to systematically review evidence on the camouflage effect in females with A...
Article
Current human populations are studied to elucidate their ancestry composition and to obtain reference values for an array of genetic markers for forensic practice. This study compared the 79 ancestry informative markers (AIMs) panel with the SNPforID 52plex set used in forensic identification, using samples belonging to Continental Caribbean popula...
Article
Neuropathic pain is one of the foremost adverse effects that worsens quality of life for patients undergoing an antiretroviral treatment. Currently, there are no effective analgesics for relieving it; thus, there is an urgent need to develop novel treatments for neuropathic pain. Previously, we described and validated F11 cells as a model of DRG (d...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last two decades, pharmacogenetics and pharmacokinetics have been increasingly used in clinical practice in Psychiatry due to the high variability regarding response and side effects of antipsychotic drugs. Specifically, long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics have different pharmacokinetic profile than oral formulations due to their s...
Article
Background: In autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), cyst development and enlargement lead to end-stage kidney disease. Macrophage recruitment and interstitial inflammation have been shown to promote cyst growth. TWEAK is a TNF superfamily (TNFSF) cytokine that regulates inflammatory responses, cell proliferation and cell death, and...
Article
Full-text available
Severe periodontitis is prevalent in Down syndrome (DS). This study aimed to identify genetic variations associated with periodontitis in individuals with DS. The study group was distributed into DS patients with periodontitis (n = 50) and DS patients with healthy periodontium (n = 36). All samples were genotyped with the “Axiom Spanish Biobank” ar...
Article
Genetic discoveries of Alzheimer's disease are the drivers of our understanding, and together with polygenetic risk stratification can contribute towards planning of feasible and efficient preventive and curative clinical trials. We first perform a large genetic association study by merging all available case-control datasets and by-proxy study res...
Article
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by impairments in social interaction, executive functioning, sensory-perceptual abilities and behaviour, such as anxious/depressed states, attention problems, aggression, or somatic complains. However, the dynamic relationship between these dimensions remains to be addres...
Article
Full-text available
The effective search for the missing and identification of persons, alive or dead, are core components in the prevention and in resolving the issue of Missing Persons. espite the growing literature on this topic, there is still a lack of publications describing the Search as a process that includes different phases inherently composed of forensic i...
Article
Full-text available
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a complex disease that can be caused by a spectrum of genetic variants ranging from low to high penetrance changes, that interact with the environment to determine which individuals will develop the disease. In this study, we sequenced 20 early-onset CRC patients to discover novel genetic variants that could be linked to...
Article
Full-text available
Experimental data showed that endothelial lipase (LIPG) is a crucial player in breast cancer. However, very limited data exists on the role of LIPG on the risk of breast cancer in humans. We examined the LIPG-breast cancer association within our population-based case–control study from Galicia, Spain, BREOGAN (BREast Oncology GAlicia Network). Plas...
Article
Full-text available
Schuurs–Hoeijmakers syndrome (SHMS) or PACS1 Neurodevelopmental disorder is a rare disorder characterized by intellectual disability, abnormal craniofacial features and congenital malformations. SHMS is an autosomal dominant hereditary disease caused by pathogenic variants in the PACS1 gene. PACS1 is a trans-Golgi-membrane traffic regulator that di...
Preprint
Environmental exposures during early life play a critical role in life-course health, yet the molecular phenotypes underlying environmental effects on health are poorly understood. In the Human Early Life Exposome (HELIX) project, a multi-centre cohort of 1,301 mother-child pairs, we associated individual exposomes consisting of >100 chemical, phys...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that may significantly impact on the affected individual’s life. Common variation (SNPs) could explain about 50% of ASD heritability. Despite this fact and the large size of the last GWAS meta-analysis, it is believed that hundreds of risk genes in ASD have yet to be discovere...
Article
As obesity, circulating lipids and other vascular/metabolic factors influence the risk of stroke, we examined if genetic variants associated with these conditions are related to risk of stroke using a case-control study in Galicia, Spain. A selection of 200 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) previously found to be related to obesity, body mass...
Article
Aim To identify loci associated with stages III/IV, grade C periodontitis (PIII/IV‐C) through a genome wide association study (GWAS). Materials And Methods 441 Caucasian Spanish PIII/IV‐C cases from the SEPA Network of Research Clinics and 1141 controls from the Banco Nacional de ADN were genotyped with “Axiom Spain Biobank Array”, which contains...
Article
Full-text available
Background A cumulative environmental exposure score for schizophrenia (exposome score for schizophrenia [ES-SCZ]) may provide potential utility for risk stratification and outcome prediction. Here, we investigated whether ES-SCZ was associated with functioning in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorder, unaffected siblings, and healthy contr...
Article
Full-text available
Long runs of homozygosity (ROH) are contiguous stretches of homozygous genotypes, which are a footprint of inbreeding and recessive inheritance. The presence of recessive loci is suggested for Alzheimer’s disease (AD); however, their search has been poorly assessed to date. To investigate homozygosity in AD, here we performed a fine-scale ROH analy...
Article
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is characterized by unexplained left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and is one of the major causes of sudden cardiac death (SCD). An exon-targeted gene sequencing strategy was used to investigate the association of functional variants in sarcomeric genes (MYBPC3, MYH7 and TNNT2) with severe LVH and other SCD-related...
Article
Full-text available
Patients lacking humoral response have been suggested to develop a less severe COVID-19, but there are some reports with a prolonged, relapsing or deadly course. From April 2020, there is growing evidence on the benefits of COVID-19 convalescent plasma (CCP) for patients with humoral immunodeficiency. Most of them had a congenital primary immunodef...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The genetic admixture of the Brazilian population has considerable relevance to the implementation of the principles of pharmacogenomics (PGx), as it may compromise the extrapolation of data obtained in more homogeneous world populations. Purpose: This study aims to investigate a panel of 117 polymorphisms in 35 pharmacogenes, whic...
Article
Background Genetic testing for breast cancer susceptibility is widely used, but for many genes, evidence of an association with breast cancer is weak, underlying risk estimates are imprecise, and reliable subtype-specific risk estimates are lacking. Methods We used a panel of 34 putative susceptibility genes to perform sequencing on samples from 6...
Article
Full-text available
De novo mutations (DNMs), including germinal and postzygotic mutations (PZMs), are a strong source of causality for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, the biological processes involved behind them remain unexplored. Our aim was to detect DNMs (germinal and PZMs) in a Spanish ASD cohort (360 trios) and to explore their role across different bi...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer treatment options have evolved significantly in the past few years. From the initial surgical procedures, to the latest next-generation technologies, we are now in the position to analyze and understand tumors in a one-by-one basis and use that to our advantage to provide with individualized treatment options that may increase patient surviv...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Bulk tissue genomic analysis of meningiomas identified common somatic mutations, however, it often excluded blood-related variants. In contrast, genomic characterisation of primary cell lines that can provide critical information regarding growth and proliferation, have been rare. In our work, we identified the variants that are present i...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
Full-text available
Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) affect around 1.5% of the global population, which manifest alterations in communication and socialization, as well as repetitive behaviors or restricted interests. ASD is a complex disorder with known environmental and genetic contributors; however, ASD etiology is far from being clear. In the past decades, many eff...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, survival rates in colorectal cancer have improved greatly due to pharmacological treatment. However, many patients end up developing adverse drug reactions that can be severe or even life threatening, and that affect their quality of life. These remain a limitation, as they may force dose reduction or treatment discontinuation, d...