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Angel Borja

Angel Borja
AZTI · Marine Research Division

PhD in Marine Ecology; Doctor in Sciences Honoris Causa (University Hull)
Monitoring and assessing the Basque estuaries and coasts, and seas around the World. Coordinator of GES4SEAS project

About

653
Publications
284,648
Reads
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26,129
Citations
Introduction
Involved in marine assessment methodologies implementation, for single biological elements, but also integrative under the ecosystem-based approach. Scientific Committee of the European Environment Agency (2013-2020). Working in several EU and international projects, serving as editor in three international journals. Highly cited researcher 2018-2021, Clarivate Analytics. Enjoy my papers and presentations and work together!
Additional affiliations
November 2020 - present
King Abdulaziz University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2009 - September 2018
Universidad de Navarra
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • Master en Biodiversidad, Paisajes y Gestión Sostenible” (Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Navarra), 2009-2011, 2013-2014.
September 2008 - present
Universidad del País Vasco / Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea
Position
  • Lecturer
Description
  • “Master en Biodiversidad, Funcionamiento y Gestión de Ecosistemas”, organised by the University of the Basque Country, in Leioa (Spain), 2008-present.
Education
January 1991 - December 1991
July 1981 - November 1984
September 1976 - June 1981

Publications

Publications (653)
Article
The European Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires EU Member States (MS) to achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS) of their seas by 2020. We address the question of what GEnS entails especially with regard to the level at which targets are set (descriptors, criteria, indicators), to scales for assessments (regional, sub-divisions, s...
Article
Full-text available
This viewpoint paper explores the potential of genomics technology to provide accurate, rapid, and cost efficient observations of the marine environment. The use of such approaches in next generation marine monitoring programs will help achieve the goals of marine legislation implemented world-wide. Genomic methods can yield faster results from mon...
Article
The implementation of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) is directing European marine research towards the coordinated and integrated assessment of sea environmental status, following the ecosystem-based approach. The MSFD uses a set of 11 descriptors which, together, summarise the way in which the whole system functions. As such, the E...
Article
Through implementing environmental Directives, Europe has moved towards coordinated and integrated catchment-to-coast management, following the most novel legislation on ecosystem-based approaches worldwide. The novel joint synthesis of this direction reviewed here allows us to regard the Water Framework Directive (WFD) as a 'deconstructing structu...
Presentation
Full-text available
presentation made at AdriaClim conference in Split (Croatia), on 7th June 2022
Article
The production of energy from waves is gaining attention. In its expansion strategy, technical, environmental and socioeconomic aspects should be taken into account to identify suitable areas for development of wave energy projects. In this research we provide a novel approach for suitable site identification for wave energy farms. To achieve this...
Article
Full-text available
The plethora of human activities and their pressures and impacts in the oceans require managing at local, national, regional and international scales. This requires management responses in a programme of measures to determine (a) the area in which the human activities take place, (b) the area covered by the pressures generated by the activities on...
Chapter
This chapter addresses the use of fish as indicators of environmental health. The main anthropogenic pressures impacting estuarine fishes are reviewed, as well as the main types of responses by fishes at different levels of biological organisation. Fishes have been widely used to assess estuarine health through different methodological approaches,...
Article
Full-text available
Local, regional and global targets have been set to halt marine biodiversity loss. Europe has set its own policy targets to achieve Good Environmental Status (GES) of marine ecosystems by implementing the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) across member states. We combined an extensive dataset across five Mediterranean ecoregions including...
Article
Full-text available
Marine ecosystems contribute to human well-being, e.g. through the promotion of nature-based recreational activities such as surfing, which is a benefit obtained from Cultural Ecosystem Services (CES). Our research objective is to identify the benefits and impacts associated to surfing, and who are the main affected subjects and/or objects, achievi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Human activities exert significant impacts on marine ecosystems, which entails the need for management measures to ensure the conservation and restoration of ocean biodiversity and the ecosystem services they provide. One of the most effective management measures is the declaration of marine protected areas. The main objective of the LIFE IP INTEMA...
Article
Deterioration of the sediment environment and benthic ecosystem is an undesirable effect of eutrophication, but little is known about the response of macrobenthic communities to eutrophication and their long-term recovery. In the present study, temporal changes in benthic ecological status, associated with reductions in anthropogenic impacts on a l...
Article
Full-text available
The need for sustainability transitions is widely recognised, along with a concurrent need for the evolution of knowledge systems to inform more effective policy action. Although there are many new policy targets relating to net zero emissions and other sustainability challenges, cities, regional and national governments are struggling to rapidly d...
Article
It is axomatic that a system cannot be managed unless it is measured and that the measurements occur in a rigorous, defendable manner covering relevant spatial and temporal scales. Furthermore, it is not possible to predict the future direction of a system unless any predictive approach or model is supported by empirical evidence from monitoring. T...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the context of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD 2008/56/EC), a multidisciplinary study was carried out, with researchers from different disciplines, bringing together solutions for management practitioners in the Basque coastal zone (SE part of the Bay of Biscay). This area was selected as case-study and divided into Marine Reportin...
Poster
Full-text available
The environmental impacts of wave energy converters are still largely unknown, being a barrier that could hinder their deployment. The objective of the present work was the development of a framework and a tool for quantifying and analysing the ecological risks of three technologies: oscillating water columns, oscillating wave surge converters, an...
Presentation
Full-text available
Implementing European marine policies in the deep waters of the North Atlantic
Presentation
Full-text available
Towards the assessment of North Atlantic deep sea ecosystems’ status: opportunities and challenges unraveled by the ATLAS project.
Article
Marine renewable energy has considerable potential for enhancing the diversity of renewable sources, to reduce our reliance on fossil fuels and combat climate change. While the technological development of wave energy converters is progressing rapidly, their environmental impacts are still largely unknown, which is a barrier that could hinder their...
Article
Global ocean warming, wave extreme events, and accelerating sea-level rise are challenges that coastal communities must address to anticipate damages in coming decades. The objective of this study is to undertake a time-series analysis of climate change (CC) indicators within the Bay of Biscay, including the Basque coast. We used an integrated and...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental conservation is currently one of the main objectives of marine management. It is agreed that effective management requires evaluating the tradeoffs between protection and economic costs for negatively impacted maritime activities. For these reasons, integrated approaches combining ecological and socioeconomic aspects are needed to ach...
Article
Microbial communities inhabiting soil-water-sediment continuum in coastal areas provide important ecosystem services. Their adaptation in response to environmental stressors, particularly mitigating the impact of pollutants discharged from human activities, has been considered for the development of microbial biomonitoring tools, but their use is s...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Galparsoro, I., Á. Borja, I. Menchaca, J. Franco, M. C. Uyarra, A. Uriarte, G. Chust y J. Bald, 2020. Elaboración del diagnóstico sobre el medio marino e identificación de líneas de trabajo futuras para la Estrategia de Biodiversidad de la CAPV 2030. Informe elaborado por AZTI para Ihobe. 96 pp + Anexos.
Conference Paper
The study of the presence of antibiotics, considered as Contaminants of Emerging Concern (CEC), in the aquatic environment is a preliminary step to analyse their possible harmful effects on aquatic ecosystems. In order to monitor the occurrence of CECs in the aquatic environment, the European Commission established in 2015 and 2018 two watch-list o...
Article
Currently, in tropical regions such as the southern Gulf of Mexico (sGM), there are no legal guidelines for assessing the quality of the seafloor. We aim to determine whether the seafloor sustainability of the sGM is evenly distributed, based on pressures that human activities produce upon the marine coastal environment, represented by the water qu...
Chapter
Waste remediation (waste decomposition) is one of the ecosystem services (ES) salmon farming relies upon to reduce organic waste from the uneaten food and fish faeces through the metabolism of fauna and aerobic and anaerobic microbial communities. Our objective was to infer the changes that may occur in ecosystem capacity for reducing organic matte...
Presentation
Full-text available
Use of NEAT (Nested Environmental status Assessment Tool) to assess the status of marine ecosystems in an integrative way, under the ecosystem approach
Technical Report
Full-text available
Abstract This report reviews the integration methods for MSFD biodiversity assessments under Descriptor 1 for species that are not covered by the Habitats Directive and are not commercial fish assessed under Descriptor 3 and used in Descriptor 1 assessments. It was carried out by experts from the MSFD Biodiversity expert network, which is coordina...
Article
Full-text available
In the last few years, the concept of ecosystem-based approach has led to the need for developing integrative assessments that consider the different ecosystem components all together. In Europe, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims at achieving the Good Environmental Status for all regional seas. This requires Member States (MS) to...
Article
The study of the presence in the aquatic environment of certain substances considered as contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) is a preliminary step to the analysis of the possible harmful effects on aquatic ecosystems and the establishment of the corresponding environmental quality standards. In order to monitor the occurrence of CECs in the aqua...
Presentation
Full-text available
comparsion between traditional monitoring, based on morphological taxonomy of marine macroinvertebrates, and molecular-based methods. The focus is in determining reference conditions to calculate M-AMBI based on metabarcoding, in Basque estuaries and coasts
Article
The Gulf of Aqaba (hereafter ‘the Gulf’) is a narrow, semi-enclosed, warm, high saline, and oligotrophic water body. This baseline study provides the first quantitative data on deep-sea (207–1281 m depth) benthos of the Gulf. Fifty-five benthic species (predominantly polychaetes) with a density of 160–670 ind. m-2, species richness of 11–25, and Sh...
Article
Intertidal seagrasses often occupy areas of high ecological importance that are also targeted for human activities, such as shellfishing and leisure walking. These activities could affect the growth or survival of seagrass. The society at large lacks knowledge of the ecological relevance of seagrasses and their vulnerability, presenting an obstacle...
Article
Full-text available
DNA barcoding and metabarcoding is increasingly used to effectively and precisely assess and monitor biodiversity in aquatic ecosystems. As these methods rely on data availability and quality of barcode reference libraries, it is important to develop and follow best practices to ensure optimal quality and traceability of the metadata associated wit...
Article
There is growing evidence that ecosystem services and especially the exposure to the natural world (blue-green spaces) have potential benefits for mental health and well-being. The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures adopted to control it provide a natural experiment to investigate the links between nature exposure and mental health under extreme co...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A Decision Support Tool (DST) for the identification of the most feasible areas for wave energy projects in the context of maritime spatial planning (MSP), has been developed and implemented. The DST is based on a conceptual model which considers the main environmental, technical, and socio-economic factors that could influence the suitability for...
Article
Full-text available
Divulgative paper published in Journal Eco Magazine, Deep Sea Issue
Article
Full-text available
A multitude of anthropogenic pressures deteriorate the Baltic Sea, resulting in the need to protect and restore its marine ecosystem. For an efficient conservation, comprehensive monitoring and assessment of all ecosystem elements is of fundamental importance. The Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission HELCOM coordinates conservation measu...
Article
Marine and estuarine management requires an excellent understanding of the interacting, interrelated and interdependent sub-systems comprising ecological, societal and management complexity. Managing such a complex system sustainably relies on knowing what aspects can be managed, and conversely what aspects are outside the control of the manager. A...
Article
Autonomous Reef Monitoring Structures (ARMS) have been applied worldwide to characterize the critical yet frequently overlooked biodiversity patterns of marine benthic organisms. In order to disentangle the relevance of environmental factors in benthic patterns, here, through standardized metabarcoding protocols, we analyse sessile and mobile (<2 m...
Presentation
Full-text available
Article
Full-text available
The deep sea is the largest biome on Earth but the least explored. Our knowledge of it comes from scattered sources spanning different spatial and temporal scales. Implementation of marine policies like the European Union's Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) and support for Blue Growth in the deep sea are therefore hindered by lack of data....
Article
Full-text available
Marine and estuarine management requires an excellent understanding of the interacting, interrelated and interdependent sub-systems comprising ecological, societal and management complexity. Managing such a complex system sustainably relies on knowing what aspects can be managed, and conversely what aspects are outside the control of the manager. A...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is growing evidence that exposure to the natural world (blue-green spaces) has potential benefits for mental health and well-being. The COVID-19 pandemic and the measures adopted to control it provide a natural experiment to investigate the links between nature exposure and mental health under extreme conditions. Using a survey distributed on...
Article
Full-text available
Climate and land-use change drive a suite of stressors that shape ecosystems and interact to yield complex ecological responses, i.e. additive, antagonistic and synergistic effects. Currently we know little about the spatial scale relevant for the outcome of such interactions and about effect sizes. This knowledge gap needs to be filled to underpin...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration in marine ecosystems is considered strategic to recover environmental conditions and ecosystem services. However, the traditional single-discipline perspectives followed for analyzing the results of both restoration projects (focused in the analysis of biophysical changes) and valuation of ecosystem services (focused in econo...
Article
Diversification and intensification of maritime activities can create competition for marine space and can derive stress and environmental pressures. Therefore, all dynamics of marine environment should be considered in transboundary planning in line with an ecosystem-based maritime spatial planning (EB-MSP). Mobility of human activities across bor...
Article
Molecular-based approaches can provide timely biodiversity assessments, showing an immense potential to facilitate decision-making in marine environmental management. However, the uptake of molecular data into environmental policy remains minimal. Here, we showcase a selection of local to global scale studies applying molecular-based methodologies...
Conference Paper
The study of the presence in the aquatic environment of certain substances considered as contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) is a preliminary step to the analysis of the possible harmful effects on aquatic ecosystems and the establishment of the corresponding environmental quality standards. In order to monitor the occurrence of CECs in the aqua...
Article
Routine monitoring of benthic biodiversity is critical for managing and understanding the anthropogenic impacts on marine, transitional and freshwater ecosystems. However, traditional reliance on morphological identification generally makes it cost‐prohibitive to increase the ambition of monitoring programs. Metabarcoding of environmental DNA has a...
Article
Full-text available
The European Union has embarked on a policy which aims to achieve good ecological status in all surface waters (i.e. rivers, lakes, transitional and coastal waters). In theory, ecological status assessment methods should address the effects of all relevant human pressures. In this study, we analyze the degree to which methods European countries use...