Angel Arcos-Vargas

Angel Arcos-Vargas
Universidad de Sevilla | US · Departamento de Organización Industrial Y Gestión De Empresas I

Ph. D. Industrial Engineer & Ph. D Economics

About

81
Publications
13,355
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314
Citations
Citations since 2017
64 Research Items
303 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
Additional affiliations
January 1993 - June 2016
Universidad de Sevilla
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (81)
Article
Full-text available
This research proposes an empirical method to estimate the impact on the wholesale electricity market of an increase in the price of CO2 emission allowances. The current literature in this field is mainly focused on long-term simulation analyses, while this study carries out a short-term analysis with microdata from the electricity market. A higher...
Article
Full-text available
This article provides an overview of high voltage direct current (HVDC) and high voltage alternating current (HVAC) power transmission alternatives. The use of HVDC systems currently represents an efficient alternative under certain conditions, mainly due to reduced converter costs, improved power system flexibility and higher economic efficiency f...
Article
Full-text available
This study analyzes the determinants of the annual compensation of directors belonging to the boards of the Spanish companies that constitute the IBEX 35 stock index. We investigate the importance of observed and unobserved heterogeneity in explaining director compensation. Based on a three-level mixed effect model, our analysis includes time-invar...
Article
Full-text available
Several research studies have shown that future sustainable electricity systems, mostly based on renewable generation and storage, are feasible with today’s technologies and costs. However, recent episodes of extreme weather conditions, probably associated with climate change, cast shades of doubt on whether the resulting generation portfolios are...
Article
Full-text available
Electricity arbitrage involves the storage of energy at times when prices are low, and offering it on the markets when prices are high. The development of renewable and energy storage technologies may provide a promising business opportunity for electricity arbitrage. In this regard, this study analyses the current viability of the electricity arbi...
Article
Scheduled closure of coal-fired power plants will halve emissions in the electricity sector, although prices will be increased by 12%. To compensate for this increase, the Ministry for Ecological Transition and the Demographic Challenge will promote new renewable power.
Article
Full-text available
The importance of electricity in people’s daily lives has made it an indispensable commodity in society. In electricity market, the price of electricity is the most important factor for each of those involved in it, therefore, the prediction of the electricity price has been an essential and very important task for all the agents involved in the pu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Several research studies have shown that future sustainable electricity systems, mostly based on renewable generation and storage, are feasible with current technologies and costs. However, recent episodes of extreme weather conditions, probably associated with climate change, cast shades of doubt on whether the resulting generation portfolios are...
Chapter
In the present chapter, a life cycle carbon footprint analysis of a photovoltaic (PV) facility located in Madrid is performed. An analysis is made of the contribution of this type of plant depending on the technology (type of monitoring and module material), the location (irradiation and energy mix of the country), and the place of manufacture of t...
Article
Full-text available
Solar energy has become one of the most important sources of energy all around the world. Only in the European Union, between 2010 and 2019, solar photovoltaic (PV) electricity generation capacity increased from 1.9 to over 133 GW. Throughout this work, an economic analysis of the production of photovoltaic solar energy utility scale facilities is...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a methodology to assess the cost of upgrading the LV network so that it can host increasing levels of PV distributed generation. The cost is valued in terms of investment, operation and maintenance and losses. A real scale case study (80,000 customers from urban and rural areas, 460 GWh of demand and 3,600 km of MV&LV lines/cabl...
Presentation
Full-text available
The increasing penetration of renewable energy sources has presented profound challenges and opportunities to the power industry. The inherent variability and uncertainty associated with weather-dependent renewable sources have changed many aspects of power system control, operations and planning. The related electricity market operation and design...
Article
Full-text available
In the last 150 years Andalusia has passed from being the most wealthy region of Spain to the poorest one, which has been compensated through territorial solidarity, which does not seem to be sustainable in the long term. On the other hand, the weakness of the industrial sector means that its levels of income, vulnerability and resilience are highe...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: Self-consumption of photovoltaic energy is being promoted as an effective way for energy consumption in residential households. The European Directive 944/2019 promotes the use of green energy and battery energy storage systems (BESS) for self-consumption and, in Spain, the 244/2019 Royal Decree of the Spanish electrical regulatory framew...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the business model of electric vehicle recharging. As seen in previous chapters, the existence of a fast charging network is a success factor for the penetration of electric vehicles. Although, under current conditions, it is difficult to justify the provision of this service from a single-product private company point of view...
Chapter
This chapter analyzes the business model of electric vehicle recharging. As seen in previous chapters, the existence of a fast charging network is a success factor for the penetration of electric vehicles. Although, under current conditions, it is difficult to justify the provision of this service from a single-product private company point of view...
Chapter
An environmentally extended Input–Output (IO) model is used to estimate the impact of the increased use of electric cars (EV) on production, Gross Value Added, employment, and greenhouse gas emissions. The year taken as a reference is 2030 and the analysis is carried out for a sample of 29 countries that include the EU 28 and Norway. The reference...
Chapter
Full-text available
Concern for the environment, combined with cost reduction and efficiency improvements in renewable energy generation facilities, is leading to a significant increase in their share of the energy mix. Given the unmanageable and seasonal nature of these technologies, as well as the rules of wholesale market, large price differences appear, even over...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study analyses the current viability of this business based on a sample of European countries in the year 2019; countries where electricity prices (day-ahead market) and financial conditions show a certain degree of heterogeneity. We basically follow a sequence of three analyses in our study. Firstly, a Linear Mixed-Integrated Programming mode...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study analyzes the determinants of the annual compensation of directors belonging to the boards of the Spanish companies that constitute the IBEX 35 stock index. We investigate the importance of observed and unobserved heterogeneity in explaining director compensation. Based on a three-level mixed effect model, our analysis includes time-invar...
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, the average remuneration of large electric distribution companies is much lower than that of smallerones, which leads us to wonder if the smaller ones are managed efficiently. A meta-frontier DEA model is calculated in order to benchmark, in terms of remuneration and quality, different clusters of distributors thatpresent different techno...
Article
This work evaluates on a large-scale basis the potential contribution of rooftop PV to the future electricity mix. First, based upon an estimation of the available urban rooftop surface, the maximum PV distributed capacity is calculated for each conurbation. Then, several sustainable scenarios are considered, each comprising different shares of cen...
Book
This book explores the part that electric vehicles can play in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Further, it explains the impact of public support, technological advances, lower costs and better battery performance in making electric vehicles a viable alternative. The book begins by analyzing the international context of electric vehicles and ho...
Chapter
The inclusion of the electric vehicles in Spain is unavoidable, as well as in the developed countries, and the electrification of the Spanish vehicle fleet will produce an increase in the electric energy demand which will require changes in the current infrastructure. This chapter estimates the total consumption of an entire electric fleet consider...
Chapter
This chapter is devoted to give a general overview of the best practises in some European countries for maximizing the deployment of the electrical vehicle. After a brief introduction where the main reasons for promoting this technological transition are outlined, it has reviewed the general EU regulatory context. Then, different policies of releva...
Chapter
This chapter is devoted to analyze some basic technical concepts required to understand the charging of electrical vehicles (AC and DC currents, wired or inductive charging, energy flows, charging time, etc.). This analysis will reveal that electric vehicles could be charged in different ways, so it would be required some standardization in terms o...
Chapter
More than one million new electric vehicles (EV) were registered worldwide in the year 2017 (record to date), reaching the stock of this type of vehicles three million units in this year. The objective of this paper is to analyse the key factors of the important deployment of the EV from a comparative perspective at international level. The study a...
Article
Full-text available
In Spain, the average remuneration of large electric distribution companies is much lower than that of smaller ones, which leads us to wonder if the smaller ones are managed efficiently. A meta-frontier DEA model is calculated in order to benchmark, in terms of remuneration and quality, different clusters of distributors that present different tech...
Preprint
Full-text available
This work evaluates the potential contribution of rooftop PV to the future electricity mix. Several sustainable scenarios are considered, each comprising different shares of centralized renewables, rooftop PV and storage. For each generation scenario, the storage capacity that balances the net hourly demand is determined, and the portfolio combinat...
Book
Full-text available
This book explores the part that electric vehicles can play in reducing carbon dioxide emissions. Further, it explains the impact of public support, technological advances, lower costs and better battery performance in making electric vehicles a viable alternative. The book begins by analyzing the international context of electric vehicles and how...
Article
Full-text available
This work analyses the effect on the daily electricity market of the authorisation of 3909 MW of new photovoltaic (PV) power in Spain in 2017 –as a contribution to the EU environmental objectives for 2030. To estimate the impact of this additional offer, we use real data from the supply and demand curves of the Iberian (Spain and Portugal) daily el...
Article
Recent technological advances in power electronics and electrical storage have increased interest in the arbitrage business based on Battery Energy Storage Systems. With this objective, the present work develops a Mixed-Integer Linear Programming model for obtaining optimal electricity sale\purchase strategies with batteries. For each configuration...
Article
Last July, Directive 944/2019 and Regulation 943/2019 came into force, completing the Clean energy for all europeans legislative package approved last December by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union.
Article
Full-text available
This paper empirically analyzes the price of diamonds from different perspectives. The sample data contains detailed information on more than one hundred and sixty-five thousand diamonds certified by GIA which can be purchased since July 2016 from a large online diamond supplier. Our empirical analysis allows to extend the classic 4Cs model in seve...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo tiene por objeto analizar los principales determinantes de los resultados académicos obtenidos por los alumnos de primer curso de grado matriculados en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingeniería (ETSI) de la Universidad de Sevilla en el curso 2015/16. Mediante la realización de una encuesta a estudiantes, y tras el correspondient...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes a methodology that, using only publicly available information, assesses the capacity of urban agglomerations to be self-sufficient and energy sustainable. The methodology evaluates the potential of the urban surface to accommodate thermal and PV solar facilities, as well as the energy storage requirements on a year-round basis....
Book
Until now we focused our study on the economic profitability of a PV system and it turned out that the investment was worth it for the finances of its owner. The next question is to know if this investment is also profitable for the Earth. As PV is most of the time considered as a green energy, we are tempted to answer a great yes to that question...
Chapter
Thanks to the literature review we have seen that grid parity is a phenomenon which had been widely studied by the scientific community during the last decade. Some affirms that it is already present in a large number of countries, others are more conservative and think it will take a few years more to be reached.
Chapter
Until now we focused our study on the economic profitability of a PV system and it turned out that the investment was worth it for the finances of its owner. The next question is to know if this investment is also profitable for the Earth. As PV is most of the time considered as a green energy, we are tempted to answer a great yes to that question...
Chapter
In this section we will carry out the study in other European countries so as to determine in which country grid parity is more likely to be reached. The first problem we faced is that the daily curve of the domestic electrical consumption is not publicly available in most of the countries. Consequently, we decided to limit our study to Mediterrane...
Chapter
Until now, the profitability of a PV system was evaluated according to the common project indicators, the Net Present Value and the Internal Rate of Return. They give really useful information and they have the advantage of being simple to calculate and to interprete. In short, they are a very good first approximation of the project’s profitability...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Spain has one of the greatest photovoltaic potentials in Europe. The boom suffered in the photovoltaic sector during the years 2007 and 2008 led to instability in the electrical system, prompting the legislator to develop a large number of legislative changes trying to control the electric system tariff deficit. These measures profoundly a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a practicable methodology allowing the impact of rooftop photovoltaic (PV) panels on distribution networks to be thoroughly assessed. Based on granular information (both in space and time) about the network and the demand, and a minimum but realistic set of assumptions concerning the available rooftop surface, hourly scenarios o...
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyze the economic and environmental aspects of installing PV facilities for residential electricity users. This paper explores, in a conservative approach, the installation of a PV capacity to compensate the consumption with the production for each moment, never feeding electricity into the utility network and without...
Chapter
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is the application of big data analytics to a real case in the field of smart electric networks. Smart meters are not only elements to measure consumption, but they also constitute a network of millions of sensors in the electricity network. These sensors provide a huge amount of data that, once analyzed, can lead t...
Patent
Full-text available
MÉTODO DE DETECCIÓN DE MANIPULACIÓN FRAUDULENTA EN EL BORNERO DE CONTADORES DE ENERGÍA ELÉCTRICA D E S C R I P C I Ó N OBJETO DE LA INVENCIÓN La presente invención tiene por objeto principal un método que permite detectar el fraude en contadores eléctricos monofásicos o trifásicos, ya sean convencionales (disco de inducción) o digitales. En concre...
Article
Full-text available
La introducción de los contadores eléctricos inteligentes proporciona una enorme cantidad de información que, además de por las compañías eléctricas, puede ser aprovechada por los usuarios para reducir su factura. Los análisis realizados hasta ahora se centran en el caso de la empresa eléctrica o, a lo sumo, al impacto del tratamiento de esta infor...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, technological progress in power electronics and in battery storage systems, along with the introduction of smart meters, have made possible the application of improvements in the control of power peaks for residential customers. The demand charge is an important component in the residential customer’s electricity invoice in Spain,...
Article
This paper aims to analyze the economic aspects of the network power at risk mitigation by using gas turbine distributed generation. Two different Mixed-Integer Programming optimization models are proposed with the goal of selecting both, the most appropriate turbine models and the year of installation. The first model considers the existence of a...
Article
Full-text available
Efficient, resilient, and sustainable electricity delivery is a key cornerstone in increasingly large and complex urban environments, where citizens expect to keep or rise their living standards. In this context, cost-effective and ubiquitous digital technologies are driving the transformation of existing electrical infrastructures into truly smart...
Book
Full-text available
http://www.raing.es/es/publicaciones/libros/propuestas-para-el-fomento-de-la-movilidad-el-ctrica-barreras-identificadas-y
Book
Full-text available
El sector eléctrico, aunque dirigido siempre por ingenieros y con profundos componentes técnicos, presenta unas características especiales que lo hacen objeto de numerosos estudios económicos, tanto micro como macroeconómicos. En estas jornadas se analizan cómo determinados cambios tecnológicos pueden afectar, o estar afectando al funcionamiento de...
Article
Full-text available
The paper is focused on modelling and analyzing the influence of different regulatory models on the level of quality of supply in electricity distribution, as measured by the duration of interruptions. The paper offers a description of the main features of the models and of the variables that influence service quality, and estimates their effect us...
Article
In Spain, electricity distribution represents a quarter of the total electricity cost, and consists of 347 companies classified in two different groups: five larger utilities, which feed from the transmission and have, on average, five million points of supply (P.o.S.); and 342 smaller companies, which feed from lower voltage levels and have, on averag...
Article
Full-text available
Patent
Full-text available
DISPOSITIVO PARA REDUCIR LA POTENCIA MÁXIMA DEMANDADA POR UN USUARIO ELECTRICO SECTOR DE LA TÉCNICA Esta invención tiene su aplicación dentro de la industria dedicada a la fabricación de aparatos, dispositivos y elementos auxiliares para la distribución de energía eléctrica. Es conocido la preocupación de los usuarios finales en la reducción de fa...
Data
Full-text available
Chapter
Full-text available
With the advent of smart grids, distribution utilities have initiated a large deployment of smart meters on the premises of the consumers. The enormous amount of data obtained from the consumers and communicated to the utility give new perspectives and possibilities for various analytics-based applications. In this paper the current smart metering-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper the economic viability of medium-size open cycle gas plants is analyzed in the context of the Spanish electricity market, as well as their potential to solve distribution reliability problems and to increase the maximum level of wind power installed. The conclusions are that, with the current technology, cost and prices, the medium-si...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the model used for taking network element failures into account in Power System Planning at Endesa and the necessary data. The second part describes the difficulties found when obtaining them, due to the data gathering process and due to the scope considered. It concludes with the necessity of standardization of the kind and sc...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we propose a model to explain the behaviour of the Spanish electrical utility industry during the period 1987–1997, under the then existing regulatory system (Marco Legal Estable). The paper will study the presence of economies of scale, the effect of technological progress and the differences in the efficiency of the different compan...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we propose a model to explain the behaviour of the Spanish electrical utility industry during the period 1987–1997, under the then existing regulatory system (Marco Legal Estable). The paper will study the presence of economies of scale, the effect of technological progress and the differences in the efficiency of the different compan...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ABSTRACT In this paper we review the practices that we use in ENDESA to make compatible the scarcity of resources that we have, as a consequence of the current regulation, and the high demands of the society for the quality of the service. We propose a method in three steps which achieves a successful result with a reasonable level of investment an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper studies the most efficient way to operate the MV busbar connection switch in an HV/MV substation with two transformers. The aim is to identify the most efficient operation, basing the authors' study on the parameters affecting the problem and to provide a tool to solve each specific case. This study can easily be applied to substations w...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Recently we have published the paper "Quality, remuneration and regulatory framework: some evidence on the European electricity distribution", based on data panel technics.
We have data from many European Distribution systems of regulated revenues, incentives and regulatory model.
I invite you to read it in my research gate If some of you are willing to collaborate to transform this paper to a new one based on a DEA model.

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Recent technological changes (renewables, energy storage, power electronics,...) combined with new environmental requirements and costs (externalities) are also forcing governments and regulators to reassess the current electricity business, and look for new business models environmentally friendly towards this new context. Under these circumstances, technical analysis is necessary, but not sufficient, since adopting certain solutions may have serious effects on the efficiency of the system, the surplus of producers and consumers, or on welfare and economic growth. The special issue is launched with the aim of reviewing the economic effects of the adoption of different initiatives (coal, nuclear or conventional generation plants dismantling, electric cars deployment, development of power electronics, self-consumption, renewable energy integration, CO2 prices (ECTS), changes in consumer habits, big data applications, etc.), would have on the different economic aspects, both in the electricity markets (day ahead and ancillary services) and in the rest of the energy markets (gas, coal, environmental (impact on emissions levels and ECTS prices), as well as, from a macroeconomic point of view on economic growth, on the overall efficiency of the system and on unemployment rates. There are a large number of analytical tools that can be used in these analyses, among which we can highlight, without limiting ourselves, those of comparative statics, simulation, econometrics, microeconometrics, microdata, hedonic regression, casual inference, longitudinal data, panel data, big data, data mining, machine learning, clustering, system dynamics analysis, input-output tables, general equilibrium models (CGE), time series, demand forecasting, data envelopment analysis (DEA), sthochastic frontier analysis (SFA)... In our opinion, this discussion is necessary and should be of interest to governments, regulators, utilities, investment funds and, of course, academics. Keywords: Economic analysis; electricity markets; environment; renewables; grid integration; electric vehicles; demand electrification
Project
Society's aspirations towards the de-carbonization of the energy system are becoming possible thanks to the developing technological improvements, both in renewable generation, storage and IT. Due to economies of scale reductions, distributed generation (DG) has gone from being a token to a real option, in which the role of the transmission and distribution network is transformed, significantly reducing its investment needs and system losses. On the other hand, those technological and social changes are making the current market rules, based on marginalism models, no longer valid, and new ones must be defined to ensure the long-term stability of the system. Accordingly, the Commission of the European Union (EU) set a renewable energy target of at least 32% by 2030, and recently published the Directive 944/2019 and the Regulation 943/2019, which complete the “Clean energy for all Europeans legislative” package. In this new context, new players, roles and businesses are expected to be created, which will undoubtedly involve large amounts of investment, for which it will be necessary to create the rules of the game and the corresponding business models. For all aforementioned, the objective of this special issue is to analyse the impact of recent developments in the structure of the network, the optimal generation pool, the balance between distributed and centralized generation, in order to assist regulators, utilities, consumers and potential investors. The topics of interests include, but are not limited to: • Emission-free energy models of reasonable costs. Affordable approaches. • Network planning in a partly distributed and renewable context. • Developing strategies for transitioning from the existing model to emission-free models. • The value of flexibility: Sources of demand and generation flexibility, and related costs. • Assessment, role and sizing of storage. • New players contribution: Roles and compensations. Business models and related regulatory frameworks. • New demands: The electrification of other energy uses and the impact of electric vehicles.
Archived project
E l vehículo eléctrico es ya una realidad que sin duda impactará con enorme importancia en aspectos económicos e industriales de nuestro país. Al análisis de la magnitud y alcance de este fenómeno dedica Economía Industrial este monográfico coordinado por el Profesor de la Universidad de Sevilla Ángel Arcos Vargas. Atendiendo a la multidimensionalidad de la cuestión, se incluyen diez artículos vertebrados en tres bloques temáticos dedicados respectivamente a los aspectos tecnológicos, el impacto público y la dimensión industrial. El primer blo􀁔ue del monográfico se centra en anali􀁝ar aspectos tecnológicos facilitadores. Comien􀁝a con un trabajo de Pablo Frías Marín y Jaime Román Úbeda en el que presentan la evolución de la movilidad eléctrica, e􀁛poniendo las cifras más importantes 􀁔ue definen su situación actual, así como los retos 􀁔ue se deberán afrontar en el futuro y que están haciendo de aquella la mejor solución al transporte, tanto desde el punto de vista medioambiental como el de la eficiencia del sistema. A continuación, Eloy Álvarez Pelegry expone una visión más amplia al tratar, además de los vehículos eléctricos, otras tecnologías alternativas como son los vehículos de gas natural y los de gases licuados del petróleo (􀀪LP), estudiando sus aspectos medioambientales en términos de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (􀀪EI), ó􀁛idos de nitrógeno y partículas, y analizando las políticas europeas sobre el transporte en relación con la movilidad sostenible y las energías alternativas. Centrándonos específicamente en la movilidad eléctrica, José María Maza Ortega y Antonio Gómez Expósito, hacen una revisión de las distintas tecnologías de recarga, así como su potencial impacto en el sistema eléctrico. Para terminar este primer blo􀁔ue, Pablo Frías Marín y Carlos de Miguel Perales estudian el impacto medioambiental del vehículo eléctrico a lo largo de todo su ciclo de vida, desde la construcción de los distintos componentes -a partir de recursos naturales como el litio y el cobalto- y su uso como medio de transporte hasta las fases de destrucción y reciclaje, analizando su huella ecológica en comparación con el vehículo tradicional de combustión, y presentando la regulación medioambiental que resulta de aplicación en España. El segundo blo􀁔ue del monográfico profundi􀁝a en los impactos de la penetración del vehículo eléctrico en el ámbito p􀁾blico. Para ello, y en primer lugar, el trabajo de Fernando Núñez Hernández y Ángel Arcos Vargas, analiza las diferencias que entre países semejantes muestra la evolución de las matriculaciones, investigando sobre sus factores explicativos por medio de un modelo de frontera estocástica para datos de panel, que resulta de gran interés desde el punto de vista de la propuesta y evaluación de políticas públicas relacionadas. En la dimensión fiscal profundi􀁝an Sergio Sastre Sanz e Ignasi Puig Ventosa, comparando la recaudación derivada del marco fiscal de los turismos convencionales y eléctricos en Espa􀁸a con el objeto de propiciar el debate sobre esta cuestión desde el punto de vista de la fiscalidad ambiental. Cierra este bloque un tercer artículo de Manuel Ordóñez Ríos, Ángel Arcos Vargas, José Manuel Cansino, Muñoz-Repiso y Rocío Román Collado en el que con un modelo multisectorial de Leontief se analizan los efectos sobre la producción (PIB), el empleo y las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero (􀀪IE) para tres escenarios diferentes de penetración de la electro-movilidad. El tercer y 􀁾ltimo blo􀁔ue se dedica a la perspectiva industrial. Un primer trabajo de Luis de la Torre Palacios, Eloy Álvarez Pelegry y José Antonio Espí Rodríguez examina las perspectivas de oferta y demanda de aquellas materias primas que previsiblemente presentarán un fuerte crecimiento en el horizonte temporal 2030-40 asociado al despliegue de la electro-movilidad, analizando las necesidades de los componentes de los vehículos eléctricos 􀂲con las baterías como elemento diferencial􀀐 e identificando las cadenas de suministro que, tanto por su capacidad de respuesta por el lado de la oferta como por sus condiciones geopolíticas, cabe se􀁸alara como “críticas”. Un segundo trabajo prospectivo de Roberto Scholtes Ruiz trata sobre los cambios en las dinámicas competitivas de la industria automovilística española, derivados tanto de la penetración del vehículo eléctrico y otras tendencias disruptivas -coche compartido y conducción autónoma- como del previsible desplazamiento del centro de gravedad de la industria desde Europa a Asia, debido a su especialización en la fabricación de componentes como las baterías y los subsistemas de control electrónicos, que suponen más de la mitad del coste de un vehículo eléctrico. Finalmente, y en el artículo 􀁔ue cierra el blo􀁔ue y el monográfico, Jorge Sánchez Cifuentes y Gabriel Tévar Bartolomé presentan a modo de caso de estudio el proyecto ZEM2ALL (Zero Emission Mobility to All) para la demostración de nuevos servicios y modelos de desarrollo de la movilidad eléctrica, desarrollado en la Smart City de Málaga bajo el paraguas de un convenio hispano-japonés de asociación público-privada. La sección de Otros Temas que cierra este ejemplar de Economía Industrial incluye dos artículos. En el primero de ellos, María Ángeles Montoro Sánchez y Caridad Maylín Aguilar estudian los comportamientos estratégicos en la industria de alimentación y bebidas en España. En el segundo, Nagore Ageitos Varela anali􀁝a la in􀃁uencia de factores organi􀁝ativos y de gestión en la capacidad de absorción.